Search for: biocompatible-materials
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    In vitro biocompatibility evaluations of hyperbranched polyglycerol hybrid nanostructure as a candidate for nanomedicine applications

    , Article Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine ; Vol. 25, issue. 2 , 2014 , pp. 499-506 ; ISSN: 09574530 Zarrabi, A ; Shokrgozar, M. A ; Vossoughi, M ; Farokhi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    In the present study, a detailed biocompatibility testing of a novel class of hybrid nanostructure based on hyperbranched polyglycerol and β-cyclodextrin is conducted. This highly water soluble nanostructure with size of less than 10 nm, polydispersity of less than 1.3, chemical tenability and highly branched architecture with the control over branching structure could be potentially used as a carrier in drug delivery systems. To this end, extensive studies in vitro and in vivo conditions have to be demonstrated. The in vitro studies include in vitro cytotoxicity tests; MTT and Neutral Red assay as an indicator of mitochondrial and lysosomal function, and blood biocompatibility tests such as... 

    Effect of electrolyte concentration on microstructure and properties of micro arc oxidized hydroxyapatite/titania nanostructured composite

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering C ; Volume 33, Issue 5 , 2013 , Pages 2555-2561 ; 09284931 (ISSN) Abbasi, S ; Golestani Fard, F ; Mirhosseini, S. M. M ; Ziaee, A ; Mehrjoo, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Micro arc oxidation was employed to grow TiO2/hydroxyapatite composite layer on titanium substrate. The correlation between electrolyte concentration, diameter and density of the pores in fabricated layers was investigated. Therefore, the effect of electrolyte concentration on composition and morphology of grown layers was studied using SEM, EDX, XRD and XPS techniques. Samples were coated in electrolytes containing 5, 10 and 15 g/l calcium acetate and 1, 3 and 5 g/l β-glycerophosphate, at optimized voltage for 3 min. Pore size variations obey a similar pattern by the addition of both calcium acetate and β-glycerophosphatein various concentrations based on SEM observations. However,... 

    Cytotoxicity and cell cycle effects of bare and poly(vinyl alcohol)-coated iron oxide nanoparticles in mouse fibroblasts

    , Article Advanced Engineering Materials ; Volume 11, Issue 12 , 2009 , Pages B243-B250 ; 14381656 (ISSN) Mahmoudi, M ; Simchi, A ; Vali, H ; Imani, M ; Shokrgozar, M. A ; Azadmanesh, K ; Azari, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Super-paramagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) are recognized as powerful biocompatible materials for use in various biomedical applications, such as drug delivery, magnetic-resonance imaging, cell/protein separation, hyperthermia and transfection. This study investigates the impact of high concentrations of SPIONs on cytotoxicity and cell-cycle effects. The interactions of surfacesaturated (via interactions with cell medium) bare SPIONs and those coated with poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) with adhesive mouse fibroblast cells (L929) are investigated using an MTT assay. The two SPION formulations are synthesized using a co-precipitation method. The bare and coated magnetic nanoparticles with... 

    Biodegradable nanopolymers in cardiac tissue engineering: from concept towards nanomedicine

    , Article International Journal of Nanomedicine ; Volume 15 , 2020 , Pages 4205-4224 Mohammadi Nasr, S ; Rabiee, N ; Hajebi, S ; Ahmadi, S ; Fatahi, Y ; Hosseini, M ; Bagherzadeh, M ; Ghadiri, A. M ; Rabiee, M ; Jajarmi, V ; Webster, T. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Dove Medical Press Ltd  2020
    Cardiovascular diseases are the number one cause of heart failure and death in the world, and the transplantation of the heart is an effective and viable choice for treatment despite presenting many disadvantages (most notably, transplant heart availability). To overcome this problem, cardiac tissue engineering is considered a promising approach by using implantable artificial blood vessels, injectable gels, and cardiac patches (to name a few) made from biodegradable polymers. Biodegradable polymers are classified into two main categories: natural and synthetic polymers. Natural biodegradable polymers have some distinct advantages such as biodegradability, abundant availability, and... 

    Drug loading onto ion-exchange microspheres: Modeling study and experimental verification

    , Article Biomaterials ; Volume 27, Issue 19 , 2006 , Pages 3652-3662 ; 01429612 (ISSN) Abdekhodaie, M. J ; Wu, X. Y ; Sharif University of Technology
    A new mathematical model was developed and an exact analytical solution without approximations of previous work was derived for the description of the kinetics and equilibrium characteristics of drug loading from a finite external solution onto ion-exchange microspheres. The influence of important parameters pertinent to material properties and loading conditions on the kinetics, efficiency, and equilibrium of drug loading was analyzed using the developed model and equations. The numerical results showed that the rate of drug loading increased with increasing initial drug concentration in the solution or with the relative volume of the external solution and the microsphere. The maximum... 

    Injectable hydrogels based on oxidized alginate-gelatin reinforced by carbon nitride quantum dots for tissue engineering

    , Article International Journal of Pharmaceutics ; Volume 602 , 2021 ; 03785173 (ISSN) Ghanbari, M ; Salavati Niasari, M ; Mohandes, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Stem cell treatment is promising in the various disorders treatment, but its effect is confined by the adverse conditions in the damaged tissues. The utilization of hydrogels has been suggested as a procedure to defeat this issue by developing the engraftment and survival of injected stem cells. Specifically, injectable hydrogels have drawn much attention due to their shape adaptability, ease of use, and the capability to reach body parts that are hard to access. In this study, the thermosensitive injectable hydrogels based on oxidized alginate, gelatin, and carbon nitride quantum dots (CNQDs) have been fabricated for tissue engineering. The mechanical characteristics of the nanocomposite... 

    Synthesis and characterization of biodegradable acrylated polyurethane based on poly(ε-caprolactone) and 1,6-hexamethylene diisocyanate

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering C ; Vol. 42 , 2014 , pp. 763-773 ; ISSN: 09284931 Alishiri, M ; Shojaei, A ; Abdekhodaie, M. J ; Yeganeh, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    A series of biodegradable acrylic terminated polyurethanes (APUs) based on poly(ε-caprolactone) diol (PCL), aliphatic 1,6-hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI) and hydroxyethyl methyl acrylate (HEMA) was synthesized as potential materials for hard tissue biomedical applications. PCLs with low molecular weights of 1000 and 2000 g/mol were employed to provide different amounts of end capped urethane acrylate in APUs. To control crosslink density, a mixture of two different reactive diluents including mono-functional HEMA and bi-functional ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA) with different weight ratios was incorporated into the APUs, called here PUAs. Morphological characteristics and mechanical... 

    Flash photo stimulation of human neural stem cells on graphene/TiO 2 heterojunction for differentiation into neurons

    , Article Nanoscale ; Volume 5, Issue 21 , 2013 , Pages 10316-10326 ; 20403364 (ISSN) Akhavan, O ; Ghaderi, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    For the application of human neural stem cells (hNSCs) in neural regeneration and brain repair, it is necessary to stimulate hNSC differentiation towards neurons rather than glia. Due to the unique properties of graphene in stem cell differentiation, here we introduce reduced graphene oxide (rGO)/TiO2 heterojunction film as a biocompatible flash photo stimulator for effective differentiation of hNSCs into neurons. Using the stimulation, the number of cell nuclei on rGO/TiO2 increased by a factor of ∼1.5, while on GO/TiO2 and TiO2 it increased only ∼48 and 24%, respectively. Moreover, under optimum conditions of flash photo stimulation (10 mW cm-2 flash intensity and 15.0 mM ascorbic acid in... 

    Design and Synthesis of Novel Polyglycerol Hybrid Nanomaterials for Potential Applications in Drug Delivery Systems

    , Article Macromolecular Bioscience ; Volume 11, Issue 3 , NOV , 2011 , Pages 383-390 ; 16165187 (ISSN) Zarrabi, A ; Adeli, M ; Vossoughi, M ; Shokrgozar, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    The synthesis of a new drug delivery system based on hybrid nanomaterials containing a β-CD core and hyperbranched PG is described. Conjugating PG branches onto β-CD not only increases its water solubility but also affects its host/guest properties deeply. It can form molecular inclusion complexes with small hydrophobic guest molecules such as ferrocene or FITC with reasonable release. In addition, the achievable payloads are significantly higher as for carriers such as hyperbranched PGs. Short-term in vitro cytotoxicity and hemocompatibility tests on L929 cell lines show that the hybrid nanomaterial is highly biocompatible. Due to their outstanding properties, β-CD-g-PG hybrid nanomaterials... 

    Chitosan-gelatin sheets as scaffolds for muscle tissue engineering

    , Article Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology ; Volume 43, Issue 2 , Nov , 2015 , Pages 124-132 ; 21691401 (ISSN) Hajiabbas, M ; Mashayekhan, S ; Nazaripouya, A ; Naji, M ; Hunkeler, D ; Rajabi Zeleti, S ; Sharifiaghdas, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Informa Healthcare  2015
    Hydrogels made of natural polymers [chitosan (CS) and gelatin (G)] have been prepared having mechanical properties similar to those of muscle tissues. In this study, the effect of polymer concentration and scaffold stiffness on the behavior of seeded muscle-derived cells (MDCs) on the CS-G hydrogel sheets has been evaluated. Both variables were found to be important in cell viability. Viability was assessed by observation of the cell morphology after 1 day as well as a 14-day MTT assay. The CS-G hydrogels were characterized using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) analysis, which revealed evidences of strong intermolecular interactions between CS and G. Hydrogel samples with intermediate... 

    Fabrication and characterization of conductive chitosan/gelatin-based scaffolds for nerve tissue engineering

    , Article International Journal of Biological Macromolecules ; Volume 74 , 2015 , Pages 360-366 ; 01418130 (ISSN) Baniasadi, H ; Ramazani S. A., A ; Mashayekhan, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper reports on the development of conductive porous scaffolds by incorporating conductive polyaniline/graphene (PAG) nanoparticles into a chitosan/gelatin matrix for its potential application in peripheral nerve regeneration. The effect of PAG content on the various properties of the scaffold is investigated and the results showed that the electrical conductivity and mechanical properties increased proportional to the increase in the PAG loading, while the porosity, swelling ratio and in vitro biodegradability decreased. In addition, the biocompatibility was evaluated by assessing the adhesion and proliferation of Schwann cells on the prepared scaffolds using SEM and MTT assay,... 

    Utilization of molecular dynamics simulation coupled with experimental assays to optimize biocompatibility of an electrospun PCL/PVA scaffold

    , Article PLoS ONE ; Volume 12, Issue 1 , 2017 ; 19326203 (ISSN) Sarmadi, M ; Shamloo, A ; Mohseni, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Public Library of Science  2017
    The main focus of this study is to address the possibility of using molecular dynamics (MD) simulation, as a computational framework, coupled with experimental assays, to optimize composite structures of a particular electrospun scaffold. To this aim, first, MD simulations were performed to obtain an initial theoretical insight into the capability of heterogeneous surfaces for protein adsorption. The surfaces were composed of six different blends of PVA (polyvinyl alcohol) and PCL (polycaprolactone) with completely unlike hydrophobicity. Next, MTT assay was performed on the electrospun scaffolds made from the same percentages of polymers as in MD models to gain an understanding of the... 

    In vitro co-culture of human skin keratinocytes and fibroblasts on a biocompatible and biodegradable scaffold

    , Article Iranian Biomedical Journal ; Volume 13, Issue 3 , 2009 , Pages 169-177 ; 1028852X (ISSN) Shariati, S. R. P ; Shokrgozar, M. A ; Vossoughi, M ; Eslamifar, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Background: Extensive full-thickness burns require replacement of both epidermis and dermis. In designing skin replacements, the goal has been to re-create this model and make a product which has both essential components. Methods: In the present study, we developed procedures for establishing confluent, stratified layers of cultured human keratinocytes on the surface of modified collagen-chitosan scaffold that contains fibroblasts. The culture methods for propagation of keratinocytes and fibroblasts isolated from human neonatal foreskin were developed. The growth and proliferation of normal human keratinocytes were evaluated in serum-free (keratinocyte growth medium) and our modified... 

    Multifunctional conductive biomaterials as promising platforms for cardiac tissue engineering

    , Article ACS Biomaterials Science and Engineering ; Volume 7, Issue 1 , 2021 , Pages 55-82 ; 23739878 (ISSN) Mousavi, A ; Vahdat, S ; Baheiraei, N ; Razavi, M ; Norahan, M. H ; Baharvand, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2021
    Adult cardiomyocytes are terminally differentiated cells that result in minimal intrinsic potential for the heart to self-regenerate. The introduction of novel approaches in cardiac tissue engineering aims to repair damages from cardiovascular diseases. Recently, conductive biomaterials such as carbon- and gold-based nanomaterials, conductive polymers, and ceramics that have outstanding electrical conductivity, acceptable mechanical properties, and promoted cell-cell signaling transduction have attracted attention for use in cardiac tissue engineering. Nevertheless, comprehensive classification of conductive biomaterials from the perspective of cardiac cell function is a subject for... 

    Fabrication and characterization of scaffolds containing different amounts of allantoin for skin tissue engineering

    , Article Scientific Reports ; Volume 11, Issue 1 , 2021 ; 20452322 (ISSN) Dorri Nokoorani, Y ; Shamloo, A ; Bahadoran, M ; Moravvej, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nature Research  2021
    Using the skin tissue engineering approach is a way to help the body to recover its lost skin in cases that the spontaneous healing process is either impossible or inadequate, such as severe wounds or burns. In the present study, chitosan/gelatin-based scaffolds containing 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, and 1% allantoin were created to improve the wounds’ healing process. EDC and NHS were used to cross-link the samples, which were further freeze-dried. Different in-vitro methods were utilized to characterize the specimens, including SEM imaging, PBS absorption and degradation tests, mechanical experiments, allantoin release profile assessment, antibacterial assay, and cell viability and adhesion tests.... 

    Preparation and characterization of multi-walled carbon nanotube/hydroxyapatite nanocomposite film dip coated on Ti-6Al-4V by sol-gel method for biomedical applications: An in vitro study

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering C ; Volume 33, Issue 4 , 2013 , Pages 2002-2010 ; 09284931 (ISSN) Abrishamchian, A ; Hooshmand, T ; Mohammadi, M ; Najafi, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    In the present research, the introduction of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) into the hydroxyapatite (HA) matrix and dip coating of nanocomposite on titanium alloy (Ti-6Al-4V) plate was conducted in order to improve the performance of the HA-coated implant via the sol-gel method. The structural characterization and electron microscopy results confirmed well crystallized HA-MWCNT coating and homogenous dispersion of carbon nanotubes in the ceramic matrix at temperatures as low as 500 C. The evaluation of the mechanical properties of HA and HA/MWCNT composite coatings with different weight percentages of MWCNTs showed that the addition of low concentrations of MWCNTs (0.5 and 1 wt.%)... 

    Fabrication of biocompatible titanium scaffolds using space holder technique

    , Article Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine ; Volume 23, Issue 10 , 2012 , Pages 2483-2488 ; 09574530 (ISSN) Dezfuli, S. N ; Sadrnezhaad, S. K ; Shokrgozar, M. A ; Bonakdar, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2012
    Open-pore titanium scaffolds were fabricated by sintering of compressed mixtures of TiH1.924 and urea. Spherical and irregular shaped space holders were used to investigate the effect of pore shape on cellular behavior. After removal of the space holder, the shape of the spacers was replicated to the pores. Average diameter of the pores was in the range of 300-600 lm. SEM images showed that titanium hydride resulted in higher surface roughness and larger micro porosities than pure titanium. In vitro evaluationswere carried out by using MTT assay, measuring alkaline phosphatase activity and alizarin red staining in flow perfusion bioreactor for cell culture. Observations revealed excellent... 

    Advances in skin regeneration: application of electrospun scaffolds

    , Article Advanced Healthcare Materials ; Volume 4, Issue 8 , 2015 , Pages 1114-1133 ; 21922640 (ISSN) Norouzi, M ; Boroujeni, S. M ; Omidvarkordshouli, N ; Soleimani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-VCH Verlag  2015
    The paucity of cellular and molecular signals essential for normal wound healing makes severe dermatological ulcers stubborn to heal. The novel strategies of skin regenerative treatments are focused on the development of biologically responsive scaffolds accompanied by cells and multiple biomolecules resembling structural and biochemical cues of the natural extracellular matrix (ECM). Electrospun nanofibrous scaffolds provide similar architecture to the ECM leading to enhancement of cell adhesion, proliferation, migration and neo tissue formation. This Review surveys the application of biocompatible natural, synthetic and composite polymers to fabricate electrospun scaffolds as skin... 

    Nanomechanical properties of TiO2 granular thin films

    , Article ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces ; Volume 2, Issue 9 , 2010 , Pages 2629-2636 ; 19448244 (ISSN) Yaghoubi, H ; Taghavinia, N ; Keshavarz Alamdari, E ; Volinsky, A.A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Post-deposition annealing effects on nanomechanical properties of granular TiO2 films on soda-lime glass substrates were studied. In particular, the effects of Na diffusion on the films' mechanical properties were examined. TiO2 photocatalyst films, 330 nm thick, were prepared by dip-coating using a TiO2 sol, and were annealed between 100 °C and 500 °C. Film's morphology, physical and nanomechanical properties were characterized by atomic force microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, differential thermo-gravimetric analysis, and nanoindentation. Contrary to expectations, the maximum film hardness was achieved for 300°C annealing, with a value of 0.69 ± 0.05 GPa.... 

    Poly(citric acid)-block-poly(ethylene glycol) copolymers-new biocompatible hybrid materials for nanomedicine

    , Article Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine ; Volume 6, Issue 4 , Aug , 2010 , Pages 556-562 ; 15499634 (ISSN) Tavakoli Naeini, A ; Adeli, M ; Vossoughi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Linear-dendritic ABA triblock copolymers containing poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) as B block and hyperbranched poly(citric acid) (PCA) as A blocks were synthesized through polycondensation. The molecular self-assembly of synthesized PCA-PEG-PCA copolymers in water led to formation of nanoparticles and fibers in different sizes and shapes depending on the time and size of PCA blocks. Ten days after dissolving PCA-PEG-PCA copolymers in water, the size of fibers had reached several millimeters. Mixing a water solution of fluorescein as a small guest molecule and PCA-PEG-PCA copolymers led to the encapsulation of fluorescein by products of molecular self-assembly. To investigate their potential...