Search for: carboxyl-group
Partially hydrolyzed kappa carrageenan - polyacrylonitrile as a novel biopolymer-based superabsorbent hydrogel: synthesis, characterization, and swelling behaviors, Article Polymer Engineering and Science ; Volume 46, Issue 12 , 2006 , Pages 1778-1786 ; 00323888 (ISSN) ; Pourjavadi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
In this paper, synthesis and swelling behavior of a novel superabsorbent hydrogel based on kappa carrageenan (κC) and polyacrylonitrile (PAN) was investigated. To achieve partially hydrolyzed κC-PAN hydrogel, physical mixture of κC and PAN was hydrolyzed by NaOH solution. During alkaline hydrolysis, the nitrile groups of PAN are converted to a mixture of hydrophilic carboxamide and carboxylate groups follow by in situ crosslinking of the grafted PAN chains. The reaction variables affecting on the swelling capacity of the hydrogel were systematically optimized to achieve a hydrogel with swelling capacity as high as possible. Under the optimized conditions concluded, super swelling hydrogel...
Synthesis and superswelling behavior of carboxymethylcellulose-poly(sodium acrylate-co-acrylamide) hydrogel, Article Journal of Applied Polymer Science ; Volume 108, Issue 2 , 2008 , Pages 1142-1151 ; 00218995 (ISSN) ; Hosseinzadeh, H ; Sharif University of Technology
In this paper, attention is paid to synthesis and swelling behavior of a superabsorbent hydrogel based carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) and polyacrylonitrile (PAN). The physical mixture of CMC and PAN was hydrolyzed in NaOH solution to yield hydrogel, CMC-poly(NaAA-co-AAm). During alkaline hydrolysis, the nitrile groups of PAN were completely converted to a mixture of hydrophilic carboxamide and carboxylate groups followed by in situ crosslinking of the grafted PAN chains. A proposed mechanism for hydrogel formation was suggested and the structure of the product was established using FTIR spectroscopy. The reaction variables affecting the swelling capacity of the hydrogel were systematically...
Article Tribology International ; Volume 115 , 2017 , Pages 370-377 ; 0301679X (ISSN) ; Shojaei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2017
In the present study, it was revealed that incorporation of nanodiamond containing carboxylic group (ND-COOH) decreased considerably specific wear rate (∼30%) and COF (∼60%) of polyamide 6 (PA6) at 1 wt% loading. Compared with ND-COOH, amino functionalized ND enhanced further wear performance of PA6 which was associated with its finer dispersion as well as greater influence on the improvement of mechanical properties, toughness and crystallinity of PA6. Surface temperature increment caused by frictional heat was in close agreement with COF and wear characteristics of the samples. Optical microscopy images revealed that NDs promote the abrasive wear mechanism in PA6/ND composites. © 2017...
Amino acids and their complex formation properties with divalent metal ions, a comparative investigation of structure and stability in binary systems, Article Current Pharmaceutical Analysis ; Volume 10, Issue 2 , 2014 , Pages 122-134 ; ISSN: 15734129 ; Sharif University of Technology
A comparative investigation has been developed for the stability constants of several amino acid complexes with divalent metal ions, which have been determined by potentiometric pH titration. Depending on the metal ion-binding properties, vital differences in the building complexes were observed. The present study indicates that in some M(L) complexes, metal ions are arranged in carboxyl groups, but in other M(L)complexes, some metal ions are able to build chelate over amine groups. The results mentioned-above demonstrate that for some M(L) complexes, the stability constants are also largely determined by the affinity of metal ions for amine group. This leads to a kind of selectivity of...
Thermal, mechanical and acoustic damping properties of flexible open-cell polyurethane/multi-walled carbon nanotube foams: Effect of surface functionality of nanotubes, Article Polymer International ; Volume 60, Issue 3 , NOV , 2011 , Pages 475-482 ; 09598103 (ISSN) ; Shojaei, A ; Rashidi, A. M ; Sharif University of Technology
This article demonstrates the properties of open-cell flexible polyurethane foams incorporating multi-walled carbon nanotubes. Three different types of highly functionalized nanotubes having carboxyl, hydroxyl and amide functional groups were synthesized. Neat polyurethane foam and three nanocomposite foams filled with 0.1 wt% of treated nanotubes were prepared. It was found that thermal stability, mechanical properties and acoustic damping were improved significantly by incorporation of small amounts of nanotubes. The nanotubes modified with carboxyl groups were found to have much more influence compared to the other two functional groups, possibly due to better interfacial interaction and...
RETRACTED ARTICLE: Study of stabilities of L-cysteine and L-methionine with divalent metal ions: A comparison of thermodynamic data, Article 5th International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering, iCBBE 2011 ; 2011 ; 9781424450893 (ISBN) ; Sharif University of Technology
The acidity and stability constants of M-Met (M: M2+; Met 1: L-methionine) complexes, determined by potentiometric pH titrations, were used to make a comparative investigation with L-cysteine (Cys). It is shown that regarding to M ion - binding properties vital differences on complex bilding were considered. It is demonstrated, that in M-Met complexes, M ion is coordinated to the carboxyl group, M ion is also able to build macrochelate over amine group. The upmentioned results demonstrate that for M-Met complex the stability constants is also largly determined by the affinity of Cu2+ for amino group but in opposite to Met, some metal ions such as Co2+, Cu2+, and Zn2+ build with Cys 2...
Article World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology ; Volume 26, Issue 5 , 2010 , Pages 871-878 ; 09593993 (ISSN) ; Maghsoudi, E ; Roostaazad, R ; Dadafarin, H ; Sahebghadam Lotfi, A ; Amoozegar, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
The physical properties and chemical structure of a new biosurfactant (licheniformin) produced by Bacillus licheniformis MS3 were investigated. The purified biosurfactant was identified as a lipopeptide with amino acid sequence of Gly, Ala, Val, Asp, Ser, Gly, Tyr and a lactone linkage between the carboxyl group of Aspargine and hydroxyl group of Tyrosine residue. The fatty acid moiety was attached to N-terminal amino acid residue through an amide bond. The purified licheniformin could lower the surface tension of water from 72 to 38 mN/m at concentrations higher than 15 μg/mL and its relative emulsion volume (EV%) was equal to 36%. It also showed stable surface activity over a wide range of...
Impact of sulfate ions on wettability alteration of oil-wet calcite in the absence and presence of cationic surfactant, Article Energy and Fuels ; Volume 30, Issue 2 , 2016 , Pages 819-829 ; 08870624 (ISSN) ; Al-Maamari, R. S ; Ayatollahi, S ; Mehranbod, N ; Sharif University of Technology
American Chemical Society 2016
The modification of the surface wetting characteristics in fractured oil-wet carbonate reservoirs, by reversing wettability from oil-wet to water-wet, leads to improved oil recovery. However, in order to obtain a successful oil recovery process, it is crucial to understand the active mechanisms of wettability alteration. This study looks at the effect of sulfate ions as one of the most promising wettability influencing ions on the wetting properties of oil-wet calcite; the effect is studied both with and without the presence of cationic surfactant and possible mechanisms of wettability alteration are explored. A number of analytical techniques were utilized to analyze the mineral surface...
Comparison of acidity and metal ion affinity of D-Glucosamine and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine, a DFT study, Article Journal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling ; Volume 98 , April , 2020 ; Fattahi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Inc 2020
The derivatives of glucose such as glucosamine (β-D-GlcN) and N-acetyl-D-β-glucosamine (GlcNAc) are significant in several biological systems. D-GlcN has been used widely to treat osteoarthritis in humans and animal models as well as GlcNAc has been proposed as a treatment for autoimmune diseases. The DFT/B3LYP/6–311++G (d,p) method as well as QTAIM and NBO analyses were used to the acidity values of D-GlcN and GlcNAc sugars and their complexes with alkali ions in the gas phase. The Li+, Na+ and K+ prefer bi-dentate chelate in these complexes. The computed results indicate that metal ion affinity (MIA) in GlcNAc is higher than that in D-GlcN. There are direct correlations between the MIA...
Spectral characterization of novel ternary zinc(II) complexes containing 1,10-phenanthroline and schiff bases derived from amino acids and salicylaldehyde-5-sulfonates, Article Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy ; Volume 67, Issue 3-4 , 2007 , Pages 944-949 ; 13861425 (ISSN) ; Gharagozlou, M ; Sharif University of Technology
A series of new ternary zinc(II) complexes [Zn(L1-10)(phen)], where phen is 1,10-phenanthroline and H2L1-10 = tridentate Schiff base ligands derived from the condensation of amino acids (glycine, l-phenylalanine, l-valine, l-alanine, and l-leucine) and salicylaldehyde-5-sulfonates (sodium salicylaldehyde-5-sulfonate and sodium 3-methoxy-salicylaldehyde-5-sulfonate), have been synthesized. The complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV-vis, 1H NMR, and 13C NMR spectra. The IR spectra of the complexes showed large differences between νas(COO) and νs(COO), Δν (νas(COO) - νs(COO)) of 191-225 cm-1, indicating a monodentate coordination of the carboxylate group. Spectral data...
Synthesis and properties of partially hydrolyzed acrylonitrile-co- acrylamide superabsorbent hydrogel, Article Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society ; Volume 31, Issue 11 , 2010 , Pages 3163-3172 ; 02532964 (ISSN) ; Hosseinzadeh, H ; Sharif University of Technology
In this work, a novel method to synthesis of an acrylic superabsorbent hydrogel was reported. In the two stage hydrogel synthesis, first copolymerization reaction of acrylonitrile (AN) and acrylamide (AM) monomers using ammonium persulfate (APS) as a free radical initiator was performed. In the second stage, the resulted copolymer was hydrolyzed to produce carboxamide and carboxylate groups followed by in situ crosslinking of the polyacrylonitrile chains. The results from FTIR spectroscopy and the dark red-yellow color change show that the copolymerization, alkaline hydrolysis and crosslinking reactions have been do take place. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) verifies that the synthesized...
Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 1066 , 2019 , Pages 1-12 ; 00032670 (ISSN) ; Khalilzadeh, M ; Bagheri, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2019
Sample preparation for non-target analysis is challenging due to the difficulty in the extraction of polar and non-polar analytes simultaneously. Most commercial solid sorbents lack the proper comprehensiveness for extraction of analytes with different physiochemical properties. A possible key is the combination of hydrophobic polymer and hydrophilic surface functional groups in solid based extraction methods in order to generate the susceptibility for retaining both polar and non-polar analytes. To pursue this goal, in this study, four polar groups including [sbnd]NH 2 , [sbnd]NO 2 , [sbnd]COOH, and [sbnd]COCH 3 were chemically bound to Amberlite XAD-4 substrate in order to prepare a...
Silica nanoparticle surface chemistry: An important trait affecting cellular biocompatibility in two and three dimensional culture systems, Article Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces ; Volume 182 , 2019 ; 09277765 (ISSN) ; Taebnia, N ; Yaghmaei, S ; Shahbazi, M. A ; Mehrali, M ; Dolatshahi Pirouz, A ; Arpanaei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2019
Great advantages bestowed by mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) including high surface area, tailorable pore diameter and surface chemistry, and large pore volume render them as efficient tools in biomedical applications. Herein, MSNs with different surface chemistries were synthesized and investigated in terms of biocompatibility and their impact on the morphology of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells both in 2D and 3D culture systems. Bare MSNs (BMSNs) were synthesized by template removing method using tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) as a precursor. The as-prepared BMSNs were then used to prepare amine-functionalized (AMSNs), carboxyl-functionalized (CMSNs) and polymeric...