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    Rotary magnetohydrodynamic micropump based on slug trapping valve

    , Article Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems ; Volume 20, Issue 1 , December , 2011 , Pages 260-269 ; 10577157 (ISSN) Moghadam, M. E ; Shafii, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
    A novel rotary magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) (RMHD) micropump is presented in this paper in order to both benefit exclusive advantages from the MHD micropumps and eliminate the current obstacles in their implementation. Lorentz force, which is the actuation mechanism in RMHD, is used to propel a mercury slug in a circular microchannel in order to suck the working fluid from the inlet and pump it to the outlet. This idea is integrated with a valve which prevents the working fluid from passing through, while allowing the mercury slug to pass, during each pumping loop. The performance of a fabricated RMHD is evaluated, considering parameters such as pressure difference, running duration, electric... 

    Experimental and numerical investigation of the thermal performance of a novel sintered-wick heat pipe

    , Article Applied Thermal Engineering ; Volume 94 , 2016 , Pages 59-75 ; 13594311 (ISSN) Khalili, M ; Shafii, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd 
    Thermal performance of a novel sintered wick heat pipe was investigated in this study. Two types of sintered wick heat pipes were fabricated and tested at different filling ratios of water, and their thermal resistances in different modes were compared. In the first type, wick was sintered annularly (conventional type), and in the other one (novel type of sintered wick) it was sintered only in one third of cross-section. Results showed that dry-out occurs at higher heat input by an increase in the filling ratio. Moreover, the best filling ratio is 20% for both heat pipes. Thermal resistances of the partly sintered wick heat pipe are approximately 28%, 17% and 47% lower than those of the... 

    Boiling heat transfer on a high temperature silver sphere in nanofluid

    , Article International Journal of Thermal Sciences ; Volume 48, Issue 12 , 2009 , Pages 2215-2220 ; 12900729 (ISSN) Lotfi, H ; Shafii, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
    To investigate boiling heat transfer characteristics of nanofluids, transient quenching experiments of a high temperature silver sphere in water-based nanofluids with Ag and TiO2 nanoparticles were performed. A silver sphere with a diameter of 10 mm and an initial temperature of 700 °C was quenched in these nanofluids at a temperature of 90 °C. The results showed a considerable reduction in the quenching ability of nanofluids compared to that of pure water. The presence of nanoparticles in water caused the film boiling mode to vanish at lower temperatures depending on the mixture concentration. Calculated heat transfer rates in nanofluids were lower than those in pure water. In the quenching... 

    Experimental investigation of a solar still equipped with an external heat storage system using phase change materials and heat pipes

    , Article Desalination ; Volume 409 , 2017 , Pages 128-135 ; 00119164 (ISSN) Faegh, M ; Shafii, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2017
    In this study, a novel idea of storing the latent heat of condensing vapor in solar stills by means of phase change materials (PCMs) as a thermal storage is experimentally investigated. During the daytime, the generated water vapor by the solar energy, is conducted to an external condenser filled with PCM to be condensed. The wasted latent heat is absorbed by PCM and thereby stored. It is worth noting that there is no direct contact between the saline water and the PCM, therefore, the solar energy is not directly stored in the PCM. In the evening, the energy stored in the PCM is transferred as heat to the saline water by heat pipes and enables the desalination process to continue. Several... 

    Enhanced solar still condensation by using a radiative cooling system and phase change material

    , Article Desalination ; Volume 467 , 2019 , Pages 43-50 ; 00119164 (ISSN) Amarloo, A ; Shafii, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    In this study, an experimental investigation of using the radiative cooling potential in a solar still was studied. Instead of using an auxiliary radiative panel, an integrated collector was utilized for both processes of absorption of solar radiations and emission of infrared radiations for radiative cooling. At night-time, the coldness was stored in the PCM inside the PCM-condenser. While during the day, the water was evaporated in an evaporation tank, the produced vapor was directed to the PCM-condenser and the air cooled-condenser. Different condenser configurations were tested to evaluate the effect of radiative cooling on daily yield and solar still efficiency. The lower temperature of... 

    Performance evaluation of a novel compact humidification-dehumidification desalination system coupled with a heat pump for design and off-design conditions

    , Article Energy Conversion and Management ; Volume 194 , 2019 , Pages 160-172 ; 01968904 (ISSN) Faegh, M ; Shafii, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    In this study, the theoretical investigation of a novel heat pump assisted humidification-dehumidification desalination system has been carried out. The conventional dehumidifier of the humidification-dehumidification system was removed and the evaporator of the heat pump was utilized for direct dehumidification of air. Besides, the heat pump condenser was used as the saline water heater of the humidification-dehumidification cycle. First, the sizes of the components were calculated at design conditions for fixed input operational conditions namely the ambient air temperature, relative humidity, and inlet saline water temperature. However, the input operating conditions vary at off-design... 

    Thermal performance assessment of an evaporative condenser-based combined heat pump and humidification-dehumidification desalination system

    , Article Desalination ; Volume 496 , 2020 Faegh, M ; Shafii, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2020
    A new design for heat pump integrated humidification-dehumidification (HDH-HP) desalination cycles was proposed in the current experimental study. An evaporative condenser was designed and fabricated instead of a separate humidifier, heater, and air/water-cooled condensers find in previous HDH-HP systems. Meanwhile, the air dehumidification process in this work directly occurred inside the heat pump evaporator. The effect of several operating parameters such as ambient wet-bulb temperature, spraying saline water and airflow rates, compressor speed, superheat, and evaporator saturation temperature control modes of the electronic expansion valve (EEV) on freshwater production and GOR were... 

    Deriving an analytical model for hydro-magnetic micro flow controller

    , Article 6th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels, ICNMM2008, Darmstadt, 23 June 2008 through 25 June 2008 ; Issue PART B , June , 2008 , Pages 1139-1146 ; 0791848345 (ISBN); 9780791848340 (ISBN) Esmaily Moghadam, M ; Shafii, M. B ; ASME ; Sharif University of Technology
    Fluid control, namely pumping and valving, is a critical factor in the performance of micro-fluidic systems. In recent years a variety of micro-fluidic systems are developed for the purpose of miniaturizing fluid handling, and chemical analysis to develop Lab On a Chip (LOC) technology. The mentioned facts resulted in design and fabrication of a novel hydromagnetic flow controller. The idea behind this device is that magnetic particles, mixed and dispersed in a carrier liquid, can be accumulated in the form of a piston. Depending upon dragging speed of these pistons, which itself is a function of switching time, this device can be used to either increase (pumping) or decrease (valving) the... 

    Experimental study of internal forced convection of ferrofluid flow in porous media

    , Article Defect and Diffusion Forum ; Vol. 348 , April , 2014 , pp. 139-146 ; ISSN: 10120386 ; ISBN: 9783038350002 Sehat, A ; Sadrhosseini, H ; Shafii, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
    This work presents an experimental study of the effect of a magnetic field on laminar forced convection of a ferrofluid flowing in a tube filled with permeable material. The walls of the tube are subjected to a uniform heat flux and the permeable bed consists of uniform spheres of 3-mm diameter. The ferrofluid synthesis is based on reacting iron (II) and iron (III) in an aqueous ammonia solution to form magnetite, Fe3O4. The magnetite is mixed with aqueous tetra methyl ammonium hydroxide, (CH3) 4NOH, solution. The dependency of the pressure drop on the volume fraction, and comparison of the pressure drop and the temperature distribution of the tube wall is studied. Also comparison of the... 

    The quenching of silver rod in boiling carbon nano tube-water nanofluid

    , Article International Journal of Thermal Sciences ; Volume 75 , 2014 , Pages 95-104 ; ISSN: 12900729 Habibi Khoshmehr, H ; Saboonchi, A ; Shafii, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
    It is well established that nanofluids increase or decrease heat transfer in boiling phenomenon. The study acquired Quenching curve and boiling curve in two different surface roughnesses in two fluids: deionized water and the nanofluid MWCNT-water with four different concentrations. The cylinder was made of silver and two surface roughnesses of 129 and 690 nm. It was heated up and soaked in the fluid mentioned above. Temperature was recorded by a drilled to install thermocouple. The experiment was replicated in five times. To calculate the heat transfer quotient, assuming the cylinder to be thermally homogeneous, the Lumped capacity method was applied. The obtained results during quenching... 

    The effect of various test parameters on the steady flow test results of a four-valve spark ignition engine: A tentative approach toward standardization

    , Article Advances in Mechanical Engineering ; Volume 2013 , 2013 ; ISSN: 16878132 Mohammadebrahim, A ; Shafii, M. B ; Hannani, S. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    The present paper is an account of an experimental analysis carried out to investigate to what extent the flow characteristics in the intake system of a 4-valve, spark ignition internal combustion engine depend on the experimental conditions at the steady flow test bench. In this respect, the study is aimed at determining the influences of the intake adaptor, test pressure, adaptor length and diameter, adaptor roughness, paddle wheel diameter, and asymmetric valves lifting on the flow coefficient and the swirl intensity measurements. In studies of this kind, researchers generally tend to adopt different test parameters to arrive at a nonuniform base to compare results from several... 

    Breakup of microdroplets in asymmetric T junctions

    , Article Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics ; Volume 87, Issue 5 , 2013 ; 15393755 (ISSN) Samie, M ; Salari, A ; Shafii, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Symmetric T junctions have been used widely in microfluidics to generate equal-sized microdroplets, which are applicable in drug delivery systems. A newly proposed method for generating unequal-sized microdroplets at a T junction is investigated theoretically and experimentally. Asymmetric T junctions with branches of identical lengths and different cross sections are utilized for this aim. An equation for the critical breakup of droplets at asymmetric T junctions and one for determining the breakup point of droplets are developed. A good agreement was observed between the theories (present and previous) and the experiments  

    An experimental review on microbubble generation to be used in echo-particle image velocimetry method to determine the pipe flow velocity

    , Article Journal of Fluids Engineering, Transactions of the ASME ; Volume 135, Issue 3 , Feb , 2013 , Paper No: FE-12-1217 ; 00982202 (ISSN) Salari, A ; Shafii, M. B ; Shirani, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Microbubbles are broadly used as ultrasound contrast agents. In this paper we use a low-cost flow focusing microchannel fabrication method for preparing microbubble contrast agents by using some surface active agents and a viscosity enhancing material to obtain appropriate microbubbles with desired lifetime and stability for any in vitro infusion for velocity measurement. All the five parameters that govern the bubble size extract and some efforts are done to achieve the smallest bubbles by adding suitable surfactant concentrations. By using these microbubbles for the echo-particle image velocimetry method, we experimentally determine the velocity field of steady state and pulsatile pipe... 

    Experimental study of a novel Magneto Mercury Reciprocating (MMR) micropump, fabrication and operation

    , Article Sensors and Actuators, A: Physical ; Volume 194 , 2013 , Pages 277-284 ; 09244247 (ISSN) Karmozdi, M ; Salari, A ; Shafii, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Today, MEMS have wide applications in modern technologies. Magneto hydro dynamic (MHD) micropumps play an important role in the MEMS industry and have been thoroughly studied in the recent years. In this study, the idea of classic reciprocating micropumps was combined with magneto hydro dynamics (MHD) to develop a novel Magneto Mercury Reciprocating (MMR) micropump. To attain this goal, the Lorentz force, as the actuation mechanism, was used to move a conductive liquid (mercury) slug in a reciprocating manner in order to suck the working fluid (air) from the inlet and pump it to the outlet. The performance of the fabricated MMR micropump was examined in terms of parameters such as pressure... 

    Experimental study of evaporator surface area influence on a closed loop pulsating heat pipe performance

    , Article American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Fluids Engineering Division (Publication) FEDSM, 8 July 2012 through 12 July 2012, Rio Grande ; Volume 2 , 2012 , Pages 233-238 ; 08888116 (ISSN) ; 9780791844762 (ISBN) Tabatabaee, M. H ; Mohammadi, M ; Shafii, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Pulsating Heat Pipes are an effective mean for heat removal with the potential for a widespread application in electronic packaging. An experimental study a Closed Loop Pulsating Heat Pipe (CLPHP) constructed of copper tubes formed into four meandering turns is presented. Once configured in a vertical orientation the lower portion of the CLPHP comes in contact with a heat source (called the evaporator) from which it will remove heat through the pulsating action of the two-phase mixture contained within the initially evacuated copper tubes eventually transfer the heat to a heat sink (known as the condenser). Heat fluxes can be measured using temperature data gathered from experiments.... 

    Experimental investigation of extra-long pulsating heat pipe application in solar water heaters

    , Article Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science ; Volume 42 , 2012 , Pages 6-15 ; 08941777 (ISSN) Arab, M ; Soltanieh, M ; Shafii, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2012
    In this study, the aim is to investigate the application of pulsating heat pipes (PHPs) as a heat transfer tool in a solar water heater (SWH). For this purpose, an extra-long pulsating heat pipe (ELPHP) is designed, constructed and installed in a thermosyphon solar water heater. In this work the ELPHPs are made of copper tubes of internal diameter 2.0. mm. The number of meandering turns is 6 and the working fluid employed is distilled water. The lengths of condenser and evaporator sections are 0.8 and 0.96. m, respectively. The length of adiabatic section varies between 0.7 and 1.8. m. Inclination of the ELPHPs varies between 15° and 90° but is 45° for evaporator section. Four different... 

    Experimental investigation of a pulsating heat pipe using ferrofluid (magnetic nanofluid)

    , Article Journal of Heat Transfer ; Volume 134, Issue 1 , 2012 ; 00221481 (ISSN) Mohammadi, M ; Mohammadi, M ; Shafii, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this work, a four-turn pulsating heat pipe (PHP) is fabricated and tested experimentally. The novelty of the present PHP is the capability to obtain various thermal performances at a specific heat input by changing the magnetic field. The effects of working fluid (water and ferrofluid), charging ratio (40% and 70%), heat input (35, 45, 55, 65, 75, and 85 W), orientation (horizontal and vertical heat mode), ferrofluid volumetric concentration (2.5% and 7%), and magnetic field on the thermal performance of PHPs are investigated. The results showed that applying the magnetic field on the water-based ferrofluid reduced the thermal resistance of PHP in all orientations. In the presence of a... 

    Performance investigation of a four stroke diesel engine, using water-based ferrofluid as an additive

    , Article ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2011, 11 November 2011 through 17 November 2011 ; Volume 4, Issue PARTS A AND B , November , 2011 , Pages 1339-1343 ; 9780791854907 (ISBN) Daneshvar, F ; Jahani, N ; Shafii, M. B ; ASME ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this experimental study, a four stroke diesel engine was conducted to investigate the effect of adding water-based ferrofluid to diesel fuel on engine performance. To our knowledge, Magnetic nanoparticles had not been used before. To this end, emulsified diesel fuels of 0, 0.4, and 0.8 water-based ferrofluid/Diesel ratios by volume were used as fuel. The ferrofluid used in this study was a handmade water-based ferrofluid prepared by the authors. The results show that adding water-based ferrofluid to diesel fuel has a perceptible effect on engine performance, increasing the brake thermal efficiency relatively up to 12%, and decreasing the brake specific fuel consumption relatively up to... 

    Experimental investigation into laminar forced convective heat transfer of ferrofluids under constant and oscillating magnetic field with different magnetic field arrangements and oscillation modes

    , Article Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science ; Volume 68 , November , 2015 , Pages 601-611 ; 08941777 (ISSN) Yarahmadi, M ; Moazami Goudarzi, H ; Shafii, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Inc  2015
    In this study, the effects of ferrofluids on the forced convective heat transfer in a tube with a round cross section under constant heat flux in the laminar flow regime are investigated experimentally. For this purpose, an experimental setup was designed and built. Furthermore, the effects of an external magnetic field on the forced convective heat transfer were examined for various Reynolds numbers and volume concentrations. The parameters of magnetic field strength, magnetic field arrangement, the constancy or oscillation of the magnetic field and also its oscillatory mode were examined. As a result of the experimental studies, in the absence of a magnetic field enhancement in convective... 

    Diffuser miniature pump with an extra ferrofluidic valve

    , Article Microfluidics and Nanofluidics ; Volume 19, Issue 5 , November , 2015 , Pages 1235-1244 ; 16134982 (ISSN) Ashouri, M ; Shafii, M. B ; Moosavi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Verlag  2015
    This paper presents the prototype design and fabrication of a magnetically actuated miniature pump that utilizes self-sealing capability of ferrofluid-covered permanent magnets in both pumping and valving mechanisms. The valving action is performed by employing one active valve along with two nozzle/diffuser elements. Two cylindrical permanent magnets are placed inside the flat-wall channels: One magnet acts as the active valve and the other one serves as a reciprocating piston actuating the working fluid. In order to seal the gaps between the channel walls and the permanent magnet of the valve/piston, ferrofluid is used to cover the surfaces of both magnets. The valve and the piston are...