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    Microreactor Synthesis of Medicine by Catalyzed Coupling Reaction

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hashemnezhad, Emad (Author) ; Kazemeini, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Hosseinpour, Vahid (Co-Supervisor)
    Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is the most common type of pulmonary fibrosis that causes ulcers inside the lungs. In addition to Nintedanib, Pirfenidone is currently the only compound approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2014 for the treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Meanwhile, in the pharmaceutical industry, drug synthesis is usually done through batch-wise processes, and pirfenidone is currently only produced through batch-wise processes. Hence, this study aims to change the synthesis method of this drug, which is traditionally performed through batch-wise processes, to a continuous flow process. Therefore, a micro-reactor technology can be adopted which offers a... 

    Continuous Catalytic Synthesis of Medicine Through a Micro-Reactor System

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jahangirifard, Shayan (Author) ; Kazemeini, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Hosseinpour, Vahid (Co-Supervisor)
    In the past decades, the production of various active pharmaceutical ingredients in batch processes was common. But today, the approach of pharmaceutical companies has changed and the use of the equipment and continuous processes such as microreactors has become common for reasons of safety, better mass and heat transfer, reduction of operators, and ease of scale-up. Unlike many top-selling drugs such as Ibuprofen and Artemisinin, Clopidogrel, the world's third best-selling drug needed by cardiac patients, has been manufactured only in batch processes. Due to the increase in the average age of the population, the urgent need for the use of Plavix (clopidogrel) has increased in recent years.... 

    photocatalytic elimination of organic pollutant including dye and Pharmaceutical materials in batch reactor using Hierarchical ZSM-5

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Moradi, Ashkan (Author) ; Kazemeini, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Hosseinpour, Vahid (Co-Supervisor)
    The aim of this research is to make a hierarchical zeolite catalyst as a basis for photocatalytic removal reactions of organic pollutants including dyes and drugs. The three main parts of this thesis deal with preparing the photocatalyst, performing the characterization test and investigating the reaction in different operating conditions. To prepare zeolite, first an organic molecule was synthesized to increase the diameter of the holes and it was used along with the rest of the precursors in the hydrothermal method. To increase the efficiency of photocatalytic reactions, the silver element was deposited on the ZnO / zeolite catalyst by photodeposition method and its characteristics were... 

    CFD-Assisted Design of Microreactor and Evaluation for Continuous Drug Synthesis

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Varposhti, Daniel (Author) ; Kazemeini, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Hosseinpour, Vahid (Co-Supervisor)
    Manufacturing in many industries, such as electronics, petrochemical, automotive, and food, has long relied on continuous approaches, while the pharmaceutical industry has traditionally been processed in batch reactors. Since the beginning of the third millennium, continuous drug synthesis has received attention due to its multiple advantages over batch systems, which include process safety, adaptability, controllability, economic efficiency, scale-up, and enhancing performance. In this project, the pharmaceutical intermediate 1,4-benzodiazepine, which is usable as a precursor of diazepam and flurazepam, is continuously synthesized in a 400 microliters integrated micromixer and microreactor... 

    Continuous Synthesis of Medicine Utilizing Catalyst Through a Microreactor System

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Erfani Gahrooei, Amir Reza (Author) ; Kazemeini, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Khorasheh, Farhad (Supervisor) ; Hosseinpour, Vahid (Co-Supervisor)
    Nowadays, the use of microreactors is receiving a great deal of attention due to the unique characteristics of such systems, such as high surface-to-volume ratio, low material loss, greater safety, and minimizing mass and heat transfer limitations. In this study, the optimization of the continuous-flow synthesis of Plavix by Cu-MOF heterogeneous catalyst utilizing a glass microreactor was investigated. Structural characteristics of the catalyst were investigated using X-ray diffraction spectroscopy (XRD), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and BET surface area studies to describe the structure and morphology of the catalyst. In order to build...