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    Physiological temperature has a crucial role in amyloid beta in the absence and presence of hydrophobic and hydrophilic nanoparticles

    , Article ACS Chemical Neuroscience ; Volume 4, Issue 3 , December , 2013 , Pages 375-378 ; 19487193 (ISSN) Ghavami, M ; Rezaei, M ; Ejtehadi, R ; Lotfi, M ; Shokrgozar, M. A ; Abd Emamy, B ; Raush, J ; Mahmoudi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Amyloid beta fibrillation can lead to major disorder of neurons processes and is associated with several neuronal diseases (e.g., Alzheimer's disease). We report here an importance of slight temperature changes, in the physiological range (35-42 °C), on the amyloid fibrillation process in the presence and absence of hydrophilic (silica) and hydrophobic (polystyrene) nanoparticles (NPs). The results highlight the fact that slight increases in temperature can induce inhibitory and acceleratory effects of hydrophobic and hydrophilic NPs on the fibrillation process, respectively. Using further in vivo considerations, the outcomes of this study can be used for considerable modifications on the... 

    Graphene oxide strongly inhibits amyloid beta fibrillation

    , Article Nanoscale ; Volume 4, Issue 23 , 2012 , Pages 7322-7325 ; 20403364 (ISSN) Mahmoudi, M ; Akhavan, O ; Ghavami, M ; Rezaee, F ; Ghiasi, S. M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    Since amyloid beta fibrillation (AβF) plays an important role in the development of neurodegenerative diseases, we investigated the effect of graphene oxide (GO) and their protein-coated surfaces on the kinetics of Aβ fibrillation in the aqueous solution. We showed that GO and their protein-covered surfaces delay the AβF process via adsorption of amyloid monomers. Also, the large available surface of GO sheets can delay the AβF process by adsorption of amyloid monomers. The inhibitory effect of the GO sheet was increased when we increase the concentration from 10% (in vitro; stimulated media) to 100% (in vivo; stimulated media). Conclusion: our results revealed that GO and their surface... 

    Design of peptide-based inhibitor agent against amyloid-β aggregation: Molecular docking, synthesis and in vitro evaluation

    , Article Bioorganic Chemistry ; Volume 102 , September , 2020 Jokar, S ; Erfani, M ; Bavi, O ; Khazaei, S ; Sharifzadeh, M ; Hajiramezanali, M ; Beiki, D ; Shamloo, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Academic Press Inc  2020
    Abstract
    Formation of the amyloid beta (Aβ) peptide aggregations represents an indispensable role in appearing and progression of Alzheimer disease. β-sheet breaker peptides can be designed and modified with different amino acids in order to improve biological properties and binding affinity to the amyloid beta peptide. In the present study, three peptide sequences were designed based on the hopeful results of LIAIMA peptide and molecular docking studies were carried out onto the monomer and fibril structure of amyloid beta peptide using AutoDock Vina software. According to the obtained interactions and binding energy from docking, the best-designed peptide (D-GABA-FPLIAIMA) was chosen and... 

    Protein fibrillation and nanoparticle interactions: Opportunities and challenges

    , Article Nanoscale ; Volume 5, Issue 7 , Jan , 2013 , Pages 2570-2588 ; 20403364 (ISSN) Mahmoudi, M ; Kalhor, H. R ; Laurent, S ; Lynch, I ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Due to their ultra-small size, nanoparticles (NPs) have distinct properties compared with the bulk form of the same materials. These properties are rapidly revolutionizing many areas of medicine and technology. NPs are recognized as promising and powerful tools to fight against the human brain diseases such as multiple sclerosis or Alzheimer's disease. In this review, after an introductory part on the nature of protein fibrillation and the existing approaches for its investigations, the effects of NPs on the fibrillation process have been considered. More specifically, the role of biophysicochemical properties of NPs, which define their affinity for protein monomers, unfolded monomers,... 

    Protein corona composition of gold nanoparticles/nanorods affects amyloid beta fibrillation process

    , Article Nanoscale ; Volume 7, Issue 11 , Feb , 2015 , Pages 5004-5013 ; 20403364 (ISSN) Mirsadeghi, S ; Dinarvand, R ; Ghahremani, M. H ; Hormozi-Nezhad, M. R ; Mahmoudi, Z ; Hajipour, M. J ; Atyabi, F ; Ghavami, M ; Mahmoudi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2015
    Abstract
    Protein fibrillation process (e.g., from amyloid beta (Aβ) and α-synuclein) is the main cause of several catastrophic neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson diseases. During the past few decades, nanoparticles (NPs) were recognized as one of the most promising tools for inhibiting the progress of the disease by controlling the fibrillation kinetic process; for instance, gold NPs have a strong capability to inhibit Aβ fibrillations. It is now well understood that a layer of biomolecules would cover the surface of NPs (so called "protein corona") upon the interaction of NPs with protein sources. Due to the fact that the biological species (e.g., cells and amyloidal... 

    Identification of a novel multifunctional ligand for simultaneous inhibition of amyloid-beta (aβ42) and chelation of zinc metal ion

    , Article ACS Chemical Neuroscience ; Volume 10, Issue 11 , 2019 , Pages 4619-4632 ; 19487193 (ISSN) Asadbegi, M ; Shamloo, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2019
    Abstract
    Zinc binding to β-amyloid structure could promote amyloid-β aggregation, as well as reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, as suggested in many experimental and theoretical studies. Therefore, the introduction of multifunctional drugs capable of chelating zinc metal ion and inhibiting Aβ aggregation is a promising strategy in the development of AD treatment. The present study has evaluated the efficacy of a new bifunctional peptide drug using molecular docking and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. This drug comprises two different domains, an inhibitor domain, obtained from the C-terminal hydrophobic region of Aβ, and a Zn2+ chelating domain, derived from rapeseed meal, merge with a... 

    Polymeric nanoparticles for nasal drug delivery to the brain: relevance to alzheimer's disease

    , Article Advanced Therapeutics ; Volume 4, Issue 3 , 2021 ; 23663987 (ISSN) Rabiee, N ; Ahmadi, S ; Afshari, R ; Khalaji, S ; Rabiee, M ; Bagherzadeh, M ; Fatahi, Y ; Dinarvand, R ; Tahriri, M ; Tayebi, L ; Hamblin, M. R ; Webster, T. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Blackwell Publishing Ltd  2021
    Abstract
    Currently, Alzheimer's disease (AD) accounts for more than half of all dementia cases. Although genetics, age, and environmental factors affect the disease, the cause of AD is not yet fully known. Various drugs have been proposed for the prevention and treatment of AD, but the delivery of these therapeutic agents to the brain is difficult. The blood–brain barrier prevents systemic drugs from accessing the central nervous system and designing a suitable system to overcome this barrier has attracted much attention. The intranasal pathway, given its proximity to the brain, provides a great opportunity for drug delivery. Understanding the physiological characteristics of the nose can be useful... 

    Overexpression of protein kinase Mζ in the hippocampus mitigates alzheimer's disease-related cognitive deficit in rats

    , Article Brain Research Bulletin ; Volume 166 , 2021 , Pages 64-72 ; 03619230 (ISSN) Amini, N ; Roosta Azad, R ; Motamedi, F ; Mirzapour Delavar, H ; Ghasemi, S ; Aliakbari, S ; Pourbadie, H. G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Inc  2021
    Abstract
    Accumulation of amyloid beta (Aβ) soluble forms in the cerebral parenchyma is the mainstream concept underlying memory deficit in the early phase of Alzheimer's disease (AD). PKMζ plays a critical role in the maintenance of long-term memory. Yet, the role of this brain-specific enzyme has not been addressed in AD. We examined the impact of hippocampal PKMζ overexpression on AD-related memory impairment in rats. Oligomeric form of Aβ (oAβ) or vehicle was bilaterally microinjected into the dorsal hippocampus of male Wistar rats under stereotaxic surgery. One week later, 2 μl of lentiviral vector (108 T.U. / ml.) encoding PKMζ genome was microinjected into the dorsal hippocampus. Seven days... 

    Evaluating the multifunctionality of a new modulator of zinc-induced Aβ aggregation using a novel computational approach

    , Article Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling ; Volume 61, Issue 3 , 2021 , Pages 1383-1401 ; 15499596 (ISSN) Asadbegi, M ; Shamloo, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2021
    Abstract
    The high concentration of zinc metal ions in Aβ aggregations is one of the most cited hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD), and several substantial pieces of evidence emphasize the key role of zinc metal ions in the pathogenesis of AD. In this study, while designing a multifunctional peptide for simultaneous targeting Aβ aggregation and chelating the zinc metal ion, a novel and comprehensive approach is introduced for evaluating the multifunctionality of a multifunctional drugs based on computational methods. The multifunctional peptide consists of inhibitor and chelator domains, which are included in the C-terminal hydrophobic region of Aβ, and the first four amino acids of human albumin.... 

    Review on alzheimer's disease: inhibition of amyloid beta and tau tangle formation

    , Article International Journal of Biological Macromolecules ; Volume 167 , 2021 , Pages 382-394 ; 01418130 (ISSN) Ashrafian, H ; Hadi Zadeh, E ; Hasan Khan, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Abstract
    It is reported that approximately 40 million people are suffering from dementia, globally. Dementia is a group of symptoms that affect neurons and cause some mental disorders, such as losing memory. Alzheimer's disease (AD) which is known as the most common cause of dementia, is one of the top medical care concerns across the world. Although the exact sources of the disease are not understood, is it believed that aggregation of amyloid-beta (Aβ) outside of neuron cells and tau aggregation or neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) formation inside the cell may play crucial roles. In this paper, we are going to review studies that targeted inhibition of amyloid plaque and tau protein tangle formation,... 

    Recent advances in the design and applications of amyloid-β peptide aggregation inhibitors for Alzheimer’s disease therapy

    , Article Biophysical Reviews ; Volume 11, Issue 6 , 2019 , Pages 901-925 ; 18672450 (ISSN) Jokar, S ; Khazaei, S ; Behnammanesh, H ; Shamloo, A ; Erfani, M ; Beiki, D ; Bavi, O ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2019
    Abstract
    Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is an irreversible neurological disorder that progresses gradually and can cause severe cognitive and behavioral impairments. This disease is currently considered a social and economic incurable issue due to its complicated and multifactorial characteristics. Despite decades of extensive research, we still lack definitive AD diagnostic and effective therapeutic tools. Consequently, one of the most challenging subjects in modern medicine is the need for the development of new strategies for the treatment of AD. A large body of evidence indicates that amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide fibrillation plays a key role in the onset and progression of AD. Recent studies have reported... 

    Graphene-based nanomaterials in fighting the most challenging viruses and immunogenic disorders

    , Article ACS Biomaterials Science and Engineering ; Volume 8, Issue 1 , 2022 , Pages 54-81 ; 23739878 (ISSN) Ebrahimi, M ; Asadi, M ; Akhavan, O ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2022
    Abstract
    Viral diseases have long been among the biggest challenges for healthcare systems around the world. The recent Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is an example of how complicated the situation can get if we are not prepared to combat a viral outbreak in time, which brings up the need for quick and affordable biosensing platforms and vast knowledge of potential antiviral effects and drug/gene delivery opportunities. The same challenges have also existed for nonviral immunogenic disorders. Nanomedicine is considered a novel candidate for effectively overcoming these worldwide challenges. Among the versatile nanomaterials commonly used in biomedical applications, graphene has recently...