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    Pyrolytic carbon coating for cytocompatibility of titanium oxide nanoparticles: A promising candidate for medical applications

    , Article Nanotechnology ; Volume 23, Issue 4 , 2012 ; 09574484 (ISSN) Behzadi, S ; Imani, M ; Yousefi, M ; Galinetto, P ; Simchi, A ; Amiri, H ; Stroeve, P ; Mahmoudi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    Nanoparticles for biomedical use must be cytocompatible with the biological environment that they are exposed to. Current research has focused on the surface functionalization of nanoparticles by using proteins, polymers, thiols and other organic compounds. Here we show that inorganic nanoparticles such as titanium oxide can be coated by pyrolytic carbon (PyC) and that the coating has cytocompatible properties. Pyrolization and condensation of methane formed a thin layer of pyrolytic carbon on the titanium oxide core. The formation of the PyC shell retards coalescence and sintering of the ceramic phase. Our MTT assay shows that the PyC-coated particles are cytocompatible at employed doses  

    Wettability alteration in carbonates during "Smart Waterflood": Underling mechanisms and the effect of individual ions

    , Article Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects ; Volume 487 , 2015 , Pages 142-153 ; 09277757 (ISSN) Rashid, S ; Mousapour, M. S ; Ayatollahi, S ; Vossoughi, M ; Beigy, A. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2015
    Abstract
    There are increasing evidences that adjusting the chemistry of the injecting water improves the oil recovery efficiency. However, the underlying mechanisms for this technique which is referred to as "smart waterflood" have not yet been thoroughly understood. It is needed to explore the role of individual ions through set of different tests, to find the right mechanisms behind "smart waterflood". This study is focused on the fluid/solid (carbonate) interactions through systematic wettability measurement. Contact angle measurements accompanied by spontaneous imbibition tests were employed to determine the role of individual monovalent and divalent ions in wettability alteration process by... 

    Combined UV-C/H2O2-VUV processes for the treatment of an actual slaughterhouse wastewater

    , Article Journal of Environmental Science and Health - Part B Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes ; Volume 52, Issue 5 , 2017 , Pages 314-325 ; 03601234 (ISSN) Vaezzadeh Naderi, K ; Bustillo Lecompte, C. F ; Mehrvar, M ; Abdekhodaie, M. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Inc  2017
    Abstract
    In this study, a three-factor, three-level Box-Behnken design with response surface methodology were used to maximize the TOC removal and minimize the H2O2 residual in the effluent of the combined UV-C/H2O2-VUV system for the treatment of an actual slaughterhouse wastewater (SWW) collected from one of the meat processing plants in Ontario, Canada. The irradiation time and the initial concentrations of total organic carbon (TOCo) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2o) were the three predictors, as independent variables, studied in the design of experiments. The multiple response approach was used to obtain desirability response surfaces at the optimum factor settings. Subsequently, the optimum... 

    Efficient biodegradation of naphthalene by a newly characterized indigenous achromobacter sp. FBHYA2 isolated from Tehran oil refinery complex

    , Article Water Science and Technology ; Volume 66, Issue 3 , March , 2012 , Pages 594-602 ; 02731223 (ISSN) Farjadfard, S ; Borghei, S. M ; Hassani, A. H ; Yakhchali, B ; Ardjmand, M ; Zeinali, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    IWA Pub  2012
    Abstract
    A bacterial strain, FBHYA2, capable of degrading naphthalene, was isolated from the American Petroleum Institute (API) separator of the Tehran Oil Refinery Complex (TORC). Strain FBHYA2 was identified as Achromobacter sp. based on physiological and biochemical characteristics and also phylogenetic similarity of 16S rRNA gene sequence. The optimal growth conditions for strain FBHYA2 were pH 6.0, 30°C and 1.0% NaCl. Strain FBHYA2 can utilize naphthalene as the sole source of carbon and energy and was able to degrade naphthalene aerobically very fast, 48 h for 96% removal at 500 mg/L concentration. The physiological response of Achromobacter sp., FBHYA2 to several hydrophobic chemicals... 

    Anodic behavior of clioquinol at a glassy carbon electrode

    , Article Bioelectrochemistry ; Volume 80, Issue 2 , 2011 , Pages 175-181 ; 15675394 (ISSN) Ghalkhani, M ; Fernandes, I. P. G ; Oliveira, S. C. B ; Shahrokhian, S ; Oliveira-Brett, A. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    Clioquinol is an antifungal, antiprotozoal and an Alzheimer's disease drug with cytotoxic activity toward human cancer cells. The electrochemical behavior of clioquinol and its oxidation product was studied using cyclic, differential pulse and square-wave voltammetry over a wide pH range on a glassy carbon electrode. The results revealed that the oxidation of clioquinol is an irreversible pH-dependent process that proceeds with the transfer of one electron and one proton in an adsorption-controlled mechanism and results in the formation of a main oxidation product, which adsorbs very strongly on the glassy carbon surface. The charge transfer coefficient was calculated as 0.64. The adsorbed...