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    Albumin nanostructures as advanced drug delivery systems

    , Article Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery ; Volume 13, Issue 11 , 2016 , Pages 1609-1623 ; 17425247 (ISSN) Karimi, M ; Bahrami, S ; Baghaee Ravari, S ; Sahandi Zangabad, P ; Mirshekari, H ; Bozorgomid, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd  2016
    Abstract
    Introduction: One of the biggest impacts that the nanotechnology has made on medicine and biology, has been in the area of drug delivery systems (DDSs). Many drugs suffer from serious problems concerning insolubility, instability in biological environments, poor uptake into cells and tissues, sub-optimal selectivity for targets and unwanted side effects. Nanocarriers can be designed as DDSs to overcome many of these drawbacks. One of the most versatile building blocks to prepare these nanocarriers is the ubiquitous, readily available and inexpensive protein, serum albumin. Areas covered: This review covers the use of different types of albumin (human, bovine, rat, and chicken egg) to prepare... 

    Synthesis of Graphene Oxide Coating with Hydrophilic Polymers as Paclitaxel Anticancer Drug Delivery Systems

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jokar, Safura (Author) ; Adeli, Mohsen (Supervisor) ; Poujavadi, Ali (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    Nowadays, there is no perfect drug delivery for cancer therapy; also the healthy tissues can be damaged more than tumor tissues. To resolve this problem, the new drug delivery system based on nanostructured materials is useful. Graphene oxide (GO) is one of the most important graphene derivatives and a potential candidate for drug delivery system. It has high specific surface area so that it can load and deliver the drug in a good manner. Hydrophobicity of graphene restricts its application in nanomedicine. In order to improve its solubility in water, graphene should be modified by hydrophilic polymers. Therefore, in this study, in order to activate the graphene surface and increase its... 

    Imprinting Technology in Tumor Marker Detection

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kazemi Ahmadabadi, Roya (Author) ; Abdekhodaie, Mohammad Jafar (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Tumor markers are substances that are naturally found in blood and other fluids in body, but in abnormal conditions such as cancer and metastasis, their level increase. The aim of researching about tumor markers is to find a way for discovering cancer only with a blood test and replace with the current methods such as ELISA, and any type of cancer can be detected by these tests. In this study, molecular imprinted polymers were synthesized with biomolecules. To do that, silica microparticles were used as solid base and after functionalizing their surface, a thin film of polymer was synthesized on them. To optimize the components concentrations and the polymer thickness on the silica surface,... 

    Novel microfluidic graphene oxide–protein amperometric biosensor for detecting sulfur compounds

    , Article Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry ; Volume 66, Issue 3 , 2019 , Pages 353-360 ; 08854513 (ISSN) Ghaemi, A ; Abdi, K ; Javadi, S ; Shehneh, M. Z ; Yazdian, F ; Omidi, M ; Rashedi, H ; Haghiralsadat, B. F ; Asayeshnaeini, O ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd  2019
    Abstract
    Sulfur compounds are essential for many industries and organisms; however, they cause serious respiratory problems in human beings. Therefore, determination of sulfur concentration is of paramount importance. The research approach in the field of detecting contaminants has led to smaller systems that provide faster and more effective ways for diagnosis purposes. In this study, a novel portable amperometric graphene oxide–protein biosensor platform is investigated. The main characteristic of this structure is the implementation of a microfluidic configuration. With albumin metalloprotein as the biorecognition element, graphene oxide was synthesized and characterized by transmission electron... 

    Spectroscopic Study and Characterizing of Selenium Dioxide Complex with Pyridoxine(PN-Se):Interaction Between (PN-Se)and Bovine Serum Albumin

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jamali, Moein (Author) ; Mohamadi Boghaei, Davar (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Temporary existence of some molecules like medicines in body and also existence of diagnostic agents in biological systems and study of the interactions of biomolecules with these agents is a matter of interest. It also may have an important role in design and synthesis of new drugs. Serum Albumin is the most abundant protein in circulation system in the body. So far, many studies about the interaction of this protein with different compounds have been undertaken. The aim of this paper was to synthesize selenium complex and analyze its potential biochemical activity in vitro. The concrete work falls into two parts:(1) to synthesize the selenium-pyridoxine compound (PNSe) (2) to probe into... 

    Molecularly imprinted polydopamine nano-layer on the pore surface of porous particles for protein capture in HPLC column

    , Article Journal of Colloid and Interface Science ; Volume 404 , 2013 , Pages 117-126 ; 00219797 (ISSN) Nematollahzadeh, A ; Shojaei, A ; Abdekhodaie, M. J ; Sellergren, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Bio-inspired Human Serum Albumin (HSA) imprinted polydopamine nano-layer was produced through oxidative polymerization of dopamine on the pore surface of HSA modified porous silica particles. The coating thickness was controlled by the reaction time and thereby varied within 0-12. nm. The samples were characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR, DSC, SEM, TEM, TGA, physisorption and thermoporometry. The characterization confirmed the success of evolution and deposition of polydopamine layer on the silica pore surface. Batch rebinding experiment showed that the molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) with 8.7. nm coating thickness, in comparison with the thinner and thicker coatings, displays the... 

    Human serum protein adsorption onto synthesis nano-hydroxyapatite

    , Article Protein Journal ; Volume 31, Issue 2 , February , 2012 , Pages 150-157 ; 15723887 (ISSN) Mohsen Nia, M ; Massah Bidgoli, M ; Behrashi, M ; Mohsen Nia, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Adsorption of human serum proteins (Albumin and total protein) onto high purity synthesis nano-hydroxyapatite (HA), Ca 10(PO 4) 6(OH) 2, has been studied in a wide temperature range by UV-visible spectrophotometer. Adsorption isotherm is basically important to describe how solutes interact with adsorbent, andiscriticalinoptimizing the use of adsorbent. Inthe present study, the experimental results werefitted tothe Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin and Dubinin-Radushkevich (DR) models to obtain the characteristic parameters of each model and square of the correlation coefficients (R 2). According to the results, the DR isotherm model had the best agreement with the experimental data. The effect of... 

    High-capacity hierarchically imprinted polymer beads for protein recognition and capture

    , Article Angewandte Chemie - International Edition ; Volume 50, Issue 2 , December , 2011 , Pages 495-498 ; 14337851 (ISSN) Nematollahzadeh, A ; Sun, W ; Aureliano, C. S. A ; Lütkemeyer, D ; Stute, J ; Abdekhodaie, M. J ; Shojaei, A ; Sellergren, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    Leaving an imprint: Hierarchical protein imprinting starting from wide-pore silica modified with a submonolayer of adsorbed protein (IgG or HSA) leads to an inverse polymeric replica of the silica template that features highly accessible protein-complementary binding sites (see picture). The resulting poly(acrylamide) beads (PIgG or PHSA) feature high binding capacities and can be used to selectively capture the proteins HSA and IgG from blood serum  

    Specific targeting delivery to MUC1 overexpressing tumors by albumin-chitosan nanoparticles conjugated to DNA aptamer

    , Article International Journal of Pharmaceutics ; Volume 515, Issue 1-2 , 2016 , Pages 607-615 ; 03785173 (ISSN) Esfandyari Manesh, M ; Mohammadi, A ; Atyabi, F ; Nabavi, S. M ; Ebrahimi, S. M ; Shahmoradi, E ; Shiri Varnamkhasti, B ; Ghahremani, M. H ; Dinarvand, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2016
    Abstract
    Chitosan-coated human serum albumin nanoparticles were functionalized by MUC1 aptamer to obtain a selective drug carrier toward cancers overexpressing MUC1. The negative charges of albumin nanoparticles were shifted to positive charges by surface modification with chitosan, and MUC1 was conjugated through an acrylate spacer. The cytotoxicity of targeted nanoparticles was significantly more than non-aptamer nanoparticles, and also the chitosan-coated nanoparticles had more cytotoxic effects than the negatively charged albumin nanoparticles. The IC50 of targeted nanoparticles was 28 and 26% of free paclitaxel in MCF7 and T47D cells at 48 h, respectively. Confocal laser scanning electron... 

    Comparison of using formaldehyde and carboxy methyl chitosan in preparation of Fe3O4 superparamagnetic nanoparticles-chitosan hydrogel network: Sorption behavior toward bovine serum albumin

    , Article Process Safety and Environmental Protection ; Volume 102 , 2016 , Pages 119-128 ; 09575820 (ISSN) Sadeghi, M ; Hanifpour, F ; Taheri, R ; Javadian, H ; Ghasemi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institution of Chemical Engineers 
    Abstract
    A novel and cost effective method of bio-separation developed recently is magnetic separation technology. In this study, super paramagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles are used for separation of bovine serum albumin (BSA) protein from plasma/serum samples at optimized conditions. The synthesis of chitosan hydrogel networks by two variant approaches that involve (1) crosslinking of chitosan with formaldehyde and (2) formation of carboxy methyl chitosan mediated complex, was investigated and the percent of gelation, swelling ratio and equilibrium water content were calculated. The results revealed the formation of better quality hydrogel from the first approach. In step 1, to quantify the BSA... 

    Mesoporous silica nanoparticles with bilayer coating of poly(acrylic acid-co-itaconic acid) and human serum albumin (HSA): A pH-sensitive carrier for gemcitabine delivery

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering C ; Volume 61 , 2016 , Pages 782-790 ; 09284931 (ISSN) Pourjavadi, A ; Mazaheri Tehrani, Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Novel bilayer coated mesoporous silica nanoparticle (MCM-41) based on pH sensitive poly(acrylic acid-co-itaconic acid) and human serum albumin (HSA) was designed for controlled delivery of gemcitabine (anticancer drug) to cancer cells. The shell around the mesoporous silica has bilayer structure. Poly(acrylic acid-co-itaconic acid) was used as pH-sensitive inner shell and human serum albumin, HSA, was used as outer shell. The core-shell structure was formed due to electrostatic interaction between ammonium groups of modified MCM-41 and carboxylate groups of copolymer. Also, the albumin layer was wrapped around the copolymer coated nanoparticle by electrostatic interaction between ammonium... 

    Interaction of copper(II) complex of compartmental Schiff base ligand N,N′-bis(3-hydroxysalicylidene)ethylenediamine with bovine serum albumin

    , Article Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy ; Volume 66, Issue 3 , 2007 , Pages 650-655 ; 13861425 (ISSN) Boghaei, D. M ; Farvid, S. S ; Gharagozlou, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2007
    Abstract
    Circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry (CV) and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) were used to investigate the interaction between copper(II) complex of compartmental Schiff base ligand (L), N,N′-bis(3-hydroxysalicylidene)ethylenediamine, and bovine serum albumin (BSA) in 0.1 mol dm-3 phosphate buffer solution adjusted to physiological pH 7.0 containing 20% (w/w) dimethylsulfoxide at room temperature. CD spectra show that the interaction of the copper(II) complex with BSA leads to changes in the α-helical content of BSA and therefore changes in secondary structure of the protein with the slight red shift (2 nm) in CD spectra. From the voltammetric data, i.e. changes in... 

    Study and Synthesis of Biocompatible Polymer and Loading of Peptide Drug for using in Drug Delivery

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nikravesh, Niusha (Author) ; Vosoughi, Manouchehr (Supervisor) ; Alemzadeh, Iran (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    With the rapid development of biotechnology, peptide and protein drugs are now playing an increasingly important role in therapeutics. Compared with chemical drugs, peptide and protein drugs have some limitations such as low stability and rapid deactivation. Biodegradable and biocompatible polymeric micro carriers have been shown to have a high potential for the delivery of peptides and proteins. Among these polymers, alginate has been widely investigated as a biomaterial. Alginates are natural polysaccharide polymers isolated from brown seaweed. Bovine serum albumin (BSA) loaded calcium alginate microspheres produced in this study by a modified w/o emulsification method. The influence of... 

    Synthesis of Amino Acids Schiff Base Complexes of Gadolinium and Study of Their Interaction with BSA

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Abedi, Najmeh (Author) ; Mohammadi Boghaei, Davar (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Salicylaldehyde-amino acid Schiff base complexes are used as non-enzymatic models for the metal-pyridoxal (Vitamin B6) amino acid Schiff base systems which are key intermediates in many metabolic reactions of amino acids catalyzed by enzymes which require pyridoxal as a cofactor (transamination, decarboxylation, α and β elimination, racemization, etc.). In addition, complexes of amino acid Schiff bases are considered to constitute new kinds of potential anticancer, antitumor, antiradical and antibacterial reagents. On the other hand nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), has become a powerful tool for clinical diagnostics thanks to the development of a new class of pharmaceuticals... 

    Design and Fabrication of Bioactive Nano Fibrous Scaffold for Central Nervous Tissue Engineering

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rasti Boroojeni, Fatemeh (Author) ; Mashayekhan, Shohreh (Supervisor) ; Abbaszadeh, Hojjatollah (Supervisor) ; Hasannejad, Zahra (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    A system of electrospun scaffold containing drug-loaded chitosan nanoparticles was introduced for using in spinal cord tissue engineering. In spinal cord injury treatment, the formation of glial scar after injury which contains proteoglycans and activate glial cells should be avoided. In this study, the release of Dexamethasone sodium phosphate (DEXP) as a steroid anti-inflammatory agent from electrospun nanofiber composite containing chitosan nanoparticles was investigated. DEXP is believed to act through its glucocorticoid receptors found in most neurons and glial cells. These receptors’ pathways are involved in the inhibition of astrocyte proliferation and microglial activation.... 

    Interaction of water-soluble amino acid Schiff base complexes with bovine serum albumin: Fluorescence and circular dichroism studies

    , Article Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy ; Volume 71, Issue 4 , 2008 , Pages 1617-1622 ; 13861425 (ISSN) Gharagozlou, M ; Mohammadi Boghaei, D ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    Fluorescence spectroscopy in combination with circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy were used to investigate the interaction of water-soluble amino acid Schiff base complexes, [Zn(L1,2)(phen)] where phen is 1,10-phenanthroline and H2L1,2 is amino acid Schiff base ligands, with bovine serum albumin (BSA) under the physiological conditions in phosphate buffer solution adjusted to pH 7.0. The quenching mechanism of fluorescence was suggested as static quenching according to the Stern-Volmer equation. Quenching constants were determined using the Stern-Volmer equation to provide a measure of the binding affinity between amino acid Schiff base complexes and BSA. The thermodynamic parameters ΔG, ΔH... 

    Structural stability and sustained release of protein from a multilayer nanofiber/nanoparticle composite

    , Article International Journal of Biological Macromolecules ; Volume 75 , April , 2015 , Pages 248-257 ; 01418130 (ISSN) Vakilian, S ; Mashayekhan, S ; Shabani, I ; Khorashadizadeh, M ; Fallah, A ; Soleimani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2015
    Abstract
    The cellular microenvironment can be engineered through the utilization of various nano-patterns and matrix-loaded bioactive molecules. In this study, a multilayer system of electrospun scaffold containing chitosan nanoparticles was introduced to overcome the common problems of instability and burst release of proteins from nanofibrous scaffolds. Bovine serum albumin (BSA)-loaded chitosan nanoparticles was fabricated based on ionic gelation interaction between chitosan and sodium tripolyphosphate. Suspension electrospinning was employed to fabricate poly-e{open}-caprolacton (PCL) containing protein-loaded chitosan nanoparticles with a core-shell structure. To obtain the desired scaffold... 

    Genotoxicity of graphene nanoribbons in human mesenchymal stem cells

    , Article Carbon ; Volume 54 , 2013 , Pages 419-431 ; 00086223 (ISSN) Akhavan, O ; Ghaderi, E ; Emamy, H ; Akhavan, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Single-layer reduced graphene oxide nanoribbons (rGONRs) were obtained through an oxidative unzipping of multi-walled carbon nanotubes and a subsequent deoxygenation by hydrazine and bovine serum albumin. Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) were isolated from umbilical cord blood and used for checking the concentration- and time-dependent cyto- and geno-toxic effects of the rGONRs and reduced graphene oxide sheets (rGOSs). The cell viability assay indicated significant cytotoxic effects of 10 μg/mL rGONRs after 1 h exposure time, while the rGOSs exhibited the same cytotoxicity at concentration of 100 μg/mL after 96 h. The oxidative stress was found as the main mechanism involved in the... 

    Specific picomolar detection of a breast cancer biomarker her-2/neu protein in serum: electrocatalytically amplified electroanalysis by the aptamer/peg-modified electrode

    , Article ChemElectroChem ; Volume 4, Issue 4 , 2017 , Pages 872-879 ; 21960216 (ISSN) Salimian, R ; Kékedy Nagy, L ; Ferapontova, E. E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-VCH Verlag  2017
    Abstract
    Specific and sensitive electroanalysis of blood-circulating protein cancer biomarkers is often complicated by interference from serum proteins nonspecifically adsorbing at the biosensing interface and masking specific reactions of interest. Here, we have developed an electrocatalytically amplified assay for specific and sensitive analysis of human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2/neu, a protein cancer biomarker over-expressed in breast cancers) that allows us to avoid both the interference from bovine serum albumin (BSA) and electrocatalytic amplification of the signal stemming from the specific aptamer−HER-2/neu binding. A HER-2/neu-specific thiolated aptamer sequence was... 

    A wide-color-varying ratiometric nanoprobe for detection of norepinephrine in urine samples

    , Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 1039 , 2018 , Pages 124-131 ; 00032670 (ISSN) Farahmand Nejad, M. A ; Ghasemi, F ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2018
    Abstract
    Owing to its dual role as a hormone and neurotransmitter, norepinephrine (NE) detection is of great significance to biomedical diagnosis. In the present work, we have explored intense green fluorescence of poly (norepinephrine) (PNE) nanoparticles synthesized by oxidizing NE in alkaline condition, in combination with red fluorescent bovine serum albumin-stabilized gold nanoclusters (BSA-AuNCs) for naked-eye detection of NE. The effect of sodium hydroxide on the emission behavior of NE was studied. The surface morphology and optical properties of PNE nanoparticles were characterized by UV–Vis, fluorescence, FTIR, Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS)...