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    Investigation and Accomplishment of CO2 Capturing with Solid Sorbent

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shirdel, Elham (Author) ; Safekordi, Ali Akbar (Supervisor)
    Carbon dioxide emissions account for 80% of current greenhouse gas emissions that contribute to global warming; this majority stake held by carbon dioxide indicates that reduction in its release to the atmosphere and capturing emissions accomplished is imperative in conservation of human life in earth. The aim of this project is CO2 capturing from ambient air to decrease air pollution with uses building surface that is wide available surface, as basis of adsorbent. In this research, we select CaO as absorbent that it is proven good absorbent in high temperature for CO2. We studied this absorbent in low temperature and pressure. We experimented different weight amount of sorbent 2,3,4,5,6.5... 

    The impact of short-term exposure to ambient air pollution on test scores in Iran

    , Article Population and Environment ; Volume 41, Issue 3 , 2020 , Pages 253-285 Amanzadeh, N ; Vesal, M ; Fatemi Ardestani, S.F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2020
    Air pollution in urban centers has become a key public concern around the world. Apart from its adverse health effects, air pollution could impact less visible outcomes like cognitive performance. Standardized tests are a fixture of all education settings that are susceptible to pollution shocks because they require high cognitive function. Given that test scores are widely used as signals by parents, employers, and education institutions, pollution shocks could render tests unfair and unreliable. In this paper, we combine pollution data with test scores from a large testing institution in Iran between 2012 and 2017 to quantify the impact of short-term exposure to air pollution on test... 

    Performance evaluation of a novel compact humidification-dehumidification desalination system coupled with a heat pump for design and off-design conditions

    , Article Energy Conversion and Management ; Volume 194 , 2019 , Pages 160-172 ; 01968904 (ISSN) Faegh, M ; Shafii, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    In this study, the theoretical investigation of a novel heat pump assisted humidification-dehumidification desalination system has been carried out. The conventional dehumidifier of the humidification-dehumidification system was removed and the evaporator of the heat pump was utilized for direct dehumidification of air. Besides, the heat pump condenser was used as the saline water heater of the humidification-dehumidification cycle. First, the sizes of the components were calculated at design conditions for fixed input operational conditions namely the ambient air temperature, relative humidity, and inlet saline water temperature. However, the input operating conditions vary at off-design... 

    Examination of a novel solar still equipped with evacuated tube collectors and thermoelectric modules

    , Article Desalination ; Volume 382 , 2016 , Pages 21-27 ; 00119164 (ISSN) Behshad Shafii, M ; Shahmohamadi, M ; Faegh, M ; Sadrhosseini, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2016
    In this article, a novel solar still which is equipped with thermoelectric modules to utilize the heat of vapor condensation is experimentally investigated. The use of thermoelectric modules as devices for generating electricity from the temperature difference between two environments (hot vapor steam and cold ambient air) as well as taking outstanding advantages of evacuated tubes as collectors with high performances in adverse climatic conditions, led to utilizing of the energy dissipated due to vapor condensation and a considerable increase in the performance of the system. The effect of using the generated electricity to operate a small propeller fan for inducing forced convection was... 

    Experimental investigation of heat recovery in a humidification-dehumidification desalination system via a heat pump

    , Article Desalination ; Volume 437 , 2018 , Pages 81-88 ; 00119164 (ISSN) Shafii, M. B ; Jafargholi, H ; Faegh, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2018
    A hybrid HDH desalination system integrated with a heat pump was experimentally studied. In this system, heat pump's heating was used to raise the temperature of the air entering the humidifier and its cooling effect was used for dehumidification of humid air and freshwater production. In other words, heat pump's condenser works as the heater of the HDH cycle and its evaporator works as the coolant for the dehumidifier of HDH cycle. The effects of different parameters such as mass flow rate of inlet saline water (relative humidity of the air passing the dehumidification section), volume flow rate of the air passing the dehumidification section and ambient air temperature on freshwater... 

    Improvement of planar perovskite solar cells by using solution processed SnO2/CdS as electron transport layer

    , Article Solar Energy ; Volume 191 , 2019 , Pages 647-653 ; 0038092X (ISSN) Mohamadkhani, F ; Javadpour, S ; Taghavinia, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    The efficiency of planar perovskite solar cells (PSCs) with SnO2 as electron transport layer is already more than 19% achieved under controlled atmosphere. PSCs with solution processed SnO2 show high hysteresis and low fill factor. One way to improve the planar PSCs is using buffer layer between electron transport layer and perovskite to enhance the photo-electron extraction process. In this study, SnO2 and SnO2/CdS layers were fabricated by solution process using a suspension including CdS nanoparticles synthesized via a simple solution route. Then planar PSCs with the structure of Glass/FTO/ETL/Perovskite/Sprio-OMeTAD/Au were fabricated in ambient air condition using SnO2 and SnO2/CdS as... 

    The effect of strong ambient winds on the efficiency of solar updraft power towers: A numerical case study for Orkney

    , Article Renewable Energy ; Volume 136 , 2019 , Pages 937-944 ; 09601481 (ISSN) Jafarifar, N ; Behzadi, M. M ; Yaghini, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    Solar updraft tower (SUT) is a simple power plant in which ventilation of heated air inside a channel drives a turbine. This system is recognised as suitable for areas with abundant solar radiation. As a result, there is no extensive research on the performance of SUTs under mild solar radiation. Studies show that strong ambient crosswinds can affect the performance of a SUT. In this paper, the efficiency of SUTs in areas which benefit from strong winds, despite low solar radiation, is investigated through numerical modelling. Comparison is made between the efficiency of a commercial-scale SUT in Manzanares (Spain) with intensive solar radiation, and one of the same size potentially located... 

    Predictive cordon pricing to reduce air pollution

    , Article Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment ; Volume 88 , 2020 Vosough, S ; Poorzahedy, H ; Lindsey, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    Traffic is a major contributor to emissions in many large cities with severe air pollution. Experience in London, Milan, and Stockholm shows that charging for the use of roads can be effective in reducing emissions, as well as congestion. This study examines the use of predictive cordon tolls based on weather forecasts to reduce ambient air pollution and congestion. Travelers choose their destinations inside or outside the cordon, and whether to drive or take public transport. Passenger vehicles are divided into three classes according to their emission characteristics, and higher tolls are imposed on more polluting vehicles. The Box model of emission dispersion is used to predict air... 

    Sb2S3 and Cu3SbS4 nanocrystals as inorganic hole transporting materials in perovskite solar cells

    , Article Solar Energy ; Volume 223 , 2021 , Pages 106-112 ; 0038092X (ISSN) Mohamadkhani, F ; Heidariramsheh, M ; Javadpour, S ; Ghavaminia, E ; Mahdavi, S. M ; Taghavinia, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    One of the key parts of perovskite solar cells which has great influence on their performance and stability is hole transporting layer. Spiro-OMeTAD is extensively used as organic hole transporting material in perovskite solar cells. However, Spiro-OMeTAD is expensive and has low chemical stability. In this study, the solution processed Sb2S3 and Cu3SbS4 nanocrystals have been synthesized and then the n-i-p mesoscopic perovskite solar cells have been fabricated using Spiro-OMeTAD, Sb2S3 and Cu3SbS4 nanocrystals as hole transporting layer at ambient air condition. It is shown that the conduction and valence band levels of the synthesized Sb2S3 and Cu3SbS4 nanocrystals are in the proper... 

    Low-cost air-stable perovskite solar cells by incorporating inorganic materials

    , Article New Journal of Chemistry ; Volume 45, Issue 2 , 2021 , Pages 788-795 ; 11440546 (ISSN) Heshmati, N ; Mohammadi, M. R ; Abachi, P ; Martinez Chapa, S. O ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2021
    Herein, we demonstrate a new fabrication strategy for low-cost and stable-operation perovskite solar cells (PSCs) suitable for commercialization. This is performed by fabrication of the device under ambient conditions using a Cs0.05(MA0.17FA0.83)0.95Pb(Br0.17I0.83)3 formulation as the mixed cation and halide (MCH) perovskite and CuInS2 (CIS) as the inorganic hole transporting layer. The deposited MCH perovskite with uniform, compact and smooth microstructure containing equiaxed large grains showed excellent thermal and structural stability under intense conditions at 85 °C for 2 h in humid air (i.e., 45% relative humidity). Moreover, it had higher phosphorescence emission, absorption and... 

    Computational simulation of temperature and velocity distribution in human upper respiratory airway during inhalation of hot air

    , Article Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology ; Volume 223 , 2016 , Pages 49-58 ; 15699048 (ISSN) Goodarzi Ardakani, V ; Taeibi Rahni, M ; Salimi, M. R ; Ahmadi, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2016
    The present study provides an accurate simulation of velocity and temperature distributions of inhalation thermal injury in a human upper airway, including vestibule, nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, nasopharynx, oropharynx, larynx, and upper part of main bronchus. To this end, a series of CT scan images, taken from an adult woman, was used to construct a three dimensional model. The airway walls temperature was adjusted according to existing in vivo temperature measurements. Also, in order to cover all breathing activities, five different breathing flow rates (10, 15, 20, 30, and 40. l/min) and different ambient air temperatures (100, 200, 300, 400, and 500. °C) were studied. Different flow... 

    Diffuse emissions of particles from iron ore piles by wind erosion

    , Article Environmental Engineering Science ; Volume 28, Issue 5 , 2011 , Pages 333-339 ; 10928758 (ISSN) Afshar Mohajer, N ; Torkian, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Industrial air pollution from point and nonpoint sources of steel complexes has drawn increasingly more public attention in the past decades. Previous research efforts have been more concentrated on point sources of particulate emissions from these complexes. However, wind-induced particulate emissions from iron ore storage piles not only result in ambient air pollution but also increase economic adverse effects to the industry by loss of process raw materials. Experiments were conducted to assess the impact of wind speed and humidity on particulate emission rates from iron ore storage piles. A wind-generating system and specific iron ore, experimental piles (L:W:H of 30:11.5:5 cm) were... 

    Characterization of PAHs and metals in indoor/outdoor PM10/PM2.5/PM1 in a retirement home and a school dormitory

    , Article Science of the Total Environment ; Volume 527-528 , September , 2015 , Pages 100-110 ; 00489697 (ISSN) Hassanvand, M. S ; Naddafi, K ; Faridi, S ; Nabizadeh, R ; Sowlat, M. H ; Momeniha, F ; Gholampour, A ; Arhami, M ; Kashani, H ; Zare, A ; Niazi, S ; Rastkari, N ; Nazmara, S ; Ghani, M ; Yunesian, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2015
    In the present work, we investigated the characteristics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and metal(loid)s in indoor/outdoor PM10, PM2.5, and PM1 in a retirement home and a school dormitory in Tehran from May 2012 to May 2013. The results indicated that the annual levels of indoor and outdoor PM10 and PM2.5 were much higher than the guidelines issued by the World Health Organization (WHO). The most abundant detected metal(loid)s in PM were Si, Fe, Zn, Al, and Pb. We found higher percentages of metal(loid)s in smaller size fractions of PM. Additionally, the results showed that the total PAHs (ΣPAHs) bound to PM were... 

    Short-term associations between daily mortality and ambient particulate matter, nitrogen dioxide, and the air quality index in a Middle Eastern megacity

    , Article Environmental Pollution ; Volume 254 , 2019 ; 02697491 (ISSN) Amini, H ; Trang Nhung, N. T ; Schindler, C ; Yunesian, M ; Hosseini, V ; Shamsipour, M ; Hassanvand, M. S ; Mohammadi, Y ; Farzadfar, F ; Vicedo Cabrera, A. M ; Schwartz, J ; Henderson, S. B ; Künzli, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    There is limited evidence for short-term association between mortality and ambient air pollution in the Middle East and no study has evaluated exposure windows of about a month prior to death. We investigated all-cause non-accidental daily mortality and its association with fine particulate matter (PM2.5), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and the Air Quality Index (AQI) from March 2011 through March 2014 in the megacity of Tehran, Iran. Generalized additive quasi-Poisson models were used within a distributed lag linear modeling framework to estimate the cumulative effects of PM2.5, NO2, and the AQI up to a lag of 45 days. We further conducted multi-pollutant models and also stratified the analyses by...