Search for: carbon-fiber-reinforced-plastics
0.009 seconds

    Intelligent control of an IPMC actuated manipulator using emotional learning-based controller

    , Article Metamaterials: Fundamentals and Applications, San Diego, CA, 10 August 2008 through 13 August 2008 ; Volume 7029 , 2008 ; 0277786X (ISSN) ; 9780819472496 (ISBN) Shariati, A ; Meghdari, A ; Shariati, P ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this research an intelligent emotional learning controller, Takagi- Sugeno- Kang (TSK) is applied to govern the dynamics of a novel Ionic-Polymer Metal Composite (IPMC) actuated manipulator. Ionic-Polymer Metal Composites are active actuators that show very large deformation in existence of low applied voltage. In this research, a new IPMC actuator is considered and applied to a 2-dof miniature manipulator. This manipulator is designed for miniature tasks. The control system consists of a set of neurofuzzy controller whose parameters are adapted according to the emotional learning rules, and a critic with task to assess the present situation resulted from the applied control action in... 

    Seismic performance of high-strength concrete square columns confined with carbon fiber reinforced polymers (CFRPs)

    , Article Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering ; Volume 32, Issue 3 , 2005 , Pages 569-578 ; 03151468 (ISSN) Hosseini, A ; Khaloo, A. R ; Fadaee, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper presents the results of an experimental and analytical study on high-strength, reinforced-concrete (RC) columns with different levels of initial ductility enhanced with carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) wraps. Six square columns 260 mm wide and 1650 mm long were tested under constant axial load and reversed cyclic lateral load. The test specimens were divided into three groups. Groups I and II were designed and detailed according to the requirements of American Concrete Institute ACI318-02 for intermediate-moment frames. Group I was wrapped with CFRP, group II was control specimens, and group III was designed and detailed according to the requirements of ACI318-02 for... 

    A Study on the Effect of Different Lubrication Methods on Surface Integrity and Tool Wear during Ultrasonic-Assisted Milling of CFRP

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Amirnia, Mahan (Author) ; Akbari, Javad (Supervisor)
    The aim of this study was to compare the effect of different cooling conditions (dry, flood, mql) on machined surface parameters (smoothness and protrusion of fibers) and tool erosion in carbon fiber reinforced plastic composite materials (CFRP) in the presence of ultrasonic vibrations or without it. Is. Today, carbon fiber reinforced plastic composite materials or CFRP have become one of the most widely used materials in industry due to their strength and light properties. For example, these materials have been used in the manufacture of products from commercial aircraft to shoes, tennis rackets, golf clubs, fishing rods, etc. The combination of carbon fibers woven with resin in alternating... 

    Strengthening study on 6082 Al alloy after combination of aging treatment and ECAP process

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering A ; Volume 527, Issue 18-19 , July , 2010 , Pages 4758-4766 ; 09215093 (ISSN) Dadbakhsh, S ; Karimi Taheri, A ; Smith, C. W ; Sharif University of Technology
    Equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) was used before and after various aging treatments in order to strengthen a commercial 6082 Al alloy. Experiments were carried out to study the strengthening of the alloy due to pre and post-ECAP aging treatment. It was found that aging before and after ECAP processing is an effective method for strengthening of the alloy. An increase in both strength and ductility of the ECAPed specimen was achieved via appropriate post-aging treatment. This was in such a manner that for maximal strengthening, post-ECAP aging is best conducted at temperatures lower than those usually used for aging if prior work hardening is not undertaken. Pre-ECAP aging was also... 

    The long-term evaluation of FRPs bonded to timber

    , Article European Journal of Wood and Wood Products ; Volume 76, Issue 6 , 2018 , Pages 1623-1636 ; 00183768 (ISSN) Toufigh, V ; Yarigarravesh, M ; Mofid, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    This research investigated the long-term environmental effects on bond strength at the interface between fiber- reinforced polymers (FRPs) and timber. A total of 581 timber specimens were bonded with seven types of FRP sheets (unidirectional and bidirectional glass, carbon, aramid, and hybrids) using a wet lay-up technique. The specimens were exposed to acidic, alkaline, fresh water, and sea water solutions with pH of 2.5, 7, 7.25, 10, and 12.5 for 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. A chamber was also used to simulate ultraviolet radiation after 6 months. A series of single-lap shear tests were then conducted to determine the interfacial bond strength reduction. The results showed that bidirectional... 

    Effect Of Longitudinally Ultrasonic Assisted Milling On Surface Integrity of CFRP Composites

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Charkhian, Ali (Author) ; Akbari, Javad (Supervisor)
    Nowadays, processes with the ability to machine advanced materials are very much needed by industries. Therefore, compare of a rotary ultrasonic-assisted machining process with a conventional machining process is carried out in this study. In order to evaluate this process, the milling and drilling processes are conducted on the carbon fiber-reinforced polymer composite and titanium materials where cutting forces, surface roughness, and fiber pull-out are selected as critical factors for analysis. As a result, it is seen that rotary ultrasonic-assisted machining has a good performance in the milling and drilling of advanced materials. In particular, it is shown that fiber pull-out is... 

    Finite element analysis of a CFRP reinforced retaining wall

    , Article Geomechanics and Engineering ; Volume 10, Issue 6 , 2016 , Pages 757-774 ; 2005307X (ISSN) Ouria, A ; Toufigh, V ; Desai, C ; Toufigh, V ; Saadatmanesh, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Techno Press 
    Soils are usually weak in tension therefore different materials such as geosynthetics are used to address this inadequacy. Worldwide annual consumption of geosynthetics is close to 1000 million m2, and the value of these materials is probably close to US$1500 million. Since the total cost of the construction is at least four or five times the cost of the geosynthetic itself, the impact of these materials on civil engineering construction is very large indeed. Nevertheless, there are several significant problems associated with geosynthetics, such as creep, low modulus of elasticity, and susceptibility to aggressive environment. Carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) was introduced over two... 

    Environmental effects on the bond at the interface of fiber-reinforced polymer and masonry brick

    , Article Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites ; Volume 36, Issue 18 , 2017 , Pages 1355-1368 ; 07316844 (ISSN) Toufigh, V ; Yarigarravesh, M ; Mofid, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    This study examined the bond at the interface of masonry bricks and fiber-reinforced polymer when exposed to five environments. Three fabrics (aramid, carbon, and glass) and one type of epoxy resin were used. A total of 375 brick-fiber-reinforced polymer specimens were made using wet lay-up technic and exposed to chemical solutions at four pH values (2.5, 7, 10, and 12.5) and substitute seawater. The effect of dry heat on the bond at the interface was also investigated. Single-lap shear tests were then carried out on the samples after 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 13 weeks of exposure. The experimental results indicated that freshwater and seawater had a considerable effect on the bond strength of... 

    Strengthening of metallic beams with different types of pre-stressed un-bonded retrofit systems

    , Article Composite Structures ; Volume 159 , 2017 , Pages 81-95 ; 02638223 (ISSN) Kianmofrad, F ; Ghafoori, E ; Elyasi, M. M ; Motavalli, M ; Rahimian, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2017
    Unlike bonded retrofit systems, un-bonded systems do not need any surface preparation prior to bond application, which reduces the overall time and cost of a retrofit plan. Because the carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) plate in the un-bonded (tendon) systems is not bonded to a metallic substrate, different variants of the retrofit systems can be developed to ease application in the field. This paper presents four different variants of the prestressed un-bonded retrofit (PUR) systems: trapezoidal PUR (TPUR), triangular PUR (TriPUR), Flat PUR (FPUR), and Contact PUR (CPUR) systems. Analytical solutions based on the flexibility approach are developed to predict the behavior of the metallic... 

    The effect of elevated temperatures on the tensile performance of GFRP and CFRP sheets

    , Article Construction and Building Materials ; Volume 190 , 2018 , Pages 38-52 ; 09500618 (ISSN) Jarrah, M ; Pournamazian Najafabadi, E ; Houshmand Khaneghahi, M ; Vatani Oskouei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2018
    In this study, the effects of fiber type (i.e., carbon and glass fibers) and intumescent paint on the tensile performance of fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) sheets at elevated temperatures are investigated. For this purpose, a series of tensile tests were conducted on the glass and carbon fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP and CFRP) sheets, with and without intumescent fire retardant paint, at different elevated temperatures. The studied temperatures ranged from 25 °C to 600 °C. Scanning electron microscopy was also used to examine the effects of elevated temperatures on FRP sheets and the fire protecting mechanism of the intumescent paint. Based on the test results, the tensile strength of the... 

    The tensile performance of FRP bars embedded in concrete under elevated temperatures

    , Article Construction and Building Materials ; Volume 211 , 2019 , Pages 1138-1152 ; 09500618 (ISSN) Pournamazian Najafabadi, E ; Vatani Oskouei, A ; Khaneghahi, M. H ; Shoaei, P ; Ozbakkaloglu, T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    In this research, the mechanical properties of glass and carbon fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) bars with epoxy resin matrices embedded in concrete were investigated under an extensive range of elevated temperatures (i.e., 25–800 °C). Embedded FRP bars with various bar diameters were studied in order to determine bar diameter influence on the results. In addition, analysis of variance (ANOVA) was performed on the experimental results to investigate the contribution of exposure temperature and bar diameter to the tensile behavior of embedded in concrete FRP bars at elevated temperatures. The results show that the tensile strength of embedded FRP bars generally decreases with increasing... 

    Numerical and experimental investigation on a BRB confined with partially carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP)

    , Article Engineering Structures ; Volume 223 , 2020 Bashiri, M ; Toufigh, V ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    Buckling-restrained braces (BRBs) have been spread widely, especially in high seismic hazard zones due to their excellent energy absorption capacity. BRBs are composed of a main load-carrying steel core restrained with other elements mostly made of concrete and steel casing to preserve it from buckling. Although BRBs provide excellent cyclic behavior, a problem is with their heaviness, which leads to difficulties such as installation and transportation. This study presents a numerical and experimental investigation on a BRB with a new proposed restraining system composed of concrete panels confined with partially carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) strips to reduce the weight of the... 

    Mechanical strength of CFRP and GFRP composites filled with APP fire retardant powder exposed to elevated temperature

    , Article Fire Safety Journal ; Volume 115 , 2020 Shekarchi, M ; Majdabadi Farahani, E ; Yekrangnia, M ; Ozbakkaloglu, T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    Ammonium polyphosphate (APP) is one of the most widely used halogen-free flame retardant, added in various resins to improve the fire properties, such as flame and smoke spread ratings and LOI, of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites. This paper experimentally investigates the effects of using APP, as a fire-retardant filler, on mechanical properties (i.e. ultimate tensile, flexural, and bond strength) of glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) and carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) composites. Based on two fiber types (i.e. carbon and glass) and three different APP mass fractions in resin (i.e. 0, 20, and 40% of total weight of matrix), six sets of specimens were prepared for each... 

    Failure analysis of bolted joints in foam-core sandwich composites

    , Article Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites ; Volume 27, Issue 15 , 2008 , Pages 1635-1647 ; 07316844 (ISSN) Zabihpoor, M ; Moslemian, R ; Afshin, M ; Nazemi, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    This study represents an effort to predict the bearing strength, failure modes, and failure load of bolted joints in foam-core sandwich composites. The studied joints have been used in a light full composite airplane. By using solid laminates, a new design for the joint zone is developed. These solid laminates include a number of glass plies with total thickness equal to core thickness. The effect of solid laminate size and interface angle of foam-solid laminate in the bonding zone on the bearing strength, failure loads and type of modes are investigated. The numerical study is performed using 3D FEM in ANSYS commercial code. Tsai-Wu failure criterion is used in the failure analysis. The... 

    Damage behavior of fiber reinforced composite plates subjected to drop weight impacts

    , Article Composites Science and Technology ; Volume 66, Issue 1 , 2006 , Pages 61-68 ; 02663538 (ISSN) Hosseinzadeh, R ; Shokrieh, M. M ; Lessard, L ; Sharif University of Technology
    Fiber reinforced materials are widely used in many industrial structures including automotive, aviation, and civil due to their lower weights compared to metal structures. Full-composite body structures, especially in automotive and aviation applications, are becoming a proper replacement for current metal ones. For this reason, damage of such structures subjected to impact is a crucial case study in current research. The typical types of damages are mainly caused during production, repair, maintenance, or by particle crashes during function, and collisions between different structures. In this paper, four different fiber reinforced composite plates are studied after being impacted by a... 

    Experimental comparison of cyclic behavior of RC columns strengthened with TRC and FRP

    , Article Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering ; Volume 19, Issue 7 , 2021 , Pages 2941-2970 ; 1570761X (ISSN) Azadvar, N ; Zargaran, M ; Rahimzadeh Rofooei, F ; Attari, N. K. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Science and Business Media B.V  2021
    Seven half-scale reinforced concrete (RC) columns with supporting beam were experimentally studied under combined axial and lateral cyclic loading. The specimens were categorized in two groups based on reinforcement ratios. Three specimens were strengthened with carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) and glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) sheets. Other specimens were strengthened using a high strength mortar reinforced with textile mesh (textile reinforced concrete (TRC)). Strengthening of specimens were carried out using a vertical layer and a horizontal layer of FRP sheet or two vertical and two horizontal layers of textile meshes for TRC specimens. Since the weight of each layer of... 

    Seismic behavior comparison of RC shear walls strengthened using FRP composites and steel elements

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 28, Issue 3 A , 2021 , Pages 1-27 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Habibi, O ; Khaloo, A ; Abdoos, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2021
    This paper aims at investigating the seismic behavior of strengthened reinforced concrete (RC) shear walls using a 3D finite element analysis. A series of four different configurations of carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) composites and four different schemes of steel elements are utilized to compare the two methods of retrofitting RC shear walls with similar dimensions and reinforcement ratios. Nonlinear simulations of the RC shear walls are conducted under the action of lateral cyclic loading in ABAQUS Explicit software. In addition, the numerical modeling for RC walls strengthened by CFRP composites as well as steel elements are validated according to the previous experimental...