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    A nine-step approach for developing and implementing an “agricultural drought risk management plan”; case study: Alamut River basin in Qazvin, Iran

    , Article Natural Hazards ; Volume 102, Issue 3 , 2020 , Pages 1187-1205 Fatehi Marj, A ; Hosseini Hossein Abadi, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2020
    Occurrence of drought, as an inevitable natural climate feature, cannot be ceased while happening. However, costs of the consequences could be alleviated using mature scientific integrated approaches. To reduce the amount of damage, it is required to provide “Contingency” and “Mitigation” action plans. For this reason, development of efficient operating instructions for various regions based on weather conditions and field studies is needed as well as having a sophisticated understanding of socioeconomic situations. This paper describes an approach to provide the first national agricultural drought risk management plan for a river basin in Iran country as a pilot. The study lasted for... 

    Interconnected governance and social barriers impeding the restoration process of Lake Urmia

    , Article Journal of Hydrology ; Volume 598 , 2021 ; 00221694 (ISSN) Pouladi, P ; Badiezadeh, S ; Pouladi, M ; Yousefi, P ; Farahmand, H ; Kalantari, Z ; Yu, D. J ; Sivapalan, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Lake Urmia in Iran has undergone catastrophic desiccation due to increasing anthropogenic development, especially in the agricultural sector. A paramount national goal is to restore the lake to its former healthy condition, but corresponding water governance and restoration efforts have encountered various, mostly human-related, challenges. We argue here that these challenges stem from lack of awareness and insufficient consideration of the local social conditions and the subtleties of human-water interactions, which we collectively refer to as socio-hydrological barriers. Ignorance of such socio-hydrological barriers can lead to policy efforts that are mismatched with local realities and,... 

    The power of environmental observatories for advancing multidisciplinary research, outreach, and decision support: the case of the minnesota river basin

    , Article Water Resources Research ; Volume 55, Issue 4 , 2019 , Pages 3576-3592 ; 00431397 (ISSN) Gran, K. B ; Dolph, C ; Baker, A ; Bevis, M ; Cho, S. J ; Czuba, J. A ; Dalzell, B ; Danesh Yazdi, M ; Hansen, A. T ; Kelly, S ; Lang, Z ; Schwenk, J ; Belmont, P ; Finlay, J. C ; Kumar, P ; Rabotyagov, S ; Roehrig, G ; Wilcock, P ; Foufoula Georgiou, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Blackwell Publishing Ltd  2019
    Observatory-scale data collection efforts allow unprecedented opportunities for integrative, multidisciplinary investigations in large, complex watersheds, which can affect management decisions and policy. Through the National Science Foundation-funded REACH (REsilience under Accelerated CHange) project, in collaboration with the Intensively Managed Landscapes-Critical Zone Observatory, we have collected a series of multidisciplinary data sets throughout the Minnesota River Basin in south-central Minnesota, USA, a 43,400-km2 tributary to the Upper Mississippi River. Postglacial incision within the Minnesota River valley created an erosional landscape highly responsive to hydrologic change,...