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    Investigation of the impacts of the refill valve diameter on prestrike occurrence in gas circuit breakers

    , Article Physics of Fluids ; Volume 33, Issue 8 , August , 2021 ; 10706631 (ISSN) Homaee, O ; Kazempour, A ; Gholami, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Institute of Physics Inc  2021
    In puffer type Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF6) Circuit Breakers (CBs), the refill valve is the main inlet duct for the SF6 gas to enter the puffer volume. When the CB is closing and moving contacts and the nozzle are moving toward fixed contacts, the SF6 gas enters the puffer volume via the refill valve. Since changing the refill valve diameter can alter the direction of the SF6 gas motion in the closing operation of CBs, understanding its effects on CBs' function and performance may help to improve the CB design. This paper has focused on the effects of refill valve diameter on prestrike occurrence in the closing operation of puffer type SF6 CBs. In order to accurately study these effects, some... 

    Determination of very low levels of dissolved mercury(II) and methylmercury in river waters by continuous flow with on-line UV decomposition and cold-vapor atomic fluorescence spectrometry after pre-concentration on a silica gel-2-mercaptobenzimidazol sorbent

    , Article Talanta ; Volume 55, Issue 6 , 2001 , Pages 1141-1150 ; 00399140 (ISSN) Bagheri, H ; Gholami, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2001
    A new, simple and sensitive method for the simultaneous determination of mercury(II) and methylmercury chloride at sub-ng 1-1 levels in river waters is described. Inorganic and organic mercury were preconcentrated from fresh water samples simultaneously on a laboratory-made column containing 2-mercaptobenzimidazol loaded on silica gel and then quantitatively eluted with 0.05 M KCN solution and 2.0 M HCl to desorp inorganic and methylmercury species, respectively. After irradiation with an intensive UV source, MeHg+ was decomposed and mercury vapours were generated from inorganic and organic mercury using an acidic SnCl2 solution in a continuous flow system and were subsequently determined... 

    Simultaneous preconcentration and speciation of iron(II) and iron(III) in water samples by 2-mercaptobenzimidazole-silica gel sorbent and flow injection analysis system

    , Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 424, Issue 2 , 2000 , Pages 233-242 ; 00032670 (ISSN) Bagheri, H ; Gholami, A ; Najafi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2-Mercaptobenzimidazole, loaded on silica gel (MBI-SG) was used for preconcentration and speciation of iron(II) and iron(III) in water samples. The speciation is based upon selective retention of iron(III) on MBI-SG sorbent and quantitatively passing iron(II) ions. This type of sorbent was not only capable of separating theses two ions but also could concentrate them. The adsorbed iron(III) on MBI-SG was desorbed from the column by an SCN- solution and transferred to the detection device. The effluent, then, was treated with hydrogen peroxide to oxidize iron(II) into iron(III) and subsequently was pumped through the MBI-SG column. A home-made flow injection system was coupled with a UV-VIS... 

    Particle filter-based object tracking using adaptive histogram

    , Article 2011 7th Iranian Conference on Machine Vision and Image Processing, MVIP 2011 - Proceedings ; 2011 ; 9781457715358 (ISBN) Fotouhi, M ; Gholami, A. R ; Kasaei, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Object tracking is a difficult and primary task in many video processing applications. Because of the diversity of various video processing tasks, there exists no optimum method that can perform properly for all applications. Histogram-based particle filtering is one of the most successfu1 object tracking methods. However, for dealing with visual tracking in real world conditions (such as changes in illumination and pose) is still a challenging task. In this paper, we have proposed a color-based adaptive histogram particle filtering method that can update the target model. We have used the Bhattacharyya coefficients to measure the likelihood between two color histograms. Our experimental... 

    Optimization of HV generator insulation system based on electro-thermal analysis using FEM

    , Article Proceedings of the IASTED International Conference on Modelling and Simulation ; 2011 , Pages 288-293 ; 10218181 (ISSN) ; 9780889868878 (ISBN) Azizi, D ; Gholami, A ; Gholami, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    A large number of generators failed due to stator winding problems, mainly insulation deterioration. Insulation degradation assessment plays vital role in the asset life management. Electro thermal analysis is the main characteristic for simulation of generator behavior and to improve the design of stator slot's insulation. Dielectric parameters such as insulation thickness, spacing, material types, geometry of winding and slot are major design consideration. A very powerful method available to analyze electro thermal performance is Finite Element Method (FEM) which is used in this paper. The analysis of various stator coil and slot configurations are used to design the better dielectric... 

    Metabolomic biomarkers in the diagnosis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

    , Article Hepatitis Monthly ; Volume 19, Issue 9 , 2019 ; 1735143X (ISSN) Chashmniam, S ; Ghafourpour, M ; Rezaei Farimani, A ; Gholami, A ; Nobakht Motlagh Ghoochani, B. F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Kowsar Medical Publishing Company  2019
    Background: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most abundant chronic liver disorder, because racial and ethnic differences may influence prevalence and severity of NAFLD. Objectives: This metabolomic study was conducted to identify the metabolic biomarkers and determine the mechanism of progress of NAFLD in Iranian patients. Methods: Serum samples were collected from 75 participants (37 healthy controls and 38 patients with NAFLD) after an overnight fast. The metabolome of all samples were determined by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and were compared by multivariate statistical analysis. Results: Totally, 19 metabolomic biomarkers were identified by NMR. Compared to healthy...