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    Numerical analysis of 2D high speed flow of real gases on an adaptive unstructured grid

    , Article Iranian Journal of Science and Technology, Transaction B: Technology ; Volume 26, Issue 3 , 2002 , Pages 487-496 ; 03601307 (ISSN) Mazaheri, K ; Shahbazi, M. R ; Karimian, S. M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Shiraz University  2002
    Abstract
    The 2D hypersonic real gas flow has been analyzed on an adaptive unstructured grid using Roe's Flux Difference Splitting and AUSM schemes. In high temperature and hypersonic regime, the flow is extremely compressible and ideal gas assumption is not valid. In fact in these flows, due to changes in the flow properties, composition of fluid elements will also change. To solve steady and unsteady 2D Euler' equations for real gases, assumption of a general equation of state for real gases in equilibrium is considered. We use an unstructured Delaunay triangulation and adapt it in high gradient areas. Results are compared with known numerical and exact solutions. The scheme is convergent, and... 

    Numerical modeling of instability and breakup of elliptical liquid jets

    , Article AIAA Journal ; Volume 58, Issue 6 , June , 2020 , Pages 2442-2449 Morad, M. R ; Nasiri, M ; Amini, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc  2020
    Abstract
    Numerical simulations are performed to provide an in-depth insight into the effect of instabilities on liquid jets discharging from elliptical orifices. The axis-switching phenomenon and breakup are simulated and characterized under the effect of disturbances imposed at the nozzle exit. The simulations are based on the volume of fluid approach and an adaptive meshing. A range of orifice aspect ratios from 1 to 4 at the Rayleigh breakup regime is considered. The evolution of the jet cross section and axis switching under the influence of disturbances is compared with that of nonperturbed elliptical jets. It is found that the axis-switching repetition and breakup length exponentially decrease... 

    Error estimation, adaptivity and data transfer in enriched plasticity continua to analysis of shear band localization

    , Article Applied Mathematical Modelling ; Volume 31, Issue 6 , 2007 , Pages 983-1000 ; 0307904X (ISSN) Khoei, A. R ; Asil Gharebaghi, S ; Tabarraie, A. R ; Riahi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2007
    Abstract
    In this paper, an adaptive FE analysis is presented based on error estimation, adaptive mesh refinement and data transfer for enriched plasticity continua in the modelling of strain localization. As the classical continuum models suffer from pathological mesh-dependence in the strain softening models, the governing equations are regularized by adding rotational degrees-of-freedom to the conventional degrees-of-freedom. Adaptive strategy using element elongation is applied to compute the distribution of required element size using the estimated error distribution. Once a new mesh is generated, state variables and history-dependent variables are mapped from the old finite element mesh to the... 

    Analysis of Entropy as Numerical Error Indicator in Reservoir Simulation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hamidian Shoormasti, Nima (Author) ; Ghotbi, Cyrus (Supervisor) ; Razvan, Mohammad Reza (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    Reservoir simulation models are profound tools in reservoir management. Number of grid blocks in a simulation model is much less than the number of grid blocks in geological model, therefore geological model must become upscaled in order to construct simulation model with convenient dimensions. This causes loosing of some details and introduces errors due to discretization and homogenization. One method of construction of an efficient computational grid is use of adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) methods. These methods refine computational grid in regions needing further resolution. An error indicator is used for determining regions candidate for refinement or coarsening. In present study... 

    Surface wettability effect on the rising of a bubble attached to a vertical wall

    , Article International Journal of Multiphase Flow ; Volume 109 , 2018 , Pages 178-190 ; 03019322 (ISSN) Javadi, K ; Davoudian, S. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    This paper deals with the dynamics of rising bubbles attached to a vertical wall under different wettability conditions. Even though, bubbles rising freely in a liquid have extensively been studied, bubbles attached to a wall have not been fully understood. Therefore, in this work, rising bubbles attached to a vertical wall were numerically investigated by applying the ALE method along with adaptive mesh refinement schemes to properly resolve the bubble interface and its deformation. To consider wall wettability effects, different contact angles of 45° 90° and 105° were considered along with the case of freely rising bubbles. The problem was carried out at different Bond numbers of 0.27,... 

    Crack growth modeling via 3D automatic adaptive mesh refinement based on modified-SPR technique

    , Article Applied Mathematical Modelling ; Volume 37, Issue 1-2 , 2013 , Pages 357-383 ; 0307904X (ISSN) Khoei, A. R ; Eghbalian, M ; Moslemi, H ; Azadi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    In this paper, the three-dimensional automatic adaptive mesh refinement is presented in modeling the crack propagation based on the modified superconvergent patch recovery technique. The technique is developed for the mixed mode fracture analysis of different fracture specimens. The stress intensity factors are calculated at the crack tip region and the crack propagation is determined by applying a proper crack growth criterion. An automatic adaptive mesh refinement is employed on the basis of modified superconvergent patch recovery (MSPR) technique to simulate the crack growth by applying the asymptotic crack tip solution and using the collapsed quarter-point singular tetrahedral elements... 

    Three-dimensional cohesive fracture modeling of non-planar crack growth using adaptive FE technique

    , Article International Journal of Solids and Structures ; Volume 49, Issue 17 , September , 2012 , Pages 2334-2348 ; 00207683 (ISSN) Khoei, A. R ; Moslemi, H ; Sharifi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    In this paper, the three-dimensional adaptive finite element modeling is presented for cohesive fracture analysis of non-planer crack growth. The technique is performed based on the Zienkiewicz-Zhu error estimator by employing the modified superconvergent patch recovery procedure for the stress recovery. The Espinosa-Zavattieri bilinear constitutive equation is used to describe the cohesive tractions and displacement jumps. The 3D cohesive fracture element is employed to simulate the crack growth in a non-planar curved pattern. The crack growth criterion is proposed in terms of the principal stress and its direction. Finally, several numerical examples are analyzed to demonstrate the... 

    3D modeling of damage growth and ductile crack propagation using adaptive FEM technique

    , Article Computational Plasticity XI - Fundamentals and Applications, COMPLAS XI ; 2011 , Pages 996-1007 ; 9788489925731 (ISBN) Moslemi, H ; Khoei, A.R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In this paper, the continuum damage mechanics model originally proposed by Lemaitre [1] is presented through an adaptive finite element method for three-dimensional ductile materials. The macro-crack initiation-propagation criterion is used based on the distribution of damage variable in the continuum damage model. The micro-crack closure effect is incorporated to simulate the damage evolution more realistic. The Zienkiewicz-Zhu posteriori error estimator is employed in conjunction with a weighted superconvergence patch recovery (SPR) technique at each patch to improve the accuracy of error estimation and data transfer process. Finally, the robustness and accuracy of proposed computational... 

    Dynamic responses of a rectangular plate under motion of an oscillator using a semi-analytical method

    , Article JVC/Journal of Vibration and Control ; Volume 17, Issue 9 , 2011 , Pages 1310-1324 ; 10775463 (ISSN) Ghafoori, E ; Kargarnovin, M. H ; Ghahremani, A. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    A semi-analytical method is presented to calculate the dynamic responses of a rectangular plate due to a moving oscillator. In previous analytical solutions of the moving oscillator problem, the elastic distributed structure has usually been modeled by an elastic beam structure. This restrictive assumption is removed in this study by assuming a general plate as two-dimensional elastic distributed structure. The method can be applied for any arbitrary path on the plate. A combination of the Fourier and Laplace transformation as well as the convolution theorem is used to solve the governing differential equations of the problem. A modified integration technique is then presented to solve the... 

    Roi-based 3D human brain magnetic resonance images compression using adaptive mesh design and region-based discrete wavelet transform

    , Article International Journal of Wavelets, Multiresolution and Information Processing ; Volume 8, Issue 3 , 2010 , Pages 407-430 ; 02196913 (ISSN) Fatemizadeh, E ; Shooshtari, P ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Due to the large volume required for medical images for transmission and archiving purposes, the compression of medical images is known as one of the main concepts of medical image processing. Lossless compression methods have the drawback of a low compression ratio. In contrast, lossy methods have a higher compression ratio and suffer from lower quality of the reconstructed images in the receiver. Recently, some selective compression methods have been proposed in which the main image is divided into two separate regions: Region of Interest (ROI), which should be compressed in a lossless manner, and Region of Background (ROB), which is compressed in a lossy manner with a lower quality. In... 

    Modeling of cohesive crack growth using an adaptive mesh refinement via the modified-SPR technique

    , Article International Journal of Fracture ; Volume 159, Issue 1 , 2009 , Pages 21-41 ; 03769429 (ISSN) Khoei, A. R ; Moslemi, H ; Majd Ardakany, K ; Barani, O. R ; Azadi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    In this paper, an adaptive finite element procedure is presented in modeling of mixed-mode cohesive crack propagation via the modified superconvergent path recovery technique. The adaptive mesh refinement is performed based on the Zienkiewicz-Zhu error estimator. The weighted-SPR recovery technique is employed to improve the accuracy of error estimation. The Espinosa-Zavattieri bilinear cohesive zone model is applied to implement the traction-separation law. It is worth mentioning that no previous information is necessary for the path of crack growth and no region of the domain is necessary to be filled by the cohesive elements. The maximum principal stress criterion is employed for... 

    Accuracy Quantification of the Reverse Engineering and High-Order Finite Element Analysis of Equine MC3 Forelimb

    , Article Journal of Equine Veterinary Science ; Volume 78 , 2019 , Pages 94-106 ; 07370806 (ISSN) Mouloodi, S ; Rahmanpanah, H ; Burvill, C ; Davies, H. M. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    W.B. Saunders  2019
    Abstract
    Shape is a key factor in influencing mechanical responses of bones. Considered to be smart viscoelastic and inhomogeneous materials, bones are stimulated to change shape (model and remodel) when they experience changes in the compressive strain distribution. Using reverse engineering techniques via computer-aided design (CAD) is crucial to create a virtual environment to investigate the significance of shape in biomechanical engineering. Nonetheless, data are lacking to quantify the accuracy of generated models and to address errors in finite element analysis (FEA). In the present study, reverse engineering through extrapolating cross-sectional slices was used to reconstruct the diaphysis of... 

    An improved Mesh Adaption and Refinement approach to Cavitation Simulation (MARCS) of propellers

    , Article Ocean Engineering ; Volume 171 , 2019 , Pages 139-150 ; 00298018 (ISSN) Yilmaz, N ; Atlar, M ; Khorasanchi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    Abstract
    This paper presents the improvements of cavitation modelling for marine propellers particularly developing tip vortex cavitation. The main purpose of the study is to devise a new approach for modelling tip vortex cavitation using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) methods with commercial software, STAR-CCM+. The INSEAN E779A model propeller was used for this study as a benchmark propeller. Utilizing this propeller, firstly, validation studies were conducted in non-cavitating conditions together with grid and time step uncertainty studies. Then, the cavitation was simulated on the propeller using a numerical cavitation model, which is known as the Schnerr–Sauer model, based on the... 

    3D Modeling of damage growth and crack initiation using adaptive finite element technique

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 17, Issue 5 A , 2010 , Pages 372-386 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Moslemi, H ; Khoei, A. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In this paper, the continuum damage mechanics model originally proposed by Lemaitre (Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology. 1985; 107: 83-89) is presented through an adaptive finite element method for three-dimensional ductile materials. The macro-crack initiation-propagation criterion is used based on the distribution of damage variable in the continuum damage model. The microcrack closure effect is incorporated to simulate the damage evolution more realistic. The Zienkiewicz-Zhu posteriori error estimator is employed in conjunction with a weighted Superconvergence Patch Recovery (SPR) technique at each patch to improve the accuracy of error estimation and data transfer process.... 

    3D adaptive finite element modeling of non-planar curved crack growth using the weighted superconvergent patch recovery method

    , Article Engineering Fracture Mechanics ; Volume 76, Issue 11 , 2009 , Pages 1703-1728 ; 00137944 (ISSN) Moslemi, H ; Khoei, A. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    In this paper, an adaptive finite element analysis is presented for 3D modeling of non-planar curved crack growth. The fracture mechanical evaluation is performed based on a general technique for non-planar curved cracks. The Schollmann's crack kinking criterion is used for the process of crack propagation in 3D problems. The Zienkiewicz-Zhu error estimator is employed in conjunction with a weighted SPR technique at each patch to improve the accuracy of error estimation. Applying the proposed technique to 3D non-planar curved crack growth problems shows significant improvements particularly at the boundaries and near crack tip regions. Several numerical examples are presented to illustrate... 

    Dynamic analysis of laminated composite plates traversed by a moving mass based on a first-order theory

    , Article Composite Structures ; Volume 92, Issue 8 , 2010 , Pages 1865-1876 ; 02638223 (ISSN) Ghafoori, E ; Asghari, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    The dynamic response of angle-ply laminated composite plates traversed by a moving mass or a moving force is investigated. For this purpose, a finite element method based on the first-order shear deformation theory is used. Stationary and adaptive mesh techniques have been applied as two different meshing schemes. The adaptive mesh strategy is then used to avoid off-nodal position of moving mass. In this manner, the finite element mesh is continuously adapted to follow and comply with the path of moving mass. A Newmark direct integration method is employed to solve the equations of motion. Parametric study is directed to find out how different parameters like mass of the moving object as...