Search for: nikkhoo--m
Article Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics ; Volume 15, Issue 2 , 2013 , Pages 33-41 ; 1509409X (ISSN) ; Nikkhoo, M ; Haghpanahi, M ; Parnianpour, M ; Sharif University of Technology
In this study, a nonlinear poroelastic model of intervertebral disc as an infrastructure was developed. Moreover, a new element was defined consisting a disc (Viscoelastic Euler Beam Element) and a vertebra (Rigid Link) as a unit element. Using the new element, three different viscoelastic finite element models were prepared for lumbar motion segment (L4/L5). Prolonged loading (short-term and long-term creep) and cyclic loading were applied to the models and the results were compared with results of in vivo tests. Simplification of the models by using the new element leads to reduction of the runtime of the models in dynamic analyses to few minutes without losing the accuracy in the results
Article Medical Engineering and Physics ; Volume 38, Issue 10 , 2016 , Pages 1076-1082 ; 13504533 (ISSN) ; Nikkhoo, M ; Ashouri, S ; Asghari, M ; Parnianpour, M ; Khalaf, K ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2016
This study developed and validated a lumped parameter model for the FLEXI-BAR, a popular training instrument that provides vibration stimulation. The model which can be used in conjunction with musculoskeletal-modeling software for quantitative biomechanical analyses, consists of 3 rigid segments, 2 torsional springs, and 2 torsional dashpots. Two different sets of experiments were conducted to determine the model's key parameters including the stiffness of the springs and the damping ratio of the dashpots. In the first set of experiments, the free vibration of the FLEXI-BAR with an initial displacement at its end was considered, while in the second set, forced oscillations of the bar were...
Article Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering ; Volume 42, Issue 5 , 2 May , 2020 ; Rahmati, S ; Nikkhoo, M ; Haghpanahi, M ; Akbari, J ; Sharif University of Technology
Due to the advent and maturity of the additive manufacturing technology, it is possible now to construct complex microstructures with unprecedented accuracy. In addition, to the influence of network unit cell types and porosities in recent years, researchers have studied the number of scaffold layers fabricated by additive manufacturing on mechanical properties. The objective of this paper is to assess the numerical and analytical simulations of the multilayer scaffolds. For this purpose, 54 different regular scaffolds with a unit cell composed of multilayer scaffolds were simulated under compressive loading and compared with the analytical relationships based on the Euler–Bernoulli and...
Article Advanced Science Letters ; Volume 19, Issue 5 , 2013 , Pages 1260-1264 ; 19366612 (ISSN) ; Malik, A. S ; Xia, L ; Wang, J. L ; Nikkhoo, M ; Parnianpour, M ; Khan, M. I ; Sharif University of Technology
This paper focuses on characterization of intervertebral disc behavior upon fatigue stress. It consists in in-vitro experiments to measure intervertebral disc deformation with regard to forces applied to produce fatigues test. In this paper, a system modeling based non-invasive method to assess back pain is proposed which may be used for designing of prediction model to predict the failure of intervertebral disc (IVD) experiencing fatigue loading. An artificial compression fracture was simulated in the lower level of vertebra followed by a poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) bone cement injection. Fatigue loading was applied on the specimens and the load was incrementally increased form 650 N...
Article IFMBE Proceedings ; Volume 39 , 2013 , Pages 513-517 ; 16800737 (ISSN) ; 9783642293047 (ISBN) ; Malik, A. S ; Xia, L ; Nikkhoo, M ; Wang, J. L ; Parnianpour, M ; Humayun, J ; Sharif University of Technology
This paper presents recent developments on effects of rest and fatigue loading on properties of healthy vertebra discs. A comparison of different approaches used in literature to study the properties of intervertebral disc is presented. The major achievements in this area so far are discussed in the context of their advantages and disadvantages. The past approaches are based on bio-mechanical models which mostly used statistical techniques for the analysis and estimation of fatigue loaded Intervertebral Disc (IVD). However, those modeling techniques were not flexible enough for analysis of customized tests. In this paper, we applied System Identification (SI) based NLARX modeling technique...
On low back pain: Identification of structural changes in system parameters for fatigue loaded intervertebral disc using PCA, Article ICIAS 2012 - 2012 4th International Conference on Intelligent and Advanced Systems: A Conference of World Engineering, Science and Technology Congress (ESTCON) - Conference Proceedings, 12 June 2012 through 14 June 2012 ; Volume 1 , June , 2012 , Pages 378-381 ; 9781457719677 (ISBN) ; Malik, A. S ; Rozana, F ; Xia, L ; Nikkhoo, M ; Wang, J. L ; Parnianpour, M ; Sharif University of Technology
This paper presents the background of low back problem caused by repetitive fatigue loading. We emphasize on mechanism of Intervertebral Disc (IVD) and conditions for which the disc does not recover its original status under repetitive work and cause low back pain. The objective of this study is to identify structural changes in system parameters for fatigue loaded intervertebral disc. Principal component analysis (PCA) is used for studying the behavioral change of spine against cyclic loading as a function of time. Percentage difference and similarity factor was calculated for the analysis. Specimens were applied with impulse testing to measure the stiffness and acceleration after fracture,...
A Mechanical model for flexible exercise bars to study the influence of the initial position of the bar on lumbar discs and muscles forces, Article Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS, 25 August 2015 through 29 August 2015 ; Volume 2015-November , 2015 , Pages 3917-3920 ; 1557170X (ISSN) ; 9781424492718 (ISBN) ; Abdollahi, M ; Nikkhoo, M ; Hoviattalab, M ; Asghari, M ; Ashouri, S ; Nikpour, S ; Kahrizi, S ; Parnianpour, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc 2015
A single-degree-of-freedom model is considered for flexible exercise bars based on the lumped-element approach. By considering the side segment of a flexible bar as a cantilever beam with an equivalent mass at the free end, its free-vibration response, as well as the forced response under the excitation of the grip, are expressed parametrically. Experiments are performed on a particular flexible bar (FLEXI-BAR) in order to obtain numerical values for quantifying the model's parameters. The model is also computationally simulated to study the response of the flexible bar to various excitations. The results are imported into a multi-segment musculoskeletal software (AnyBody), where the effect...
Recovering the mechanical properties of denatured intervertebral discs through Platelet-Rich Plasma therapy, Article Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS, 25 August 2015 through 29 August 2015 ; Volume 2015-November , 2015 , Pages 933-936 ; 1557170X (ISSN) ; 9781424492718 (ISBN) ; Nikkhoo, M ; Kuo, Y. W ; Hsu, Y. C ; Parnianpour, M ; Campbell-Kyureghyan, N ; Haghpanahi, M ; Wang, J. L ; Sharif University of Technology
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc 2015
Degenerative disc disease is one of the most common causes of low back pain instigating huge socioeconomic costs and posing an immense burden on healthcare systems worldwide. New therapeutic approaches to damaged intervertebral discs are therefore of great interest. Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) has been proposed for the repair and regeneration of degenerated discs, but there remains a knowledge gap regarding its effectiveness and influence on disc material properties. The objective of this study was to investigate and quantify the material properties of intact, denatured, and PRP treated discs. A systematic methodology was established in the process, where ex-vivo experiments were conducted...