Search for: biochips
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    A low cost, efficient method for chip fabrication in cell analysis

    , Article 2016 23rd Iranian Conference on Biomedical Engineering and 2016 1st International Iranian Conference on Biomedical Engineering, ICBME 2016, 23 November 2016 through 25 November 2016 ; 2017 , Pages 93-96 ; 9781509034529 (ISBN) Rahmani, A ; Mohammadi, A ; Kalhor, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    in recent decades, DEP due to its high efficiency has been exploited widely in separation and manipulation of bioparticles. In the present work a simple, low-cost, and efficient procedure for fabrication of microfluidic chips applied in medicine and biochemistry has been presented. In this method, electrodes are not in direct contact with biological samples which results in elimination of conventional systems' cons. Efficacy of the designed system has been evaluated by injecting samples containing yeast and Ecoli cells into the system and analyzing their trajectory. Experimental results demonstrate that precise adjustment of voltage and frequency can lead to the desired separation in this... 

    Design and parameter study of integrated microfluidic platform for CTC isolation and enquiry; a numerical approach

    , Article Biosensors ; Volume 8, Issue 2 , 18 June , 2018 ; 20796374 (ISSN) Shamloo, A ; Ahmad, S ; Momeni, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Being the second cause of mortality across the globe, there is now a persistent effort to establish new cancer medication and therapies. Any accomplishment in treating cancers entails the existence of accurate identification systems empowering the early diagnosis. Recent studies indicate CTCs’ potential in cancer prognosis as well as therapy monitoring. The chief shortcoming with CTCs is that they are exceedingly rare cells in their clinically relevant concentration. Here, we simulated a microfluidic construct devised for immunomagnetic separation of the particles of interest from the background cells. This separation unit is integrated with a mixer subunit. The mixer is envisioned for... 

    Performance characterization of a low-cost dual-channel camera-based microarray scanner

    , Article 24th Iranian Conference on Electrical Engineering, ICEE 2016, 10 May 2016 through 12 May 2016 ; 2016 , Pages 1534-1538 ; 9781467387897 (ISBN) Akhoundi, F ; Ghobeh, M ; Ghiasvand, E ; Akbari Roshan, K ; Motahari, S. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2016
    In this paper, we have proposed, designed, implemented, and characterized a low-cost camera-based microarray scanner which is capable of imaging fluorescently-labeled DNA or Protein microarrays. The proposed system is designed to simultaneously measure two different fluorescent dyes using two parallel channels which increase the overall scan speed. We have shown that the wide dynamic range of system makes it able to detect fluorophore densities from 100-106 molecule/μm2. In each capture, a 5.6 mm × 3.7 mm field is imaged on a 22.3 mm × 14.9 mm (18 megapixels) CMOS sensor. Therefore, the microarray can be scanned with ∼ 1μm2 spatial resolution which is high enough to distinguish borders of... 

    Ferrofluid droplet manipulation using an adjustable alternating magnetic field

    , Article Sensors and Actuators, A: Physical ; Volume 301 , 2020 Bijarchi, M. A ; Favakeh, A ; Sedighi, E ; Shafii, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2020
    Magnetically actuated droplet manipulation offers a promising tool for biomedical and engineering applications, such as drug delivery, biochemistry, sample handling in lab-on-chip devices and tissue engineering. In this study, characteristics of an adjustable alternating magnetic field generated by a magnetic coil for droplet manipulation was investigated which enables more control on droplet transport, and it can be considered as a suitable alternative for moving magnets or an array of micro-coils. By adjusting the magnetic flux density, the duty cycle and applied magnetic frequency, the manipulation of water-based ferrofluid droplets with a bio-compatible surfactant for different volumes... 

    Design and simulation of an integrated centrifugal microfluidic device for CTCs separation and cell lysis

    , Article Micromachines ; Volume 11, Issue 7 , July , 2020 Nasiri, R ; Shamloo, A ; Akbari, J ; Tebon, P ; Dokmeci, M. R ; Ahadian, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI AG  2020
    Separation of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) from blood samples and subsequent DNA extraction from these cells play a crucial role in cancer research and drug discovery. Microfluidics is a versatile technology that has been applied to create niche solutions to biomedical applications, such as cell separation and mixing, droplet generation, bioprinting, and organs on a chip. Centrifugal microfluidic biochips created on compact disks show great potential in processing biological samples for point of care diagnostics. This study investigates the design and numerical simulation of an integrated microfluidic device, including a cell separation unit for isolating CTCs from a blood sample and a...