Search for: anxiety
The effect of employing humanoid robots for teaching English on students' anxiety and attitude, Article 2014 2nd RSI/ISM International Conference on Robotics and Mechatronics, ICRoM 2014 ; Oct , 2014 , p. 754-759 ; Meghdari, A ; Ghazisaedy, M ; Sharif University of Technology
This study aims at examining the effect of Robot Assisted language learning (RALL) on the anxiety level and attitude in the English language learning classroom. Forty-six female students who were beginners at the age of 12 participated in this study and were randomly assigned into two groups of RALL (30 students) and non-RALL (16 students). The treatment was given by a teacher accompanied by a humanoid robot assistant for the RALL group. Two questionnaires of anxiety  and attitude  were utilized to measure the students' anxiety and attitude. The results of descriptive and t-tests indicated that there was lower anxiety and positive attitude towards English learning in the RALL group...
Effect of utilizing a humanoid robot as a therapy-assistant in reducing anger, anxiety, and depression, Article 2014 2nd RSI/ISM International Conference on Robotics and Mechatronics, ICRoM 2014 ; 15- 17 October , 2014 , pp. 748-753 ; ISBN: 9781479967438 ; Meghdari, A ; Ghanbarzadeh, A ; Moghadam, L. J ; Ghanbarzadeh, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Treatment of cancer involves many invasive procedures that could be a source of distress in kids suffering from cancer. Distress itself can be an important obstacle in patients' acceptance of treatment and their adaptation to it, consequently reducing its efficiency. Distress symptoms, in a spectrum from mild to critical, are shown to be widespread in children struggling with cancer. In recent years to alleviate this psychological condition, researchers have proposed and examined several methods such as relaxation, hypnosis, desensitization, and distraction. This study presents a new approach to explore the impact of utilizing a humanoid robot as a therapy-assistant in dealing with patients'...
Impact of a social humanoid robot as a therapy assistant in children cancer treatment, Article Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) ; Volume 8755 , 2014 , Pages 11-22 ; ISSN: 03029743 ; ISBN: 9783319119724 ; Meghdari, A ; Ghanbarzadeh, A ; Moghadam, L. J ; Ghanbarzadeh, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Treating cancer encompasses many invasive procedures that can be a source of distress in oncology patients. Distress itself can be a major obstruction in the path of acceptance of treatment and the patient's adaptation to it, thereby reducing its efficiency. These distress symptoms have been found to be prevalent in children suffering from cancer, in a spectrum from mild to critical. In the past years in response to this psychological suffering, researchers have proposed and tested several methods such as relaxation, hypnosis, desensitization, and distraction. This paper propounds a new approach by exploring the effect of utilizing a humanoid robot as a therapy-assistive tool in dealing with...
The Impact of Social Robotics on L2 Learners’ Anxiety and Attitude in English Vocabulary Acquisition, Article International Journal of Social Robotics ; Volume 7, Issue 4 , 2015 , Pages 523-535 ; 18754791 (ISSN) ; Meghdari, A ; Ghazisaedy, M ; Sharif University of Technology
This study aimed to examine the effect of robot assisted language learning (RALL) on the anxiety level and attitude in English vocabulary acquisition amongst Iranian EFL junior high school students. Forty-six female students, who were beginners at the age of 12, participated in this study and were randomly assigned into two groups of RALL (30 students) and non-RALL (16 students). The textbook, the materials, as well as the teacher were the same in the two groups. However in the RALL group, the treatment was given by a teacher accompanied by a humanoid robot assistant. Two questionnaires of anxiety and attitude were utilized to measure the students’ anxiety and attitude (Horwitz et al. 1986;...
The Effect of Robot Assisted Language Learning (RALL) on Iranian EFL Junior High School Students’ Vocabulary Learning and Retention, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Alemi, Minoo ; Meghdari, Ali
This study investigated the effect of Robot Assisted Language Learning (RALL) on the vocabulary learning and retention as well as anxiety and attitude of Iranian English as Foreign Language (EFL) junior high school students in Tehran-Iran. After taking a vocabulary pretest, 46 beginner level female students at the age of 12, studying in their first year of junior-high participated in two groups of RALL (30 students) and non-RALL (16 students) in this study. The textbook used was the English book (Prospect-1) devised by the Iranian Ministry of Education for 7th graders, and the vocabulary taught and tested (pretest and posttest) were taken from this book. Moreover, the treatment given by a...
The Anxiety-based Scheduling of Operating Rooms: An Idea to Develop Psyche-based Optimization, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Salmasi, Naser
The traditional point of view on the scheduling of the healthcare systems, which is in common with the scheduling of other service and manufacturing systems, has contributed to inattention to patients’ psychological status and has given rise to many negative effects not only on them, but also on hospitals. However, this perspective has not been modified yet with respect to the features of healthcare systems, in which patients, rather that machines, are the main entities of the system. In this study, to address this draw back, a new concept, psyche-based optimization, as well as a new scheduling problem, anxiety-based scheduling of operating rooms, as the advent of this concept, have been...
Young EFL learners’ attitude towards rall: An observational study focusing on motivation, anxiety, and interaction, Article 9th International Conference on Social Robotics, ICSR 2017, 22 November 2017 through 24 November 2017 ; Volume 10652 LNAI , 2017 , Pages 252-261 ; 03029743 (ISSN); 9783319700212 (ISBN) ; Meghdari, A ; Haeri, N. S ; Sharif University of Technology
Springer Verlag 2017
In this paper we aimed to explore young Iranian EFL learners’ attitude towards Robot Assisted Language Learning (RALL) in an English language classroom. To this end, 19 preschool children ranging from 3 to 6 years old were randomly assigned to a RALL group which had a robot as an assistant to the teacher. Their attitude towards the robot was video recorded for one month, during ten sessions of their English classroom course. Their overall attitude was examined focusing on the three factors of anxiety, motivation and interaction based on human-robot interaction (HRI) theory. The result of this study showed that children’s motivation increased as a result of interacting with the robot and...
The effects of anxiety and external attentional focus on postural control in patients with Parkinson’s disease, Article PLoS ONE ; Volume 13, Issue 2 , 2018 ; 19326203 (ISSN) ; Azad, A ; Mehdizadeh, H ; Habibi, S. A ; Mandehgary Najafabadi, M ; Saberi, Z. S ; Rahimzadegan, H ; Moradi, S ; Behzadipour, S ; Parnianpour, M ; Taghizadeh, G ; Khalaf, K ; Sharif University of Technology
Public Library of Science 2018
Background Although anxiety is a common non-motor outcome of Parkinson's disease (PD) affecting 40% of patients, little attention has been paid so far to its effects on balance impairment and postural control. Improvement of postural control through focusing on the environment (i.e. external focus) has been reported, but the role of anxiety, as a confounding variable, remains unclear. Objectives This study aimed to investigate the influence of anxiety and attentional focus instruction on the standing postural control of PD patients. Methods Thirty-four patients with PD (17 with high anxiety (HA-PD) and 17 with low anxiety (LA-PD)), as well as 17 gender- and age-matched healthy control...
Time-course investigation of postural sway variability: Does anxiety exacerbate the sensory reweighting impairment in chronic stroke survivors?, Article Neuropsychologia ; Volume 127 , 2019 , Pages 185-194 ; 00283932 (ISSN) ; Azad, A ; Mehdizadeh, H ; Doostdar, A ; Hoseinpour, F ; Mehdizadeh, M ; Niazi Khatoon, J ; Shokouhyan, M. R ; Parnianpour, M ; Taghizadeh, G ; Khalaf, K ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2019
Although anxiety is one of the most prevalent psychological disorders in stroke survivors, its effect on sensory reweighting has not yet been fully studied. The aim of this work was to investigate how anticipation of collision avoidance events affects sensory reweighting in chronic stroke survivors with low and high levels of anxiety (LA-stroke and HA-stroke, respectively), as compared with healthy controls (HC), under the condition of perturbed proprioception. Eighteen LA-stroke and 18 HA-stroke survivors, as well as 18 gender- and age-matched HC, participated in this study. Postural sway variability (i.e. Root Mean Square (RMS) of the COP velocity) was measured for a duration of 180 s...
Anxiety and cognitive load affect upper limb motor control in Parkinson's disease during medication phases, Article Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences ; Volume 1494, Issue 1 , 2021 , Pages 44-58 ; 00778923 (ISSN) ; Mehdizadeh, H ; Azad, A ; Mehdizadeh, M ; Reyhanian, E ; Saberi, Z. S ; Meimandi, M ; Soltanzadeh, A ; Roohi Azizi, M ; Vasaghi Gharamaleki, B ; Parnianpour, M ; Khalaf, K ; Taghizadeh, G ; Sharif University of Technology
John Wiley and Sons Inc 2021
Anxiety is among the most debilitating nonmotor symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD). This study aimed to determine how PD patients with low and high levels of anxiety (LA-PD and HA-PD, respectively) compare with age- and sex-matched controls at the level of motor control of reach-to-grasp movements during single- and dual-task conditions with varying complexity. Reach-to-grasp movement kinematics were assessed in 20 LA-PD, 20 HA-PD, and 20 sex- and age-matched healthy controls under single- as well as easy and difficult dual-task conditions. Assessment of PD patients was performed during both the on- and off-drug phases. The results obtained during dual-task conditions reveal deficits in...