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    A microfabricated platform for the study of chondrogenesis under different compressive loads

    , Article Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials ; Volume 78 , 2018 , Pages 404-413 ; 17516161 (ISSN) Kowsari Esfahan, R ; Jahanbakhsh, A ; Saidi, M. S ; Bonakdar, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2018
    Abstract
    Microfluidic devices are beneficial in miniaturizing and multiplexing various cellular assays in a single platform. Chondrogenesis is known to pertain to chemical, topographical, and mechanical cues in the microenvironment. Mechanical cues themselves have numerous parameters such as strain magnitude, frequency, and stimulation time. Effects of different strain magnitudes on the chondrogenic differentiation of adult stem cells have not been explored thoroughly. Here, a new multilayer microdevice is presented for the unidirectional compressive stimulation of cells in a three-dimensional cell culture. Numerical simulations were performed to evaluate and optimize the design. Results showed a... 

    Cell-imprinted substrates act as an artificial niche for skin regeneration

    , Article ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces ; Vol. 6, Issue. 15 , 2014 , Pages 13280-13292 ; ISSN: 19448244 Mashinchian, O ; Bonakdar, S ; Taghinejad, H ; Satarifard, V ; Heidari, M ; Majidi, M ; Sharifi, S ; Peirovi, A ; Saffar, S ; Taghinejad, M ; Abdolahad, M ; Mohajerzadeh, S ; Shokrgozar, M. A ; Rezayat, S. M ; Ejtehadi M. R ; Dalby, M. J ; Mahmoudi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Bioinspired materials can mimic the stem cell environment and modulate stem cell differentiation and proliferation. In this study, biomimetic micro/nanoenvironments were fabricated by cell-imprinted substrates based on mature human keratinocyte morphological templates. The data obtained from atomic force microscopy and field emission scanning electron microscopy revealed that the keratinocyte-cell-imprinted poly(dimethylsiloxane) casting procedure could imitate the surface morphology of the plasma membrane, ranging from the nanoscale to the macroscale, which may provide the required topographical cell fingerprints to induce differentiation. Gene expression levels of the genes analyzed... 

    Controlling differentiation of stem cells for developing personalized organ-on-chip platforms

    , Article Advanced Healthcare Materials ; Volume 7, Issue 2 , 2018 ; 21922640 (ISSN) Geraili, A ; Jafari, P ; Sheikh Hassani, M ; Heidary Araghi, B ; Mohammadi, M. H ; Ghafari, A. M ; Hassanpour Tamrin, S ; Pezeshgi Modarres, H ; Rezaei Kolahchi, A ; Ahadian, S ; Sanati Nezhad, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-VCH Verlag  2018
    Abstract
    Organ-on-chip (OOC) platforms have attracted attentions of pharmaceutical companies as powerful tools for screening of existing drugs and development of new drug candidates. OOCs have primarily used human cell lines or primary cells to develop biomimetic tissue models. However, the ability of human stem cells in unlimited self-renewal and differentiation into multiple lineages has made them attractive for OOCs. The microfluidic technology has enabled precise control of stem cell differentiation using soluble factors, biophysical cues, and electromagnetic signals. This study discusses different tissue- and organ-on-chip platforms (i.e., skin, brain, blood–brain barrier, bone marrow, heart,...