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    Electrochemical sensing based on carbon nanoparticles: A review

    , Article Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical ; Volume 293 , 2019 , Pages 183-209 ; 09254005 (ISSN) Asadian, E ; Ghalkhani, M ; Shahrokhian, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    The emergence of nanoscience and nanotechnology has opened up new horizons to researchers. In this regard, carbon nanomaterials are considered as the cornerstone of numerous investigations. Among various carbon nanostructures, “Carbon nanoparticles (CNPs)” have attracted a great deal of attention during the past few years due to their unique properties such as high surface area, non-toxicity, biocompatibility as well as simple and low-cost synthetic procedures via environmentally friendly routes. Thanks to these properties along with their interesting optical behavior, CNPs have found diverse applications in the fields of bioimaging, nanomedicine, photo/electro-catalysis, and bio/chemical... 

    Zinc-stearate-layered hydroxide nanohybrid material as a precursor to produce carbon nanoparticles

    , Article Journal of Alloys and Compounds ; Volume 509, Issue 5 , February , 2011 , Pages 2441-2444 ; 09258388 (ISSN) Ghotbi, M. Y ; Bagheri, N ; Sadrnezhaad, S.K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Zinc-stearate-layered hydroxide nanohybrid was prepared using stearate anion as an organic guest, and zinc layered hydroxide nitrate, as a layered inorganic host by the ion-exchange method. Powder X-ray diffraction patterns and Fourier transform infrared results indicated that the stearate anion was actually intercalated into the interlayer of zinc layered hydroxide nitrate and confirmed the formation of the host-guest nanohybrid material. Also, surface properties data showed that the intercalation process has changed the porosity for the as-prepared nanohybrid material in comparison with that of the parent material, zinc hydroxide nitrate. The nanohybrid material was heat-treated at 600 °C... 

    Development of a nanocellulose composite based voltammetric sensor for vitamin B9 analysis

    , Article Current Nanoscience ; Volume 12, Issue 4 , 2016 , Pages 493-499 ; 15734137 (ISSN) Ghalkhani, M ; Shahrokhian, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Bentham Science Publishers B.V 
    As a B group vitamins, vitamin B9 is a Water-soluble vitamin which is produced by plants and microorganisms (bacteria and yeasts). Vitamin B9 plays an important role in the production of proteins and nucleic acids in body and also is one of the substances that prevents the development of neural tube defects in the fetus. Methods: Electrochemical behavior of vitamin B9 was studied using a potentiostat/galvanostat SAMA 500, electroanalyzer system, I. R. Iran. A three-electrode system was used, including a glassy carbon working electrode (d = 2.0 mm, purchased from Azar Electrode Co., Urmia, I.R. Iran), an Ag/AgCl (saturated KCl) reference electrode and a Pt wire auxiliary electrode.... 

    Carbon nanoparticles in high-performance perovskite solar cells

    , Article Advanced Energy Materials ; Volume 8, Issue 12 , 2018 ; 16146832 (ISSN) Yavari, M ; Mazloum Ardakani, M ; Gholipour, S ; Marinova, N ; Delgado, J. L ; Turren Cruz, S. H ; Domanski, K ; Taghavinia, N ; Saliba, M ; Gratzel, M ; Hagfeldt, A ; Tress, W ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-VCH Verlag  2018
    In the past few years, organic–inorganic metal halide ABX3 perovskites (A = Rb, Cs, methylammonium, formamidinium (FA); B = Pb, Sn; X = Cl, Br, I) have rapidly emerged as promising materials for photovoltaic applications. Tuning the film morphology by various deposition techniques and additives is crucial to achieve solar cells with high performance and long-term stability. In this work, carbon nanoparticles (CNPs) containing functional groups are added to the perovskite precursor solution for fabrication of fluorine-doped tin oxide/TiO2/perovskite/spiro-OMeTAD/gold devices. With the addition of CNPs, the perovskite films are thermally more stable, contain larger grains, and become more... 

    Electrochemical study of Azathioprine at thin carbon nanoparticle composite film electrode

    , Article Electrochemistry Communications ; Volume 11, Issue 7 , 2009 , Pages 1425-1428 ; 13882481 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Ghalkhani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Thin carbon nanoparticle/Nafion film (CNP/N), as a novel electrode material, is formed on the surface of the glassy carbon electrode in a simple solvent evaporation process. The electrochemical behavior of Azathioprine (Aza) at the CNP/N-modified electrode is investigated in detail by the means of cyclic voltammetry. During the electrochemical reduction of Aza, an irreversible cathodic peak is appeared. Cyclic voltammetric studies indicated that the reduction process has an irreversible and adsorption-like behavior. The observed reduction peak is attributed to a four-electron process referring to the reduction of nitro group to the corresponding hydroxylamine. The prepared electrode showed... 

    Mechanical performance of styrene-butadiene-rubber filled with carbon nanoparticles prepared by mechanical mixing

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering A ; Volume 528, Issue 24 , September , 2011 , Pages 7161-7172 ; 09215093 (ISSN) Saatchi, M. M ; Shojaei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Reinforcement of styrene-butadiene-rubber (SBR) was investigated using two different carbon blacks (CBs) with similar particle sizes, including highly structured CB and conventional CB, as well as multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) prepared by mechanical mixing. The attempts were made to examine reinforcing mechanism of these two different classes of carbon nanoparticles. Scanning electron microscopy and electrical conductivity measurement were used to investigate morphology. Tensile, cyclic tensile and stress relaxation analyses were performed. A modified Halpin-Tsai model based on the concept of an equivalent composite particle, consisting of rubber bound, occluded rubber and... 

    Synthesis and characterization of Al2O3-SiC nano composite by sol-gel method and the effect of tio2 on sintering

    , Article Journal of Nano Research ; Volume 13 , 2011 , Pages 7-19 ; 16625250 (ISSN) Rezaie, H. R ; Mohammad Rahimi, R ; Nemati, A ; Samadani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    In the present article, α-Al2O3 nano powder was synthesized by a simple aqueous sol-gel method by using AlCl3 as precursor. It was shown that the gel calcined at 1000°C, 1100 °Cand 1200 °Cresulted in the formation of a crystalline ?-Al2O3 nano powder. In continue TEOS and saccharose was used to prepare SiO2 xerogels containing carbon nano particles. The conversion of the gel to β-SiC nano powders was accomplished by carbothermal reduction at 1500°Cfor 1 h in argon atmosphere. In second pace alumina matrix composites with nano particles of 5 vol% SiC were prepared with the addition of TiO 2 as sintering aid and densified by pressureless sintering method at 1600°Cand 1630°C for 2 h in nitrogen... 

    Simultaneous voltammetric determination of tramadol and acetaminophen using carbon nanoparticles modified glassy carbon electrode

    , Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 55, Issue 8 , 2010 , Pages 2752-2759 ; 00134686 (ISSN) Ghorbani Bidkorbeh, F ; Shahrokhian, S ; Mohammadi, A ; Dinarvand, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    A sensitive and selective electrochemical sensor was fabricated via the drop-casting of carbon nanoparticles (CNPs) suspension onto a glassy carbon electrode (GCE). The application of this sensor was investigated in simultaneous determination of acetaminophen (ACE) and tramadol (TRA) drugs in pharmaceutical dosage form and ACE determination in human plasma. In order to study the electrochemical behaviors of the drugs, cyclic and differential pulse voltammetric studies of ACE and TRA were carried out at the surfaces of the modified GCE (MGCE) and the bare GCE. The dependence of peak currents and potentials on pH, concentration and the potential scan rate were investigated for these compounds... 

    Electrochemical determination of naltrexone on the surface of glassy carbon electrode modified with Nafion-doped carbon nanoparticles: Application to determinations in pharmaceutical and clinical preparations

    , Article Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry ; Volume 638, Issue 2 , 2010 , Pages 212-217 ; 15726657 (ISSN) Ghorbani Bidkorbeh, F ; Shahrokhian, S ; Mohammadi, A ; Dinarvand, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    A new sensitive and selective electrochemical sensor was developed for determination of naltrexone (NAL) in pharmaceutical dosage form and human plasma. Naltrexone is an opioid antagonist which is commonly used for the treatment of narcotic addiction and alcohol dependence. A voltammetric study of naltrexone has been carried out at the surface of glassy carbon electrode (GCE) modified with Nafion-doped carbon nanoparticles (CNPs). The electrochemical oxidation of naltrexone was investigated by cyclic and differential pulse voltammetric techniques. The dependence of peak currents and potentials on pH, concentration and the potential scan rate was investigated. The electrode characterization... 

    Design and fabrication of an electrochemical aptasensor using Au nanoparticles/carbon nanoparticles/cellulose nanofibers nanocomposite for rapid and sensitive detection of Staphylococcus aureus

    , Article Bioelectrochemistry ; Volume 123 , 2018 , Pages 70-76 ; 15675394 (ISSN) Ranjbar, S ; Shahrokhian, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2018
    Since that pathogenic bacteria are major threats to human health, this paper describes the fabrication of an effective and durable sensing platform based on gold nanoparticles/carbon nanoparticles/cellulose nanofibers nanocomposite (AuNPs/CNPs/CNFs) at the surface of glassy carbon electrode for sensitive and selective detection of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). The AuNPs/CNPs/CNFs nanocomposite with the high surface area, excellent conductivity, and good biocompatibility was used for self-assembled of the thiolated specific S. aureus aptamer as a sensing element. The surface morphology of AuNPs/CNPs/CNFs nanocomposite was characterized with field emission scanning electron microscopy...