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    Synthesis, X-ray structure and ascorbic oxidation properties of ternary α-amino acid Schiff base-bipy Cu(II) complexes as functional models for ascorbic oxidase

    , Article Polyhedron ; Volume 53 , 2013 , Pages 76-82 ; 02775387 (ISSN) Moradi Shoeili, Z ; Amini, Z ; Boghaei, D. M ; Notash, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Three ternary copper(II) complexes [Cu(5-bromo-salTyr)(bipy)]·1/ 2CH3OH (1), [Cu(5-bromo-salLue)(bipy)]·CH3OH (2) and [Cu(5-bromo-salTrp)(bipy)]·3CH3OH (3) (where 5-bromo-salTyr, 5-bromo-salLue and 5-bromo-salTrp are tridentate Schiff base ligands derived from the condensation of 5-bromosalicylaldehyde with tyrosine, leucine and tryptophan, respectively, and bipy is 2,2′-bipyridine) have been prepared and characterized by elemental analysis, electronic, IR spectroscopies, magnetic measurement and cyclic voltammetry. The complexes, 1 and 3 have been also structurally characterized by X-ray diffraction technique. Crystal structures of 1 and 3 complexes displayed a distorted square-pyramidal... 

    Silver selenide as a potential electro-catalyst for l-ascorbic acid electro-oxidation in alkaline solution

    , Article Electrocatalysis ; Volume 2, Issue 4 , December , 2011 , Pages 331-336 ; 18682529 (ISSN) Gobal, F ; Majari Kasmaee, L ; Sharif University of Technology
    Cathodically deposited Ag 2Se, to form a 1-μm-thick film, characterized by energy dispersive X-ray analysis and scanning electron microscopy, showed high electro-catalytic activity for l-ascorbic acid oxidation in alkaline solution. The onset of the process was about 80 mV cathodic of that previously observed on Ag under the same conditions and far superior over glassy carbon and Pt. The values of the exchange current density, standard heterogeneous rate constant, and transfer coefficient of the reaction were 1. 65 × 10 -4 A cm -2, 4. 35 × 10 -7 cm s -1, and 0. 60, respectively. Diffusion coefficient of l-ascorbate di-anion was also measured and was around 7. 00 × 10 -6 cm 2 s -1  

    Determination of ascorbic acid in the presence of uric acid and folic acid by a nanostructured electrochemical sensor based on a TiO2 nanoparticle carbon paste electrode

    , Article Analytical Letters ; Volume 43, Issue 16 , 2010 , Pages 2618-2630 ; 00032719 (ISSN) Mazloum Ardakani, M ; Talebi, A ; Beitollahi, H ; Naeimi, H ; Taghavinia, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    A carbon paste electrode (CPE), modified with novel hydroquinone/TiO2 nanoparticles, was designed and used for simultaneous determination of ascorbic acid (AA), uric acid (UA) and folic acid (FA). The magnitude of the peak current for modified TiO2-nanoparticle CPE (MTNCPE) increased sharply in the presence of ascorbic acid and was proportional to its concentration. A dynamic range of 1.0-1400.0 μM, with the detection limit of 6.4x10-7M for AA, was obtained using the DPV technique (pH=7.0). The prepared electrode was successfully applied for the determination of AA, UA, and FA in real samples  

    Electrochemical synthesis of polypyrrole in the presence of congo red; application to selective voltammetric determination of dopamine in the presence of ascorbic acid

    , Article Electroanalysis ; Volume 21, Issue 2 , 2009 , Pages 157-164 ; 10400397 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Zare Mehrjardi, H. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    The electrosynthesis of polypyrrole (PPy) film has been achieved on glassy carbon electrode (GCE) in aqueous medium of Congo red (CR) by means of cyclic voltammetry (CV). The modified electrode exhibits high electrocatalytic activity toward dopamine (DA) oxidation, with drastic enhancement of the reversibility and peak currents. This modified electrode, due to electrostatic interactions, is capable to mask the response of ascorbic acid (AA) completely and provide an effective method for the detection of minor amounts of dopamine in the presence of high concentrations of AA. The electrochemical response of the film modified electrode is strongly dependent to the switching potential applied in... 

    Simultaneous voltammetric determination of uric acid and ascorbic acid using a carbon-paste electrode modified with multi-walled carbon nanotubes/nafion and cobalt(II)-nitrosalophen

    , Article Electroanalysis ; Volume 19, Issue 21 , 2007 , Pages 2234-2242 ; 10400397 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Zare Mehrjardi, H. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    A composition of multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT), Nafion and cobalt(II)-5-nitrosalophen (CoNSal) is applied for the modification of carbon-paste electrode (CPE). The pretreated MWCNT is well dispersed in the alcoholic solution of Nafion under the ultrasonic agitation, and the resulted suspension is used as modifier (with 10% w/w) in the matrix of the paste electrode. The prepared electrode further modified by addition of 3 wt% of CoNSal. The resulted modified electrode is used as a sensitive voltammetric sensor for simultaneous determination of uric acid (UA) and ascorbic acid (AA). The electrode showed efficient electrocatalytic activity in lowering the anodic overpotentials and... 

    Ultrathin carbon nanoparticle composite film electrodes: distinguishing dopamine and ascorbate

    , Article Electroanalysis ; Volume 19, Issue 10 , 2007 , Pages 1032-1038 ; 10400397 (ISSN) Amiri, M ; Shahrokhian, S ; Marken, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Ultrathin carbon nanoparticle-poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) films (CNP-PDDAC films) are formed on tin-doped indium oxide (ITO) electrodes in a layer-by-layer electrostatic deposition process employing 9-18 nm diameter carbon particles. Transparent and strongly adhering films of high electrical conductivity are formed and characterized in terms of their electrochemical reactivity. When immersed in aqueous 0.1 M phosphate buffer pH 7, each layer of CNP-PDDAC (of ca. 5-6 nm average thickness) is adding an interfacial capacitance of ca. 10 μF cm-2. Absorption into the CNP-PDDAC nanocomposite film is dominated by the sites in the PDDAC cationomer and therefore anionic molecules such as... 

    Synthesis, Characterization and Properties of Ternary Copper(II) Complexes Having Heterocyclic Ligand and α-Amino Acid Salicylaldiminates as Models for the Type-2 Sites in Copper Oxidases

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Amini, Zahra (Author) ; Mohammadi Boghaei, Davar (Supervisor)
    Ternary copper (II) complexes having heterocyclic bases and α-amino acid salicylaldiminates
    as models for the type-2 sites in copper oxidases are of great biological importance. Considerable attention has given to mixed ligand complexes due to their antitumore, antimicrobial , inflammatpry , ascorbate oxidase (AO) and dopamine β-hydroxylase(DβH) and radio- imaging properties. With this in mind, new copper (II) complexes including amino acid Schiff base and heterocyclic bases (1,10 phenanthroline and 2, 2 biprydine ) have been synthesized, investigated and characterized by IR, UV-Vis and CHN. In the case of amino acid Schiff-base complexes, the tridentate ONO Schiff base ligand... 

    L-sorbose production by gluconobacter oxydans using submerged fermentation in a bench scale fermenter

    , Article Applied Food Biotechnology ; Volume 7, Issue 1 , 2020 , Pages 41-48 Alizad Derakhshi Azar, S ; Alemzadeh, I ; Sharif University of Technology
    National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute  2020
    Background and objective: L-Sorbose, as a precursor of ascorbic acid, can be biologically produced using Gluconobacter oxydans. The aim of this study was to optimize production of L-Sorbose by controlling concentration of the substrates and starter cultures. Material and methods: In this study, effects of three various fermentation parameters on the concentration of L-sorbose were assessed using fermenter (28°C, 1.4 vvm) and response surface methodology. These parameters included quantities of D-sorbitol (120-180 g lDw-1) (Deionized water) and yeast extract (6-18 g lDw-1) and inoculum/substrate ratios (5-10%). Results and conclusion: Results showed that the fitted model with high values of... 

    The Development of Anti-Microbial PLA Nanocomposites

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Haj Seyyd Ahmadi, Reyhaneh (Author) ; Frounchi, Masoud (Supervisor)
    One of the great challenges of food industry is the lack of packing materials which can disperse active compositions properly for variety of applications; therefore an antioxidant/antibacterial release system of poly lactic acid in a specific time is a necessity for being used in food packing industry. Most of the researches have been done in the field of drug release system, yet numbers of researches done in the field of food industry are rare. Rate of antibacterial/antioxidant release from polymeric film is relatively fast also calculated based on Fick’s second law of diffusion; therefore primary poly lactic acid is modified by adding ameliorative agents such as poly ethylene glycol and... 

    Application of thionine-nafion supported on multi-walled carbon nanotube for preparation of a modified electrode in simultaneous voltammetric detection of dopamine and ascorbic acid

    , Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 52, Issue 22 , 2007 , Pages 6310-6317 ; 00134686 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Zare Mehrjardi, H. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    A modified carbon-paste electrode (CPE) is prepared by incorporating thionine-nafion supported on multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT). The electrochemical behavior of dopamine (DA) and ascorbic acid (AA) on the surface of the modified electrode is investigated by cyclic voltammetry (CV). The results show that thionine effectively immobilized in the matrix of the paste by using an appropriate mixture of nafion/MWCNT under the ultrasonic condition. On the other hand, presence of nafion enhances the stability of the thionine supported by MWCNT in the composite electrode and improves the reproducibility of the surface of the modified electrode under renewing process by polishing. The results of... 

    Voltammetric studies of a cobalt(II)-4-methylsalophen modified carbon-paste electrode and its application for the simultaneous determination of cysteine and ascorbic acid

    , Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 50, Issue 1 , 2004 , Pages 77-84 ; 00134686 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Karimi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    A carbon-paste electrode (CPE) chemically modified with the cobalt(II)-4-methylsalophen (CoMSal) as a Schiff base complex was used as a highly sensitive and fairly selective electrochemical sensor for simultaneous, determination of minor mounts of ascorbic acid (AA) and cysteine. This modified electrode shows very efficient electrocatalytic activity for anodic oxidation of both AA and cysteine via substantially decreasing of anodic overpotentials for both compounds. The. mechanism of electrochemical oxidation of both AA and cysteine using CoMSal-modified electrode was thoroughly investigated by cyclic voltammetry and polarization studies. Results of cyclic voltammetry (CV) and differential... 

    A preliminary study of the electro-oxidation of l-ascorbic acid on polycrystalline silver in alkaline solution

    , Article Journal of Power Sources ; Volume 195, Issue 1 , 2010 , Pages 165-169 ; 03787753 (ISSN) Majari Kasmaee, L ; Gobal, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Electrochemical oxidation of l-ascorbic acid on polycrystalline silver in alkaline aqueous solutions is studied by cyclic voltammetry (CV), chronoamperometry (CA) and impedance spectroscopy (IS). The anodic electro-oxidation starts at -500 mV versus SCE and shows continued anodic oxidation in the cathodic half cycle in the CV regime signifying slowly oxidizing adsorbates. Diffusion coefficient of ascorbate ion measured under both voltammetric regimes is around 1.4 × 10-5 cm2 s-1. Impedance spectroscopy measures the capacitances associated with double layer and adsorption around 50 μF cm-2 and 4 mF cm-2 as well as the adsorption and decomposition resistances (rates). © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All... 

    A Study of Ascorbic Acid Electro-Oxidation Process on Silver and Silver Selenide Electrodes

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Majari Kasmaee, Laleh (Author) ; Gobal, Fereydoon (Supervisor)
    Electrocatalytic oxidation of L-ascorbic acid (L-AA) on silver electrode in alkaline solutions was studied employing cyclic voltammetry, chronoamperometry and impedance spectroscopy techniques. In comparison to Pt, the onset potential for L-AA electro-oxidation process on Ag, in a solution containg 0.02 M L-AA and 0.5 M NaOH, was 0.1 V more negative. Also, L-AA oxidation current increased more than 900% at -0.26 V/SCE. According to voltammety and impedance spectropy findings, although hydroxide anion presence was vital for L-AA oxidation to occur, at potentials more positive than -0.2 V/SCE, hydroxide ion tends to inhibit the oxidation process. Studies on the L-AA oxidation process on Ag in... 

    Synthesis and Study of Electron Transport through a Self-Assembled Monolayer of Thiol-End-Functionalized Tetraphenylporphyrines and Metalo-Tetraphenylporphyrines and Electrochemical Analysis of Dopamine and Ascorbic Acid with this SAMs

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sanaei, Mahsa (Author) ; Mohammadi Boghaei, Davar (Supervisor)
    Self-Assembled Monolayer (SAM) is the first step in all surface engineering and assembly processes. It is used in sensor fabrication, memories and molecular recognition and optoelectronic devises as an active surface for patterning and chemical architecting of solid substrates. Tetraphenyl porphyrins because of their high stability and uniqe electronic and optic properties, that comes from their conjugate π electrons, easily can be used in these monolayers. Moreover they have a wide application because of their ability for coordination with metals and accepting substituents with electron donating and withdrawing properties. Electron transport through these layars which attach to the surface... 

    Cobalt salophen-modified carbon-paste electrode incorporating a cationic surfactant for simultaneous voltammetric detection of ascorbic acid and dopamine

    , Article Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical ; Volume 121, Issue 2 , 2007 , Pages 530-537 ; 09254005 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Zare Mehrjardi, H. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    A carbon-paste electrode (CPE) is modified by incorporating cobalt-5-nitrosalophen (CoNSal) and tetraoctylammonium bromide (TOAB). The mechanism of electrocatalytic oxidation of dopamine (DA) and ascorbic acid (AA) at the surface of the CoNSal-modified CPE containing various percents of TOAB is thoroughly investigated by cyclic and differential pulse voltammetry. In solutions of pH 5.0, in which all studies are performed, DA exists as the positively charged species whereas AA is mainly as the neutral form. Therefore, the favorable ionic interaction (electrostatic repulsion) between the cationic form of DA and the cationic surfactant (TOA+) caused increasing the overvoltage for DA and... 

    Simultaneous voltammetric detection of ascorbic acid and uric acid at a carbon-paste modified electrode incorporating thionine-nafion ion-pair as an electron mediator

    , Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 51, Issue 13 , 2006 , Pages 2599-2606 ; 00134686 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Ghalkhani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    The electrochemical behavior of ascorbic acid (AA) and uric acid (UA) at the surface of a carbon-paste electrode modified with incorporate thionine-nafion ion-paired was thoroughly investigated. The results show the presence of nafion inside the matrix of modified electrode, because of the effective ion-pairing and hydrophobic interactions, significantly enhances the stability of thionine as an electron mediator inside the modified electrode. A high reproducibility in voltammetric response to analyte species results because of this enhancement. The cyclic voltammetric studies using the prepared modified electrode show the best electrocatalytic property for the electro-oxidation of AA and... 

    A sensitive colorimetric detection of ascorbic acid in pharmaceutical products based on formation of anisotropic silver nanoparticles

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 17, Issue 2 F , 2010 , Pages 148-153 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Karimi, M. A ; Shahheydari, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    A sensitive colorimetric method for the detection of ascorbic acid was proposed in this research based on the reduction of silver ions by ascorbic acid in the presence of citrate-stabilized silver seeds, additional trisodium citrate and a polymer such as polyvinylpyrrolidone. The color of the stable sol is controlled by varying the concentration of trisodium citrate (TSC), polyvinylpyrrolidone, silver nitrate and silver seeds. The reduction of Ag + to triangle silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) by ascorbic acid in the presence of trisodium citrate (TSC) and silver seeds produced two very intense surface plasmon resonance peaks of Ag-NPs. The plasmon absorbance of Ag-NPs allows the quantitative... 

    Silver nanoparticles modified carbon nanotube paste electrode for simultaneous determination of dopamine and ascorbic acid

    , Article Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry ; Volume 633, Issue 1 , 2009 , Pages 85-91 ; 15726657 (ISSN) Tashkhourian, J ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Khodavesi, J ; Javadi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2009
    A novel modified carbon-paste electrode was employed for the simultaneous determination of dopamine (DA) and ascorbic acid (AA) with good selectivity and high sensitivity. Silver nanoparticle and carbon nanotube modified carbon-paste electrode (Ag/CNT-CPE) displayed excellent electrochemical catalytic activities towards dopamine (DA) and ascorbic acid (AA). The oxidation overpotentials of DA and AA were decreased significantly compared with those obtained at the bare CPE. Differential pulse voltammetry was used for the simultaneous determination of DA and AA. The peak separation between DA and AA was 67 mV. The calibration curves for DA and AA were obtained in the range of 8.0 × 10-7-6.4 ×... 

    Development of a novel method for determination of mercury based on its inhibitory effect on horseradish peroxidase activity followed by monitoring the surface plasmon resonance peak of gold nanoparticles

    , Article Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy ; Volume 153 , 2016 , Pages 709-713 ; 13861425 (ISSN) Khodaveisi, J ; Haji Shabani, A. M ; Dadfarnia, S ; Rohani Moghadam, M. R ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    A highly sensitive and simple indirect spectrophotometric method has been developed for the determination of trace amounts of inorganic mercury (Hg2 +) in aqueous media. The method is based on the inhibitory effect of Hg2 + on the activity of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) in the oxidation of ascorbic acid by hydrogen peroxide followed by the reduction of Au3 + to Au-NPs by unreacted ascorbic acid and the measurement of the absorbance of localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) peak of gold nanoparticles (at 530 nm) which is directly proportional to the concentration of Hg2 +. Under the optimum conditions, the calibration curve was linear in the concentration range of 1-220 ng mL- 1. Limits... 

    Simultaneous Voltammetric Determination of Epinephrine and UricAcid in Presence of Ascorbic Acid Using Pyrolytic Graphite Electrode Modified with Nano- diamond/graphite Film & Voltammetric Determination of Levothyroxine at the Surface of Edge Plane Pyrolytic Graphite Electrode

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khafaji, Mona (Author) ; Shahrokhian, Saeed (Supervisor)
    Part 1: A novel modified pyrolytic graphite electrode with nanodiamond/graphite was fabricated. The electrochemical response characteristics of the modified electrode toward the epinephrine (EN) and uric acid (UA) are studied by means of cyclic and linear sweep voltammetry. The structural morphology and thickness of the film was characterized by SEM technique.The prepared electrode shows an excellent catalytic activity in the electrochemical oxidation of EN and UA, leading to remarkable enhancements in the corresponding peak currents and lowering the peak potentials. The prepared modified electrode acts as a highly sensitive sensor for simultaneous determination of EN and UA in the presence...