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    High-performance thin-film nanocomposite (TFN) forward osmosis (FO) membranes incorporated with porous hydrophobic-core/hydrophilic-shell nanoparticles

    , Article Desalination ; Volume 515 , 2021 ; 00119164 (ISSN) Bagherzadeh, M ; Bayrami, A ; Shekari, Z ; Amini, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    The current article discusses some unprecedented information about the improvement in forward osmosis (FO) performance of polyethersulfone/polyamide (PES/PA) membranes, mainly focused on water flux and selectivity along with resistance to fouling phenomenon; which itself is brought in by the introduction of pre-modified zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 MOF nanoparticles. An investigation has been conducted on ZIF-8 nanoparticles surface with hydrophilicity feature to evaluate their potential for utilization in active polyamide layer of FO membranes for the first time, free from any decrease in water flux value (when hydrophobic ZIF-8 is exploited solely) and selectivity (when mSiO2 with... 

    Amino acids and their complex formation properties with divalent metal ions, a comparative investigation of structure and stability in binary systems

    , Article Current Pharmaceutical Analysis ; Volume 10, Issue 2 , 2014 , Pages 122-134 ; ISSN: 15734129 Sajadi, S. A. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    A comparative investigation has been developed for the stability constants of several amino acid complexes with divalent metal ions, which have been determined by potentiometric pH titration. Depending on the metal ion-binding properties, vital differences in the building complexes were observed. The present study indicates that in some M(L) complexes, metal ions are arranged in carboxyl groups, but in other M(L)complexes, some metal ions are able to build chelate over amine groups. The results mentioned-above demonstrate that for some M(L) complexes, the stability constants are also largely determined by the affinity of metal ions for amine group. This leads to a kind of selectivity of... 

    Graphene nanomesh promises extremely efficient in vivo photothermal therapy

    , Article Small ; Volume 9, Issue 21 , 2013 , Pages 3593-3601 ; 16136810 (ISSN) Akhavan, O ; Ghaderi, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Reduced graphene oxide nanomesh (rGONM), as one of the recent structures of graphene with a surprisingly strong near-infrared (NIR) absorption, is used for achieving ultraefficient photothermal therapy. First, by using TiO2 nanoparticles, graphene oxide nanoplatelets (GONPs) are transformed into GONMs through photocatalytic degradation. Then rGONMs functionalized by polyethylene glycol (PEG), arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD)-based peptide, and cyanine 7 (Cy7) are utilized for in vivo tumor targeting and fluorescence imaging of human glioblastoma U87MG tumors having ανβ3 integrin receptors, in mouse models. The rGONM-PEG suspension (1 μg mL -1) exhibits about 4.2- and 22.4-fold higher NIR... 

    Nontoxic concentrations of PEGylated graphene nanoribbons for selective cancer cell imaging and photothermal therapy

    , Article Journal of Materials Chemistry ; Volume 22, Issue 38 , 2012 , Pages 20626-20633 ; 09599428 (ISSN) Akhavan, O ; Ghaderi, E ; Emamy, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Reduced graphene oxide nanoribbons functionalized by amphiphilic polyethylene glycol (rGONR-PEG) were applied to attach arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD)-based peptide and cyanine dye 3 (cy3) for targeting ανβ3 integrin receptors on human glioblastoma cell line U87MG and its selective fluorescence imaging, respectively. The rGONR-PEG suspension with a concentration of 100 μg mL -1 showed ∼14 and 2.4-fold higher near infrared (NIR) absorption at 808 nm than GONR (with dimensions of ∼80 nm × 1 μm) and rGO-PEG sheets (with lateral dimensions of ∼2 μm), respectively. The rGONR-PEG-cy3-RGD exhibited highly efficient NIR photothermal therapy performance (concentrations ≥1.0 μg mL-1 resulted in... 

    Designed amino acid feed in improvement of production and quality targets of a therapeutic monoclonal antibody

    , Article PLoS ONE ; Volume 10, Issue 10 , October , 2015 ; 19326203 (ISSN) Torkashvand, F ; Vaziri, B ; Maleknia, S ; Heydari, A ; Vossoughi, M ; Davami, F ; Mahboudi, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Public Library of Science  2015
    Cell culture feeds optimization is a critical step in process development of pharmaceutical recombinant protein production. Amino acids are the basic supplements of mammalian cell culture feeds with known effect on their growth promotion and productivity. In this study, we reported the implementation of the Plackett-Burman (PB) multifactorial design to screen the effects of amino acids on the growth promotion and productivity of a Chinese hamster ovary DG-44 (CHO-DG44) cell line producing bevacizumab. After this screening, the amino acid combinations were optimized by the response surface methodology (RSM) to determine the most effective concentration in feeds. Through this strategy, the... 

    Polymeric nanoparticles for nasal drug delivery to the brain: relevance to alzheimer's disease

    , Article Advanced Therapeutics ; Volume 4, Issue 3 , 2021 ; 23663987 (ISSN) Rabiee, N ; Ahmadi, S ; Afshari, R ; Khalaji, S ; Rabiee, M ; Bagherzadeh, M ; Fatahi, Y ; Dinarvand, R ; Tahriri, M ; Tayebi, L ; Hamblin, M. R ; Webster, T. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Blackwell Publishing Ltd  2021
    Currently, Alzheimer's disease (AD) accounts for more than half of all dementia cases. Although genetics, age, and environmental factors affect the disease, the cause of AD is not yet fully known. Various drugs have been proposed for the prevention and treatment of AD, but the delivery of these therapeutic agents to the brain is difficult. The blood–brain barrier prevents systemic drugs from accessing the central nervous system and designing a suitable system to overcome this barrier has attracted much attention. The intranasal pathway, given its proximity to the brain, provides a great opportunity for drug delivery. Understanding the physiological characteristics of the nose can be useful... 

    NMR spectroscopy-based metabolomic study of serum in sulfur mustard exposed patients with lung disease

    , Article Biomarkers ; Volume 22, Issue 5 , 2017 , Pages 413-419 ; 1354750X (ISSN) Nobakht, B.F., M. Gh ; Arefi Oskouie, A ; Rezaei Tavirani, M ; Aliannejad, R ; Taheri, S ; Fathi, F ; Naseri, M. T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd  2017
    Sulfur mustard (SM) is a vesication chemical warfare agent for which there is currently no antidote. Despite years of research, there is no common consensus about the pathophysiological basis of chronic pulmonary disease caused by this chemical warfare agent. In this study, we combined chemometric techniques with nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy to explore the metabolic profile of sera from SM-exposed patients. A total of 29 serum samples obtained from 17 SM-injured patients, and 12 healthy controls were analyzed by Random Forest. Increased concentrations of seven amino acids, glycerol, dimethylamine, ketone bodies, lactate, acetate, citrulline and creatine together with the... 

    Expression analysis of BDNF, BACE1 and their antisense transcripts in inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy

    , Article Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders ; Volume 47 , 2021 ; 22110348 (ISSN) Ghafour Fard, S ; Mazdeh, M ; Nicknafs, F ; Nazer, N ; Sayad, A ; Taheri, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Acute and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathies (AIDP and CIDP) are two immune-related conditions in the peripheral nervous system. In the current study, we assessed expression levels of Beta-secretase (BACE1), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and their antisense transcripts in the peripheral blood of AIDP and CIDP patients compared with age- and sex-matched controls to assess their potential as biomarkers for these conditions. Expressions of BACE1 and BACE1-AS were down-regulated in CIDP cases compared with controls (Ratios of mean expressions=0.01 and 0.03; P values= 1.07E-08, respectively). On the other hand, expressions of BDNF and BDNF-AS were up-regulated... 

    The metabolome profiling of obese and non-obese individuals: Metabolically healthy obese and unhealthy non-obese paradox

    , Article Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences ; Volume 23, Issue 2 , 2020 , Pages 186-194 Chashmniam, S ; Madani, N. H ; Ghoochani, B. F. N. M ; Safari Alighiarloo, N ; Khamseh, M. E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Mashhad University of Medical Sciences  2020
    Objective(s): The molecular basis of “metabolically healthy obese” and “metabolically unhealthy non-obese” phenotypes is not fully understood. Our objective was to identify metabolite patterns differing in obese (metabolically healthy vs unhealthy (MHO vs MUHO)) and non-obese (metabolically healthy vs unhealthy (MHNO vs MUHNO)) individuals. Materials and Methods: This case-control study was performed on 86 subjects stratified into four groups using anthropometric and clinical measurements: MHO (21), MUHO (21), MHNO (22), and MUHNO (22). Serum metabolites were profiled using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Multivariate analysis was applied to uncover discriminant metabolites, and enrichment...