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    Speed/accuracy trade-off between the habitual and the goal-directed processes

    , Article PLoS Computational Biology ; Volume 7, Issue 5 , 2011 ; 1553734X (ISSN) Keramati, M ; Dezfouli, A ; Piray, P ; Sharif University of Technology
    Instrumental responses are hypothesized to be of two kinds: habitual and goal-directed, mediated by the sensorimotor and the associative cortico-basal ganglia circuits, respectively. The existence of the two heterogeneous associative learning mechanisms can be hypothesized to arise from the comparative advantages that they have at different stages of learning. In this paper, we assume that the goal-directed system is behaviourally flexible, but slow in choice selection. The habitual system, in contrast, is fast in responding, but inflexible in adapting its behavioural strategy to new conditions. Based on these assumptions and using the computational theory of reinforcement learning, we...