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    Hybrid meta-heuristic algorithms for solving network design problem

    , Article European Journal of Operational Research ; Volume 182, Issue 2 , 2007 , Pages 578-596 ; 03772217 (ISSN) Poorzahedy, H ; Rouhani, O. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Network design problem has been, and is, an important problem in transportation. Following an earlier effort in designing a meta-heuristic search technique by an ant system, this paper attempts to hybridize this concept with other meta-heuristic concepts such as genetic algorithm, simulated annealing, and tabu search. Seven hybrids have been devised and tested on the network of Sioux Falls. It has been observed that the hybrids are more effective to solve the network design problem than the base ant system. Application of the hybrid containing all four concepts on a real network of a city with over 2 million population has also proved to be more effective than the base network, in the sense... 

    Iran in transition

    , Article The Lancet ; Volume 393, Issue 10184 , 2019 , Pages 1984-2005 ; 01406736 (ISSN) Danaei, G ; Farzadfar, F ; Kelishadi, R ; Rashidian, A ; Rouhani, O. M ; Ahmadnia, S ; Ahmadvand, A ; Arabi, M ; Ardalan, A ; Arhami, M ; Azizi, M. H ; Bahadori, M ; Baumgartner, J ; Beheshtian, A ; Djalalinia, S ; Doshmangir, L ; Haghdoost, A. A ; Haghshenas, R ; Hosseinpoor, A. R ; Islami, F ; Kamangar, F ; Khalili, D ; Madani, K ; Masoumi Asl, H ; Mazyaki, A ; Mirchi, A ; Moradi, E ; Nayernouri, T ; Niemeier, D ; Houshang Omidvari, A ; Peykari, N ; Pishgar, F ; Qorbani, M ; Rahimi, K ; Rahimi Movaghar, A ; Ramezani Tehrani, F ; Rezaei, N ; Shahraz, S ; Takian, A ; Tootee, A ; Ezzati, M ; Jamshidi, H. R ; Larijani, B ; Majdzadeh, R ; Malekzadeh, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Lancet Publishing Group  2019
    Being the second-largest country in the Middle East, Iran has a long history of civilisation during which several dynasties have been overthrown and established and health-related structures have been reorganised. Iran has had the replacement of traditional practices with modern medical treatments, emergence of multiple pioneer scientists and physicians with great contributions to the advancement of science, environmental and ecological changes in addition to large-scale natural disasters, epidemics of multiple communicable diseases, and the shift towards non-communicable diseases in recent decades. Given the lessons learnt from political instabilities in the past centuries and the...