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#### Structural Disorders of Graphene and Its Effects on Electronic Properties

, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Rahimi Tabar, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
Abstract

In this thesis we would like to investigate structural disorder of Graphene and its effect on electronic properties. Graphene is a one-layer crystal of Carbon atoms which was the first two dimensional crystal observed experimentally. Low energy current carriers on Graphene behave like mass-less Dirac fermions and this interesting electronic property attracts much attention on studying Graphene. Structural disorder of Graphene highly affects its electronic properties. We study thermal fluctuations of Graphene sheet, disorder super lattice, and static ripples, as structural disorders of Graphene. Disorders due to thermal fluctuations of graphene induce a disordered gauge field on the graphene...

#### Quantitative Analysis of Epileptic Seizure EEG

, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Rahimi Tabar, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
Abstract

Since recording first electroencephalogram (EEG) of human brain in 1929 until now it becomes as a powerful tool in neuroscience. At first information extraction was done by visionary approaches only. But because of some problems in the context of inaccuracy and also in analyzing data different methods were proposed in order to extract hidden information of EEG. Among these approaches Fourier transformation was suggested as a very useful method that could draw out so many characteristics of signal different frequency components. However this way had many faults that cause limitation in analyzing time series and as a result other methods have been considered. One method that later has been...

#### Phase and Group Velocity of Scalar Waves in One Dimensional Disorderd Media

, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Rahimi Tabar, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
Abstract

In this thesis we study the dispersion of one-dimensional scalar waves in a random media. We used the finite difference method to obtain the numerical solution of wave equation in this media. Then we were able to find wave signals for different disorder intensities and at different distances from the source. Using the Wavelet Transform, intresting features such as phase and group velocity can be studied. The Morlet function is used as the mother wavelet for decomposing the signals at different places. Cross-correlation functions of Wavlet transforms of the signals at different positions are used to obtain phase velocity and its dependence on frequency. We show how the phase velocity at the...

#### Inferring the Directionality of Coupling forTwo Time Series

, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Rahimi Tabar, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
Abstract

The synchronization phenomena are abundant is science, nature, engineering, and social life. Systems as diverse as clocks, singing crickets, cardiac pacemakers, firing neurons, and applauding audiences exhibit a tendency to operate in synchrony. These phenomena are universal and can be understood within a common framework based on modern nonlinear dynamics. First chapter of this thesis describes the basic ideas of the synchronization in an intuitive way. The main physical concepts are presented with experimental examples.

One of the main effects of synchronization is the ability to infer the directionality of coupling for two time series. Uncovering the directionality of coupling is a...

One of the main effects of synchronization is the ability to infer the directionality of coupling for two time series. Uncovering the directionality of coupling is a...

#### Resilience Pattern in Neural Network

, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Rahimi Tabar, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
Abstract

In this thesis the resilience of a neural network is examined under structural perturbation.The network consists of Spiking neurons with specific dynamics or they are binary neurons and the network is non-spiking. Neural network is a multi-dimensional and multi-stable system therefore we can map their dynamical equations to effective one-dimensional equation with one parameter which shows the environmental conditions.The resilience of the system is evaluated with respect to changes in weights and edges of the network and the the resilience pattern of the system is obtained.Finally, the recovery and control methods are briefly discussed

#### Anderson Localization in Random Potential with Long Range Correlation

, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Rahimi Tabar, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
Abstract

In a one-dimensional disordered system, Anderson localization is known to occur at any energy in the thermodynamic limit when the disorder is uncorrelated and white noise structure.

A great interest for 1D disordered models with correlated disorder has been growing since 2002, as it has become progressively clear that the correlation of the random potentials can deeply affect the electronic localization properties. Spatial correlation of disorder can unexpectedly create extended states at some particular energies.

In this thesis, we study the metal-insulator transition in one dimensional Anderson binary alloy with long range disordered hopping integral and on-site energy, using the...

A great interest for 1D disordered models with correlated disorder has been growing since 2002, as it has become progressively clear that the correlation of the random potentials can deeply affect the electronic localization properties. Spatial correlation of disorder can unexpectedly create extended states at some particular energies.

In this thesis, we study the metal-insulator transition in one dimensional Anderson binary alloy with long range disordered hopping integral and on-site energy, using the...

#### Studying Synchronization Control in Complex Systems

, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Rahimi Tabar, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
Abstract

In this thesis, we review recent advances on controlling of complex systems. We provide in details, the concepts of synchronizability and synchronization controllability.Then we will investigate synchronization controllability under different pinning schemes, and propose a new pinning strategy to increase controllability and consequently decrease the number of required pinned nodes (known as driver nodes) to assure a stable synchronized state. We also study the network characteristics of resulted sequence of driver nodes. Finally, we will employ our proposed schemes to study the controllability of complex networks of chaotic Rossler oscillators

#### The Stochastic Properties Of Burgers And Kardar-Parisi-Zhang EquationsS In The Strong Coupling Limit

, Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology ; Rahimi Tabar, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
Abstract

In this thesis, some aspects of the Burges and Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) equations will be studied. At first we introduce Turbulence and describe historical view of Burgers and KPZ equations. Then in second section we study analytically the time issue of Burgers equation in 1+1-dimenssion. Then by using recently developed precise numerical methods by J. Bec and U. Frisch, we check result of previous section numerically. Our numerical simulation of the Burgers equation stirred by a kicking force support our analytical results. In small time scale our result show dynamical exponent of structure function z is one. This is the essence of the assumption first made by Sir G. I. Taylor in his 1938...

#### Study of Surface Growth of Organic Thin Film

, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Rahimi Tabar, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
Abstract

In recent decades the Due to development of coating techniques and the diversity of high organic matter, Discussion of organic coating materials being raised. Moreover, because of many applications of organic thin film in electronic and optical systems for example OTFTs and OLEDs Organic thin film growth topic is very interesting for scientists. Among these, some scientists study the theory and another bunch of scientists pay to practical aspects of this topic. In this thesis I pay to the theoretical level of Organic thin film growth and I simulate the system includes a collection of molecules, Went on to study some statistical properties of the system will be discussed and the dynamic...

#### , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Rahimi Tabar, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)

Abstract

In this thesis, we study the resilience of complex systems under structural perturbations. After a brief review of the resilience and its importance, we show that how one can map a system of N-coupled dynamical equations onto an effective one-dimensional dynamics. This procedure is based on a nearest neighbor averaging. The obtained map, helps us study the response of the system to the effective one-dimensional control parameter, instead of all parameters that are affecting the structure of the network. Next, we use this procedure and unveil the resilience pattern of second-order Kuramoto oscillators on complex networks. Moreover, we propose a control strategy for complex systems which is...

#### Anderson Localization of Electromagnetic Waves

, Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology ; Rahimi Tabar, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
Abstract

The electrons scatter by the impurities during propagation through the media and become localized by increasing the impurities. So the metal insulator transition occurs. This phenomenon was first proposed by W. Anderson and is known as Anderson Localization. In this thesis the Anderson localization of electromagnetic waves is investigated. The disordered media with random dielectric constant is studied by considering Maxwell’s equations. There are different numerical methods to study this phenomenon such as transfer matrix method and level statistics we have used in this thesis. In three dimension, different scaling behavior shows the phase transition from localized states to extended states...

#### Control of Complex Networks Dynamics by a Minimum Energy Approach

, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Rahimi Tabar, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
Abstract

Control of complex networks is the main topic in this study. In this thesis, we consider the methods to steer the dynamics of a network from an initial state to the desired final state. To achieve this goal, one needs to inject appropriate control signals from some of the network nodes, known as driver nodes. We consider the quadratic sum of control signals as a cost function, to control the dynamics of the network. By minimising the cost function, we obtain the control signals as well as driver nodes for a linear time-invariant system. As an example, we provide the results of an energy minimization strategy to control the second order Kuramoto and Rössler dynamics in Erdos-Renyi and...

####
Data-driven Control of Complex Systems

,
M.Sc. Thesis
Sharif University of Technology
;
Rahimi Tabar, Mohammad Reza
(Supervisor)
Abstract

In this thesis, we first briefly review the basic concepts of stochastic processes. After reviewing and studying the dynamic equation that can explain a stochastic process, we show how one can find on a data-driven basis, the first-, second- and higher-order interactions between different subunits of a complex system by disentangling the dynamics of multivariate time series into stochastic and deterministic parts. Our data-driven approach is to detect different degrees of interactions obtained using conditional moments of Kramers-Moyal coefficients from unconditioned correlation functions and statistical moments of multivariate N-dimensional multivariate time series. Finally, we study the...

#### Reconstruction of Jump-diffusion Model from Epileptic Brain Signal and Pyramidal Neurons Potential in an Electric Fish

, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Rahimi Tabar, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
Abstract

Complex systems involve a large number of degrees of freedom and consist of many components. Interactions of these components with each other, or with an external force, play a significant role in the collective behavior of the complex system.We come across complex systems in many different fields of study including neuroscience, climatology, studying stock markets, etc. The non-linearity of the interactions between their components is what they have in common. Interesting macro-scale properties can be observed in a complex system, as a result of the collective behavior of the system components. We usually focus on studying a group of components in a system, rather than a single component,...

#### Using Deep Learning to Control of Complex Systems

, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Rahimi Tabar, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
Abstract

A complex system consists of a large number of subsystems that interact with each other and with the environment. These systems have collective behaviors that may are desired and undesired. Learning, intelligence and epilepsy are examples of desirable and undesirable collective behaviors. Control of these systems arises when they are out of the desired state or one wants to avoid approaching the system to its undesired state. For control of complex systems, we need external functions that apply to specific subsystems. These functions can be obtained from the numerical solution of Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equation. The Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equation is nonlinear and must be solved at very...

#### Tipping Cascades in Complex Networks: Dynamics and Control

, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Rahimi Tabar, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
Abstract

Tipping points occur in diverse systems in various disciplines such as ecology, climate science, economy, sociology, and engineering. Critical thresholds in system parameters or state variables at which a tiny perturbation can lead to a qualitative change in the system exist in many subsystems in complex systems. These thresholds are called tipping points, and these subsystems are called tipping elements. Additionally, many systems with tipping points can be modeled as networks of coupled multistable subsystems. Domino-like tippings are called tipping cascades. Considering that these tipping cascades are primarily unprecedented, it is essential to study the dynamics and control of these...

#### Non-Parametric Analysis of Positional data of a Micro-Nano Sphere Trapped by Optical Tweezers

, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Reihani, Nader (Supervisor) ; Rahimi Tabar, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
Abstract

Optical tweezers consist of a tightly focused laser beam. A particle with refractive index greater than that of the surrounding medium can be trapped at the focus of the laser. The trapped object experiences a three-dimensional Hookean restoring force towards the focus. Nano (micron)-sized spheres can produce forces in the range of few pico-newton to few nano-newton. This range covers a large number of the forces, which contribute in biological processes; therefore, optical tweezers are very often used for micromanipulation of biological tissues. In a typical micromanipulation experiment it is crucial to perform proper positional calibration prior to use. There are several calibrate methods...

#### Study of Nonlinear Effect on Anderson Localization of Phonons

, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Rahimi Tabar, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor) ; Asfarjani, Kivan (Co-Supervisor)
Abstract

The purpose of the thesis is to investigate the phonon localization in disordered media and in the presence of nonlinear effect. As a simple model, we consider a system of spring-coupled masses, where the value of mass in each site fluctuates around a positive mean. Using transfer matrix method, we calculate the frequency dependence of the localization length (in the absence of the nonlinear effect) for diffrent strength of disorder in one dimention. For given localized mode, by turning on the nonliner term, we study whether nonlinearity will enhance localization or extend the localized mode? To study the nonlinear effect, since the transfer matrix method is only applicable for the linear...

#### The Study of Cosmological Structures Formation by Physics of Stochastic Processes

, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Baghram, Shant (Supervisor) ; Rahimi Tabar, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
Abstract

One of the most important studies in cosmology is the study of Large Scale Structure of cosmos, where one of the useful and valuable tools is Excursion Set Theory(EST). EST or Extended Press-Schechter is a theory based on stochastic processes which gives us the distribution function(mass function) of dark matter halos. In order to having smoothed density feld Excursion Set Theory uses a specifc window function(flter) called sharp k-space, which is a top-hat in Fourier space. If one use this specifc window function the process of density feld with respect to variance will be a Markov process, with any other window function the process won’t be a Markov process. Excursion Set Theory using the...

#### One Dimensional Extended Hubbard Model with Long Range Interactions

, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Davoudi, Bahman (Supervisor) ; Rahimi Tabar, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
Abstract

In this thesis, we have studied the ground state properties of one-dimensional many body electron systems using the extended Hubbard model. Following the important work of Tremblay and Davoudi, we have used the TPSC approach to derive explicit expressions for spin and charge response functions. The response functions are expressed in terms of the free response function χ_0 and local field factors U_cc and U_ss. The local field factors can be written in terms of the pair correlation functions. Also fluctuation-dissipation theorem allows us to write pair correlation functions in terms of the structure factors. In the first part of thesis, we study the ground state properties of the system by...