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#### Precise position control of shape memory alloy actuator using inverse hysteresis model and model reference adaptive control system

, Article Mechatronics ; Volume 23, Issue 8 , December , 2013 , Pages 1150-1162 ; 09574158 (ISSN) ; Sayyaadi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
2013

Abstract

Position control of Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) actuators has been a challenging topic during the last years due to their nonlinearities in the governing physical equations as well as their hysteresis behaviors. Using the inverse of phenomenological hysteresis model in order to compensate the input-output hysteresis behavior of these actuators shows the effectiveness of this approach. In this paper, in order to control the tip deflection of a large deformation flexible beam actuated by an SMA actuator wire, a feedforward-feedback controller is proposed. The feedforward part of the proposed control system, maps the beam deflection into SMA temperature, is based on the inverse of the generalized...

#### Experimental comparison of some phenomenological hysteresis models in characterizing hysteresis behavior of shape memory alloy actuators

, Article Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures ; Volume 23, Issue 12 , 2012 , Pages 1287-1309 ; 1045389X (ISSN) ; Sayyaadi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
SAGE
2012

Abstract

Among the phenomenological hysteresis models, the Preisach model, Krasnosel'skii-Pokrovskii model, and Prandtl-Ishlinskii model have found extensive applications for modeling hysteresis in shape memory alloys and other smart actuators. Since the mathematical complexity of the identification and inversion problem depends directly on the type of phenomenological hysteresis modeling method, choosing a proper phenomenological model among the mentioned models for modeling the hysteretic behavior of shape memory alloy actuators is a task of crucial importance. Moreover, the accuracy of the hysteresis modeling method in characterizing shape memory alloy hysteretic behavior consequently affects the...

#### Modeling of a nonlinear Euler-Bernoulli flexible beam actuated by two active shape memory alloy actuators

, Article Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures ; Volume 22, Issue 11 , 2011 , Pages 1249-1268 ; 1045389X (ISSN) ; Salehi, H ; Sayyaadi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
2011

Abstract

There are two different ways of using shape memory alloy (SMA) wire as an actuator for shape control of flexible structures: it can be either embedded within the composite laminate or externally attached to the structure. As the actuator can be placed at different offset distances from the beam, external actuators produce more bending moment and, consequently, considerabnle shape changes with the same magnitude of actuation force compared with the embedded type. Such a configuration also provides faster heat transfer rate owing to convection, which is very important in shape control applications that require a highfrequency response of SMA actuators. Although combination and physics-based...

#### Nonlinear robust adaptive Cartesian impedance control of UAVs equipped with a robot manipulator

, Article Advanced Robotics ; Volume 29, Issue 3 , Feb , 2015 , Pages 171-186 ; 01691864 (ISSN) ; Sayyaadi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Robotics Society of Japan
2015

Abstract

In this paper, a new nonlinear robust adaptive impedance controller is addressed for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) equipped with a robot manipulator that physically interacts with environment. A UAV equipped with a robot manipulator is a novel system that can perform different tasks instead of human being in dangerous and/or inaccessible environments. The objective of the proposed robust adaptive controller is control of the UAV and its robotic manipulators end-effector impedance in Cartesian space in order to have a stable physical interaction with environment. The proposed controller is robust against parametric uncertainties in the nonlinear dynamics model of the UAV and the robot...

#### Deployment of multi-agent robotic systems in presence of obstacles

, Article ASME 2010 10th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis, ESDA2010, 12 July 2010 through 14 July 2010, Istanbul ; Volume 5 , 2010 , Pages 7-12 ; 9780791849194 (ISBN) ; Sayyaadi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
2010

Abstract

The deployment of multi-agent systems in presence of obstacle deals with autonomous motion of agents toward a specified target by sensing each other and boundaries of obstacles. In this paper, asynchronous, scalable, distributed algorithm is used to deploy agents. Boundaries of obstacles are modeled by virtual agents. Algorithm was implemented by solving continuous n-median problem called generalized Fermat-Weber problem. It is shown that deployment is performed when position of real agents are the geometric median of their Voronoi cells. Simulation results show the validity of the proposed algorithm very well

#### Finite-time consensus in undirected/directed network topologies

, Article ASME 2010 10th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis, ESDA2010, 12 July 2010 through 14 July 2010, Istanbul ; Volume 5 , 2010 , Pages 1-6 ; 9780791849194 (ISBN) ; Sayyaadi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
2010

Abstract

The main contribution of this paper is to introduce a novel non-Lipschitz protocol that guarantees consensus in finite-time domain. Its convergence in networks with both unidirectional and bidirectional links is investigated via Lyapunov Theorem approach. It is also proved that final agreement value is equal to average of agents' states for the bidirectional communication case. In addition effects of communication time-delay on stability are assessed and two other continuous Lipschitz protocols are also analyzed

#### Analysis of a flexible beam actuated by two active SMA wires

, Article ASME 2010 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, SMASIS 2010, 28 September 2010 through 1 October 2010 ; Volume 1 , October , 2010 , Pages 661-672 ; 9780791844151 (ISBN) ; Sayyaadi, H ; Aerospace Division ; Sharif University of Technology
2010

Abstract

There are two ways of using SMAs as actuators for shape control of flexible structures; they can be either embedded within composite laminates or externally attached to the structures. Since the actuator can be placed at different offset distances from the beam, external actuators produce more bending moment and, consequently, more shape change. Such a configuration also allows introduction of fast convection cooling, very important in shape control applications that require a high-frequency response of SMA actuators. Although combination and modeling of externally-attached SMA actuator wires and strips have been widely considered by some researchers, these studies have some weaknesses that...

#### A novel consensus protocol using facility location algorithms

, Article Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Control Applications, 8 July 2009 through 10 July 2009, Saint Petersburg ; 2009 , Pages 914-919 ; 9781424446025 (ISBN) ; Sayyaadi, H ; Moarref, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Abstract

This paper introduces a new consensus protocol whose features are different from known consensus protocols available in the literature. The relation between discrete coverage algorithms over a convex polygon for solving a facility location problem (n-median problem) along with some notions in agreement over acyclic digraphs have been used to establish a novel constrained consensus protocol. Its convergence for the special case of acyclic digraphs with switching topology is presented. Extension of the results for other graph topologies and communication links are left for future works. © 2009 IEEE

#### A dynamic metaheuristic optimization model inspired by biological nervous systems: neural network algorithm

, Article Applied Soft Computing Journal ; Volume 71 , 2018 , Pages 747-782 ; 15684946 (ISSN) ; Sayyaadi, H ; Yadav, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Abstract

In this research, a new metaheuristic optimization algorithm, inspired by biological nervous systems and artificial neural networks (ANNs) is proposed for solving complex optimization problems. The proposed method, named as neural network algorithm (NNA), is developed based on the unique structure of ANNs. The NNA benefits from complicated structure of the ANNs and its operators in order to generate new candidate solutions. In terms of convergence proof, the relationship between improvised exploitation and each parameter under asymmetric interval is derived and an iterative convergence of NNA is proved theoretically. In this paper, the NNA with its interconnected computing unit is examined...

#### Optimization and testing of a new prototype hybrid MR brake with Arc form surface as a prosthetic knee

, Article IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics ; Volume 23, Issue 3 , 2018 , Pages 1204-1214 ; 10834435 (ISSN) ; Sayyaadi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc
2018

Abstract

In this present research work, a new configuration of the hybrid magnetorheological (MR) brake via T-shaped drum with an arc form surface boundary - the biomechanical geometric design of the hybrid MR brake as a prosthetic knee - is discussed and experimentally tested. The main purpose of this study is to develop a prosthetic knee with one rotary disc to fulfill the desired objective. To achieve this, three steps are considered. In the first step, to model the brake, slab method modeling is used to calculate the braking torque due to the arc surface. In the second step, the biomechanical geometric design is adjusted as an optimization problem to maximize the braking torque, minimize the...

#### Prediction of the thorax/pelvis orientations and L5–S1 disc loads during various static activities using neuro-fuzzy

, Article Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology ; Volume 34, Issue 8 , 7 August , 2020 , Pages 3481-3485 ; ISSN: 1738494X ; Sayyaadi, H ; Arjmand, N ; Sharif University of Technology
Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
2020

Abstract

Spinal posture including thorax/pelvis orientations as well as loads on the intervertebral discs are crucial parameters in biomechanical models and ergonomics to evaluate the risk of low back injury. In vivo measurement of spinal posture toward estimation of spine loads requires the common motion capture techniques and laboratory instruments that are costly and time-consuming. Hence, a closed loop algorithm including an artificial neural network (ANN) and fuzzy logic is proposed here to predict the L5–S1 segment loads and thorax/pelvis orientations in various 3D reaching activities. Two parts namely a fuzzy logic strategy and an ANN from this algorithm; the former, developed based on the...

#### Facility location optimization via multi-agent robotic systems

, Article 2008 IEEE International Conference on Networking, Sensing and Control, ICNSC, Sanya, 6 April 2008 through 8 April 2008 ; 2008 , Pages 287-292 ; 9781424416851 (ISBN) ; Sayyaadi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
2008

Abstract

A facility location problem deals with locating the best place for a group of facilities, among distinct demand points, minimizing a certain locational optimization function. In this paper, distributed, asynchronous, and scalable algorithms are presented for solving a facility location problem known as continuous n-median problem (generalized Fermat-Weber problem) via multi-agent robotic systems. The algorithms are discussed both in continuous and discrete time domain, and their validity is proved. It is also shown that the solution of this facility location problem is the set of points that are the geometric medians of their corresponding Voronoi cells

#### Application of neural network to find initial state of optimization parameters

, Article 2006 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE2006, Chicago, IL, 5 November 2006 through 10 November 2006 ; 2006 ; 10716947 (ISSN); 0791837904 (ISBN); 9780791837900 (ISBN) ; Sayyaadi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
2006

Abstract

This paper derives an estimated function made by simple Neural Network to find initial state of optimization parameters. It changes a system of differential equations with boundary values to a system of equations with initial values. So a lot of time would be saved to solve it. As a result, the system with differential equations will reach the desired final state. Copyright © 2006 by ASME

#### Design of a fuzzy controller for an underwater vehicle aiming at a stationary target

, Article 8th Biennial ASME Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis, ESDA2006, Torino, 4 July 2006 through 7 July 2006 ; Volume 2006 , 2006 ; 0791837793 (ISBN); 9780791837795 (ISBN) ; Sayyaadi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
American Society of Mechanical Engineers
2006

Abstract

In this paper, on the basis of a robust algorithm for the analysis of the 6 DOF motion of an underwater vehicle in calm water, after presenting the dynamics model and simulating motion, the model is put in the closed loop control to perform a controlled mission. The mission is defined as to navigate the submarine toward a desired point in the vertical plane. In performing the mission, the least time and of course the least position error with respect to the target point is aimed. The designed controller based on fuzzy logic and thus adapted to the human patterns for navigation, with a simple structure, performs the mission accurately. The intelligent structure of the fuzzy controller,...

#### Optimal feedback-adaptive feedforward controller for vibration suppression of a cantilever beam using piezo-actuators

, Article 8th Biennial ASME Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis, ESDA2006, Torino, 4 July 2006 through 7 July 2006 ; Volume 2006 , 2006 ; 0791837793 (ISBN); 9780791837795 (ISBN) ; Sayyaadi, H ; Behzad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
American Society of Mechanical Engineers
2006

Abstract

In this paper the combined optimal feedback-adaptive feedforward controller proposed to attain better performance of active vibration suppression of flexible structures subjected to different type of disturbances. The structure considered here is a cantilever beam actuated with a PZT patch actuator. The proposed controller consists of two individual parts, a filtered-x controller as a feedforward part and an optimal linear controller as a feedback part. Recursive Least Square algorithm (RLS) is used for the adaptive filtering scheme in Filtered-x adaptive feedforward controller. LQG optimal controller is also used in the feedback part of the controller. This research investigates the...

#### Design of mixed fuzzy-GA controller for SCARA type robot

, Article 2006 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS 2006, Beijing, 9 October 2006 through 15 October 2006 ; 2006 , Pages 2173-2178 ; 142440259X (ISBN); 9781424402595 (ISBN) ; Sayyaadi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
2006

Abstract

This paper presents a Mixed Fuzzy-GA Controller (MFGAC) for trajectory tracking of an industrial Selective Compliance Assembly Robot Arm (SCARA), which is one of the most employed manipulators in industrial environments. In this robot nonlinear effects due to centrifugal, coriolis and internal forces are more important than friction and gravity forces, unlike most industrial robots. The control procedure of MFGAC is consisting of a mixed fuzzy controller which is optimized by genetic algorithm. In this work we first design a Traditional Fuzzy Controller (TFC) from the viewpoint of a Single-Input Single-Output (SISO) system for controlling each degree of freedom of the robot. Then, an...

#### A new mechanism for wall climbing operation based on 4-bar linkage

, Article 8th Biennial ASME Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis, ESDA2006, Torino, 4 July 2006 through 7 July 2006 ; Volume 2006 , 2006 ; 0791837793 (ISBN); 9780791837795 (ISBN) ; Sayyaadi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
2006

Abstract

Wall walking robots are designed for different purposes, rescue operations, wall inspections and jobs such as painting and cleaning and fire fighting for tall buildings. These are some cases that these types of robots are extensively used. This paper describes a design of a new serial mechanism for wall climbing job. In deed we are seeking to define a minimum degree of freedom mechanism to be applied in a robot moving vertically on a surface. This mechanism has 5 links, but at any point it works with its 4 links, actually in each cycle of motion the linkage will be interchanged. Copyright © 2006 by ASME

#### A novel inertial energy harvester using magnetic shape memory alloy

, Article Smart Materials and Structures ; Volume 25, Issue 10 , 2016 ; 09641726 (ISSN) ; Sayyaadi, H ; Zakerzadeh, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
Institute of Physics Publishing
2016

Abstract

This paper studies the output voltage from a novel inertial energy harvester using magnetic shape memory alloys (MSMAs). The MSMA elements are attached to the root of a cantilever beam by means of two steps. In order to get electrical voltage, two coils are wound around the MSMAs and a shock load is applied to a tip mass at the end of the beam to have vibration in it. The beam vibration causes strain in the MSMAs along their longitudinal directions and as a result the magnetic flux alters in the coils. The change of magnetic flux in the surrounding coil produces an AC voltage. In order to predict the output voltage, the nonlinear governing equations of beam motion based on Euler-Bernoulli...

#### Fuzzy sliding mode control of multi-agent systems using artificial potentials

, Article ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings (IMECE), 12 November 2010 through 18 November 2010, Vancouver, BC ; Volume 8, Issue PARTS A AND B , 2010 , Pages 901-909 ; 9780791844458 (ISBN) ; Mortazavi, J ; Alasty, A ; Sayyaadi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Abstract

In this paper a fuzzy control strategy of autonomous multiagent systems is presented. The main purpose is to obtain an improvement on the results of designed sliding mode controllers in previous articles using supervisory fuzzy controller. Similarly, a quasi-static swarm model in ndimensional space is introduced wherein the inter-individual interactions are based on artificial potential functions; and the motions of members are in direction with the negative gradient of the combined potentials which are the result of a balance between inter-individual interactions and the simultaneous interactions of the swarm members with their environment. Then a general model for vehicle dynamics of each...

#### Challenges in calculation of critical buckling load of tubular members of jacket platforms in finite element modeling

, Article Journal of Marine Science and Technology (Japan) ; 2019 ; 09484280 (ISSN) ; Erfani, M. H ; Sayyaadi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Springer Tokyo
2019

Abstract

Accurate estimation of the capacity curve of offshore jacket structures to achieve performance levels and ductility is of great importance. Proper modeling of compressive members to correctly investigate global and local buckling is crucial in estimation of the capacity curve. Buckling modes and deformations due to local buckling can be considered, if the compressive braces are modeled by shell or solid elements. The purpose of this paper is to achieve the correct compressive behavior of braces with solid type elements and investigate the effects of five different parameters such as D/t, L/D, mesh size, mesh size ratio, and imperfections. ABAQUS FE software is used for this purpose. The...