Search for: animals
Total 217 records
StrongestPath: a Cytoscape application for protein-protein interaction analysis, Article BMC bioinformatics ; Volume 22, Issue 1 , 2021 , Pages 352- ; 14712105 (ISSN) ; Khodabandeh, M ; Sharifi Zarchi, A ; Nadafian, A ; Mahmoudi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
NLM (Medline) 2021
BACKGROUND: StrongestPath is a Cytoscape 3 application that enables the analysis of interactions between two proteins or groups of proteins in a collection of protein-protein interaction (PPI) network or signaling network databases. When there are different levels of confidence over the interactions, the application is able to process them and identify the cascade of interactions with the highest total confidence score. Given a set of proteins, StrongestPath can extract a set of possible interactions between the input proteins, and expand the network by adding new proteins that have the most interactions with highest total confidence to the current network of proteins. The application can...
Self-organization of developing embryo using scale-invariant approach, Article Theoretical Biology and Medical Modelling ; Volume 8, Issue 1 , 2011 ; 17424682 (ISSN) ; Tiraihi, M ; Tiraihi, T ; Sharif University of Technology
Background: Self-organization is a fundamental feature of living organisms at all hierarchical levels from molecule to organ. It has also been documented in developing embryos. Methods. In this study, a scale-invariant power law (SIPL) method has been used to study self-organization in developing embryos. The SIPL coefficient was calculated using a centro-axial skew symmetrical matrix (CSSM) generated by entering the components of the Cartesian coordinates; for each component, one CSSM was generated. A basic square matrix (BSM) was constructed and the determinant was calculated in order to estimate the SIPL coefficient. This was applied to developing C. elegans during early stages of...
Implementation of absolute quantification in small-animal SPECT imaging: Phantom and animal studies, Article Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics ; Volume 18, Issue 4 , 2017 , Pages 215-223 ; 15269914 (ISSN) ; Vosoughi, N ; Tanha, K ; Assadi, M ; Ghafarian, P ; Rahmim, A ; Ay, M. R
John Wiley and Sons Ltd 2017
Purpose: Presence of photon attenuation severely challenges quantitative accuracy in single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging. Subsequently, various attenuation correction methods have been developed to compensate for this degradation. The present study aims to implement an attenuation correction method and then to evaluate quantification accuracy of attenuation correction in small-animal SPECT imaging. Methods: Images were reconstructed using an iterative reconstruction method based on the maximum-likelihood expectation maximization (MLEM) algorithm including resolution recovery. This was implemented in our designed dedicated small-animal SPECT (HiReSPECT) system. For...
Numerical and experimental evaluation of high-intensity focused ultrasound-induced lesions in liver tissue ex vivo, Article Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine ; Volume 37, Issue 6 , 2018 , Pages 1481-1491 ; 15509613 (ISSN) ; Ahmadian, M. T ; Sharif University of Technology
OBJECTIVES: Recent advances in the field of acoustics and piezoelectric and ultrasound transducers have led to new approaches to the diagnosis and treatment of certain diseases. One method of treatment with ultrasonic waves is high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) treatment, which is a thermal therapeutic method used to treat malignant tumors. Although a variety of treatment-planning strategies using ultrasonic waves have been investigated, little clinical success has been achieved. Computational modeling is a powerful tool for predicting device performance. METHODS: The heating induced by a concave transducer with operating powers of 85 and 135 W was studied, and the experimental results...
Alterations of the electroencephalogram sub-bands amplitude during focal seizures in the pilocarpine model of epilepsy, Article Physiology and Pharmacology ; Volume 16, Issue 1 , 2012 , Pages 11-20 ; 17350581 (ISSN) ; Niknazar, M ; Sayyah, M ; babapour, V ; Vahdat, B. V ; Shamsollahi, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
Introduction: Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is the most common and drug resistant epilepsy in adults. Due to behavioral, morphologic and electrographic similarities, pilocarpine model of epilepsy best resembles TLE. This study was aimed at determination of the changes in electroencephalogram (EEG) sub-bands amplitude during focal seizures in the pilocarpine model of epilepsy. Analysis of these changes might help detection of a pre-seizure state before an oncoming seizure. Methods: Rats were treated by scopolamine (1mg/kg, s.c) to prevent cholinergic effects. After 30 min, pilocarpine (380 mg/kg, i.p) was administered to induce status epilepticus (SE) and 2 hours after SE, diazepam (20 mg/kg,...
CANCERSIGN: a user-friendly and robust tool for identification and classification of mutational signatures and patterns in cancer genomes, Article Scientific Reports ; Volume 10, Issue 1 , 2020 ; Rabiee, H. R ; Mehrbod, M ; Vafaee, F ; Ebrahimi, D ; Forrest, A. R. R ; Alinejad Rokny, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Nature Research 2020
Analysis of cancer mutational signatures have been instrumental in identification of responsible endogenous and exogenous molecular processes in cancer. The quantitative approach used to deconvolute mutational signatures is becoming an integral part of cancer research. Therefore, development of a stand-alone tool with a user-friendly interface for analysis of cancer mutational signatures is necessary. In this manuscript we introduce CANCERSIGN, which enables users to identify 3-mer and 5-mer mutational signatures within whole genome, whole exome or pooled samples. Additionally, this tool enables users to perform clustering on tumor samples based on the proportion of mutational signatures in...
Application of support vector machines to 1H NMR data of fish oils: Methodology for the confirmation of wild and farmed salmon and their origins, Article Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry ; Volume 387, Issue 4 , 2007 , Pages 1499-1510 ; 16182642 (ISSN) ; Malabat, C ; Jalali-Heravi, M ; Guillou, C ; Rezzi, S ; Rutledge, D. N ; Sharif University of Technology
Support vector machines (SVMs) were used as a novel learning machine in the authentication of the origin of salmon. SVMs have the advantage of relying on a well-developed theory and have already proved to be successful in a number of practical applications. This paper provides a new and effective method for the discrimination between wild and farm salmon and eliminates the possibility of fraud through misrepresentation of the country of origin of salmon. The method requires a very simple sample preparation of the fish oils extracted from the white muscle of salmon samples. 1H NMR spectroscopic analysis provides data that is very informative for analysing the fatty acid constituents of the...
Fabrication and evaluation of chitosan/gelatin/PVA hydrogel incorporating honey for wound healing applications: An in vitro, in vivo study, Article International Journal of Pharmaceutics ; Volume 592 , 2021 ; 03785173 (ISSN) ; Aghababaie, Z ; Afjoul, H ; Jami, M ; Bidgoli, M. R ; Vossoughi, M ; Ramazani, A ; Kamyabhesari, K ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2021
In this study, physically cross-linked hydrogels were developed by freezing-thawing method while different concentrations of honey were included into the hydrogels for accelerated wound healing. The hydrogel was composed of chitosan, polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), and gelatin with the ratio of 2:1:1 (v/v), respectively. Further, the effect of honey concentrations on antibacterial properties, and cell behavior was investigated. In vivo studies, including wound healing mechanism using rat model and histological analysis of section tissue samples were performed. The results illustrated that the incorporation of honey in hydrogels increased the ultimate strain of hydrogels approximately two times,...
Evaluation of the effects of fullerene c60 nanoparticles on oxidative stress parameters in normal rats liver and brain, Article Journal of Advances in Medical and Biomedical Research ; Volume 27, Issue 124 , 2019 , Pages 8-15 ; 26766264 (ISSN) ; Bahrami, F ; Bahri, Z ; Ghanbari, B ; Elahi, S. A ; Mohammadi, M. T ; Sharif University of Technology
Zanjan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services 2019
Background & Objective: The potent antioxidant property of fullerene C60 nanoparticles and their derivatives has been demonstrated in a wide range of in vitro and in vivo studies. Hence, we examined the effects of fullerene C60 on the oxidative stress parameters in brain and liver of the rats in normal situation. Materials & Methods: The study was performed in two groups of Wistar rats (each group, n = 6); normal and fullerene-treated normal animals. Treated rats received fullerene via oral gavage at dose of 1 mg/kg/day for 60 days. At termination of the study, the oxidative stress parameters were determined in brain and liver tissues, including the contents of glutathione (GSH) and...
Design and Implementation of a Face Model in Video-realistic Speech Animation for Farsi Language, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Jamzad, Mansour
With increasing use of computers in everyday life, improved communication between machines and human is needed. To make a right communication and understand a humankind face which is made in a graphical environment, implementing the audio and visual projects like lip reading, audio and visual speech recognition and lip modelling needed. The main goal in this project is natural representation of strings of lip movements for Farsi language. Lack of a complete audio and visual database for this application in Farsi language made us provide a new complete Farsi database for this project that is called SFAVD. It is a unique audio and visual database which covers the most applicable words, all...
SFAVD: Sharif farsi audio visual database, Article IKT 2013 - 2013 5th Conference on Information and Knowledge Technology, Shiraz, Iran ; 2013 , Pages 417-421 ; 9781467364904 (ISBN) ; Jamzad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
With increasing use of computers in everyday life, improved communication between machines and human is needed. To make a right communication and understand a humankind face which is made in a graphical environment, implementing the audio and visual projects like lip reading, audio and visual speech recognition and lip making are needed. Lack of a complete audio and visual database for this application in Farsi language made us provide a new complete Farsi database for this project that is called SFAVD. It is a unique audio and visual database which in addition to considering Farsi conceptual and speech structure, it considers influence of speech on lip changes. This database is created for...
The effect of temperature on eccentric contraction-induced isometric force loss in isolated perfused rat medial gastrocnemius muscle, Article Tehran University Medical Journal ; Volume 66, Issue 6 , 2008 , Pages 388-395 ; 16831764 (ISSN) ; Keshavarz, M ; Gharibzadeh, S ; Marvi, H ; Mosayebnejad, J ; Ebrahimi Takamjani, E ; Sharif University of Technology
Tehran University of Medical Sciences 2008
Background: The typical features of eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage are delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS) and prolonged loss of muscle strength. It has been shown that passive warmth is effective in reducing muscle injury. Due to the interaction of different systems in vivo, we used isolated perfused medial gastrocnemius skeletal muscle to study the direct effect of temperature on the eccentric contraction-induced force loss. Methods: After femoral artery cannulation of a rat, the left medial gastrocnemius muscle was separated and then the entire lower limb was transferred into a prewarmed (35oC) chamber. With the chamber temperature at 31, 35 and 39oC before and during eccentric...
Playbook: An animation-based game for improving children's creativity and problem solving skills, Article 13th ACM SIGCHI Symposium on Engineering Interactive Computing Systems, EICS 2021, 8 June 2021 through 11 June 2021 ; 2021 , Pages 12-16 ; 9781450384490 (ISBN) ; Habibi, J ; Baghaei, N ; Sharif University of Technology
Association for Computing Machinery, Inc 2021
In this paper, we describe the design, development and preliminary evaluation of a novel animation tool for smartphones and tablets, with the goal of improving creativity and problem-solving ability among novice users, mainly young children. The user first draws the objects with markers and crayons on paper and takes a photo with their mobile or tablet to import their drawings into the app as game sprites. They then design their animation scene and point to a part of the character and selecting its animation type from existing buttons. Hence the selected part is animated in a vertex shader while ensuring a smooth transition with the non-pointed part. The results of a preliminary evaluation...
In vitro biocompatibility evaluations of hyperbranched polyglycerol hybrid nanostructure as a candidate for nanomedicine applications, Article Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine ; Vol. 25, issue. 2 , 2014 , pp. 499-506 ; ISSN: 09574530 ; Shokrgozar, M. A ; Vossoughi, M ; Farokhi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
In the present study, a detailed biocompatibility testing of a novel class of hybrid nanostructure based on hyperbranched polyglycerol and β-cyclodextrin is conducted. This highly water soluble nanostructure with size of less than 10 nm, polydispersity of less than 1.3, chemical tenability and highly branched architecture with the control over branching structure could be potentially used as a carrier in drug delivery systems. To this end, extensive studies in vitro and in vivo conditions have to be demonstrated. The in vitro studies include in vitro cytotoxicity tests; MTT and Neutral Red assay as an indicator of mitochondrial and lysosomal function, and blood biocompatibility tests such as...
Disc size markedly influences concentration profiles of intravenously administered solutes in the intervertebral disc: A computational study on glucosamine as a model solute, Article European Spine Journal ; Vol. 23, issue. 4 , April , 2014 , p. 715-723 ; Shirazi-Adl, A ; Parnianpour, M ; Urban, J. P. G ; Sharif University of Technology
Purpose: Tests on animals of different species with large differences in intervertebral disc size are commonly used to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of intravenously injected solutes in the disc. We hypothesize that disc size markedly affects outcome. Methods: Here, using a small non-metabolized molecule, glucosamine (GL) as a model solute, we calculate the influence of disc size on transport of GL into rat, rabbit, dog and human discs for 10 h post intravenous-injection. We used transient finite element models and considered an identical GL supply for all animals. Results: Huge effects of disc size on GL concentration profiles were found. Post-injection GL concentration in the rat...
A unified approach for detection of induced epileptic seizures in rats using ECoG signals, Article Epilepsy and Behavior ; Volume 27, Issue 2 , 2013 , Pages 355-364 ; 15255050 (ISSN) ; Mousavi, S. R ; Motaghi, S ; Dehghani, A ; Vosoughi Vahdat, B ; Shamsollahi, M. B ; Sayyah, M ; Noorbakhsh, S. M ; Sharif University of Technology
Objective: Epileptic seizure detection is a key step for epilepsy assessment. In this work, using the pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) model, seizures were induced in rats, and ECoG signals in interictal, preictal, ictal, and postictal periods were recorded. The recorded ECoG signals were then analyzed to detect epileptic seizures in the epileptic rats. Methods: Two different approaches were considered in this work: thresholding and classification. In the thresholding approach, a feature is calculated in consecutive windows, and the resulted index is tracked over time and compared with a threshold. The moment the index crosses the threshold is considered as the moment of seizure onset. In the...
Effects of short term and long term Extremely Low Frequency Magnetic Field on depressive disorder in mice: Involvement of nitric oxide pathway, Article Life Sciences ; Volume 146 , 2016 , Pages 52-57 ; 00243205 (ISSN) ; Farzam Pour, S ; Sadr, A ; Shekarchi, B ; Majid Zadeh, A. K ; Sharif University of Technology
Aims Previous reports on the possible effects of Extremely Low Frequency Magnetic Fields (ELF MF) on mood have been paradoxical in different settings while no study has yet been conducted on animal behavior. In addition, it was shown that ELF MF exposure makes an increase in brain nitric oxide level. Therefore, in the current study, we aimed to assess the possible effect(s) of ELF MF exposure on mice Forced Swimming Test (FST) and evaluate the probable role of the increased level of nitric oxide in the observed behavior. Main methods Male adult mice NMRI were recruited to investigate the short term and long term ELF MF exposure (0.5 mT and 50 Hz, single 2 h and 2 weeks 2 h a day). Locomotor...
A comprehensive multimodality heart motion prediction algorithm for robotic-assisted beating heart surgery, Article International Journal of Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery ; Volume 15, Issue 2 , 2019 ; 14785951 (ISSN) ; Farahmand, F ; Vossoughi, G ; Alizadeh Ghavidel, A ; Sharif University of Technology
John Wiley and Sons Ltd 2019
Background: An essential requirement for performing robotic-assisted surgery on a freely beating heart is a prediction algorithm that can estimate the future heart trajectory. Method: Heart motion, respiratory volume (RV) and electrocardiogram (ECG) signal were measured from two dogs during thoracotomy surgery. A comprehensive multimodality prediction algorithm was developed based on the multivariate autoregressive model to incorporate the heart trajectory and cardiorespiratory data with multiple inherent measurement rates explicitly. Results: Experimental results indicated strong relationships between the dominant frequencies of heart motion with RV and ECG. The prediction algorithm...
Analysis of fuselage vibration during flapping flights and solution for reduce it, Article 44th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting 2006, Reno, NV, 9 January 2006 through 12 January 2006 ; Volume 11 , 2006 , Pages 7681-7687 ; 1563478072 (ISBN); 9781563478079 (ISBN) ; Sharif University of Technology
This article presents the result of an analysis to determine the distance that the fuselage of a Flapping Flyer moves up and down when the wing flap and comparison it with experiments that was done on fuselage phenomena during flight of an ornithopters and Winged animals in Wind tunnel. It is suggested that this motion may reduce the efficiency of design, whereas the tendency for fuselage motion may be largely cancelled in the bi plane configuration. The article also answers a question that has puzzled for scientist. Why bodies of winged animals don't move up and down noticeably when they flaps their wing during flight? Finally we offer one solution for reduce this unwanted motion near 50 %...
Rhythmic air-puff into nasal cavity modulates activity across multiple brain areas: A non-invasive brain stimulation method to reduce ventilator-induced memory impairment, Article Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology ; Volume 287 , 2021 ; 15699048 (ISSN) ; Salimi, M ; Nazari, M ; Garousi, M ; Tabasi, F ; Dehdar, K ; Salimi, A ; Jamaati, H ; Mirnajafi Zadeh, J ; Arabzadeh, E ; Raoufy, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2021
Mechanical ventilation (MV) can result in long-term brain impairments that are resistant to treatment. The mechanisms underlying MV-induced brain function impairment remain unclear. Since nasal airflow modulates brain activity, here we evaluated whether reinstating airflow during MV could influence the memory performance of rats after recovery. Rats were allocated into two study groups: one group received rhythmic air-puff into the nasal cavity during MV and a control group that underwent ventilation without air-puff. During MV, air-puffs induced time-locked event potentials in OB, mPFC and vHPC and significantly increased the oscillatory activity at the air-puff frequency. Furthermore, in...