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    Some investigations on protease enzyme production kinetics using bacillus licheniformis BBRC 100053 and effects of inhibitors on protease activity

    , Article International Journal of Chemical Engineering ; 2014 ; ISSN: 1687806X Ghobadi Nejad, Z ; Yaghmaei, S ; Moghadam, N ; Sadeghein, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Due to great commercial application of protease, it is necessary to study kinetic characterization of this enzyme in order to improve design of enzymatic reactors. In this study, mathematical modeling of protease enzyme production kinetics which is derived from Bacillus licheniformis BBRC 100053 was studied (at 37°C, pH 10 after 73 h in stationary phase, and 150 rpm). The aim of the present paper was to determine the best kinetic model and kinetic parameters for production of protease and calculating K i (inhibition constant) of different inhibitors to find the most effective one. The kinetic parameters K m (Michaelis-Menten constant) and V m (maximum rate) were calculated 0.626 mM and... 

    Comparison and modification of models in production of biosurfactant for Paenibacillus alvei and Bacillus mycoides and its effect on MEOR efficiency

    , Article Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering ; Volume 128 , April , 2015 , Pages 177-183 ; 09204105 (ISSN) Najafi, A. R ; Roostaazad, R ; Soleimani, M ; Arabian, D ; Moazed, M. T ; Rahimpour, M. R ; Mazinani, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2015
    Abstract
    Biosurfactant production from two indigenous consortia has already been investigated in two previous studies. In this study, comparison and modification of those models for having as much biosurfactant as possible was conducted. After characterization of bacteria by biochemical tests and 16S ribotyping, a fully modification on the final models was presented. Response surface methodology has the ability to investigate the liability of the parameters and models by the help of Desirability mode and R2 coefficient in Design Expert software. Our models in the previous works follow the style of (y=f(A,B,. . .)) and two Desirability of 0.968 and 0.996 for Paenibacillus alvei ARN63 and Bacillus... 

    Partitioning of alkaline protease from Bacillus licheniformis (ATCC 21424) using PEG-K2HPO4 aqueous two-phase system

    , Article Fluid Phase Equilibria ; Volume 337 , January , 2013 , Pages 1-5 ; 03783812 (ISSN) Yavari, M ; Pazuki, G. R ; Vossoughi, M ; Mirkhani, S. A ; Seifkordi, A. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    An aqueous two-phase system (ATPS) containing polyethylene glycol (PEG) and potassium phosphate (K2HPO4) was used for partitioning and partial purification of alkaline protease produced by Bacillus licheniformis ATCC 21424. The effect of PEG molar mass, pH and concentration of NaCl salt addition on partition coefficient, yield and purification factor (PF) for ATPS were studied. The highest partition coefficient (5.3) was achieved in an ATPS of 25% (w/w) PEG 10,000 (g/mol) and 10% (w/w) NaCl at pH 9. Cation and anion exchange chromatography was employed for purification of alkaline protease from protein mixture and the yield and PF for enzyme fractions were obtained to make a comparison... 

    Alkaline protease production by immobilized cells using B. licheniformis

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 20, Issue 3 , 2013 , Pages 607-610 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Maghsoodi, V ; Kazemi, A ; Nahid, P ; Yaghmaei, S ; Sabzevari, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    In recent years there has been potential increase in the use of alkaline protease as industrial catalysts. Many major industrial and commercial applications, such as food and textile industries, and medical diagnoses, are highly dependent on the protease enzyme. In the cell immobilization technique, the free movement of microorganisms is restricted in the process, and a continuous system of fermentation can be used. In the present work, this technique has been used for alkaline protease production using different carriers, such as chitosan, corn cob and corn tassel. Enzyme activity before immobilization (72 h) was 78.3 U/ml. Corn cob, with 65% immobilization capacity and the highest enzyme... 

    Wrapping bacteria by graphene nanosheets for isolation from environment, reactivation by sonication, and inactivation by near-infrared irradiation

    , Article Journal of Physical Chemistry B ; Volume 115, Issue 19 , 2011 , Pages 6279-6288 ; 15206106 (ISSN) Akhavan, O ; Ghaderi, E ; Esfandiar, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2011
    Abstract
    Bioactivity of Escherichia coli bacteria (as a simple model for microorganisms) and interaction of them with the environment were controlled by their capturing within aggregated graphene nanosheets. The oxygen-containing functional groups of chemically exfoliated single-layer graphene oxide nanosheets were reduced by melatonin as a biocompatible antioxidant. While each one of the graphene (oxide) suspension and melatonin solution did not separately show any considerable inactivation effects on the bacteria, aggregation of the sheets in the melatonin-bacterial suspension resulted in trapping the bacteria within the aggregated sheets, i.e., a kind of inactivation. The bacteria trapped within... 

    Leaching of a zinc ore and concentrate using the Geocoat™ technology

    , Article Minerals Engineering ; Volume 24, Issue 1 , 2011 , Pages 64-69 ; 08926875 (ISSN) Soleimani, M ; Petersen, J ; Roostaazad, R ; Hosseini, S ; Mohammad Mousavi, S ; Najafi, A ; Vasiri, A. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In this study, the Geocoat™ technology was used for the extraction of zinc from a mineral concentrate obtained from the Kooshk mine (Yazd, Iran) by a culture dominated by the mesophilic bacterium Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans in a packed column bioreactor. A low grade sphalerite ore was used as support for the concentrate coating. During the 100 days of leaching pH, Fe3+, Fetotal, microbial population density and zinc extraction were measured. The final zinc extraction from concentrate and low grade support was 97% and 78%, respectively, and it was found that leaching from the support does not proceed significantly before leaching from the coating is completed  

    Degradation of benzene, toluene, and xylene (BTX) from aqueous solution by isolated bacteria from contaminated sites

    , Article Research on Chemical Intermediates ; Volume 41, Issue 1 , January , 2015 , Pages 265-275 ; 09226168 (ISSN) Mesgari Shadi, A ; Yaghmaei, S ; Vafaei, F ; Khataee, A. R ; Hejazi, M. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Kluwer Academic Publishers  2015
    Abstract
    The present study was carried out to evaluate the degradation efficiency of benzene, toluene, and xylene (BTX) by isolated bacteria from various petroleum-hydrocarbons contaminated sites. Five isolated bacteria were selected for testing BTX biodegradation from liquid culture media. Each of these bacteria was able to degrade BTX but with different efficiencies. Maximum biodegradation efficiency for benzene (more than 70 %) was obtained by Gram-positive coccobacillus, Gram-positive coccus and Gram-negative bacillus bacteria, for toluene (60 %) and xylene (70 %) by Gram-positive coccobacillus and Gram-negative coccobacillus. It was found that the presence of xylene in the substrate mixture... 

    Production of extracellular protease and determination of optimise condition by bacillus licheniformis BBRC 100053

    , Article Chemical Engineering Transactions ; Volume 21 , 2010 , Pages 1447-1452 ; 19749791 (ISSN) ; 9788895608051 (ISBN) Ghobadinejad, Z ; Yaghmaei, S ; Haji Hosseini, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    The production of protease by Bacillus licheniformis BBRC 100053 was studied. The most appropriate medium for the growth and protease production is composed of: lactose 1 %, yeast extract 0.5 %, peptone 0.5 %, KH 2PO4 0.1%, MgSO4.7H2O 0.02 %. Enzyme production corresponded with growth and reached a maximums level (589 U/ml) during the stationary phase at 35 °C, pH equivalent to 10 and with 150 rpm after 73 hours. Protease activity was highest at pH 8 and 45 °C. The best carbon sources are respectively lactose and maltose and the best nitrogen source is peptone The protease was highly active and stable from pH 7.0 to 11.0 with an optimum at pH 7-8.Thermo stability of the enzyme was considered... 

    Production of extracellular protease and determination of optimal condition by bacillus licheniformis BBRC 100053

    , Article International Journal of Engineering, Transactions B: Applications ; Volume 22, Issue 3 , 2009 , Pages 221-228 ; 1728-144X (ISSN) Ghobadi Nejad, Z ; Yaghmaei, S ; Haji Hosseini, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Materials and Energy Research Center  2009
    Abstract
    The production of protease by Bacillus licheniformis BBRC 100053 was studied. The most appropriate medium for the growth and protease production is composed of: lactose 1%, yeast extract 0.5%, peptone 0.5%, KH2PO 4 0.1%, MgSO4.7H2O 0.02%. Enzyme production corresponded with growth and reached a maximums level (589 U/ml) during the stationary phase at 35°C, pH equivalent to 10 and with 150 rpm after 73 hours. Protease activity was highest at pH 8 and 45°C. The best carbon sources are respectively lactose and maltose and the best nitrogen source is peptone. The protease was highly active and stable from pH 7.0 to 11.0 with an optimum at pH 7-8.... 

    Biodegradation of polychlorinated biphenyls by lysinibacillus macrolides and bacillus firmus isolated from contaminated soil

    , Article International Journal of Engineering, Transactions B: Applications ; Volume 32, Issue 5 , 2019 , Pages 628-633 ; 1728144X (ISSN) Samadi, A ; Sharifi, H ; Ghobadi Nejad, Z ; Yaghmaei, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Materials and Energy Research Center  2019
    Abstract
    Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) cause many significant ecological problems because of their low degradability, high harmfulness, and solid bioaccumulation.Two bacterial strains were isolated from soil that had been polluted with electrical transformer liquid for more than 40 years. The isolates were distinguished as Lysinibacillus macrolides DSM54Tand Bacillus firmus NBRC15306Tthrough 16S rRNA sequencing analysis.This is the primary report of an agent of the genus Bacillus firmus equipped for the removal of PCBs. The strains could develop broadly on 2-Chlorobiphenyl and 2,4-dichlorobiphenyl. GC/MS analysis of individual congeners revealed up to 80% degradation of the xenobiotics in 96h,... 

    Isolation and screening of Bacillus subtilis MJ01 for MEOR application: biosurfactant characterization, production optimization and wetting effect on carbonate surfaces

    , Article Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology ; Volume 9, Issue 1 , 2019 , Pages 233-245 ; 21900558 (ISSN) Jahanbani Veshareh, M ; Ganji Azad, E ; Deihimi, T ; Niazi, A ; Ayatollahi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Verlag  2019
    Abstract
    The bacterial strain MJ01 was isolated from stock tank water of one of the Iranian south oil field production facilities. The 16S rRNA gene of isolate, MJ01, showed 99% similarity to Bacillus subtilis. The results revealed that biosurfactant produced by this strain was lipopeptide-like surfactin based on FTIR analysis. Critical micelle concentration of produced surfactin in distilled water was 0.06 g/l. Wettability study showed that at zero salinity surfactin can change original oil-wet state to water-wet state, but in seawater salinity it cannot modify the wettability significantly. To utilize this biosurfactant in ex situ MEOR process, economical and reservoir engineering technical... 

    Investigating the efficiency of MEOR processes using Enterobacter cloacae and Bacillus stearothermophilus SUCPM#14 (biosurfactant-producing strains) in carbonated reservoirs

    , Article Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering ; Volume 113 , January , 2014 , Pages 46-53 ; ISSN: 09204105 Sarafzadeh, P ; Niazi, A ; Oboodi, V ; Ravanbakhsh, M ; Hezave, A. Z ; Ayatollahi, S ; Raeissi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR) process is divided into two main categories, namely in-situ and ex-situ techniques. It utilizes reservoir microorganisms or specially selected bacteria to use their metabolites for more oil recovery from depleted oil reservoirs. In the present study, the potential of two biosurfactant-producing strains of Enterobacter cloacae and Bacillus stearothermophilus SUCPM#14 were investigated on tertiary oil recovery efficiency in carbonated cores using different designed injection protocols. The required operational time, process cost and proper selection of bacterial formulation during the MEOR process were the main objectives of this study. The results of... 

    Optimization of industrial CSTR for vinyl acetate polymerization using novel shuffled frog leaping based hybrid algorithms and dynamic modeling

    , Article Computers and Chemical Engineering ; Volume 35, Issue 11 , November , 2011 , Pages 2351-2365 ; 00981354 (ISSN) Pakravesh, H ; Shojaei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    Industrial scale continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR) for production and grade transitions of poly vinyl acetate (PVAc) at the different reactor sizes was investigated. Such reactor is known to show oscillatory behavior and to have periodic limit points, particularly at high molecular weights. Four efficient novel hybrid optimization methods which use variable population size genetic algorithm (VPGA), bacterial optimization algorithm (BO) and shuffled frog leaping method (SFL) were introduced for this kind of reactors. These algorithms can reliably find dynamically stable points with desired conditions for PVAc production. The dynamic modeling combined with the new hybrid optimization... 

    Functionalized carbon nanotubes in ZnO thin films for photoinactivation of bacteria

    , Article Materials Chemistry and Physics ; Volume 130, Issue 1-2 , October , 2011 , Pages 598-602 ; 02540584 (ISSN) Akhavan, O ; Azimirad, R ; Safa, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    Two types of unfunctionalized and functionalized multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were prepared to be applied in fabrication of MWCNT-ZnO nanocomposite thin films with various MWCNT contents. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy indicated formation of functional groups on surface of the functionalized MWCNTs in the MWCNT-ZnO nanocomposite. Formation of the effective carbonaceous bonds between the ZnO and the MWCNTs was also investigated through photoinactivation of Escherichia coli bacteria on surface of the both unfunctionalized and functionalized MWCNT-ZnO nanocomposites. The functionalized MWCNT-ZnO nanocomposites showed significantly stronger photoinactivation of the bacteria than the... 

    Copper oxide nanoflakes as highly sensitive and fast response self-sterilizing biosensors

    , Article Journal of Materials Chemistry ; Volume 21, Issue 34 , Jul , 2011 , Pages 12935-12940 ; 09599428 (ISSN) Akhavan, O ; Ghaderi, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    Vertical copper oxide nanoflakes were synthesized on a Cu foil through oxidation in alkaline conditions. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy showed that after exposing the nanoflakes to an Escherichia coli bacterial suspension, the outermost surface of the nanoflakes was chemically reduced through the glycolysis process of the bacteria. Current-voltage (I-V) characteristics of the nanoflakes (measured perpendicular to surface of the Cu foil by using conductive atomic force microscopy) indicated that electrical resistivity of the nanoflakes increased about one order of magnitude after exposure to the bacterial suspension. The nanoflakes reduced by the bacterial suspension could also be... 

    Photocatalytic mechanism of action of apatite-coated Ag=AgBr=TiO 2 on phenol and Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis bacteria under various conditions

    , Article Progress in Reaction Kinetics and Mechanism ; Volume 36, Issue 1 , February , 2011 , Pages 38-52 ; 14686783 (ISSN) Elahifard, M. R ; Rahimnejad, S ; Pourbaba, R ; Haghighi, S ; Gholami, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    Multi-component photocatalysts based on apatite-coated Ag=AgBr=TiO 2 were prepared by the deposition method. The effects of various kinds of apatites, with hydroxyl and fluoro substituents, on photocatalytic activity were investigated. The antibacterial processes in the dark, and under visible light, on two types of bacteria indicate that the multi-composites can inhibit the growth of bacteria by two different mechanisms. TEM images and optical microscopic data demonstrate that by attaching the nanosize catalyst to the outer membrane of the cell, the bacteria could not derive nourishment from surrounding media, i.e. this component acts as bacteria-static. The mechanism for deactivation of... 

    Silver nanoparticles within vertically aligned multi-wall carbon nanotubes with open tips for antibacterial purposes

    , Article Journal of Materials Chemistry ; Volume 21, Issue 2 , Oct , 2011 , Pages 387-393 ; 09599428 (ISSN) Akhavan, O ; Abdolahad, M ; Abdi, Y ; Mohajerzadeh, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    Vertically aligned multi-wall carbon nanotube (CNT) arrays were fabricated in tip-growth mode on Ni/Si substrates using plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition. In a purification process including hydrogenation and acid washing of the Ni/CNTs, the oxygen-containing functional groups were substantially reduced and a wide hollow core at the tip of the CNTs was formed by removing the Ni seeds. Sol-gel silver nanoparticles were deposited on the surface of the unpurified Ni/CNTs, while they could also be embedded within the hollow core of the Ni-removed CNTs. The persistency of the silver ions in the Ni-removed Ag-CNTs in comparison to the release of the silver ions from the Ag-Ni/CNTs in a... 

    Response surface methodology as an approach to optimize growth medium of indigenous strain of Bacillus mycoides for production of biosurfactant

    , Article ICBEE 2010 - 2010 2nd International Conference on Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering, Proceedings, 2 November 2010 through 4 November 2010 ; 2010 , Pages 146-152 ; 9781424487479 (ISBN) Najafi, A. R ; Rahimpour, M. R ; Jahanmiri, A. H ; Roostaazad, R ; Arabian, D ; Soleimani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In this study, we have investigated the potential of a native bacterial strain isolated from an Iranian oil field for the production of biosurfactant. The bacterium was identified to be Bacillus mycoides by biochemical tests and 16S ribotyping. The biosurfactant, which was produced by this bacterium, was able to reduce the surface tension of media to 34 mN/m. Biosurfactant production was optimized by the combination of central composite design (CCD) and response surface methodology (RSM). The factor selected for optimization of growth conditions were pH, temperature, glucose and salinity concentrations. The empirical model developed through RSM in terms of effective operational factors... 

    Visible light photo-induced antibacterial activity of CNT-doped TiO 2 thin films with various CNT contents

    , Article Journal of Materials Chemistry ; Volume 20, Issue 35 , Jun , 2010 , Pages 7386-7392 ; 09599428 (ISSN) Akhavan, O ; Azimirad, R ; Safa, S ; Larijani, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    Carbon nanotube (CNT)-doped TiO2 thin films with various CNT contents were synthesized by sol-gel method for visible light photoinactivation of Escherichia coli bacteria. Post annealing of the CNT-doped TiO2 thin films at 450 °C resulted in anatase TiO2 and formation of Ti-C and Ti-O-C carbonaceous bonds in the film. By increasing the CNT content, the thin films could further inactivate the bacteria in the dark. Meanwhile, as the CNT content increased from zero to 40 wt% the effective optical band gap energy of the CNT-doped TiO2 thin films annealed at 450 °C decreased from 3.2-3.3 to less than ∼2.8 eV providing light absorption in the visible region. Concerning this, visible light... 

    Use of the freely-swimming, Serratia marcescens bacteria to enhance mixing in microfluidic systems

    , Article ASME 2009 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 13 November 2009 through 19 November 2009 ; Volume 12, Issue PART A , 2010 , Pages 463-467 ; 9780791843857 (ISBN) Peysepar, M ; Shafii, M. B ; Rasoulian, R ; Jamalifar, H ; Fazeli, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) 
    Abstract
    Mixing has become a challenge in micro-fluidic systems because of the low Reynolds number in micro-channels. The method which is implemented in this paper is to use freely-swimming bacteria to enhance the mixing process. Accordingly, the Serratia marcescens bacteria were used for this matter. The mixing performance of the system is quantified by measuring the diffusion rate of Rhodamine B in a particular section of a channel connected to a chamber with varying Rhodamine B concentration. The concentration of Rhodamine B was measured using the Laser Induced Fluorescence (LIF) technique. The channel is in the form of a pipe and is closed on the extending side. In this paper, it is demonstrated...