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    Solid nanoparticle and gaseous emissions of a diesel engine with a diesel particulate filter and use of a high-sulphur diesel fuel and a medium-sulphur diesel fuel

    , Article Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering ; Volume 231, Issue 7 , 2017 , Pages 941-951 ; 09544070 (ISSN) Doozandegan, M ; Hosseini, V ; Ehteram, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    High-sulphur and medium-sulphur diesel fuels are still used in several countries. Although diesel particulate filter technology for on-road diesel engines has existed since 1989, the availability of high-sulphur and medium-sulphur diesel fuels in the market causes delays in the use of catalysed filter technologies. However, the situation in places such as Tehran is considered unhealthy because of particles and black carbon, and full distribution of ultra-low-sulphur diesel is awaited eagerly. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of the sulphur content in fuels on the gaseous and solid exhaust emissions of a 220 kW Euro II engine equipped with a sintered metal active-passive... 

    Engine Exhaust Temperature Control By Throttling

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sharifi Alhashem, Alireza (Author) ; Hosseini, Vahid (Supervisor)
    Diesel particulate filters (DPFs) are used in active and passive regeneration exhaust systems in order to reduce the soot emission of diesel engines. Soot regeneration process initiates at a certain minimum temperature. In Compression Ignition (CI) engines, the intake is not throttled usually, and load control is carried out by adjusting the amount of fuel injected into the cylinders. Consequently in low load working condition, as the fuel mass decreases, the air to fuel ratio increases that results in lowered exhaust gas temperature. On the other hand, passive regeneration strategies alone are not enough and it should be backed up by an active regeneration system in order to guarantee...