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    Production of Biocellulose Nanofibers by Gluconacetobacter and Evaluation of the Release of the Azithromycin Antibiotic Loaded on It in a Simulated Gastric Fluid

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Gholizadeh, Yousef (Author) ; Alemzadeh, Iran (Supervisor)
    Bacterial cellulose is a kind of cellulose with high purity and Crystallization, which is mainly produced by gram-negative bacteria in aqueous media containing a sugar source.Cellulose produced by this method is in the form of nanofibers and one of its considerable aspects, nowadays, is that this kind of cellulose is used as a drug carrier system for treating various diseases. Azithromycin is used as an antibiotic for the treatment of a wide range of bacterial infections. In this study, cellulose nanofibers were synthesized by gluconacetobacter and its surface was modified using 0.5, 1, and 1.5 mg/ml carboxymethylcellulose solution in sodium acetate buffer. Then, by stabilizing azithromycin... 

    Surface Modification of Bacterial Cellulose-Reinforced Keratin Nanofibers using Pluronic/Gum Tragacanth Hydrogel Nanoparticles Produced by Concurrent gel Electrospray/Polymer Electrospinning Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Azarniya, Amir (Author) ; Simchi, Abdolreza (Supervisor) ; Tamjid, Elnaz (Supervisor)
    In this work, wool keratin/polyethylene oxide (PEO) nanofibrous scaffolds were fabricated by electrospinning method. Bacterial cellulose nanofibrils (BCNFs) were embedded in the electrospun keratin/PEO nanofibers. Incorporation of BCNFs into the nanofibers enhances their hydrophilicity, mechanical properties and cell viability, adhesion and proliferation. Water contact angle of the nanofibers decreased from 126˚ to 83˚by addition of 1 wt % BCNFs. A thermogelling hydrogel based on carboxylated pluronic (Pl-COOH) and gum tragacanth (GT) was fabricated and polymer conjugation was confirmed by FTIR and H-NMR spectroscopy. Morphological and viscoelastic properties of GT-grafted Pl-COOH hydrogels... 

    Fabrication and Chracatization of Novel Electrospun Chitosan Fibers Reinforced with Bacterial Cellulose and Nanodiamond for Wound Dressing Applications

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ostadhossein, Fatemeh (Author) ; Simchi, Abdolreza (Supervisor)
    Chronic wounds are among the serious injuries which have called the attention of scientists to invest in an effort to fabricate temporary skin grafts and wound dressing materials. One of the widely acceptable solutions to this obstacle is to design a bioactive scaffold capable of regenerating tissue as well as delivering active agents to the site specific area. To this end, natural biopolymers are considered as suitable candidates to be employed in regenerative medicine due to their excellent biocompatibility. In addition, nanoparticles possess special properties such as the ability in sequestering the drug release which make them promising candidates in the fabrication of the... 

    Electrospinning of nanodiamond-modified polysaccharide nanofibers with physico-mechanical properties close to natural skins

    , Article Marine Drugs ; Volume 14, Issue 7 , 2016 ; 16603397 (ISSN) Mahdavi, M ; Mahmoudi, N ; Rezaie Anaran, F ; Simchi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI AG 
    Electrospinning of biopolymers has gained significant interest for the fabrication of fibrous mats for potential applications in tissue engineering, particularly for wound dressing and skin regeneration. In this study, for the first time, we report successful electrospinning of chitosan-based biopolymers containing bacterial cellulous (33 wt %) and medical grade nanodiamonds (MND) (3 nm; up to 3 wt %). Morphological studies by scanning electron microscopy showed that long and uniform fibers with controllable diameters from 80 to 170 nm were prepared. Introducing diamond nanoparticles facilitated the electrospinning process with a decrease in the size of fibers. Fourier transform infrared... 

    A nanopaper-based artificial tongue: a ratiometric fluorescent sensor array on bacterial nanocellulose for chemical discrimination applications

    , Article Nanoscale ; Volume 10, Issue 5 , February , 2018 , Pages 2492-2502 ; 20403364 (ISSN) Abbasi Moayed, S ; Golmohammadi, H ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2018
    In the present study, a ratiometric fluorescent sensor array as an artificial tongue has been developed on a nanopaper platform for chemical discrimination applications. The bacterial cellulose (BC) nanopaper was utilized for the first time as a novel, flexible, and transparent substrate in the optical sensor arrays for developing high-performance artificial tongues. To fabricate this platform, the hydrophobic walls on the BC nanopaper substrates were successfully created using a laser printing technology. In addition, we have used the interesting photoluminescence (PL) properties of an immobilized ratiometric probe (carbon dot-Rhodamine B (CD-RhB) nanohybrids) on the nanopaper platform to... 

    Development of chitosan/bacterial cellulose composite films containing nanodiamonds as a potential flexible platform for wound dressing

    , Article Materials ; Volume 8, Issue 9 , 2015 , Pages 6401-6418 ; 19961944 (ISSN) Ostadhossein, F ; Mahmoudi, N ; Morales Cid, G ; Tamjid, E ; Navas Martos, F. J ; Soriano Cuadrado, B ; Paniza, J. M. L ; Simchi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI AG  2015
    Chitosan/bacterial cellulose composite films containing diamond nanoparticles (NDs) with potential application as wound dressing are introduced. Microstructural studies show that NDs are uniformly dispersed in the matrix, although slight agglomeration at concentrations above 2 wt % is seen. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy reveals formation of hydrogen bonds between NDs and the polymer matrix. X-ray diffraction analysis indicates reduced crystallinity of the polymer matrix in the presence of NDs. Approximately 3.5-fold increase in the elastic modulus of the composite film is obtained by the addition of 2 wt % NDs. The results of colorimetric analysis show that the composite films are... 

    Processing and properties of nanofibrous bacterial cellulose-containing polymer composites: a review of recent advances for biomedical applications

    , Article Polymer Reviews ; Volume 60, Issue 1 , 2020 , Pages 144-170 Eslahi, N ; Mahmoodi, A ; Mahmoudi, N ; Zandi, N ; Simchi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Inc  2020
    Bacterial cellulose (BC) is an extracellular natural polymer produced by many microorganisms and its properties could be tailored via specific fabrication methods and culture conditions. There is a growing interest in BC derived materials due to the main features of BC such as porous fibrous structure, high crystallinity, impressive physico-mechanical properties, and high water content. However, pristine BC lacks some features, limiting its practical use in varied applications. Thus, fabrication of BC composites has been attempted to overcome these constraints. This review article overviews most recent advance in the development of BC composites and their potential in biomedicine including... 

    Synthesis of nanobentonite–poly(vinyl alcohol)–bacterial cellulose nanocomposite by electrospinning for wound healing applications

    , Article Physica Status Solidi (A) Applications and Materials Science ; Volume 217, Issue 6 , 2020 Zeaiean Firouzabadi, P ; Ghanbari, H ; Mahmoudi, N ; Haramshahi, S. M. A ; Javadpour, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-VCH Verlag  2020
    Polymer-based composites are used for wound healing applications. This work aims to prepare an inorganic-polymer nanocomposite based on bentonite, poly(vinyl alcohol), and bacterial cellulose by electrospinning for wound healing. The nanocomposite is synthesized using a solution intercalation technique, with 1–2 wt% nanobentonite concentration variation. The effects of commercial and laboratory-synthesized nanobentonite as well as the extract of the green walnut shell (EGWS) are examined and characterized by different techniques. The addition of nanobentonite increases the average size of fibers and tensile strength up to 200 nm and more than 15 MPa, respectively, due to the presence of...