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    Electrochemical prostate-specific antigen biosensors based on electroconductive nanomaterials and polymers

    , Article Clinica Chimica Acta ; Volume 516 , 2021 , Pages 111-135 ; 00098981 (ISSN) Dowlatshahi, S ; Abdekhodaie, M. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Abstract
    Prostate cancer (PCa), the second most malignant neoplasm in men, is also the fifth leading cause of cancer-related deaths in men globally. Unfortunately, this malignancy remains largely asymptomatic until late-stage emergence when treatment is limited due to the lack of effective metastatic PCa therapeutics. Due to these limitations, early PCa detection through prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening has become increasingly important, resulting in a more than 50% decrease in mortality. Conventional assays for PSA detection, such as enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), are labor intensive, relatively expensive, operator-dependent and do not provide adequate sensitivity.... 

    CaZnO-based nanoghosts for the detection of ssDNA, pCRISPR and recombinant SARS-CoV-2 spike antigen and targeted delivery of doxorubicin

    , Article Chemosphere ; Volume 306 , 2022 ; 00456535 (ISSN) Rabiee, N ; Akhavan, O ; Fatahi, Y ; Ghadiri, A. M ; Kiani, M ; Makvandi, P ; Rabiee, M ; Nicknam, M. H ; Saeb, M. R ; Varma, R. S ; Ashrafizadeh, M ; Nazarzadeh Zare, E ; Sharifi, E ; Lima, E. C ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2022
    Abstract
    Overexpression of proteins/antigens and other gene-related sequences in the bodies could lead to significant mutations and refractory diseases. Detection and identification of assorted trace concentrations of such proteins/antigens and/or gene-related sequences remain challenging, affecting different pathogens and making viruses stronger. Correspondingly, coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) mutations/alterations and spread could lead to overexpression of ssDNA and the related antigens in the population and brisk activity in gene-editing technologies in the treatment/detection may lead to the presence of pCRISPR in the blood. Therefore, the detection and evaluation of their trace concentrations are of... 

    Bioactive hybrid metal-organic framework (MOF)-based nanosensors for optical detection of recombinant SARS-CoV-2 spike antigen

    , Article Science of the Total Environment ; Volume 825 , 2022 ; 00489697 (ISSN) Rabiee, N ; Fatahi, Y ; Ahmadi, S ; Abbariki, N ; Ojaghi, A ; Rabiee, M ; Radmanesh, F ; Dinarvand, R ; Bagherzadeh, M ; Mostafavi, E ; Ashrafizadeh, M ; Makvandi, P ; Lima, E. C ; Saeb, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2022
    Abstract
    Fast, efficient, and accurate detection of SARS-CoV-2 spike antigen is pivotal to control the spread and reduce the mortality of COVID-19. Nevertheless, the sensitivity of available nanobiosensors to detect recombinant SARS-CoV-2 spike antigen seems insufficient. As a proof-of-concept, MOF-5/CoNi2S4 is developed as a low-cost, safe, and bioactive hybrid nanostructure via the one-pot high-gravity protocol. Then, the porphyrin, H2TMP, was attached to the surface of the synthesized nanomaterial to increase the porosity for efficient detection of recombinant SARS-CoV-2 spike antigen. AFM results approved roughness in different ranges, including 0.54 to 0.74 μm and 0.78 to ≈0.80 μm, showing good...