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    Improve the Structure of Membrane Bioreactor to Reduce Fouling for Industrial Waste Water Purification

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Razzaghi, Mohammad Hossein (Author) ; Seifkordi, Ali Akbar (Supervisor) ; Hemati, Mahmood (Co-Advisor)
    In the presence project by using of hydrophilic polymer, Cellulose acetate (CA), we tried to modify the membrane made of Polyvinylidine fluoride (PVDF). The membranes were made by phase inversion method. In five levels, at least 10% and at most 30%, CA was added to casting solution. The hydrophilicity of membranes’ surface and pore size was increased. The permeation of the neat membrane of PVDF was less than 10 , on the other hand the permeation of the membranes, which were made by adding CA, was increased up to 500 . The increment of CA more than 20% reduced the porosity of membrane. In the next step to reduce the irreversibility fouling tried to reduce the pore size by adding some... 

    Separation and Purification of Industrial Proteins by Chromatography and Aqueous two Phase System

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Yavari, Milad (Author) ; Vossoughi, Manouchehr (Supervisor) ; Seifkordi, Ali Akbar (Supervisor)
    Separation of biomolecules such as enzymes is the most important part of biotechnology process which 10-90 % of costs is for separation and purification. There are several methods for purification of bio materials and one of them is chromatography which use in enzyme purification but this method have several problem such as cost ,time consuming and scale up Because of this a suitable alternative demands for industrial separation. An alternative is aqueous two-phase systems (ATPS). In this project was studied about partial purification of alkaline protease produced by Bacillus licheniformis ATCC 21424 in aqueous two-phase system and comparison with chromatography method. an aqueous two-phase... 

    Experimental Studies and Thermodynamic Modeling of LLE Systems of Ionic Liquid Mixtures

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mirkhani, Alireza (Author) ; Seifkordi, Ali akbar (Supervisor) ; Vossoughi, Manoochehr (Supervisor)
    In this work ionic liquids as the new generation of solvents are studied. First, Ionic liquids are introduced and their applications and characteristics are briefly discussed. Then, one of the most potential applications of ionic liquids in separation process (Aromatic-Aliphatic separation) is studied and compared with the common and alterative separation processes. In experimental section, large amount of 1--ethyl 3-metyl pyridinium ethyl sulphate ionic liquid was synthesized with a purity of above 99%. Experimental studies of separation of toluene from its mixture with n-heptane with the aid of synthesized ionic liquid were conducted and acceptable results are obtained. Experimental LLE... 

    Separation of Acidic Gases from Methane by Supported Ionic Liquid Membranes

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shahkaramipour, Nima (Author) ; Seifkordi, Ali Akbar (Supervisor) ; Adibi, Mina (Supervisor)
    Supported ionic liquid membranes are prepared by filling the pores of a porous membrane with ionic liquids. Permeability values of carbon dioxide and methane and also selectivity value of CO2⁄CH4 through ionic liquids stabilized on porous alumina membrane supports have been experimentally investigated. We have used [hmim][Tf2N] and two synthesized ionic liquids, 1,6-Di(3-methylimidazolium)hexane bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide (h[mim]2[Tf2N]2) and 1,3-Di(3-methylimidazolium)propane bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide (pr[mim]2[Tf2N]2) in our research. The experiments have been done in the temperature range of 27–45 ℃ and pressures of 10–50 kPa and the impact of the temperature and pressure... 

    The Use of Non-platinum Electro-catalyst for Low Temperature Fuel Cells

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hamzehie, Mohammad Ehsan (Author) ; Samiee, Leila (Supervisor) ; Seifkordi, Ali Akbar (Co-Advisor)
    In the recent decades, Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells (PEFC) have been known as an appropriate type of fuel cells, due to being electrochemical converter and clean energy generator with high power density and having low operation temperature and launch time. Palatine is one of the major materials that are used in electro-catalysts of fuel cell. Due to shortage of palatine resources and its high price, fuel cell production is not economical. To achieve economic conditions for production of fuel cell, two major methods are proposed:
    1) Reduction of the employed amount of palatine in electro-catalyst
    2) Full replacement of palatine with cheap materials
    In the current... 

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hedayat, Mahdi (Author) ; Soltanieh, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Seifkordi, Ali Akbar (Supervisor)
    Using membrane contactors for acid gas removal, combines the advantages of membrane based separation processes and traditional ones. In this project we aim to study the use of a membrane absorption system for sweetening gas streams containing mixed acid gases with composition similar to raw natural gas. H2S and CO2 exist in the gas stream simultaneously which can be removed by mixture of alkanolamine solvents, including MDEA, DEA and MEA, are used for treating. A lab-scale membrane absorption setup with feed capacity of 2 lit/min, was designed, constructed and commissioned. Several hollow fiber modules equipped with PSf and PVDF membranes were fabricated. Our results revealed that reaching... 

    Construction of a New Membrane Bioreactor for Industrial Wastewater Treatment

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Anvari, Arezoo (Author) ; Seifkordi, Ali Akbar (Supervisor) ; Hemati, Mohmoud (Co-Advisor) ; Rekabdar, Fatemeh (Co-Advisor)
    In recent years membrane bioreactors (MBR) were widely used as an advanced process for industrial wastewater treatment. But fouling issue causes some restrictions in these systems. So for fouling reduction many researches were done.In this study for fouling improvement, blending of hydrophilic polymer (PAN) with main polymer PVDF was used. Blending membrane in phase inversion process with DMAC as solvent and water as non-solvent was made. For pore-forming in membranes, PVP as hydrophilic additive with three different composition was added and then for more enhancement of antifouling property of membrane, TiO2 nanoparticles with four different composition were added to polymeric... 

    Investigate Laboratory Production of Hydroxyurea

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nejati, Poorya (Author) ; Bastani, Dariush (Supervisor) ; Seifkordi, Ali Akbar (Supervisor) ; Zegordi, Elahe (Co-Advisor)
    Hydroxyurea is an anticancer drug that is commonly used to treat chronic myeloid leukemia (white blood cell cancer in bone marrow), polycythemia vera (red blood cell cancer), sickle cell anemia, solid tumors, and in particular leukemia. In this research, in addition to analyzing all available methods for synthesis of hydroxyurea, the most economical method for synthesis of hydroxyurea which is Hantzsch method was chosen; then we synthesized hydroxyurea crystals using a precipitation or crystallization process. To do so, two hydroxylamine hydrochloride and potassium cyanate reactants have been used in the semi batch reactor. Since the reaction efficiency and purity of the synthesized... 

    Oxidative Desulfurization of Gas Condensate

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Keshavarzi, Samaneh (Author) ; Seifkordi, Ali Akbar (Supervisor) ; Bazmi, Mansour (Co-Advisor) ; Ghaedian, Maryam (Co-Advisor)
    Due to increasing environmental concern, special interest has been paid to reduction of organosulfur compounds in transportaion fuels. The sulfur- containing compounds are converted into sulfur oxide, i.e, SOx , during combustion, which is a major source of acid rain and air pollution.Gas condensate is a mixture consisting primarily of pentanes and heavier hydrocarbons which is recovered as a liquid from natural gas. It is a proper hydrocarbon source for producing gasoline, kerosene and gas oil in refineries. In this reseach a gas condensate was used as feedstock for studing oxidative desulfurization (ODS). The influence of various parameters of desulforization including the reaction... 

    Removal of Volatile Chlorinated Compounds (TCE,PCE) from Groundwater with Nanostructure of NZVI

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghasemipoor, Amir (Author) ; Bastani, Darioush (Supervisor) ; Seifkordi, Ali Akbar (Supervisor) ; Samiee, Leila (Supervisor) ; Dastgheib, Mohammad Mehdi (Co-Advisor)
    In recent years, the reductive dehalogenation of the chlorinated hydrocarbons using nanoscale zerovalent iron (nZVI) represents a promising approach for underground remediation. Regarding commercialization of this technique, instability and unknown nature of nZVI particle are still challenging tasks that should be considered.
    In the current work, Nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) and palladized iron (Pd/Fe) bimetallic particles were synthesized and employed to react with chlorinated compound (PCE) in water to investigate its degradation behaviors. The results show that the reactant ratio, stabilizer amount and temperature are the main parameters with the considerable effect on PCE... 

    Laboratory Study on the Effect of Thermal Cracking of Heavy Oil

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rahmnai Khajeh, Saeed (Author) ; Bastani, Dariush (Supervisor) ; Seifkordi, Ali Akbar (Supervisor) ; Safavi, Mohammad Ali (Supervisor) ; Shafeghat, Amin (Co-Advisor)
    The Visbreaking process is one of the Residue upgrading method, which, in addition to the production of mid-distillate products, also reduces the viscosity of feed. By reducing the viscosity of the feed, the amount of cutter stock is reduced to produce fuel oil. Since the refiners want to achieve the maximum conversion in the visbreaker unit, it is necessary to estimate the proper operating conditions and distribution of the products. Increasing in conversion in a visbreaker unit will lead to a refinancing profit. In this work, four Vacuum Residual oil from Iranian Refineries were selected for studying on visbreaking process. Experiments were carried out at RIPI-Petroleum Refining Technology...