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Long-term investigation on the phase stability, magnetic behavior, toxicity, and MRI characteristics of superparamagnetic Fe/Fe-oxide core/shell nanoparticles, Article International Journal of Pharmaceutics ; Volume 439, Issue 1-2 , 2012 , Pages 28-40 ; 03785173 (ISSN) ; Madaah Hosseini, H. R ; Seyed Reyhani, S. M ; Shokrgozar, M. A ; Oghabian, M. A ; Ahmadi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
To efficiently enhance the contrast obtaining from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), pharmaceutical grade colloidal dispersions of PEG coated iron-based nanoparticles were prepared and compared to conventional pure iron oxide contrast agent. In this study, we synthesized ∼14 nm iron nanoparticles via NaBH4 reduction of iron(III) chloride in an aqueous medium. The resulting nanoparticles were further oxidized by two different methods via (CH3)3NO oxygen transferring agent and exposure to oxygen flow. XRD and electron microscopy analyses confirmed the formation of a second layer on the surface of α-Fe core. As magnetic measurements and Mössbauer spectra of 4-months post prepared nanoparticles...