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Article Advanced Healthcare Materials ; Volume 5, Issue 19 , 2016 , Pages 2459-2480 ; 21922640 (ISSN) ; Heidary Araghi, B ; Beydaghi, V ; Geraili, A ; Moradi, F ; Jafari, P ; Janmaleki, M ; Valente, K. P ; Akbari, M ; Sanati Nezhad, A ; Sharif University of Technology
In recent years, both tissue engineering and microfluidics have significantly contributed in engineering of in vitro skin substitutes to test the penetration of chemicals or to replace damaged skins. Organ-on-chip platforms have been recently inspired by the integration of microfluidics and biomaterials in order to develop physiologically relevant disease models. However, the application of organ-on-chip on the development of skin disease models is still limited and needs to be further developed. The impact of tissue engineering, biomaterials and microfluidic platforms on the development of skin grafts and biomimetic in vitro skin models is reviewed. The integration of tissue engineering and...
Article Micromachines ; Volume 7, Issue 9 , 2016 ; 2072666X (ISSN) ; Khadem Mohtaram, N ; Pezeshgi Modarres, H ; Mohammadi, M. H ; Geraili, A ; Jafari, P ; Akbari, M ; Sanati Nezhad, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Development of predictive multi-organ models before implementing costly clinical trials is central for screening the toxicity, efficacy, and side effects of new therapeutic agents. Despite significant efforts that have been recently made to develop biomimetic in vitro tissue models, the clinical application of such platforms is still far from reality. Recent advances in physiologically-based pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic (PBPK-PD) modeling, micro- and nanotechnology, and in silico modeling have enabled single- and multi-organ platforms for investigation of new chemical agents and tissue-tissue interactions. This review provides an overview of the principles of designing...