Search for: animal-models
Total 37 records
Alterations of the electroencephalogram sub-bands amplitude during focal seizures in the pilocarpine model of epilepsy, Article Physiology and Pharmacology ; Volume 16, Issue 1 , 2012 , Pages 11-20 ; 17350581 (ISSN) ; Niknazar, M ; Sayyah, M ; babapour, V ; Vahdat, B. V ; Shamsollahi, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
Introduction: Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is the most common and drug resistant epilepsy in adults. Due to behavioral, morphologic and electrographic similarities, pilocarpine model of epilepsy best resembles TLE. This study was aimed at determination of the changes in electroencephalogram (EEG) sub-bands amplitude during focal seizures in the pilocarpine model of epilepsy. Analysis of these changes might help detection of a pre-seizure state before an oncoming seizure. Methods: Rats were treated by scopolamine (1mg/kg, s.c) to prevent cholinergic effects. After 30 min, pilocarpine (380 mg/kg, i.p) was administered to induce status epilepticus (SE) and 2 hours after SE, diazepam (20 mg/kg,...
The effect of temperature on eccentric contraction-induced isometric force loss in isolated perfused rat medial gastrocnemius muscle, Article Tehran University Medical Journal ; Volume 66, Issue 6 , 2008 , Pages 388-395 ; 16831764 (ISSN) ; Keshavarz, M ; Gharibzadeh, S ; Marvi, H ; Mosayebnejad, J ; Ebrahimi Takamjani, E ; Sharif University of Technology
Tehran University of Medical Sciences 2008
Background: The typical features of eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage are delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS) and prolonged loss of muscle strength. It has been shown that passive warmth is effective in reducing muscle injury. Due to the interaction of different systems in vivo, we used isolated perfused medial gastrocnemius skeletal muscle to study the direct effect of temperature on the eccentric contraction-induced force loss. Methods: After femoral artery cannulation of a rat, the left medial gastrocnemius muscle was separated and then the entire lower limb was transferred into a prewarmed (35oC) chamber. With the chamber temperature at 31, 35 and 39oC before and during eccentric...
Application of a dissimilarity index of EEG and its sub-bands on prediction of induced epileptic seizures from rat's EEG signals, Article IRBM ; Volume 33, Issue 5-6 , December , 2012 , Pages 298-307 ; 19590318 (ISSN) ; Mousavi, S. R ; Shamsollahi, M. B ; Vosoughi Vahdat, B ; Sayyah, M ; Motaghi, S ; Dehghani, A ; Noorbakhsh, S. M ; Sharif University of Technology
Objective: Epileptic seizures are defined as manifest of excessive and hyper-synchronous activity of neurons in the cerebral cortex that cause frequent malfunction of the human central nervous system. Therefore, finding precursors and predictors of epileptic seizure is of utmost clinical relevance to reduce the epileptic seizure induced nervous system malfunction consequences. Researchers for this purpose may even guide us to a deep understanding of the seizure generating mechanisms. The goal of this paper is to predict epileptic seizures in epileptic rats. Methods: Seizures were induced in rats using pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) model. EEG signals in interictal, preictal, ictal and postictal...
Numerical and experimental evaluation of high-intensity focused ultrasound-induced lesions in liver tissue ex vivo, Article Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine ; Volume 37, Issue 6 , 2018 , Pages 1481-1491 ; 15509613 (ISSN) ; Ahmadian, M. T ; Sharif University of Technology
OBJECTIVES: Recent advances in the field of acoustics and piezoelectric and ultrasound transducers have led to new approaches to the diagnosis and treatment of certain diseases. One method of treatment with ultrasonic waves is high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) treatment, which is a thermal therapeutic method used to treat malignant tumors. Although a variety of treatment-planning strategies using ultrasonic waves have been investigated, little clinical success has been achieved. Computational modeling is a powerful tool for predicting device performance. METHODS: The heating induced by a concave transducer with operating powers of 85 and 135 W was studied, and the experimental results...
Evaluation of the effects of fullerene c60 nanoparticles on oxidative stress parameters in normal rats liver and brain, Article Journal of Advances in Medical and Biomedical Research ; Volume 27, Issue 124 , 2019 , Pages 8-15 ; 26766264 (ISSN) ; Bahrami, F ; Bahri, Z ; Ghanbari, B ; Elahi, S. A ; Mohammadi, M. T ; Sharif University of Technology
Zanjan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services 2019
Background & Objective: The potent antioxidant property of fullerene C60 nanoparticles and their derivatives has been demonstrated in a wide range of in vitro and in vivo studies. Hence, we examined the effects of fullerene C60 on the oxidative stress parameters in brain and liver of the rats in normal situation. Materials & Methods: The study was performed in two groups of Wistar rats (each group, n = 6); normal and fullerene-treated normal animals. Treated rats received fullerene via oral gavage at dose of 1 mg/kg/day for 60 days. At termination of the study, the oxidative stress parameters were determined in brain and liver tissues, including the contents of glutathione (GSH) and...
Disc size markedly influences concentration profiles of intravenously administered solutes in the intervertebral disc: A computational study on glucosamine as a model solute, Article European Spine Journal ; Vol. 23, issue. 4 , April , 2014 , p. 715-723 ; Shirazi-Adl, A ; Parnianpour, M ; Urban, J. P. G ; Sharif University of Technology
Purpose: Tests on animals of different species with large differences in intervertebral disc size are commonly used to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of intravenously injected solutes in the disc. We hypothesize that disc size markedly affects outcome. Methods: Here, using a small non-metabolized molecule, glucosamine (GL) as a model solute, we calculate the influence of disc size on transport of GL into rat, rabbit, dog and human discs for 10 h post intravenous-injection. We used transient finite element models and considered an identical GL supply for all animals. Results: Huge effects of disc size on GL concentration profiles were found. Post-injection GL concentration in the rat...
Article Biotechnology Letters ; Volume 35, Issue 8 , August , 2013 , Pages 1191-1197 ; 01415492 (ISSN) ; Keyhanvar, N ; Kalhor, H. R ; Rezaei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Hepcidin is a peptide hormone that plays an important role in iron metabolism. We have produced a recombinant mouse hepcidin-1 by using baculovirus expression system. Its expression yield was 25 μg/ml when cell culture media were supplemented with a protease inhibitor cocktail. The recombinant mouse hepcidin-1 and synthetic human hepcidin-25 had similar effects on reducing ferroportin expression in J774A cell line and in peritoneal macrophages. However, synthetic human hepcidin-25 was more efficient than recombinant mouse hepcidin-1 in reducing iron concentration in blood circulation (p < 0.01)
Article Epilepsy and Behavior ; Volume 27, Issue 2 , 2013 , Pages 355-364 ; 15255050 (ISSN) ; Mousavi, S. R ; Motaghi, S ; Dehghani, A ; Vosoughi Vahdat, B ; Shamsollahi, M. B ; Sayyah, M ; Noorbakhsh, S. M ; Sharif University of Technology
Objective: Epileptic seizure detection is a key step for epilepsy assessment. In this work, using the pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) model, seizures were induced in rats, and ECoG signals in interictal, preictal, ictal, and postictal periods were recorded. The recorded ECoG signals were then analyzed to detect epileptic seizures in the epileptic rats. Methods: Two different approaches were considered in this work: thresholding and classification. In the thresholding approach, a feature is calculated in consecutive windows, and the resulted index is tracked over time and compared with a threshold. The moment the index crosses the threshold is considered as the moment of seizure onset. In the...
On the biological performance of graphene oxide-modified chitosan/polyvinyl pyrrolidone nanocomposite membranes: In vitro and in vivo effects of graphene oxide, Article Materials Science and Engineering C ; Volume 70 , 2017 , Pages 121-131 ; 09284931 (ISSN) ; Simchi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2017
Nanofibrous structures that mimic the native extracellular matrix and promote cell adhesion have attracted considerable interest for biomedical applications. In this study, GO-modified nanofibrous biopolymers (GO) were prepared by electrospinning blended solutions of chitosan (80 vol%), polyvinyl pyrrolidone (15 vol%), polyethylene oxide (5 vol%) containing GO nanosheets (0–2 wt%). It is shown that GO nanosheets significantly change the conductivity and viscosity of highly concentrated chitosan solutions, so that ultrafine and uniform fibers with an average diameter of 60 nm are spinnable. The GO-reinforced nanofibers with controlled pore structure exhibit enhanced elastic modulus and...
کلیدواژه های تکراریCurcumin loading potentiates the neuroprotective efficacy of Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles in cerebellum cells of schizophrenic rats, Article Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy ; Volume 108 , 2018 , Pages 1244-1252 ; 07533322 (ISSN) ; Ashrafi Hafez, A ; Abdorahim, M ; Abdollahifar, M. A ; Shabani, R ; Peirovi, H ; Simchi, A ; Ashtari, K ; Sharif University of Technology
Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the neurotoxic effects of Fe3O4 magnetic- CurNPs on isolated schizophrenia mitochondria of rats as an in vivo model. Methods: We designed CMN loaded superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) (Fe3O4 magnetic- CurNPs) to achieve an enhanced therapeutic effect. The physicochemical properties of Fe3O4 magnetic- CurNPs were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), and dynamic laser light scattering (DLS) and zeta potential. Further, to prove Fe3O4 magnetic- CurNPs results in superior therapeutic effects, and also, the mitochondrial membrane potential collapse, mitochondrial complex II activity, reactive oxygen species generation,...
Article Journal of Cellular Physiology ; Volume 234, Issue 11 , 2019 , Pages 20742-20754 ; 00219541 (ISSN) ; Sadrosadat, H ; Jaberi, R ; Zareikheirabadi, M ; Mirsadeghi, S ; Naghdabadi, Z ; Ghaneezabadi, M ; Fardmanesh, M ; Baharvand, H ; Kiani, S ; Sharif University of Technology
Wiley-Liss Inc 2019
A large number of treatment approaches have been used for spinal cord injury improvement, a medically incurable disorder, and subsequently stem cell transplantation appears to be a promising strategy. The main objective of this study is to ascertain whether combinational therapy of human neural stem cells (hNSCs) together with lithium chloride improves cell survival, proliferation, and differentiation in a rat spinal contusion model, or not. Contusive spinal cord injury was implemented on Wistar male rats. Experimental groups comprised of: control, hNSCs transplanted, lithium chloride (Li), and hNSCs and lithium chloride (hNSCs + Li). In every experimental group, locomotor activity score and...
Comparing the effects of endurance and resistance trainings on gene expression involved in protein synthesis and degradation signaling pathways of Wistar rat soleus muscle, Article Tehran University Medical Journal ; Volume 77, Issue 11 , 2020 , Pages 668-677 ; Seifabad, M ; Asad, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
Tehran University of Medical Sciences 2020
Background: Skeletal muscle mass, which is regulated by a balance between muscle protein synthesis and degradation, is an important factor for movement to meet everyday needs, especially in pathological conditions and aging. The purpose of the present investigation was to compare the alterations of the gene expression involved in muscle protein synthesis and degradation signaling pathways induced by two exercise training protocols. Methods: Eight weeks old Wistar rats have been assigned to the present experimental study, which was conducted from August 2018 to October 2018 at the animal laboratory of Tehran University. They were randomly divided into two resistance and endurance training...
Article Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences ; Volume 23, Issue 2 , 2020 , Pages 173-177 ; Nazari, M ; Shojaei, A ; Raoufy, M. R ; Mirnajafi Zadeh, J ; Sharif University of Technology
Mashhad University of Medical Sciences 2020
Objective(s): Seizure detection during online recording of electrophysiological parameters is very important in epileptic patients. In the present study, online analysis of field potential recordings was used for detecting spontaneous seizures in epileptic animals. Materials and Methods: Epilepsy was induced in rats by pilocarpine injection. During the chronic period of the pilocarpine model, local field potential (LFP) recording was run for at least 24 hr. At the same time, video monitoring of the animals was done to determine the real time of seizure occurrence. Both power and sample entropy of LFP were used for online analysis. Results: Obtained results showed that changes in LFP power...
Allergic rhinitis impairs working memory in association with drop of hippocampal – Prefrontal coupling, Article Brain Research ; Volume 1758 , 2021 ; 00068993 (ISSN) ; Ghazvineh, S ; Nazari, M ; Dehdar, K ; Garousi, M ; Zare, M ; Tabasi, F ; Jamaati, H ; Salimi, A ; Barkley, V ; Mirnajafi Zadeh, J ; Raoufy, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2021
Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a chronic inflammatory disease frequently associated with a deficit in learning and memory. Working memory is an important system for decision making and guidance, which depends on interactions between the ventral hippocampus (vHipp) and the prelimbic prefrontal cortex (plPFC). It is still unclear whether AR influences the activity and coupling of these brain areas, which consequently may impair working memory. The current study aimed to examine alterations of the vHipp-plPFC circuit in a rat model of AR. Our results show decreased working memory performance in AR animals, accompanied by a reduction of theta and gamma oscillations in plPFC. Also, AR reduces...
Fabrication and evaluation of chitosan/gelatin/PVA hydrogel incorporating honey for wound healing applications: An in vitro, in vivo study, Article International Journal of Pharmaceutics ; Volume 592 , 2021 ; 03785173 (ISSN) ; Aghababaie, Z ; Afjoul, H ; Jami, M ; Bidgoli, M. R ; Vossoughi, M ; Ramazani, A ; Kamyabhesari, K ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2021
In this study, physically cross-linked hydrogels were developed by freezing-thawing method while different concentrations of honey were included into the hydrogels for accelerated wound healing. The hydrogel was composed of chitosan, polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), and gelatin with the ratio of 2:1:1 (v/v), respectively. Further, the effect of honey concentrations on antibacterial properties, and cell behavior was investigated. In vivo studies, including wound healing mechanism using rat model and histological analysis of section tissue samples were performed. The results illustrated that the incorporation of honey in hydrogels increased the ultimate strain of hydrogels approximately two times,...
Overexpression of protein kinase Mζ in the hippocampus mitigates alzheimer's disease-related cognitive deficit in rats, Article Brain Research Bulletin ; Volume 166 , 2021 , Pages 64-72 ; 03619230 (ISSN) ; Roosta Azad, R ; Motamedi, F ; Mirzapour Delavar, H ; Ghasemi, S ; Aliakbari, S ; Pourbadie, H. G ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Inc 2021
Accumulation of amyloid beta (Aβ) soluble forms in the cerebral parenchyma is the mainstream concept underlying memory deficit in the early phase of Alzheimer's disease (AD). PKMζ plays a critical role in the maintenance of long-term memory. Yet, the role of this brain-specific enzyme has not been addressed in AD. We examined the impact of hippocampal PKMζ overexpression on AD-related memory impairment in rats. Oligomeric form of Aβ (oAβ) or vehicle was bilaterally microinjected into the dorsal hippocampus of male Wistar rats under stereotaxic surgery. One week later, 2 μl of lentiviral vector (108 T.U. / ml.) encoding PKMζ genome was microinjected into the dorsal hippocampus. Seven days...
Early detection of immunization: A study based on an animal model using 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Article Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences ; Volume 14, Issue 3 , 2011 , Pages 195-203 ; 10288880 (ISSN) ; Arjmand, M ; Tafazzoli, M ; Ghohzadeh, A ; Pourfallah, F ; Sadeghi, S ; Mirzazadeh, R ; Mirkham, F ; Tahen, S ; Iravam, A ; Bayat, P ; Vahabi, F ; Sharif University of Technology
Vaccines require a period of at least three months for clinical trials, hence a method that can identify elicitation of immune response a few days after the first dose is a necessity. Evolutionary variable selections are modeling approaches for proper manipulation of available data which were used to set up an animal model for classification of time dependent 'HNMR metabolomic profiles and pattern recognition of fluctuations of metabolites in two groups of male rabbits. One group of rabbits was immunized with human red blood cells and the other used as control. Blood was obtained every 48 h from each rabbit for a period of six weeks and the serum monitored for antibodies and metabolites by...
Article Lasers in Medical Science ; Volume 35, Issue 1 , 2020 , Pages 131-138 ; Mirmiranpour, H ; Sobhani, S. O ; Moazami Goudarzi, N ; Sharif University of Technology
The main purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of intravenous irradiation of different low-level laser wavelengths on the activity of lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT), paraoxonase (PON1), catalase, and ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP) in diabetic rats. First, diabetes was induced in rats using streptozotocin (STZ). Enzymes’ activity was measured in the blood samples and compared before and after intravenous laser blood irradiation. We used four continuous-wave lasers—IR (λ = 808 nm), Red (λ = 638 nm), Green (λ = 532 nm), and Blue (λ = 450 nm)—to compare the wavelength’s effect on different enzymes’ activity. Laser power was fixed at 0.01 mW and laser energy was...
Article BioImpacts ; Volume 10, Issue 4 , 2020 , Pages 251-257 ; Tabrizi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Tabriz University of Medical Sciences 2020
Introduction: The role of Hippo signaling pathway, which was identified by genetic studies as a key regulator for tissue growth and organ size, in promoting physiological cardiac hypertrophy has not been investigated. Methods: Fourteen male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to the exercise and control groups. The exercise group ran 1 hour per day, 5 days/week, at about 65%-75% VO2max on the motor-driven treadmill with 15ºslope, and the control group ran 15 min/d, 2 days/ week at 9 m/min (0ºinclination), throughout the eight-week experimental period. Forty-eight hours after the last session, hearts were dissected and left ventricles were weighed and stored for subsequent RT-PCR analysis....
Article Cell ; Volume 182, Issue 3 , 2020 , Pages 545-562.e23 ; McCourt, J ; Ma, F ; Ren, S ; Li, S ; Kim, T. H ; Kurmangaliyev, Y. Z ; Nasiri, R ; Ahadian, S ; Nguyen, T ; Tan, X. H. M ; Zhou, Y ; Wu, R ; Rodriguez, A ; Cohn, W ; Wang, Y ; Whitelegge, J ; Ryazantsev, S ; Khademhosseini, A ; Teitell, M. A ; Chiou, P. Y ; Birk, D. E ; Rowat, A. C ; Crosbie, R. H ; Pellegrini, M ; Seldin, M ; Lusis, A. J ; Deb, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Cell Press 2020
Scar tissue size following myocardial infarction is an independent predictor of cardiovascular outcomes, yet little is known about factors regulating scar size. We demonstrate that collagen V, a minor constituent of heart scars, regulates the size of heart scars after ischemic injury. Depletion of collagen V led to a paradoxical increase in post-infarction scar size with worsening of heart function. A systems genetics approach across 100 in-bred strains of mice demonstrated that collagen V is a critical driver of postinjury heart function. We show that collagen V deficiency alters the mechanical properties of scar tissue, and altered reciprocal feedback between matrix and cells induces...