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    Some new issues on secret sharing schemes

    , Article 2008 International Conference on Telecommunications, ICT, St. Petersburg, 16 June 2008 through 19 June 2008 ; October , 2008 ; 9781424420360 (ISBN) Ehdaie, M ; Eghlidos, T ; Aref, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    A new secret sharing scheme for audio secrets is proposed, while the previous audio secret sharing schemes use a bit-string secret. The scheme is a perfect (2, n) threshold scheme, like the schemes proposed so far. Next, we introduce a new generalization method to extend every (2, n) secret sharing scheme and the new one to a (k, n) scheme for each arbitrary k, 2 ≤ k ≤ n, as well. ©2008 IEEE  

    KNNDIST: A non-parametric distance measure for speaker segmentation

    , Article 13th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association 2012, INTERSPEECH 2012 ; Volume 3 , 2012 , Pages 2279-2282 ; 9781622767595 (ISBN) Mohammadi, S. H ; Sameti, H ; Langarani, M. S. E ; Tavanaei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    A novel distance measure for distance-based speaker segmentation is proposed. This distance measure is nonparametric, in contrast to common distance measures used in speaker segmentation systems, which often assume a Gaussian distribution when measuring the distance between two audio segments. This distance measure is essentially a k-nearest-neighbor distance measure. Non-vowel segment removal in preprocessing stage is also proposed. Speaker segmentation performance is tested on artificially created conversations from the TIMIT database and two AMI conversations. For short window lengths, Missed Detection Rated is decreased significantly. For moderate window lengths, a decrease in both... 

    An audio band low voltage CT-ΔΣ modulator with VCO-based quantizer

    , Article 18th IEEE International Conference on Electronics, Circuits, and Systems, ICECS 2011, 11 December 2011 through 14 December 2011 ; December , 2011 , Pages 232-235 ; 9781457718458 (ISBN) Yousefzadeh, B ; Sharifkhani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper presents the design and implementation of a low power, low voltage, continuous time delta sigma modulator for audio band in 90 nm CMOS technology. A VCO-based integrator and quantizer are used. Inherent dynamic element matching (DEM) of the quantizer eliminates the need for explicit DEM logic which results in a short excess-delay and power saving. Simulation results show that the modulator achieves 78 dB SNDR and 87 dB SNR in a 20 kHz input bandwidth and dissipates 106 μW from 1 V supply. The power consumption for different parts is discussed  

    A generalized audio identification system using adaptive filters

    , Article 26th Iranian Conference on Electrical Engineering, ICEE 2018, 8 May 2018 through 10 May 2018 ; 2018 , Pages 1641-1646 ; 9781538649169 (ISBN) Yazdanian, S ; Sameti, H ; Alidoust, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    From searching music with smartphones to broadcast monitoring by radio channels, audio identification systems are being used more in recent years. Design of such systems may differ when the problem domain changes, since each environment has special conflicting constraints to consider, like required speed and robustness to signal degradations. In this paper, a widely used audio identification system originally developed by Haitsma and Kalker is analyzed from a signal processing point of view and the fingerprint (audio feature) extraction method is modified. By adding a flexible filter to the fingerprint extraction method, the original system can be tuned to work in different domains. In order... 

    Modeling and evaluation of overlay generation problem for peer-assisted video adaptation and streaming

    , Article Proceedings of the International Workshop on Network and Operating System Support for Digital Audio and Video, 28 May 2008 through 30 May 2008, Braunschweig ; 2008 , Pages 87-92 ; 9781605581576 (ISBN) Iqbal, R ; Hariri, B ; Shirmohammadi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, we consider the problem of overlay generation for video adaptation and streaming applications in a way to efficiently utilize the bandwidth and computing power of the participating peers. Therefore, the proposed architecture performs regular streaming functions as well as video adaptation functions, moving the video contents adaptation computation load away from dedicated media-streaming/adaptation servers to the participating peers. To verify the performance of our design, we followed an analytical approach based on 0-1 Integer Linear Programming method to model the system and to æakulate the optimum overlay. The performance of our scheme is evaluated by simulations.... 

    Application of random PWM technique for reducing the high frequency harmonics in class-D amplifier

    , Article 4th IET International Conference on Power Electronics, Machines and Drives, PEMD 2008, York, 2 April 2008 through 4 April 2008 ; Issue 538 CP , 2008 , Pages 406-410 ; 9780863419003 (ISBN) Kaboli, S ; Moayedi, A ; Oraee, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    A PWM controlled class-D amplifier generates harmonics at switching frequency and its multiples. In this paper, the Random PWM (RPWM) technique is applied in order to spread the noise spectrum over a wide range, thus, considerably reducing amplitudes of these harmonics and the consequent EMI problems. A Line Impedance Stabilization Network (LISN) is used to study the RF noise emanating from the converter. Simulation and experimental results confirm the validity method and demonstrate the effectiveness of applying the RPWM technique in reducing the RF noise level  

    A delaunay triangulation architecture supporting churn and user mobility in MMVEs

    , Article Proceedings of the International Workshop on Network and Operating System Support for Digital Audio and Video, 3 June 2009 through 5 June 2009, Williamsburg, VA ; 2009 , Pages 61-66 ; 9781605584331 (ISBN) Ghaffari, M ; Hariri, B ; Shirmohammadi, S ; ACM SIGMM ; Sharif University of Technology
    This article proposes a new distributed architecture for update message exchange inmassively multi-user virtual environments (MMVE) MMVE applications require delivery of updates among various locations in the virtual environment. The proposed architecture here exploits the location addressing of geometrical routing in order to alleviate the need for IP-specific queries. However, the use of geometrical routing requires careful choice of overlay to achieve high performance in terms of minimizing the delay. At the same time, the MMVE is dynamic, in sense that users are constantly moving in the 3D virtual space. As such, our architecture uses a distributed topology control scheme that aims at... 

    A trainable neural network ensemble for ECG beat classification

    , Article World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology ; Volume 70 , 2010 , Pages 788-794 ; 2010376X (ISSN) Sajedin, A ; Zakernejad, S ; Faridi, S ; Javadi, M ; Ebrahimpour, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper illustrates the use of a combined neural network model for classification of electrocardiogram (ECG) beats. We present a trainable neural network ensemble approach to develop customized electrocardiogram beat classifier in an effort to further improve the performance of ECG processing and to offer individualized health care. We process a three stage technique for detection of premature ventricular contraction (PVC) from normal beats and other heart diseases. This method includes a denoising, a feature extraction and a classification. At first we investigate the application of stationary wavelet transform (SWT) for noise reduction of the electrocardiogram (ECG) signals. Then...