Search for: cancer-staging
Optical radiomic signatures derived from optical coherence tomography images improve identification of melanoma, Article Cancer Research ; Volume 79, Issue 8 , 2019 , Pages 2021-2030 ; 00085472 (ISSN) ; Fatemizadeh, E ; Blumetti, T ; Daveluy, S ; Moraes, A. F ; Chen, W ; Mehregan, D ; Andersen, P. E ; Nasiriavanaki, M ; Sharif University of Technology
American Association for Cancer Research Inc 2019
The current gold standard for clinical diagnosis of melanoma is excisional biopsy and histopathologic analysis. Approximately 15–30 benign lesions are biopsied to diagnose each melanoma. In addition, biopsies are invasive and result in pain, anxiety, scarring, and disfigurement of patients, which can add additional burden to the health care system. Among several imaging techniques developed to enhance melanoma diagnosis, optical coherence tomography (OCT), with its high-resolution and intermediate penetration depth, can potentially provide required diagnostic information noninvasively. Here, we present an image analysis algorithm, "optical properties extraction (OPE)," which improves the...
Article Clinical Medicine Insights: Oncology ; Volume 15 , 2021 ; 11795549 (ISSN) ; Alshammari, F. O. F. O ; Youssef, A. M. M ; Al Sarayreh, S ; Al Sarayra, Y. M ; Aborajooh, E ; Al Shuneigat, J ; Alrawashdeh, H. M ; Sharif University of Technology
SAGE Publications Ltd 2021
Background: The development of colon cancer has been described as a multistep process of carcinogenesis. Understanding molecular and cellular changes underlying this process is required to determine potential biomarkers and therapeutic targets in colon cancers. Several molecular entities, including glypicans, are implicated in cancer development. Among these is glypican-6, which is overexpressed in a limited number of cancers. This study aims to characterise the glypican-6 expression in different types of colon cancer. Methods: Immunohistochemistry was used to characterise glypican-6 expression in a panel of archived formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded colon tissue types. These types included...
Electrochemical prostate-specific antigen biosensors based on electroconductive nanomaterials and polymers, Article Clinica Chimica Acta ; Volume 516 , 2021 , Pages 111-135 ; 00098981 (ISSN) ; Abdekhodaie, M. J ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2021
Prostate cancer (PCa), the second most malignant neoplasm in men, is also the fifth leading cause of cancer-related deaths in men globally. Unfortunately, this malignancy remains largely asymptomatic until late-stage emergence when treatment is limited due to the lack of effective metastatic PCa therapeutics. Due to these limitations, early PCa detection through prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening has become increasingly important, resulting in a more than 50% decrease in mortality. Conventional assays for PSA detection, such as enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), are labor intensive, relatively expensive, operator-dependent and do not provide adequate sensitivity....
Article Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy ; Volume 13 , 2021 , Pages 565-574 ; 11791314 (ISSN) ; Alshammari, F. O. F. O ; Youssef, A. M. M ; Al Tarawneh, F ; Al Sarayreh, S ; Almuhaisen, G. H ; Satari, A. O ; Al Shuneigat, J ; Alrawashdeh, H. M ; Sharif University of Technology
Dove Medical Press Ltd 2021
Purpose: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is characterized by high mortality rate, and its clinical management is difficult and complex. Therefore, there is a need for extensive efforts aimed at accelerating the discovery of novel therapies for TNBC. CYP4Z1 has been implicated in the development of breast cancer. The current study aimed at characterizing the expression of CYP4Z1 on TNBC. Materials and Methods: Using immunohistochemistry, CYP4Z1 expression was evaluated on 122 TNBC samples, four samples of breast cancers expressing ER, PR, and HER-2, and four samples of normal breast tissues. The association between the enzyme and various histopathological features and survival of...
Article OncoTargets and Therapy ; Volume 14 , 2021 , Pages 4309-4318 ; 11786930 (ISSN) ; Al Saraireh, Y. M ; Youssef, A. M. M ; Al Sarayra, Y. M ; Alrawashdeh, H. M ; Sharif University of Technology
Dove Medical Press Ltd 2021
Purpose: Treatment of metastatic breast cancer patients is challenging and remains a major underlying cause of female mortality. Understanding molecular alterations in tumor development is critical to identify novel biomarkers and targets for cancer diagnosis and therapy. One of the aberrant cancer expressions gaining recent research interest is glypican-1. Several studies reported strong glypican-1 expression in various types of human cancers. However, none of these investigated glypican-1 expression in a large cohort of breast cancer histopathological subtypes. Patients and Methods: Immunohistochemistry was used to assess glypican-1 expression in 220 breast cancer patients and its relation...
A new insight to deformability correlation of circulating tumor cells with metastatic behavior by application of a new deformability-based microfluidic chip, Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 1186 , 2021 ; 00032670 (ISSN) ; Khorasheh, F ; Alemzadeh, I ; Vossoughi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2021
Isolation and characterization of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) found in blood samples of cancer patients have been considered as a reliable source for cancer prognosis and diagnosis. A new continuous microfluidic platform has been designed in this investigation for simultaneous capture and characterization of CTCs based on their deformability. The deformability-based chip (D-Chip) consists of two sections of separation and characterization where slanted weirs with a gap of 7 μm were considered. Although sometimes CTCs and leukocytes have the same size, the deformability differs in such a way that can be exploited for enrichment purposes. MCF7 and MDA-MB-231 cell lines were used for the...
Article Current Oncology ; Volume 28, Issue 5 , 2021 , Pages 3573-3584 ; 17187729 (ISSN) ; Alshammari, F. O. F. O ; Youssef, A. M. M ; Al Sarayra, Y. M ; Al Saraireh, R. A ; Al Muhaisen, G. H ; Al Mahdy, Y. S ; Al Kharabsheh, A. M ; Abufraijeh, S. M ; Al Rawashdeh, H. M ; Sharif University of Technology
Background: cervical cancer is one of the most common malignancies in women worldwide and its management remains challenging and complex. As Cytochrome4Z1 (CYP4Z1) is overex-pressed in many tumours, its expression in cervical cancer is unknown. Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate CYP4Z1 expression in cervical cancers. Methods: CYP4Z1 expression was immunohistochemically assessed in 100 cases of cervical cancers along with ten normal cervix tissues, and the enzyme’s relationship to several clinicopathological features and survival was explored. Results: CYP4Z1 was strongly expressed in 55% of cervical cancer patients. Normal cervix samples were negative for CYP4Z1 expression....
Article BMC Cancer ; Volume 19, Issue 1 , 2019 ; 14712407 (ISSN) ; Mostafaei, S ; Etemadi, A ; Ghasemi, A ; Payandeh, M ; Hadifar, S ; Norooznezhad, A. H ; Kazemnejad, A ; Moghoofei, M ; Sharif University of Technology
BioMed Central Ltd 2019
Background: Breast cancer is currently the most common neoplasm diagnosed in women globally. There is a growing body of evidence to suggest that human papillomavirus (HPV) infection may play a key role in invasiveness of breast cancer. The aim of this study was to determine the presence of HPV in patients with breast cancer and its possible association with cancer progression. Methods: Breast specimens were collected from 72 patients with breast cancer and 31 healthy controls. The presence of HPV was investigated by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and genotyping was performed for positive cases. We also evaluated the viral factors such as E6, E2, and E7 in HPV positive cases. Enzyme-linked...
Article Experimental and Molecular Pathology ; Volume 118 , 2021 ; 00144800 (ISSN) ; Hussen, B. M ; Taheri, F ; Sattari, A ; Yousefi, H ; Omrani, M. D ; Nazer, N ; Ghafouri Fard, S ; Taheri, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Academic Press Inc 2021
Growth arrest-specific gene 6 (GAS6) is a growth factor-like cytokine whose function is related with vitamin K. This protein interacts with receptor tyrosine kinase proteins such as Tyro3, Axl, and TAM Receptor family, therefore affecting the tumorigenic processes via different mechanisms. GAS6-antisense 1 (GAS6-AS1) is a long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) that is transcribed from a genomic regions nearby GAS6. This lncRNA is also implicated in the pathobiology of cancer. We intended to judge the role of GAS6 and GAS6-AS1 in the pathogenesis of breast cancer through appraisal of their expression levels in breast cancer tissues and their paired neighboring non-cancerous samples. Expression of...