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    Chitosan/Gelatin/Mg Substituted Hydroxyapatite Nano Composite Scaffold for Bone Tissue Engineering

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Azamian, Fariba (Author) ; Mohammadi, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor) ; Fathi, Mohammad Hossein (Co-Advisor)
    The present study is work on fabrication and characterization of a chitosan/ gelatin/ Mg substituted hydroxyapatite nano composite scaffold for bone tissue engineering. At the first step pure and Mg-substituted hydroxyapatite (HA) (Ca10-xMgx(PO4) 6OH2) nano-hexagonal rods with 14–45 nmdiameter.for this, calcium nitrate, magnesium phosphate hydrate and potassium dihydrogenphosphate were used as precursors for Ca, Mg, and P, respectively. Calculated amounts of magnesium ions (Mg+2) especially from 0 to 8% (molar ratio) were incorporated as substituted into the calcium sol solution. Deionized water was used as a diluting media for HA sol preparation and ammonia was used to adjust the pH= 9.... 

    Synthesis of Hydroxyapatite Whisker and Nanorods/Polycaprolactone Composites and Scaffolds: In vitro & In vivo studies

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Lebasi, Mohammad Ali (Author) ; Mohammadi, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    This work describes the effect of hydroxyapatite with different morphology including nanorods and whisker on the properties of hydroxyapatite/polycaprolactone (HA/PCL) composite. Biodegradable polymer/Hydroxyapatite (HA) composites with the morphology of nanorods and whisker of (HA) as bone replacement scaffolds are synthesized by sol-gel and hydrothermal methods, respectively with a Ca/P ratio of 1.67 and 20:80 (HA/PCL).The crystallization behavior and porosity of HA/PCL composite are studied by scanning electron microscope and X-Ray diffraction. The response of bone marrow-derived human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) in terms of cell proliferation and differentiation to the osteoblastic... 

    Evaluation of Nanobiocomposite Based on Thermoplastic Starch for Bone Tissue Engineering Applications

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Taherimehr, Marzieh (Author) ; Bagheri, Reza (Supervisor) ; Maddah Hosseini, Hamid Reza (Supervisor)
    Development of new engineered materials for bone tissue engineering applications is rapidly growing. The most important characteristics of materials, which can be used for bone tissue engineering applications, are appropriate mechanical properties, degradation rate, swelling behavior, and bioactivity. The goal of the current investigation is to study the feasibility of incorporating a modified nano-biocomposite based on biodegradable thermoplastic starch for bone tissue engineering. Nano particles of ?-tricalcium phosphate and hydroxyapatite were incorporated for reinforcing the matrix as well as improving the bioactivity. A second biodegradable polymer, i.e. polycaprolactone, was used... 

    In Situ Synthesis of Nanorod Hydroxyapatite Reinforced Polycaprolactone Nanocomposite for Bone Tissue Engineering Application

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Moeini, Saeed (Author) ; Mohammadi, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor) ; Simchi, Abdol Reza (Supervisor)
    Hydroxyapatite is the most substantial inorganic constituent of bone tissue which displays splendid biocompability and bioactivity. Nevertheless, its mechanical properties is not utmost appropriate for a bone substitutes. Therefore, it is used to improve the mechanical properties of polymer matrix composite scaffolds. In the present work polycaprolactone as a polymeric matrix was employed to fabricate hydroxyapatite-polycaprolactone biocomposite scaffolds via in situ route. Solvothermal method was employed to synthesize in situ hydroxyapatite in polymer matrix. Porous scaffolds were fabricated via freeze-drying/porogen leaching. Physical, mechanical (compressive module and compressive... 

    Design and Fabrication of Mineral-based Porous Microcarrier for Bone Tissue Regeneration

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Haji Abbas, Mohammad Ali (Author) ; Mashayekhan, Shohreh (Supervisor) ; Bahrevari, Mohammad Reza (Co-Supervisor)
    Currently, using biocompatible and injectable polymeric microcarriers as one of the efficient methods to transfer cells and active agents has gained much attention for bone regenerative medicine. However, they have some drawbacks such as weak mechanical stability and lack of mineral materials, which are the major ingredients of the bone tissues. Accordingly, it is expected that mimicking the chemical and physical structure of bone tissues could be valuable in their medical applications. Herein, a new porous biodegradable microcarriers (MCs) made of silk fibroin-oxidized alginate-bioactive glass was fabricated by electrospraying method. Response surface methodology (RSM) was used to study the... 

    Human olfactory mucosa stem cells delivery using a collagen hydrogel: As a potential candidate for bone tissue engineering

    , Article Materials ; Volume 14, Issue 14 , 2021 ; 19961944 (ISSN) Simorgh, S ; Milan, P. B ; Saadatmand, M ; Bagher, Z ; Gholipourmalekabadi, M ; Alizadeh, R ; Hivechi, A ; Arabpour, Z ; Hamidi, M ; Delattre, C ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI AG  2021
    For bone tissue engineering, stem cell‐based therapy has become a promising option. Re-cently, cell transplantation supported by polymeric carriers has been increasingly evaluated. Herein, we encapsulated human olfactory ectomesenchymal stem cells (OE‐MSC) in the collagen hydrogel system, and their osteogenic potential was assessed in vitro and in vivo conditions. Col-lagen type I was composed of four different concentrations of (4 mg/mL, 5 mg/mL, 6 mg/mL, 7 mg/mL). SDS‐Page, FTIR, rheologic test, resazurin assay, live/dead assay, and SEM were used to characterize collagen hydrogels. OE‐MSCs encapsulated in the optimum concentration of collagen hydrogel and transplanted in rat calvarial... 

    Synthesis, Characterization and Application of Porous Bioactive Glasses-Based Nanostructures in Bone Tissue Engineering

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Aldhaher, Abdullah (Author) ; Bagherzadeh, Mojtaba (Supervisor) ; Baheiraei, Nafiseh (Co-Supervisor)
    In the upcoming research, with the aim of bone tissue engineering and achieving a new structure, a scaffold based on polyhema (PHEMA) and gelatin (Gel), which are biocompatible polymers for bone tissue, was made and evaluated. Also, in order to improve the bioactivity and mechanical properties, bioactive glass alone (BG45S5) or together with strontium (BG-Sr) was used in the scaffold structure. and chemical by conducting FTIR, XRD, SEM, mechanical strength, bioactivity measurement, contact angle, water absorption and degradation tests. Biological investigations were done using mesenchymal stem cells derived from human bone marrow and with the help of MTT evaluations and SEM photography. The... 

    Development of hydroxyapatite nanorods-polycaprolactone composites and scaffolds derived from a novel in-situ sol-gel process

    , Article Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine ; Volume 9, Issue 6 , 2012 , Pages 295-303 ; 17382696 (ISSN) Rezaei, A ; Mohammadi, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Hydroxyapatite (HA) is the most substantial mineral constituent of a bone which displays splendid biocompatibility and bioactivity properties. Nevertheless, its mechanical property is not utmost appropriate for a bone substitution. Therefore, a composite consist of HA and a biodegradable polymer is usually prepared to generate an apt bone scaffold. In the present work polycaprolactone (PCL) was employed as a matrix and hydroxyapatite nanorods were used as a reinforcement element of the composite. HA/PCL nanocomposites were synthesized by a new in-situ sol-gel process using low cost chemicals. Chemical and physical characteristics of the nanocomposite were studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD),... 

    Thermoplastic starch/ethylene vinyl alcohol/forsterite nanocomposite as a candidate material for bone tissue engineering

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering C ; Volume 69 , 2016 , Pages 301-310 ; 09284931 (ISSN) Mahdieh, Z ; Bagheri, R ; Eslami, M ; Amiri, M ; Shokrgozar, M. A ; Mehrjoo, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd 
    Recently, biodegradable polymers such as starch based blends have been well renowned in the biomedical field. Studies have considered them suitable for bone scaffolds, bone cements, tissue engineering scaffolds, drug delivery systems and hydrogels. The aim of this study was to synthesize nanocomposite biomaterial consisting a blend of thermoplastic starch and ethylene vinyl alcohol as the polymer matrix, and nano-structured forsterite as the ceramic reinforcing phase for bone tissue engineering applications. Furthermore, vitamin E was applied as a thermal stabilizer during melt compounding. Extrusion and injection molding were incorporated for melt blending and shaping of samples,... 

    Biomimetic apatite layer formation on a novel citrate starch scaffold suitable for bone tissue engineering applications

    , Article Starch/Staerke ; Volume 68, Issue 11-12 , 2016 , Pages 1275-1281 ; 00389056 (ISSN) Nourmohammadi, J ; Shahriarpanah, S ; Asadzadehzanjani, N ; Khaleghpanah, S ; Heidari, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-VCH Verlag  2016
    The formation of biomimetic bone-like apatite layers throughout the biopolymer-based hydrogel scaffold is an attractive approach in bone tissue engineering. Here, the starch scaffold was prepared using a combination of particulate leaching and freeze-drying techniques. The fabricated structures were then modified by citric acid to investigate the formation of bone-like apatite layer on the porous citrate-based scaffold after soaking in simulated body fluid (SBF). The Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectra and X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns revealed that the B-type carbonated apatite has successfully deposited on the scaffold after immersing in SBF for 28 days. Indeed, high chemical... 

    A comprehensive study on the fabrication and properties of biocomposites of poly(lactic acid)/ceramics for bone tissue engineering

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering C ; Volume 70 , 2017 , Pages 897-912 ; 09284931 (ISSN) Tajbakhsh, S ; Hajiali, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2017
    The fabrication of a suitable scaffold material is one of the major challenges for bone tissue engineering. Poly(lactic acid) (PLA) is one of the most favorable matrix materials in bone tissue engineering owing to its biocompatibility and biodegradability. However, PLA suffers from some shortcomings including low degradation rate, low cell adhesion caused by its hydrophobic property, and inflammatory reactions in vivo due to its degradation product, lactic acid. Therefore, the incorporation of bioactive reinforcements is considered as a powerful method to improve the properties of PLA. This review presents a comprehensive study on recent advances in the synthesis of PLA-based biocomposites... 

    Conductive nanofiber scaffold for bone tissue engineering

    , Article 24th Iranian Conference on Biomedical Engineering and 2017 2nd International Iranian Conference on Biomedical Engineering, ICBME 2017, 30 November 2017 through 1 December 2017 ; 2018 ; 9781538636091 (ISBN) Rasti Boroojeni, F ; Mashayekhan, S ; Abbaszadeh, H. A ; Ansarizadeh, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2018
    In order to fabricate nanofiber scaffold for bone tissue engineering, electrospinning technique was employed. This technique produces nanofiberous scaffold supporting cell adhesion, migration, and proliferation. Here, we developed a novel conductive scaffold from poly-caprolactone, gelatin, and poly aniline/graphene nanoparticles. In this study, co-electrospinning was utilized to fabricate composite electrospun scaffold. The effect of polyaniline/graphene (PAG) nanoparticles on the mechanical properties and electrical conductivity of this hybrid scaffold was investigated. The result showed that PAG nanoparticles enbance both mechanical properties and electrical conductivity of the scaffolds.... 

    Fabrication and properties of polycaprolactone composites containing calcium phosphate-based ceramics and bioactive glasses in bone tissue engineering: a review

    , Article Polymer Reviews ; Volume 58, Issue 1 , 2018 , Pages 164-207 ; 15583724 (ISSN) Hajiali, F ; Tajbakhsh, S ; Shojaei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Inc  2018
    Polycaprolactone (PCL) is a bioresorbable and biocompatible polymer that has been widely used in long-term implants and controlled drug release applications. However, when it comes to tissue engineering, PCL suffers from some shortcomings such as slow degradation rate, poor mechanical properties, and low cell adhesion. The incorporation of calcium phosphate-based ceramics and bioactive glasses into PCL has yielded a class of hybrid biomaterials with remarkably improved mechanical properties, controllable degradation rates, and enhanced bioactivity that are suitable for bone tissue engineering. This review presents a comprehensive study on recent advances in the fabrication and properties of... 

    Mechanical modeling of silk fibroin/TiO2 and silk fibroin/fluoridated TiO2 nanocomposite scaffolds for bone tissue engineering

    , Article Iranian Polymer Journal (English Edition) ; Volume 29, Issue 3 , February , 2020 , Pages 219-224 Johari, N ; Madaah Hosseini, H. R ; Samadikuchaksaraei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2020
    Biocompatible and biodegradable three-dimensional scaffolds are commonly porous which serve to provide suitable microenvironments for mechanical supporting and optimal cell growth. Silk fibroin (SF) is a natural and biomedical polymer with appropriate and improvable mechanical properties. Making a composite with a bioceramicas reinforcement is a general strategy to prepare a scaffold for hard tissue engineering applications. In the present study, SF was separately combined with titanium dioxide (TiO2) and fluoridated titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2-F) as bioceramic reinforcements for bone tissue engineering purposes. At the first step, SF was extracted from Bombyx mori cocoons. Then,... 

    Computational modeling of media flow through perfusion-based bioreactors for bone tissue engineering

    , Article Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine ; Volume 234, Issue 12 , 2020 , Pages 1397-1408 Nokhbatolfoghahaei, H ; Bohlouli, M ; Adavi, K ; Paknejad, Z ; Rezai Rad, M ; khani, M. M ; Salehi-Nik, N ; Khojasteh, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    SAGE Publications Ltd  2020
    Bioreactor system has been used in bone tissue engineering in order to simulate dynamic nature of bone tissue environments. Perfusion bioreactors have been reported as the most efficient types of shear-loading bioreactor. Also, combination of forces, such as rotation plus perfusion, has been reported to enhance cell growth and osteogenic differentiation. Mathematical modeling using sophisticated infrastructure processes could be helpful and streamline the development of functional grafts by estimating and defining an effective range of bioreactor settings for better augmentation of tissue engineering. This study is aimed to conduct computational modeling for newly designed bioreactors in... 

    CaTiO3/α-TCP coatings on CP-Ti prepared via electrospinning and pulsed laser treatment for in-vitro bone tissue engineering

    , Article Surface and Coatings Technology ; Volume 401 , 2020 Yadi, M ; Esfahani, H ; Sheikhi, M ; Mohammadi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2020
    In this study, the in-vitro bone regeneration ability of commercial pure titanium (CP-Ti) surface modified via electrospun polyvinylidene/hydroxyapatite (PVP/HA) masking and subsequent Nd-YAG pulsed laser treatment was investigated. The ratio of HA to PVP played a significant role in achieving a perfect homogenous mask on the CP-Ti. In the laser treatment process, the parameter of area scanning speed (ASS) had an important influence on the final surface morphology. A favorable range was defined for this parameter where these two conditions were satisfied: no PVP remaining and no severe substrate melting. Within a favorable range of ASS, as decreasing ASS exchanged the surface structure from... 

    The effect of Ag incorporation on the characteristics of the polymer derived bioactive silicate phosphate glass-ceramic scaffolds

    , Article Boletin de la Sociedad Espanola de Ceramica y Vidrio ; 2021 ; 03663175 (ISSN) Paryab, A ; Godary, T ; Khalilifard, R ; Malek Khachatourian, A ; Abdollahi, F ; Abdollahi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sociedad Espanola de Ceramica y Vidrio  2021
    In the bone tissue engineering field (BTE), it is of significant importance to develop bioactive multifunctional scaffolds with enhanced osteoconductivity, osteoinductivity, and antibacterial properties required for lost bone tissue regeneration. In this work, a bioactive glass-ceramic scaffold was manufactured via a novel polymer-derived ceramics (PDC) manufacturing method. To gain antibacterial properties, the silver ions were incorporated in controlled amount along with other precursors in the PDC processing stage. Microstructural and structural properties of the fabricated silicate-phosphate glass-ceramic scaffold were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) equipped with energy... 

    Biological evaluation of a novel tissue engineering scaffold of Layered Double Hydroxides (LDHs)

    , Article Key Engineering Materials, 6 November 2011 through 9 November 2011 ; Volume 493-494 , November , 2012 , Pages 902-908 ; 10139826 (ISSN) ; 9783037852552 (ISBN) Fayyazbakhsh, F ; Solati Hashjin, M ; Shokrgozar, M. A ; Bonakdar, S ; Ganji, Y ; Mirjordavi, N ; Ghavimi, S. A ; Khashayar, P ; Sharif University of Technology
    Bone Tissue Engineering (BTE) composed of three main parts: scaffold, cells and signaling factors. Several materials and composites are suggested as a scaffold for BTE. Biocompatibility is one of the most important property of a BTE scaffold. In this work synthesis of a novel nanocomposite including layered double hydroxides (LDH) and gelatin is carried out and its biological properties were studied. The co-precipitation (pH=11) method was used to prepare the LDH powder, using calcium nitrate, Magesium nitrate and aluminum nitrate salts as starting materials. The resulted precipitates were dried. X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron... 

    Optimized composition of nanocomposite scaffolds formed from silk fibroin and nano-TiO2 for bone tissue engineering

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering C ; Volume 79 , 2017 , Pages 783-792 ; 09284931 (ISSN) Johari, N ; Madaah Hosseini, H. R ; Samadikuchaksaraei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Natural silk fibroin (SF) polymer has biomedical and mechanical properties as a biomaterial for bone tissue engineering scaffolds. Freeze-dried porous nanocomposite scaffolds were prepared from silk fibroin and titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles as a bioactive reinforcing agent by a phase separation method. In order to fabricate SF/TiO2 scaffolds, 5, 10, 15 and 20 wt% of the TiO2 were added to the SF. The phase structure, functional groups and morphology of the scaffolds were evaluated using X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy techniques, respectively. Porosity of the scaffolds was measured by Archimedes' Principle. In addition,... 

    In-vitro evaluation of thermoplastic starch/ beta-tricalcium phosphate nano-biocomposite in bone tissue engineering

    , Article Ceramics International ; Volume 47, Issue 11 , 2021 , Pages 15458-15463 ; 02728842 (ISSN) Taherimehr, M ; Bagheri, R ; Taherimehr, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    Thermoplastic starch (TPS), as a natural based polymer, is known to have the capability to be used in biological applications due to its biocompatibility and biodegradability. In this study, mechanical properties of TPS are enhanced by incorporating bioactive β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) particles for bone tissue engineering applications. Starch-based nanocomposites containing 3, 5, and 10 wt% of β-TCP nanoparticles (TT3, TT5, TT10) were made using a co-rotating twin-screw extruder. Dynamic light scattering (DLS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques were employed to analyze the nanocomposites. Moreover, degradability, swelling degree, and biomineralization in a simulated body fluid (SBF)...