Search for: adaptation--physiological
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    Introducing an adaptive robust controller for artificial heart

    , Article Proceedings of the IEEE RAS and EMBS International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics, 24 June 2012 through 27 June 2012 ; June , 2012 , Pages 413-418 ; 21551774 (ISSN) ; 9781457711992 (ISBN) Ravanshadi, S ; Jahed, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Prolonged and uncontrolled high shear stresses and turbulence can cause hemolysis, while alternating and low-level stresses may contribute to platelet activation and thrombus formation. Such deficiencies are reported for Total Artificial Heart (TAH) systems which are generally not fully capable of dynamic adaptation to sudden pressure and volume changes. This study introduces an adaptive robust controller for a linear motor based TAH (LMTAH) which overcomes such shortcomings. Proposed controller performance is compared with simulated natural heart in normal and stressed physiological conditions. Application of adaptive robust control results in flows with less stress variation and... 

    Stimulus-specific adaptation decreases the coupling of spikes to LFP phase

    , Article Frontiers in Neural Circuits ; Volume 13 , 2019 ; 16625110 (ISSN) Parto Dezfouli, M ; Zarei, M ; Jahed, M ; Daliri, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Frontiers Media S.A  2019
    Stimulus repetition suppresses the neural activity in different sensory areas of the brain. This mechanism of so-called stimulus-specific adaptation (SSA) has been observed in both spiking activity and local field potential (LFP) responses. However, much remains to be known about the effect of SSA on the spike–LFP relation. In this study, we approached this issue by investigating the spike-phase coupling (SPC) in control and adapting paradigms. For the control paradigm, pure tones were presented in a random unbiased sequence. In the adapting paradigm, the same stimuli were presented in a random pattern but it was biased to an adapter stimulus. In fact, the adapter occupied 80% of the... 

    Muscle-driven forward dynamics simulation for the study of differences in muscle function during stair ascent and descent

    , Article Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine ; Volume 223, Issue 7 , 2009 , Pages 863-874 ; 09544119 (ISSN) Ghafari, A. S ; Meghdari, A ; Vossoughi, G. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    The main scope of this study is to analyse muscle-driven forward dynamics simulation of stair locomotion to understand the functional differences of individual muscles during the movement. A static optimization was employed to minimize a performance criterion based on the muscle energy consumption to resolve muscle redundancy during forward dynamics simulation. The proposed method was employed to simulate a musculoskeletal system with ten degrees of freedom in the sagittal plane and containing 18 Hill-type musculotendon actuators per leg. Simulation results illustrated that simulated joint kinematics closely tracked experimental quantities with root-mean-squared errors less than 1°. In...