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    Investigating the Baldwin effect on Cartesian Genetic Programming efficiency

    , Article 2008 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation, CEC 2008, Hong Kong, 1 June 2008 through 6 June 2008 ; 2008 , Pages 2360-2364 ; 9781424418237 (ISBN) Khatir, M ; Jahangir, A. H ; Beigy, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Cartesian Genetic Programming (CGP) has an unusual genotype representation which makes it more efficient than Genetic programming (GP) in digital circuit design problem. However, to the best of our knowledge, all methods used in evolutionary design of digital circuits deal with rugged, complex search space, which results in long running time to obtain successful evolution. Therefore, employing a method to guide evolution in these spaces can facilitate achieving more reasonable results. It has been claimed that a two-step evolutionary scenario caused by benefit and cost of learning called Baldwin effect can guide evolution in the biology and artificial life. Therefore, we have been motivated...