Search for: ammonium-sulfate
Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 14, Issue 4 , 2007 , Pages 379-383 ; 10263098 (ISSN) ; Kazemi, A ; Kheirolomoom, A ; Nejati, S ; Sharif University of Technology
Sharif University of Technology 2007
The immobilization of cellulase onto non-porous ultrafine silica particles was studied. Cellulase was extracted from a Trichoderma reesei culture after partial purification with ammonium sulfate (pH = 5.0), which was then immobilized onto non-porous ultrafine silica particles, with or without the use of glutaraldehyde as a crosslinking agent. Cellulase was immobilized by adsorption onto ultrafine silica particles efficiently, as well as by covalent cross-linking with glutaraldehysde. Increasing the concentration of the free form of enzyme increased the amount of immobilized cellulase. The maximum enzyme immobilization happened at the free enzyme concentration of 0.48 mg/ml. In general, the...
Article Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research ; Volume 48, Issue 23 , Volume 48, Issue 23 , 2009 , Pages 10614-10618 ; 08885885 (ISSN) ; Ghaemmaghami, F ; Alemzadeh, I ; Sharif University of Technology
Partial purification of plant peroxidase from turnip (Brassica rapa) was optimized. Aqueous two phase system and precipitation by ammonium sulfate (as two parallel purification methods) were used. Polyethylene glycol/ammonium sulfate/NaCl (25:7:3%, w/v) system followed by gel-filtration chromatography gave a purification factor of about 36 fold. On the other hand, ammonium sulfate precipitation (60-80% deg) followed by gel filtration gave only about 13 purification fold. Hence, the aqueous two-phase system was more efficient and useful method as a primary purification step since it was less laborious, less time-consuming, and led to more purification factor. The partially purified turnip...
Article Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research ; Volume 48, Issue 8 , 2009 , Pages 4109-4118 ; 08885885 (ISSN) ; Taghikhani, V ; Vossoughi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
In this article, a new group contribution model is suggested for obtaining the thermodynamic properties of biomolecules in aqueous solutions. Accordingly, a Freed-FV model has been applied for the combinatorial free-volume term. The activity coefficients, solubilities, densities, and vapor pressures of amino acids and simple peptides in aqueous solutions were correlated, using the proposed group contribution model. Group interaction parameters of the proposed model were obtained by use of experimental data from amino acids available in the literature. The results demonstrate that the group contribution model can accurately correlate activity coefficient, solubility, density, and vapor...
Characterization of ionic composition of TSP and PM10 during the Middle Eastern Dust (MED) storms in Ahvaz, Iran, Article Environmental Monitoring and Assessment ; Volume 184, Issue 11 , November , 2012 , Pages 6683-6692 ; 01676369 (ISSN) ; Naddafi, K ; Jaafarzadeh Haghighifard, N ; Mesdaghinia, A ; Yunesian, M ; Nabizadeh, R ; Arhami, M ; Yarahmadi, M ; Sowlat, M. H ; Ghani, M ; Jonidi Jafari, A ; Alimohamadi, M ; Motevalian, S. A ; Soleimani, Z ; Sharif University of Technology
Because of the recent frequent observations of major dust storms in southwestern cities in Iran such as Ahvaz, and the importance of the ionic composition of particulate matters regarding their health effects, source apportionment, etc., the present work was conducted aiming at characterizing the ionic composition of total suspended particles (TSP) and particles on the order of ∼10 μm or less (PM10) during dust storms in Ahvaz in April-September 2010. TSP and PM10 samples were collected and their ionic compositions were determined using an ion chromatography. Mean concentrations of TSP and PM10 were 1,481.5 and 1,072.9 μg/m 3, respectively. Particle concentrations during the Middle Eastern...
An efficient biosurfactant-producing bacterium pseudomonas aeruginosa MR01, isolated from oil excavation areas in south of Iran, Article Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces ; Volume 69, Issue 2 , 2009 , Pages 183-193 ; 09277765 (ISSN) ; Shourian, M ; Roostaazad, R ; Rouholamini Najafabadi, A ; Adelzadeh, M. R ; Akbari Noghabi, K ; Sharif University of Technology
A bacterial strain was isolated and cultured from the oil excavation areas in tropical zone in southern Iran. It was affiliated with Pseudomonas. The biochemical characteristics and partial sequenced 16S rRNA gene of isolate, MR01, was identical to those of cultured representatives of the species Pseudomonas aeruginosa. This bacterium was able to produce a type of biosurfactant with excessive foam-forming properties. Compositional analysis revealed that the extracted biosurfactant was composed of high percentages lipid (∼65%, w/w) and carbohydrate (∼30%, w/w) in addition to a minor fraction of protein (∼4%, w/w). The best production of 2.1 g/l was obtained when the cells were grown on...