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    Evaluation of a novel extra-cardiac Fontan procedure with implantation of a biocompatible membrane

    , Article IRBM ; Volume 36, Issue 5 , 2015 , Pages 287-292 ; 19590318 (ISSN) Rajabzadeh Oghaz, H ; Firoozabadi, B ; Saidi, M. S ; Monjezi, M ; Navabi Shirazi, M. A ; Malakan Rad, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Masson SAS  2015
    Fontan operation is a final palliative surgical treatment for patients with a single ventricle (SV) physiology. One of the common disadvantages of Fontan operation is to generate a non-pulsatile flow instead of the normal pulsatile flow produced by contraction of the ventricle. Theoretically, in SV patients, maintaining the antegrade flow through pulmonary valve can produce flow pulsatility in the right and left pulmonary arteries. However, it not only increases the energy loss in the Fontan of total cavopulmonary pathway (TCPC), but also imposes an extra load on pulmonary arteries as well as the ventricle. In this study, the potential capability of pulmonary valve of the patient that can be... 

    Hydration strongly affects the molecular and electronic structure of membrane phospholipids

    , Article Journal of Chemical Physics ; Volume 136, Issue 11 , 2012 ; 00219606 (ISSN) Mashaghi, A ; Partovi Azar, P ; Jadidi, T ; Nafari, N ; Maass, P ; Tabar, M. R. R ; Bonn, M ; Bakker, H. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    We investigate the structure and electronic properties of phosphatidylcholine (PC) under different degrees of hydration at the single-molecule and monolayer type level by linear scaling ab initio calculations. Upon hydration, the phospholipid undergoes drastic long-range conformational rearrangements which lead to a sickle-like ground-state shape. The structural unit of the tilted gel-phase PC appears to be a water-bridged PC dimer. We find that hydration dramatically alters the surface potential, dipole and quadrupole moments of the lipids and consequently guides the interactions of the lipids with other molecules and the communication between cells  

    Interaction of 3D dewetting nanodroplets on homogeneous and chemically heterogeneous substrates

    , Article Journal of Physics Condensed Matter ; Vol. 26, Issue. 22 , 2014 ; ISSN: 09538984 Asgari, M ; Moosavi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Long-time interaction of dewetting nanodroplets is investigated using a long-wave approximation method. Although three-dimensional (3D) droplets evolution dynamics exhibits qualitative behavior analogous to two-dimensional (2D) dynamics, there is an extensive quantitative difference between them. 3D dynamics is substantially faster than 2D dynamics. This can be related to the larger curvature and, as a consequence, the larger Laplace pressure difference between the droplets in 3D systems. The influence of various chemical heterogeneities on the behavior of droplets has also been studied. In the case of gradient surfaces, it is shown how the gradient direction could change the dynamics. For a... 

    Thin liquid film flow over substrates with two topographical features

    , Article Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics ; Volume 87, Issue 2 , 2013 ; 15393755 (ISSN) Mazloomi, A ; Moosavi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    A multicomponent lattice Boltzmann scheme is used to investigate the surface coating of substrates with two topographical features by a gravity-driven thin liquid film. The considered topographies are U- and V-shaped grooves and mounds. For the case of substrates with two grooves, our results indicate that for each of the grooves there is a critical width such that if the groove width is larger than the critical width, the groove can be coated successfully. The critical width of each groove depends on the capillary number, the contact angle, the geometry, and the depth of that groove. The second groove critical width depends on, in addition, the geometry and the depth of the first groove;... 

    Simultaneous separation of H2S and CO2 from CH4 by a high silica CHA-type zeolite membrane

    , Article Journal of Membrane Science ; Vol. 470, issue , 2014 , pp. 159-165 ; ISSN: 03767388 Maghsoudi, H ; Soltanieh, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    A high silica CHA-type membrane was synthesized by the in-situ crystallization method on a disk like α-alumina porous support to separate both acid (H2S, CO2) gases from methane. The membrane showed a permeance of 3.39×10-8mol/m2sPa for pure CO2with CO2/CH4 ideal selectivity of 21.6 at 303K and 100kPa pressure difference across the membrane. The membrane was also tested with N2 and O2 pure gases indicating a small O2/N2 selectivity of 1.2-1.4, which shows that this type of membrane is not suitable for O2/N2 separation. The membrane performance was also analyzed by binary (CO2-CH4) and ternary (H2S-CO2-CH4) gas mixtures, with compositions near the real sour natural gas (CO2: 2.13mol%, H2S:... 

    TiO 2 fibers enhance film integrity and photovoltaic performance for electrophoretically deposited dye solar cell photoanodes

    , Article ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces ; Volume 3, Issue 3 , February , 2011 , Pages 638-641 ; 19448244 (ISSN) Shooshtari, L ; Rahman, M ; Tajabadi, F ; Taghavinia, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nanoparticulated TiO 2 fibers as one-dimensional long structures were introduced into TiO 2 P25 nanoparticle films using coelectrophoretic deposition. This prevented the usual crack formation occurring in wet coatings, and resulted in less porosity and higher roughness factor of the films that provided more favorable conditions for electron transport. The films used as the photoanode of a dye solar cell (DSC) produced 65% higher photovoltaic efficiency. TiO 2 fibers can be excellent binders in single-step, organic-free electrophoretic deposition of TiO 2 for DSC photoanode  

    Highly antifouling polymer-nanoparticle-nanoparticle/polymer hybrid membranes

    , Article Science of the Total Environment ; Volume 810 , 2022 ; 00489697 (ISSN) Vatanpour, V ; Jouyandeh, M ; Mousavi Khadem, S. S ; Paziresh, S ; Dehghan, A ; Ganjali, M. R ; Moradi, H ; Mirsadeghi, S ; Badiei, A ; Munir, M. T ; Mohaddespour, A ; Rabiee, N ; Habibzadeh, S ; Mashhadzadeh, A. H ; Nouranian, S ; Formela, K ; Saeb, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2022
    We introduce highly antifouling Polymer-Nanoparticle-Nanoparticle/Polymer (PNNP) hybrid membranes as multi-functional materials for versatile purification of wastewater. Nitrogen-rich polyethylenimine (PEI)-functionalized halloysite nanotube (HNT-SiO2-PEI) nanoparticles were developed and embedded in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) membranes for protein and dye filtration. Bulk and surface characteristics of the resulting HNT-SiO2-PEI nanocomposites were determined using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Moreover, microstructure and... 

    Nanomechanical properties of TiO2 granular thin films

    , Article ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces ; Volume 2, Issue 9 , 2010 , Pages 2629-2636 ; 19448244 (ISSN) Yaghoubi, H ; Taghavinia, N ; Keshavarz Alamdari, E ; Volinsky, A.A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Post-deposition annealing effects on nanomechanical properties of granular TiO2 films on soda-lime glass substrates were studied. In particular, the effects of Na diffusion on the films' mechanical properties were examined. TiO2 photocatalyst films, 330 nm thick, were prepared by dip-coating using a TiO2 sol, and were annealed between 100 °C and 500 °C. Film's morphology, physical and nanomechanical properties were characterized by atomic force microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, differential thermo-gravimetric analysis, and nanoindentation. Contrary to expectations, the maximum film hardness was achieved for 300°C annealing, with a value of 0.69 ± 0.05 GPa.... 

    Fabrication and characterization of low-cost, bead-free, durable and hydrophobic electrospun membrane for 3D cell culture

    , Article Biomedical Microdevices ; Volume 19, Issue 4 , 2017 ; 13872176 (ISSN) Moghadas, H ; Saidi, M. S ; Kashaninejad, N ; Kiyoumarsioskouei, A ; Trung Nguyen, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper reports the fabrication of electrospun polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) membranes/scaffolds that are suitable for three-dimensional (3D) cell culture. Through modification the ratio between PDMS and polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) as carrier polymer, we report the possibility of increasing PDMS weight ratio of up to 6 for electrospinning. Increasing the PDMS content increases the fiber diameter, the pore size, and the hydrophobicity. To our best knowledge, this is the first report describing beads-free, durable and portable electrospun membrane with maximum content of PDMS suitable for cell culture applications. To show the proof-of-concept, we successfully cultured epithelial lung... 

    Fabrication, modeling and optimization of lyophilized advanced platelet rich fibrin in combination with collagen-chitosan as a guided bone regeneration membrane

    , Article International Journal of Biological Macromolecules ; Volume 125 , 2019 , Pages 383-391 ; 01418130 (ISSN) Ansarizadeh, M ; Mashayekhan, S ; Saadatmand, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    In this study, lyophilized advanced platelet rich fibrin (A-PRF) was used in combination with collagen-chitosan membrane for the first time to combine advantages of both collagen and A-PRF membranes. Response surface methodology (RSM) was used to design the experimental condition and to correlate the effects of parameters, including chitosan/collagen (chit/col) weight ratio and A-PRF concentration on Young's modulus, mesenchymal stem cell (MSCs) viability and degradation rate of the membranes. Results showed that Young's modulus of the membranes was intensified by increasing chit/col weight ratio and decreasing A-PRF concentration from 3 to 8 MPa. Cell viability of MSCs was improved by both... 

    Hyperbranched polyethylenimine functionalized silica/polysulfone nanocomposite membranes for water purification

    , Article Chemosphere ; Volume 290 , 2022 ; 00456535 (ISSN) Vatanpour, V ; Jouyandeh, M ; Akhi, H ; Mousavi Khadem, S. S ; Ganjali, M. R ; Moradi, H ; Mirsadeghi, S ; Badiei, A ; Esmaeili, A ; Rabiee, N ; Habibzadeh, S ; Koyuncu, I ; Nouranian, S ; Formela, K ; Saeb, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2022
    Hyperbranched polyethyleneimine functionalized silica (PEI-SiO2) nanoparticles with considerable hydrophilicity were synthesized and incorporated into a polysulfone (PSF)/dimethylacetamide (DMA)/polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) membrane casting solution in five different ratios to fabricate PEI-SiO2/PSF nanocomposite membranes using nonsolvent-induced phase separation. The hydrophilic PEI-SiO2 nanoparticles were characterized by TEM, FTIR, TGA, and XPS analyses. Morphology, water contact angles, mean pore sizes, overall porosity, tensile strengths, water flux, antifouling and the dye separation performances of the PEI-SiO2/PSF membranes were also studied. The PEI-SiO2 nanoparticles were uniformly...