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    Dynamic Analysis of Electrical Energy Consumption By Means of System Dynamics Method With considering of Removing Energy Subsidy

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Givehei, Mohammad Reza (Author) ; Ehsan, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    The analysis of electrical energy consumption parameters such as rate and amount of consumption, plays an important role in the planning of power systems. Because the dynamic analysis and evaluation of these parameters provides a detailed forecast of consumption and power system load. these forecasts is given to planners and engineers as the input of power system planning .Given that the electrical energy consumption system can be thought as a dynamic system, System Dynamics (SD) method would be very appropriate for modeling and analyzing its behavior. In this thesis, based on the SD and by means of dynamic loops, a comprehensive dynamic system for electrical energy is introduced. So the... 

    Interruptible Load Management in Simultaneous Energy and Reserve Market

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sahebi, Mir Mohammad Reza (Author) ; Ehsan , Mehdi (Supervisor)
    In restructured power system, the Independent System Operator (ISO) implements Security Constraint Unit Commitment (SCUC) for clearing of day-ahead market. In this project, SCUC is also uses for simultaneous clearing of energy and reserve market. Spinning reserve and of generating units and Interruptible Loads (IL) are considered as system operating reserves in the proposed model. Some of IL usage restrictions such as maximum load curtailed, maximum curtailment hour in a day, maximum length of each curtailment and etc is also considered. One of these constraints is interruption time (the time between ISO’s request and IL’s Answer) which is very difficult to formulate. Expected Energy Not... 

    Genco's Bidding Strategy in Day-Ahead Energy Market Considering Demand Response

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kazemi, Mostafa (Author) ; Ehsan, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    Since 1980s the electricity market has been gradually evolving from a monopoly market into a liberalized one for encouraging competition and improving efficiency. This brings the opportunity for generation companies (Gencos) to make more profits while embracing more risks of not being dispatched. Therefore, it has become a core interest for the Gencos to develop optimal bidding strategies to maximize the profits and minimize the risks while participating in such a competitive market. Error of determining day-ahead electricity price is one of the sources of the risk. Energy price has a high impact on bidding strategy optimization process. So it should be determined with low error which is not... 

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mahmoodzadeh, Zahra (Author) ; Ehsan, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    Losses are unavoidable in any parts of power systems, from generation to receiving nodes and occur in transmission and distribution networks. However, the main loss component is produced in distribution networks. Energy losses in distribution networks are about 70% of technological transport energy losses.
    Energy losses in distribution networks are an important indicator for the planning and operation of the system. A fast, reliable and accurate energy loss calculation method is required for optimal operation of the distribution networks.
    Energy loss depends on network's operating conditions. Loads values and loads factors are time variables; therefore, methods based on probability... 

    Technical and Economic Aspects of Operating of Distribution Systems in Presence of Distributed Generation Considering the Uncertainties

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Abbaskhani Davanloo, Arash (Author) ; Ehsan, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    As electric energy loss in Iran is around 31 percent and 01 percent of this loss is related to the distribution of electric energy, management and operation of distribution network is of high importance. There are different ways for operating the distribution network while decreasing the loss, such as using capacitors, tap changers, energy storing devices, distributed generations, etc. One of the most common ways is to use Network Reconfiguration. In this thesis, daily reconfiguration of a 03-kV 22-bus distribution network is investigated. The objective function consists of cost of energy loss and improvement of voltage profile. Wind turbines are used as the sources of distributed generation... 

    Maintenance Planning at Generation by GENCO & ISO in Restructured Power System

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Farmahini Farahani, Ehsan (Author) ; Ehsan , Mehdi (Supervisor)
    In a centralized power system, the system operator, derives a maintenance scheduling plan that maximizing reliability of system and minimizing operating cost. But in a restructured power system the goals of GENCOs and independent system operator (ISO) are separate and each of them optimize its own goal. The goal of each GENCO is to maximize its annual benefits and the goal of ISO is to maximize the reliability of system throughout the year. Therefore there are two objective functions for finding an optimum maintenance schedule in restructured power system. This thesis proposes a new method for maintenance scheduling of generation units in a restructured power system. Firstly each GENCO... 

    Planning of Energy Storage Systems with the Main Goal of Managing the Output Power of Wind Farms

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Saber, Hossein (Author) ; Ehsan , Mehdi (Supervisor)
    Uncertain fuel prices and also global climate changes are accompanied by some state initiatives such as renewable portfolio standards (RPS). This has caused a fast growth in the amount of renewable energy installed worldwide especially wind energy over last decades. However, the intrinsic characteristics of wind farms output power, i.e. intermittency and volatility of wind speed along with being non-dispatchable in output generation of wind turbine raises many new technical and financial challenges for power system operators and planners. Up to these issues, large level of wind power penetration causes a growing concern in wind energy curtailment issue which the wind farm’s operator may be... 

    Economical Evaluation of Smart Asynchronous Measuring and Remote Reading Instrument and its application in Reducing Operation, Maintenance and Expansion of Urban Distribution Substation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sabeti Nezhad, Abbas (Author) ; Ehsan, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    Making distribution networks smart includes all appropriate hardware and software devices for controlling and making operation of the network optimized. (SCADA system, distribution management, communication equipments, substation automation, monitoring equipments, etc). Monitoring and management of electricity distribution networks enable us to control and record events in the operation. Equipments in the distribution substations, will be under full time monitoring and hence, we would be able to protect them against over loads, over voltages, load unbalances and inefficient usage of transformers capacity and other distribution instruments. It also enables us to manage operation switchings,... 

    A Decision Framework for Participation of Electric Vehicles in Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) Considering Players' Utility

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Sarparandeh, Mohammad Hossein (Author) ; Ehsan, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    The inevitable emergence of electric vehicles into the transportation industry in the near future can be a potential challenge or an opportunity for the power system. Vehicle-to-Grid can provide services for microgrids and the electricity market. The players of the game for participation of electric vehicles in microgrid or electricity market are vehicle owners, microgrid operators, and the aggregators. The formation and continuation of this interaction requires the interests of all institutions involved in the subject to be considered. Since there has not yet been an established conceptual or executive framework for the utilization of these vehicles in Vehicle-to-Grid idea considering... 

    Provisional Hybrid AC/DC Microgrid Planning

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mirzapour, Omid (Author) ; Ehsan, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    Renewable energy deployment through distributed energy resources is among the central goals of future power systems. Microgrids have proven to be an economically viable soloution for distributed energy resources integration into power system and benefit the customers with uninterrupted power supply. In this context provisional microgrids have been introduced with the main goal of rapid renewable energy sources deployment. Since a considerable portion of renewable enegy resources as well as residential loads are DC and this portion is expected to grow even further, hybrid AC/DC design of provisional microgrids can improve both efficiency and economic benefit by optimal arrangement of AC/DC... 

    Energy Storage Planning from the Viewpoint of the Electricity Retailer in the Presence of Demand Response Programs

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ezzati abdoljabbar, Behzad (Author) ; Ehsan, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    Electricity has been known as one of the humans’ essential needs. The emergence of a competitive environment in most aspects of humans life and its considerable impact on the economic system in recent years has promoted this idea that the electricity should be traded as a commodity. In this business, the competition has been based on the convenient access for subscribers, and the exclusive electricity environment has became a competitive environment. Therefore, new roles have emerged. These roles take place in the direction of generation, transmission and distribution of electrical energy with the aim of improving them. Retailer is one of the emerged roles for restructuring in the field of... 

    Distributed Generation Planning in Deregulated Electric Industry Using Multi-objective Optimization

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ahmadi, Mohammad (Author) ; Ehsan, Mehdi (Supervisor)

    Multi Objective Distributed Generation Planning in a Flexible Environment

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Soroudi, Alireza (Author) ; Ehsan, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    The process of deregulation that has involved electricity many markets has introduced several new interesting research topics in power system area. This thesis addresses one of the most fascinating issues among them: the study of distributed generation both renewable and conventional integration in distribution networks. From the distribution network operator (DNO)'s point of view, it is of interest to develop a comprehensive methodology which considers various distributed generation technologies as an option for supplying the demand in distribution networks. In this thesis, the planning problem has been multi-objectively modeled. This will help the planner in decision making while knowing... 

    Optimal Sizing and Operation of CHP Based on Stochastic Programming

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Bozorg, Mokhtar (Author) ; Ehsan, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    CHP (Combined Heat and Power) generates electricity and thermal energy simultaneously from input fuel. Since it has high energy efficiency and low installation time, it is an appropriate approach in energy management of residential complexes. In this project, stochastic programming based on Monte Carlo approach is used to handle uncertainties in the optimal sizing of CHP for residential complexes. Availability of CHP, boiler and AC bus as well as the electrical and thermal load forecast errors are considered as stochastic variables. Minimizing system total cost considering the probability of each scenario obtained from the scenario reduction algorithm is the objective function. The system... 

    Dynamic Economic Evaluation of Distribution SCADA Systems Implementation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rahmani, Saeed (Author) ; Ehsan, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    In a deregulated environment of power distribution industry, a comprehensive economic evaluation for the implementation of distribution automation systems is inevitable. It plays a key role in enabling distribution companies to achieve their business goals. In this thesis, a dynamic economic evaluation is presented to provide a comprehensive perception of automation intensity level and investment plan, for maximizing the utility profit and obtaining the desired payback period. Using the presented methodology in this thesis and system dynamics approach, it is efficiently possible to deal with variation of the economic parameters such as the interest rate, inflation rate, energy supply cost,... 

    Stochastic Model for Optimal Participation of Wind Power Producers in Electricity Market Considering Risk Factors

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shamsi Gushki, Amin (Author) ; Ehsan, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    This thesis presents a new method for scheduling wind generation companies to participate in day-ahead market. The assumed market structure of this thesis, considers day-ahead energy market and balancing market, simultaneously. The stochastic model of this, implements a robust function to face the uncertainties of these markets. The risk of participation in these market are controlled with Information Gap Decision Theory (IGDT). Finally the allowable percent of each uncertain parameters are introduced to met an specific level of profit for the company  

    Bidding and Offering Strategy of Hybrid Electric Companies in Day-ahead Energy Market

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Kazemi, Mostafa (Author) ; Ehsan, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    This Thesis presents a new approach for determining the day-ahead bidding strategies of a hybrid electric energy company. The company has both energy generation and energy retailing businesses in a competitive electricity market. Demand response programs are also considered in the retail side of the company in order to hedge the risk of participation in wholesale market. Price-taker and price maker companies are considered in this thesis separateky.For the price-taker hybrid structure, the predivtion of day-ahead prices are used to evaluate the optimum bidding and offering strategies. Also, day-ahead market price uncertainty is modeled, using non-probabilistic Information Gap Decision Theory... 

    Economic Analysis of Using Distributed Battery Storages in Microgrids

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Habibifar, Reza (Author) ; Ehsan, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    Nowadays, with the development of the generation and storage technologies of electrical energy, increasing attention to environmental issues, and interest in improving the reliability of electrical energy distribution networks, the motivation to develop the distribution networks from pssive to active mode. Although, the utilizing of electrical energy storage systems (EESs) made technical and economic analysis of power system more complicated, but some of these challenges have faciliated by microgrids. Indeed, microgrids, as low voltage and medium voltage networks, can provide a set of significant benefits at the level of distribution networks by improving energy efficiency, power quality,... 

    Storage Size Design in a Microgrid with Wind and Hydro Turbines

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sarparandeh, Mohammad Hossein (Author) ; Ehsan, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    In order to reduce damage caused by power outages on rare events that lead to long-term disconnection of microgrid from utility grid, isolated mode performance of microgrids including wind and hudro turbines with energy storage systems is considered in this study. Using wind energy as a renewable resource is considered as an appropriate choice for power production in microgrids. However, the uncertainty in wind turbines power generation is something challenging. The existence of water resources near the wind farms causes a special opportunity for operation of these resources along with wind turbines. This thesis aimed at balancing energy supply and demand in island mode of microgrid,... 

    Transmission Expansion Planning Considering Uncertainty in Generation and N-1 Criterion

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Karimi Gharigh, Mohammad Reza (Author) ; Ehsan , Mehdi (Supervisor)
    In order to reduce investment and operation costs of the power systems, transmission expansion planning is inevitable. In fact, transmission expansion planning is to determine when, where and how many lines need to be added to power system with a minimum of investment and operating costs. In this thesis, transmission expansion planning has been performed at uncertainty in generation and N-1 criterion condition where uncertainty in generation means uncertainty in the moment of adding power plant to power system. In previous studies, transmission expansion planning was performed with DC-load flow in which, the power loss and voltage profiles were ignored due to the approximation in the...