Search for: bacteria--microorganisms
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    An artificial neural network model for the prediction of pressure filters performance and determination of optimum turbidity for coli-form and total bacteria removal

    , Article Journal of Environmental Studies ; Volume 37, Issue 60 , 2012 , Pages 129-136 ; 10258620 (ISSN) Badalians Gholikandi, G ; Hazrati, H ; Rostamian, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    In water treatment processes, because of complicated and nonlinear relationships between a number of physical, chemical and operational parameters, using analytical models with the ability to capture underlying relationships using examples of the desired input-output mapping is quite suitable. Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) has been increasingly applied in the area of environmental and water resources engineering. The main advantage of Artificial Neural Networks over physical-based models is that they are data-driven. The purpose of this research is to study the performance of pressure filters on turbidity removal from water according to several parameters such as turbidity, filtration... 

    Assessment of jajrood river watershed microbial pollution: Sources and fates

    , Article Environmental Engineering and Management Journal ; Volume 9, Issue 3 , 2010 , Pages 385-391 ; 15829596 (ISSN) Maghrebi, M ; Tajrishy, M ; Jamshidi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    The Jajrood River watershed is on of the main drinking water resurces of Tehran, the capital city of Iran. In addition it provides many recreational usages. However, a variety of microbial pollutions is commonly perecived in the Jajrood River, among them a high concentration of coliform group bacteria that has caused strong concerns. In this article, different aspects of microbial pollution as well as the main microbial pollution sources in the region are discussed. Coliform group bacterial die-off rates have been evaluated as the key parameters that govern bacterial fate in the watershed and were estimated using both laboratory and field data investigations. The high values of the bacterial... 

    Pore-scale investigation of selective plugging mechanism in immiscible two-phase flow using phase-field method

    , Article Oil and Gas Science and Technology ; Volume 74 , 2019 ; 12944475 (ISSN) Sabooniha, E ; Rokhforouz, M. R ; Ayatollahi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Editions Technip  2019
    The selective plugging effect of hydrophobic bacteria cell on secondary oil recovery performance was investigated. Water and aqua solution of purified Acinetobacter strain RAG-1 were injected into an oil-saturated heterogeneous micromodel porous media. Pure water injection expelled oil by 41%, while bacterial solution injection resulted in higher oil recovery efficiency (59%). In the simulation section, a smaller part of the heterogeneous geometry was applied as a computational domain. A numerical model was developed using coupled Cahn-Hilliard phase-field method and Navier-Stokes equations, solved by a finite element solver. In the non-plugging model, approximately 50% of the matrix oil was... 

    Comparative approach for detection of biosurfactant-producing bacteria isolated from Ahvaz petroleum excavation areas in south of Iran

    , Article Annals of Microbiology ; Volume 58, Issue 3 , 2008 , Pages 555-559 ; 15904261 (ISSN) Afshar, S ; Bagheri Lotfabad, T ; Roostaazad, R ; Rouholamini Najafabadi, A ; Akbari Noghabi, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    University of Milan  2008
    The current study was undertaken to compare four analytical methods including drop collapse, oil spreading, surface tension (SFT) measurements, and blood agar lysis tests for detection of biosurfactant-producing bacteria. Among 32 biosurfactant-producing bacteria isolated from Ahvaz oil fields, in south of Iran, 16 isolates (50%) exhibited highest biosurfactant production. Eleven isolates (MASH.1 to MASH.11) demonstrated a reduction in surface tension from 65 mN/m to less than 41 mN/m. The results showed that about 91% of these highly biosurfactant producers had the same response levels of "++++" and "+++" in the case of both SFT and oil spreading methods. Among these, seven isolates had the... 

    Study on biodegradation of Mazut by newly isolated strain Enterobacter cloacae BBRC10061: Improving and kinetic investigation

    , Article Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering ; 2013 , Volume 10, Issue 1 ; 2052336X (ISSN) Khorasani, A. C ; Mashreghi, M ; Yaghmaei, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Mazut as a source content of various hydrocarbons is hard to be degraded and its cracking could turn mazut into useful materials. Nevertheless degradation of mazut by routine methods is too expensive but application of indigenous microorganisms as biocatalysts could be effective and important to lower the costs and expand its consumption. Mazut biodegradation can be improved using various strategies; Therefore in this study newly isolated strain Enterobacter cloacae BBRC 10061 was used in a method of gradual addition of mazut into medium and its results were compared with simple addition method. To investigate degradation of mazut by BBRC 10061, influence of increase of mazut concentration... 

    A study of feasibility for water purification using vertical porous concrete filter

    , Article International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology ; Volume 4, Issue 4 , 2007 , Pages 505-512 ; 17351472 (ISSN) Taghizadeh, M. M ; Torabian, A ; Borghei, M ; Hassani, A. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    CEERS  2007
    There is a need to find cheaper and simpler techniques for rural water filtration system in developing countries. Using a filter made of blocks for the water treatment enables one to make vertical filters. It is expected that the amount of land utilized would decrease by more than 70 % if vertical filters were used. The operation and washing would be simpler than using horizontal sand filters as filters made of blocks would be used instead. The feasibility study focused on finding adequate materials, compositions and methods of making a block with enough resistance to water pressure, sufficient porosity for water transformation, and using inexpensive, readily available materials. A pilot... 

    The role of mscl amphipathic n terminus indicates a blueprint for bilayer-mediated gating of mechanosensitive channels

    , Article Nature Communications ; Volume 7 , 2016 ; 20411723 (ISSN) Bavi, N ; Cortes, D. M ; Cox, C. D ; Rohde, P. R ; Liu, W ; Deitmer, J. W ; Bavi, O ; Strop, P ; Hill, A. P ; Rees, D ; Corry, B ; Perozo, E ; Martinac, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nature Publishing Group  2016
    The bacterial mechanosensitive channel MscL gates in response to membrane tension as a result of mechanical force transmitted directly to the channel from the lipid bilayer. MscL represents an excellent model system to study the basic biophysical principles of mechanosensory transduction. However, understanding of the essential structural components that transduce bilayer tension into channel gating remains incomplete. Here using multiple experimental and computational approaches, we demonstrate that the amphipathic N-terminal helix of MscL acts as a crucial structural element during tension-induced gating, both stabilizing the closed state and coupling the channel to the membrane. We... 

    The characterization of proteins involved in toxic metal resistance of a bacterial strain isolated from mine site using a proteomic approach

    , Article Pollution Research ; Volume 28, Issue 3 , 2009 , Pages 337-343 ; 02578050 (ISSN) Nemati, F ; Arabian, D ; Roostaazad, R ; Gade, W. N ; Shitole, M. G ; Sharif University of Technology
    We investigated the response of a bacterial strain isolated from low grade complex zinc and lead sulfide mines to metals toxicity (i.e., zinc, manganese, nickel, cobalt, copper, arsenate, chromium, lead, and mercury). The bacterium was identified as a strain of Aciditiobacillus ferrooxidans. The isolate showed good resistance to most of the toxic metals. The proteomics approach was used to identify the differentially expressed proteins under heavy metal stress in this strain. Four of the differentially expressed proteins were identified as major outer membrane protein of A. ferrooxidans, ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase large subunit of A. ferrooxidans, putative DNA restriction methylase,... 

    Enhancing bioleaching and iron oxidation efficiency of native strain of acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans, by optimizing the ambient growth conditions

    , Article Pollution Research ; Volume 28, Issue 3 , 2009 , Pages 329-336 ; 02578050 (ISSN) Arabian, D ; Nemati, F ; Roostaazad, R ; Shitole, M. G ; Gade, W. N ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this study, we have investigated the bioleaching potential of a native strain of Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans isolated from zinc and lead sulfide mines under varied ambient conditions of growth and substrate consumption. In the process of standardizing growth conditions to improve iron oxidation, bioleaching of zinc and lead is also found to be enhanced. The effects of pH, temperature, initial inoculum, Fe2+ and ammonium sulphate concentration on growth and bio-oxidation efficiency of the bacteria have been evaluated. The results indicate that the optimum pH required for the growth of the bacterium is 1.8; however, the same for maximum efficiency is 1.5. It is also found that pH has a... 

    The effect of influent COD and upward flow velocity on the behaviour of sulphate-reducing bacteria

    , Article Process Biochemistry ; Volume 40, Issue 7 , 2005 , Pages 2305-2310 ; 13595113 (ISSN) Shayegan, J ; Ghavipanjeh, F ; Mirjafari, P ; Sharif University of Technology
    The effect of up velocity and influent COD concentration on the activity of sulphate-reducing bacteria (SRB) in UASB reactors is discussed. To study these effects, four UASB reactors were built and utilized in parallel. Examinations were carried out in two different concentrations of molasses (500 mg COD/l and 1000 mg COD/l) and four different upward flow velocities. It was observed that at velocities greater than 1 m/h, SRB bacteria were easily washed out from the reactors due to lower density and lack of ability to form dense and firm granules. It was found that in low-strength wastewaters with a COD to sulphate ratio of 2, an upward velocity in the range of 1.5-2.5 m/h could be... 

    Milk cholesterol reduction using immobilized Lactobacillus acidophilus ATCC1643 in sodium-alginate

    , Article International Journal of Food Engineering ; Volume 4, Issue 8 , 2008 ; 15563758 (ISSN) Serajzadeh, S ; Alemzadeh, I ; Sharif University of Technology
    Walter de Gruyter GmbH  2008
    Lactobacillus acidophilus is one of the major microorganisms which are famous for their effects on cholesterol. In this study, we have investigated the effect of L. acidophilus ATCC 1643 on removing the milk cholesterol and additionally, we have immobilized L. acidophilus ATCC1643 cells in sodium-alginate and observed its effect on milk cholesterol removing. Also, we have researched about the effect of some factors including: bacteria cells number (both free and immobilized cells) and immobilized cells bead size on cholesterol removing rate and ultimately the extracted results were compared together. The results indicated that free cells could reduce cholesterol to lower than 0.5mg/100ml... 

    Hydrocarbon degradation by thermophilic Nocardia otitidiscaviarum strain TSH1: Physiological aspects

    , Article Journal of Basic Microbiology ; Volume 47, Issue 6 , December , 2007 , Pages 534-539 ; 0233111X (ISSN) Zeinali, M ; Vossoughi, M ; Ardestani, S. K ; Babanezhad, E ; Masoumian, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Indigenous thermophilic hydrocarbon degraders are of special significance for the bioremediation of oil-contaminated desert soils with ambient temperature of 45-50°C. The first objective of this study was to demonstrate the hydrocarbon-degrading capability of Nocardia otitidiscaviarum TSH1 (DSM 45036) which grows optimally at 50°C. Analysis of the metabolic profile of the strain TSH1 showed that it could metabolize phenol, intermediate-chain-length n-alkanes and some polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) ranging in size from two to four fused rings efficiently, but not toluene and xylene. N. otitidiscaviarum TSH1 was able to survive and grow at phenol concentrations up to 875 mg l-1. For... 

    Efficiency of copper bioleaching of two mesophilic and thermophilic bacteria isolated from chalcopyrite concentrate of Kerman-Yazd regions in Iran

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 14, Issue 2 , 2007 , Pages 180-184 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Mousavi, S. M ; Yaghmaei, S ; Vossoughi, M ; Jafari, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2007
    A mesophilic iron oxidizing bacterium, Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans, has been isolated (33°C) from a typical chalcopyrite copper concentrate of the Sarcheshmeh Copper Mine in the region of Kerman located in the south of Iran. In addition, a thermophilic iron oxidizing bacterium, Sulfobacillus spp., has been isolated (60°C) from the Kooshk Lead and Zinc Mine near the city of Yazd in the mid-west region of Iran. The variation of pH, ferrous and ferric concentration and cell growth on the time and effects of some factors, such as temperature and initial ferrous concentration, on the bioleaching of chalcopyrite concentrate obtained from Sarcheshmeh Copper Mine, were investigated. Bioleaching... 

    Investigating the efficiency of MEOR processes using Enterobacter cloacae and Bacillus stearothermophilus SUCPM#14 (biosurfactant-producing strains) in carbonated reservoirs

    , Article Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering ; Volume 113 , January , 2014 , Pages 46-53 ; ISSN: 09204105 Sarafzadeh, P ; Niazi, A ; Oboodi, V ; Ravanbakhsh, M ; Hezave, A. Z ; Ayatollahi, S ; Raeissi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR) process is divided into two main categories, namely in-situ and ex-situ techniques. It utilizes reservoir microorganisms or specially selected bacteria to use their metabolites for more oil recovery from depleted oil reservoirs. In the present study, the potential of two biosurfactant-producing strains of Enterobacter cloacae and Bacillus stearothermophilus SUCPM#14 were investigated on tertiary oil recovery efficiency in carbonated cores using different designed injection protocols. The required operational time, process cost and proper selection of bacterial formulation during the MEOR process were the main objectives of this study. The results of... 

    Investigation of wettability alteration through relative permeability measurement during MEOR process: A micromodel study

    , Article Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering ; Vol. 120, issue , 2014 , p. 10-17 Khajepour, H ; Mahmoodi, M ; Biria, D ; Ayatollahi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Microbial Enhanced Oil Recovery (MEOR) as a tertiary process employs microorganisms and their metabolites to reduce the residual oil saturation of the reservoir mainly through interfacial tension (IFT) reduction and wettability alteration. In spite of its great potential and the mentioned advantages, application of MEOR has been limited because of the lack of practical convincing experimental results. In this study, the effects of MEOR process on wettability changes and the reduction of residual oil saturation have been examined by providing microscopic visualization of two phase flow in transparent glass micromodels. Biosurfactant producing bacterial strain (Enterobacter cloacae) was... 

    Two-stage fungal leaching of vanadium from uranium ore residue of the leaching stage using statistical experimental design

    , Article Annals of Nuclear Energy ; Volume 56 , 2013 , Pages 48-52 ; 03064549 (ISSN) Gharehbagheri, H ; Safdari, J ; Roostaazad, R ; Rashidi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this investigation, bioleaching of vanadium from uranium ore residue of the leaching stage was studied by Aspergillus niger in a two-step process at 30 °C and 150 rpm. The first step was initiated by growth of fungi in the absence of mine waste. Using response surface methodology, three factors were surveyed for fungal growth: initial pH, sucrose concentration and spore population. Also concentrations of oxalic, citric, and gluconic acids were measured as response in this step. During 30 days, maximum productions of these acids were 3265, 11578, and 7988 mg/l, respectively. Initial pH and sucrose concentration were significant factors for oxalic and citric acid production; however, for... 

    Biodegradation of heavy fuel oil by newly isolated strain enterobacter cloacae BBRC10061: Study of unstructured kinetic models and innovative equation

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 20, Issue 6 , 2013 , Pages 1929-1938 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Chackoshian Khorasani, A ; Mashreghi, M ; Yaghmaei, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2013
    Modeling process is very important and valuable to predict process outcome, especially bioprocesses which are intricate. Because of complex hydrocarbon compounds and oscillations happened in the medium of process, biodegradation of mazut has not already been investigated by mathematical models. In this study, an indigenous bacterium was isolated from oil contaminated soil to investigate biodegradation of mazut at different experimental conditions. Data resulted from mazut degradation, pH, and electrical potential in the medium were recorded. Some reported kinetic models and combinations were investigated to practically model the process. In addition, a new equation that can predict various... 

    On the optimization of sphalerite bioleaching; the inspection of intermittent irrigation, type of agglomeration, feed formulation and their interactions on the bioleaching of low-grade zinc sulfide ores

    , Article Chemical Engineering Journal ; Volume 187 , 2012 , Pages 217-221 ; 13858947 (ISSN) Saririchi, T ; Azad, R. R ; Arabian, D ; Molaie, A ; Nemati, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this study, we have investigated the bioleaching potential of a native strain of Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans isolated from zinc and lead sulfide mines under varied ambient conditions of growth and substrate consumption. The effects of intermittent irrigation, type of agglomeration, feed formulation in terms of acid, enriched salt solution, initial number of microorganism, and their interactions on the bioleaching of low-grade zinc sulfide ores (containing 5.78% zinc) on growth and biooxidation efficiency of the bacteria have been evaluated. Bioleaching capacities of the isolate were optimized by the utilization the Taguchi method (e-qualitic-4) for design of experiments. As a result,... 

    A study of Acidithiobacillus Ferrooxidans DSMZ 583 Adaptation to Heavy Metals

    , Article Iranian Journal of Biotechnology ; Volume 9, Issue 2 , 2011 , Pages 133-144 ; 17283043 (ISSN) Yaghmaei, S ; Ghobadi, Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this study the ability of Acidithiobacillus ferrooxi-dans, with regard to the biorecovery of heavy metals in shake flask has been investigated. Adaptation experiments with the single metal ions Ni, Co, V, Mo, W and a mixture of the first four metal ions in the medium was developed through serial sub-culturing. Adaptation showed that A. ferrooxidans could tolerate up to 2.3 g/l Ni, 1.4 g/l Co, 1.4 g/l V, 0.045 g/l Mo and 0.005 g/l W, singly. In the presence of multi-metals considering a mixture of Ni-Co-V-Mo, the bacteria was able to tolerate up to 1.5 g/l Ni, 0.8 g/l Co, 0.8 g/l V and 0.05 g/l Mo in steps of 50-100 mg/l for Ni, Co and V, while for Mo and W with increments in concentration... 

    A technical feasibility analysis to apply Pseudomonas aeroginosa MR01 biosurfactant in microbial enhanced oil recovery of low-permeability carbonate reservoirs of Iran

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 17, Issue 1 C , JANUARY-JUNE , 2010 , Pages 46-54 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Adelzadeh, M. R ; Roostaazad, R ; Kamali, M. R ; Bagheri Lotfabad, T ; Sharif University of Technology
    The effect of an efficient biosurfactant produced from Pseudomonas aeroginosa MR01, a bacterial strain isolated from oil excavation areas in southern Iran, on the recovery of residual oil trapped within carbonate rocks, was investigated. In a core holder set-up, bearing a number of limestone-and dolomite-containing core samples, biosurfactant flooding resulted in oil recoveries as large as 20% to 28% Residual Oil (R.O). Biosurfactant injection in less permeable rocks in a range of 0.5 to 32 md was more successful, in terms of oil production. In the case of the least oil recovery via biosurfactant flooding, incubation of the core with a biosurfactant solution at reservoir conditions,...