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Total 42 records

    Exact Dynamic Simulation and Control for Hydrotreating Unit of Tehran Refinery

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shabanian, Jaber (Author) ; Bozorgmehri, Ramin (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Since steady state behavior of a plant is affected by the change of various inputs to the plant, the transient behavior of the chemical plants are also very important in their general performance. On the other hand, catalytic hydrotreating is one of the most important processes in crude oil refining process in many aspects such as economical, technical and environmental. Thus, the goal of this project was dynamic simulation and control of catalytic hydrotreating unit (UNIFINER Unit) of Tehran Refinery with using the HYSYS software. To fulfill this target, data that were necessary for simulation were gathered from Unifiner unit of Tehran refinery at first. Then, steady state simulation of the... 

    Fuzzy Decoupling of Nonlinear Multiple-Input Multiple-Output Systems

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nikbakhsh, Sarah (Author) ; Bozorgmehri, Ramin (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Many processes in the real world are multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems. There are often some interactions between the inputs and outputs. In the other words, every input affects on several outputs, and every output is affected by several inputs. In order to control of these systems, we usually desire to decouple the loops into multiple non-interacting SISO systems after proper pairing of manipulated and controlled variables. Loop interactions can destabilize a control system, so tuning controllers in an interacting MIMO system can be difficult. Decoupling problem has been discussed in the two domains: linear control and nonlinear control. However, both of them need an exact model... 

    Study of Interaction Between Environmental and Design in Optimization of Chemical Processes

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hemmaty, Mostafa (Author) ; Bozorgmehri, Ramin (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Traditionally, chemical Process design is focused on the selection of technologies and optimization based on economic consideration .In the 1970’s because of the global energy crisis, other consideration consider with economic goals .in this study we are eager to provide design procedures and guidance for optimizing chemical processes simultaneously based on economic and environmental aspects .this optimization is applied to production maleic anhydride(MA) from n-butane feedstock .an optimization algorithm based on the genetic algorithm with four decision variables(recycle flow ratio ,air to feed ratio ,solvent flow and reactor temperature ).for including dynamic objective in optimization... 

    Development of an Intelligent System to Predict and Control Blood Glucose Level in Type 1 Diabetic Patients

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Afsharpour, Alireza (Author) ; Bozorgmehri, Ramin (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    All living entities requires energy to continue their lives. In human beings this energy is provide through consumption of food, at first the consumed food gets converted to glucose and the produced glucose enters the blood and then goes to the body cells in which it is used to produce the required energy. The essential hormone which makes it possible to use Glucose for energy production is INSULIN. In the patients suffering from Type 1 Diabetes, lack of Insulin production makes it impossible for the cells to use Glucose for the production of their required energy. In these patients due to the fact that the blood Glucose is not used by the cells, the Blood Glucose Level (BGL) increases,... 

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghods, Masoud (Author) ; Bozorgmehri, Ramin (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Application of the advanced control techniques and information technology in the biomedical engineering have been the focal point of the research communities in biomedical engineering due to the rapid growth of the nonlinear control theories along with the computer hardware. In this work the application of differential geometry and globally linearizing control has been applied to efficiently control the first phase of HIV disease based on the HIV infection model proposed in the literature. All the efforts have been in the way to obtain a suitable scenario of drug administration to suppress and control the infection. In the proposed scenario, drug administration is time dependant and... 

    Development of a Framework to Control and Model Based Fault Diagnosis of a Gas Transmission Network

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kheradmandi, Masoud (Author) ; Bozorgmehry, Ramin (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this project a framework for Model Based Fault Diagnosis (MBFD) in a Gas Transmission Network (GTN) was developed. A black-box linear state-space model was used to capture dynamic behavior of an industrial benchmark for GTN. A full fledge commercial network simulator were used to obtain the required data for process identification. In order to check the robustness of the model zero mean white noise was imposed on various output obtained by the commercial simulator. Kalman filter was used to estimate the states of the GTN. These estimated states along with the measured output (all obtained from the commercial simulator) are almost similar to their corresponding estimated signal. This shows... 

    Design & Identification of a Fuzzy Model to Predict Dynamic Trends of Blood Glucose Level in Type I Diabetic Patients

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Salehi, Samane (Author) ; Bozorgmehri, Ramin (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Nowadays diabetes is considered as one of the common diseases among mankind. Different body organs utilize the glucose or the sugar existed in various kinds of food as an energy source in order to provide required energy for their activities. Insulin hormone which is created by the pancreas gland has a very significant role in easing the respective procedure. Therefore, when the body is not capable of producing enough insulin, then glucose aggregation in the blood leads to higher blood sugar and thus a disease called diabetes type1. Up to now, considerable research activities have been done regarding the diabetes type1modelling. One of the bolded drawbacks of such models is that the effect... 

    Application of Nonlinear Control Methods in Central Nervous System for Respiratory Organs

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shahnazari, Hadi (Author) ; Bozorgmehri, Ramin (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Due to continuous improvements in manufacturing and the fact that modern technologies such as microprocessors, are becoming more efficient along the rapid growth of nonlinear control methods usage, the application of these two tools together has entered various fields of biomedical engineering, particularly neural prostheses. In this study, the methods of analysis and control of nonlinear systems were used to investigate and improve the behavior of the neural breathing system on the basis of Hodkgin-Huxley model as the original model of the neuron. Using the principles of differential geometry and robust control methods – based on combination of exact input-output linearization ideas,... 

    Development of an Integrated Detail Model of Human Respiratory System for Control

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Arianpour, Mehrdad (Author) ; Bozorgmehri, Ramin (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this thesis, the latest human respiratory system is extended such that it addresses the effect of blood acidity on the performance of the human respiratory system. Since the model does not take into account any controller, two PI controllers proposed by Bental have been used to simulate the closed loop behavior of the respiratory system. Since, in the original model blood pH is considered as a constant value, the extended model has been used for the case where the blood pH pumped by heart is assumed to be and the obtained results have been compared with those of the original model. The similarity of the results shows the extended model to be valid for the normal case. Model since t he... 

    Optimal Sensor Locations for Monitoring of Fluid Transmission Networks Using Evolutionary Algorithms

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Dehghan Manshadi, Mehdi (Author) ; Bozorgmehry, Ramin (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Monitoring of the water transmission networks is an essential factor to regard efficient, safe and economical strategic considerations. Several parameters (fluid pressure, fluid flow and fluid temperature in some cases) are measured to monitor the water transmission networks. The number and location of these measurements in deferent positions affect the cost and quality of the network states monitoring. It is obvious that measuring the all parameters and states of the network is not cost-effective even when it is possible. The conventional sensor-location methods have been developed based on the pressure variation stemmed from a leakage in the network. This study proposes a new procedure to... 

    Development of An Intelligent System For Thyroid Disease Diagnosis , Modeling And Simulation of Thyroid Hormone In Human Body

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Orouskhani, Erfan (Author) ; Bozorgmehri, Ramin (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The abstract is the most important section of the thesis because many readers limit most of their reading to abstracts, saving in-depth reading for specific theses. It should give the reader a "preview" of what's to come. The abstract should emphasize new and important aspects of the study or observations. The purpose of the abstract is to allow researchers to decide whether or not to read the whole thesis. The abstract is what researchers read first to decide if the thesis is important, interesting, and it allows them to assess the relevance of a thesis to their own research, without having to read the entire thesis. Thus, it is crucial that the abstract both summarize succinctly the key... 

    Optimization of Dynamic Performance of Gas Transmission Networks

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Ahmadian Behrooz, Hesam (Author) ; Bozorgmehry, Ramin (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this work, a non-isothermal model of natural gas in pipelines including mass, momentum and energy balance equations are used as model equations for modeling and state estimation in gas pipeline systems. An algorithm is proposed to handle the discontinuities that appear in the dynamic model of a GTN. The states of GTN are estimated using the continuous/discrete form of the extended Kalman filter for two benchmarks and some heuristic rules for sensor placement in a GTN are concluded. Also, a framework for distributed and decentralized state estimation in high-pressure and long-distance gas transmission networks (GTNs) is proposed. Some heuristic rules are suggested for system decomposition... 

    Development of an Integrated Hybrid Model of Human Cardiovascular and Respiratory System for Control Study purposes

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kehtari, Payam (Author) ; Bozorgmehri, Ramin (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Mathematical models are used for describing physical systems to make it possible to study and investigate the behavior of these systems and compare their performance and improve them. For this reason, a mathematical model for cardiovascular system and respiratory system is used to study how these two systems interact. The cardiovascular system model and the respiratory system model comprise four and two compartments, respectively. In fact, the combined model contains the left and right ventricles, body tissue, lung, systemic blood circulation, and pulmonary compartments. Heart rate and alveolar ventilation are assumed to be the quantities through them the central nervous system controls the... 

    Development of an Object Oriented Agent Based Framework for Dynamic
    Data Reconciliation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Pourmahmoodian Ashkoor, Misagh (Author) ; Bozorgmehri, Ramin (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this thesis, in the first step, design of an Agent Based framework was accomplished. Agent oriented programming is a kind of programming based on distributed processing by agents in a same location or not. UML was used to design the the agent based framework. To implement the designed framework, C++ programming language was used. Embarcadero C++ Builder IDE was chosen to implement the design. Then the designed framework was used to develop a sofware for data reconciliation. The branch for dynamic data reconciliation of this project was extended. To validate the ability of the sofware, a distillation column model with 7 states was selected. The result of gross error detection and data... 

    Object Oriented Plantwide System Identification with Black Box Model

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghorbani, Morteza (Author) ; Bozorgmehry, Ramin (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In control engineering we want to set dynamic behavior of the system to a desired one and having a model that simulate systems behavior is necessary . System identification is a branch of chemical engineering that provide us this model , which divided into different branches itself . In this project we use object oriented programming to design and implement a software that support black box models such as Neural networks in addition to Mechanistic models (Which was implemented in previous project ) for identification . We use UML and C++ language in C++ Borland Builder in this project  

    Development Of An Object Oriented Software for Reduced Order Model Identification

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Tarabkhah, Meisam (Author) ; Bozorgmehry, Ramin (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The main objective of Control Engineering is to lead dynamic behavior of system to an arbitrary state, accomplishment of such an objective requires a model which somehow represents the dynamic behavior of the system, On the other hand an accurate yet fast and efficient model of a complicated model cannot be easily obtained based on the original inputs, states and outputs of the system. This is true both for mechanistic (white box) and empirical (black box) models. In this project, the previous frame work developed for object oriented plant-wide identification has been extended to cover the model reduction based on various established procedures in this area (e.g., statistical and intelligent... 

    Modeling, Simulation and Control of Process Network

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Vosoughifar, Mahdi (Author) ; Bozorgmehry, Ramin (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    A modeling framework is proposed for complex chemical process networks. Concept such as passivity systems, thermodynamic function and graph theory are some important and applicable concept which seems to be useful for process network. The state is represented by energy, volume and mass inventories. The dynamic behavior of the process system is constrained so that all trajectories satisfy the first and second laws of thermodynamics. The concavity of the entropy function is used to define a storage function for passivity design. The proposed storage function is closely related to the Gibbs tangent plane condition. Stability analysis, pairing and controller design could be done by this new... 

    Developing an Object Oriented Agent Based Platform for Optimizing Gas Transmission Networks

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ahmad Asasi, Mohammad (Author) ; Bozorgmehri, Ramin (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Nowadays, one of the most challenging issues concerning the manufacturing industries is the shortage of available resources and their increased costs. As a matter of the fact, for these industries, optimizing the processes is not something to be ignored and one of the most important goals is reducing the costs of manufacturing and increasing the profits of sales. On the other hand, in actual situations, due to the complexities of optimization problem and numerous calculations, the classical methods would be limited to very simplistic cases in which most of the practical changes are ignored. In such problems, the need to use strong optimization techniques like the genetic algorithm is evident... 

    A Two Stage Hybrid Algorithm for the Optimal Design of Water-Using Networks

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ahmadian Behrooz, Hesam (Author) ; Bozorgmehri, Ramin (Supervisor) ; Rashtchian, Davood (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Industrial water systems often allow efficient water uses via water reuse and/or recirculation. The design of the network layout connecting water-using processes is a complex problem which involves several criteria to optimize. The general problem can be formulated as a non-convex nonlinear program (NLP), but due to the presence of bilinear terms, it may be difficult for local optimization solvers to attain global optimal solutions. To overcome this difficulty, this paper presents a hybrid approach combining the global optimization power of evolutionary algorithms and speed and accuracy of mathematical programming technics.By this strategy, local solutions can be avoided and the... 

    Quantitative-Based Safety Evalution in the Primarly Stages of the Project Life Cycle

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khodayari, Ali (Author) ; Rashtchian, Davoud (Supervisor) ; Bozorgmehri, Ramin (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Inherent safety means that the process is naturally safe and the conditions of occurrence of unsafe cases and situations are eliminated from the system so that unsafe conditions can be controlled and prevented from occurrence by means of layers of protection. In general, evaluation of inherent safety may be studied in two different conditions; the first one is associated with the units that are not completely designed and built yet. In the initial steps of developing a process, there is much freedom in the determination of materials, equipment, and designing variables. As soon as the process enters its life cycle, making changes in the process will be very difficult and expensive. Therefore,...