Search for: cell-survival
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    Overcoming drug resistance by co-targeting

    , Article Proceedings - 2010 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2010, 18 December 2010 through 21 December 2010 ; December , 2010 , Pages 198-202 ; 9781424483075 (ISBN) Ayati, M ; Taheri, G ; Arab, S ; Wong, L ; Eslahchi, C ; Sharif University of Technology
    Removal or suppression of key proteins in an essential pathway of a pathogen is expected to disrupt the pathway and prohibit the pathogen from performing a vital function. Thus disconnecting multiple essential pathways should disrupt the survival of a pathogen even when it has multiple pathways to drug resistance. We consider a scenario where the drug-resistance pathways are unknown. To disrupt these pathways, we consider a cut set S of G, where G is a connected simple graph representing the protein interaction network of the pathogen, so that G-S splits to two partitions such that the endpoints of each pathway are in different partitions. If the difference between the sizes of the two... 

    Feasibility Study of Rapid Estimation of SF Parameter of Cells Using the Monte Carlo Simulation of Carbon Therapy in Combination with Cascade Feed-forward Neural Network (CFNN) by Bayesian Regularization Learning Algorithm

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khodadadi, Rezvan (Author) ; Vosoughi, Naser (Supervisor)
    Our main goal in this project is to calculate the cell survival fraction (SF) in unhealthy tissue after carbon ion beams are emitted and hit the target tissue. At present, in the stages of carbon therapy, it usually takes a long time to make the necessary calculations for that particular person, and this makes the treatment process progress slowly, but in this project, we intend to address this problem with Eliminating the use of neural network. The main reason is the use of carbon ions to increase efficiency in the treatment of tumors and deep cancerous tissues. To do this project, we first convert the carbon ion energy to the dose absorbed at the desired point. For this phase of the... 

    Rapid Estimation of SF Parameter of Cells Using the Monte Carlo Simulation of Proton Therapy in Combination with Cascade Feed-forward Neural Network (CFNN)with LM Learning Algorithm

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Barati, Roya (Author) ; Vosoughi, Naser (Supervisor)
    In radiation therapy, different radiation were used to cancer treatment. The use of hadrons is more common than gamma rays for cancer treatment. Hadron therapy is appropriate to treat cancers that are close to organs at risk and can be severely damaged by X-rays during treatment. The survival fraction of cells was irradiated is important during treatment. In this study, using Geant code, simulation of choroidal melanoma tumor in the phantom of the eye was performed. The linear energy transfer and dose data of proton beam radiation were calculated, in addition, the cell survival fraction were calculated using Survival codeand the Geant simulation data such as number of inputs and dose with... 

    Carbon nanotubes in cancer therapy: A more precise look at the role of carbon nanotube-polymer interactions

    , Article Chemical Society Reviews ; Volume 42, Issue 12 , Feb , 2013 , Pages 5231-5256 ; 03060012 (ISSN) Adeli, M ; Soleyman, R ; Beiranvand, Z ; Madani, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Despite the great potential of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in various areas of biomedicine, concerns regarding their carcinogenicity, inefficient dispersion in aqueous solutions and biological activity in vivo still remain. One important and feasible route to overcome these barriers is modification of CNTs with polymers, which are widely studied and play a vital role in biological and biomedical fields, especially in drug delivery. This comprehensive review focuses on the achievements of our and other groups in currently used methods to functionalize the surface of CNTs with polymers to produce anticancer drug delivery systems. We have intensively studied covalent and noncovalent interactions... 

    Graphene oxide-l-arginine nanogel: A pH-sensitive fluorouracil nanocarrier

    , Article Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry ; Volume 66, Issue 5 , 2019 , Pages 772-780 ; 08854513 (ISSN) Malekimusavi, H ; Ghaemi, A ; Masoudi, G ; Chogan, F ; Rashedi, H ; Yazdian, F ; Omidi, M ; Javadi, S ; Haghiralsadat, B. F ; Teimouri, M ; Faal Hamedani, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd  2019
    Nowadays, putting forward an accurate cancer therapy method with minimal side effects is an important topic of research. Nanostructures, for their ability in controlled and targeted drug release on specific cells, are critical materials in this field. In this study, a pH-sensitive graphene oxide-l-arginine nanogel was synthesized to carry and release 5-fluorouracil. Optimized conditions using statistical analysis, based on the maximum relative viscosity of nanogel, were evaluated: 5.489 for the concentration of l-arginine and 2.404 for pH. The prepared nanogels were characterized using scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscope images and Fourier-transform infrared... 

    Combinational therapy of lithium and human neural stem cells in rat spinal cord contusion model

    , Article Journal of Cellular Physiology ; Volume 234, Issue 11 , 2019 , Pages 20742-20754 ; 00219541 (ISSN) Mohammadshirazi, A ; Sadrosadat, H ; Jaberi, R ; Zareikheirabadi, M ; Mirsadeghi, S ; Naghdabadi, Z ; Ghaneezabadi, M ; Fardmanesh, M ; Baharvand, H ; Kiani, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-Liss Inc  2019
    A large number of treatment approaches have been used for spinal cord injury improvement, a medically incurable disorder, and subsequently stem cell transplantation appears to be a promising strategy. The main objective of this study is to ascertain whether combinational therapy of human neural stem cells (hNSCs) together with lithium chloride improves cell survival, proliferation, and differentiation in a rat spinal contusion model, or not. Contusive spinal cord injury was implemented on Wistar male rats. Experimental groups comprised of: control, hNSCs transplanted, lithium chloride (Li), and hNSCs and lithium chloride (hNSCs + Li). In every experimental group, locomotor activity score and... 

    A multi-scale model for determining the effects of pathophysiology and metabolic disorders on tumor growth

    , Article Scientific Reports ; Volume 10, Issue 1 , 20 February , 2020 Nikmaneshi, M. R ; Firoozabadi, B ; Mozafari, A ; Munn, L. L ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nature Research  2020
    The search for efficient chemotherapy drugs and other anti-cancer treatments would benefit from a deeper understanding of the tumor microenvironment (TME) and its role in tumor progression. Because in vivo experimental methods are unable to isolate or control individual factors of the TME and in vitro models often do not include all the contributing factors, some questions are best addressed with systems biology mathematical models. In this work, we present a new fully-coupled, agent-based, multi-scale mathematical model of tumor growth, angiogenesis and metabolism that includes important aspects of the TME spanning subcellular-, cellular- and tissue-level scales. The mathematical model is... 

    Microfluidic technologies to engineer mesenchymal stem cell aggregates—applications and benefits

    , Article Biophysical Reviews ; Volume 12, Issue 1 , 2020 , Pages 123-133 Salehi, S. S ; Shamloo, A ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, S. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2020
    Three-dimensional cell culture and the forming multicellular aggregates are superior over traditional monolayer approaches due to better mimicking of in vivo conditions and hence functions of a tissue. A considerable amount of attention has been devoted to devising efficient methods for the rapid formation of uniform-sized multicellular aggregates. Microfluidic technology describes a platform of techniques comprising microchannels to manipulate the small number of reagents with unique properties and capabilities suitable for biological studies. The focus of this review is to highlight recent studies of using microfluidics, especially droplet-based types for the formation, culture, and... 

    Temporary skin grafts based on hybrid graphene oxide-natural biopolymer nanofibers as effective wound healing substitutes: pre-clinical and pathological studies in animal models

    , Article Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine ; Volume 28, Issue 5 , 2017 , 73 ; 09574530 (ISSN) Mahmoudi, N ; Eslahi, N ; Mehdipour, A ; Mohammadi, M ; Akbari, M ; Samadikuchaksaraei, A ; Simchi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer New York LLC  2017
    Abstract: In recent years, temporary skin grafts (TSG) based on natural biopolymers modified with carbon nanostructures have received considerable attention for wound healing. Developments are required to improve physico-mechanical properties of these materials to match to natural skins. Additionally, in-deep pre-clinical examinations are necessary to ensure biological performance and toxicity effect in vivo. In the present work, we show superior acute-wound healing effect of graphene oxide nanosheets embedded in ultrafine biopolymer fibers (60 nm) on adult male rats. Nano-fibrous chitosan-based skin grafts crosslinked by Genepin with physico-mechanical properties close to natural skins were... 

    Long-term investigation on the phase stability, magnetic behavior, toxicity, and MRI characteristics of superparamagnetic Fe/Fe-oxide core/shell nanoparticles

    , Article International Journal of Pharmaceutics ; Volume 439, Issue 1-2 , 2012 , Pages 28-40 ; 03785173 (ISSN) Masoudi, A ; Madaah Hosseini, H. R ; Seyed Reyhani, S. M ; Shokrgozar, M. A ; Oghabian, M. A ; Ahmadi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    To efficiently enhance the contrast obtaining from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), pharmaceutical grade colloidal dispersions of PEG coated iron-based nanoparticles were prepared and compared to conventional pure iron oxide contrast agent. In this study, we synthesized ∼14 nm iron nanoparticles via NaBH4 reduction of iron(III) chloride in an aqueous medium. The resulting nanoparticles were further oxidized by two different methods via (CH3)3NO oxygen transferring agent and exposure to oxygen flow. XRD and electron microscopy analyses confirmed the formation of a second layer on the surface of α-Fe core. As magnetic measurements and Mössbauer spectra of 4-months post prepared nanoparticles... 

    Pyrolytic carbon coating for cytocompatibility of titanium oxide nanoparticles: A promising candidate for medical applications

    , Article Nanotechnology ; Volume 23, Issue 4 , 2012 ; 09574484 (ISSN) Behzadi, S ; Imani, M ; Yousefi, M ; Galinetto, P ; Simchi, A ; Amiri, H ; Stroeve, P ; Mahmoudi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nanoparticles for biomedical use must be cytocompatible with the biological environment that they are exposed to. Current research has focused on the surface functionalization of nanoparticles by using proteins, polymers, thiols and other organic compounds. Here we show that inorganic nanoparticles such as titanium oxide can be coated by pyrolytic carbon (PyC) and that the coating has cytocompatible properties. Pyrolization and condensation of methane formed a thin layer of pyrolytic carbon on the titanium oxide core. The formation of the PyC shell retards coalescence and sintering of the ceramic phase. Our MTT assay shows that the PyC-coated particles are cytocompatible at employed doses  

    Chitosan-gelatin sheets as scaffolds for muscle tissue engineering

    , Article Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology ; Volume 43, Issue 2 , Nov , 2015 , Pages 124-132 ; 21691401 (ISSN) Hajiabbas, M ; Mashayekhan, S ; Nazaripouya, A ; Naji, M ; Hunkeler, D ; Rajabi Zeleti, S ; Sharifiaghdas, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Informa Healthcare  2015
    Hydrogels made of natural polymers [chitosan (CS) and gelatin (G)] have been prepared having mechanical properties similar to those of muscle tissues. In this study, the effect of polymer concentration and scaffold stiffness on the behavior of seeded muscle-derived cells (MDCs) on the CS-G hydrogel sheets has been evaluated. Both variables were found to be important in cell viability. Viability was assessed by observation of the cell morphology after 1 day as well as a 14-day MTT assay. The CS-G hydrogels were characterized using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) analysis, which revealed evidences of strong intermolecular interactions between CS and G. Hydrogel samples with intermediate... 

    In vitro release behavior and cytotoxicity of doxorubicin-loaded gold nanoparticles in cancerous cells

    , Article Biotechnology Letters ; Volume 32, Issue 5 , May , 2010 , Pages 649-654 ; 01415492 (ISSN) Asadishad, B ; Vossoughi, M ; Alamzadeh, I ; Sharif University of Technology
    Doxorubicin (DOX), a common cancer chemotherapeutics, was conjugated to folate-modified thiolated-polyethylene glycol-functionalized gold nanoparticles. The in vitro, controlled release behavior of DOX-loaded gold nanoparticles was observed using porous dialysis membranes (cut-off = 2 kDa). DOX-loaded gold nanoparticles had higher cytotoxicity for folate-receptor-positive cells (KB cells) compared to folate-receptor-negative cells (A549 cells) which were 48 and 62% viable for 10 μM doxorubicin, respectively. This indicates the potential of these nano-carriers for targeted-delivery. In addition, healthy cell viability was 69% for 10 μM free doxorubicin whereas for the same content of drug in... 

    Smart liposomal drug delivery for treatment of oxidative stress model in human embryonic stem cell-derived retinal pigment epithelial cells

    , Article International Journal of Pharmaceutics ; Volume 548, Issue 1 , 2018 , Pages 62-72 ; 03785173 (ISSN) Behroozi, F ; Abdkhodaie, M. J ; Sadeghi Abandansari, H ; Satarian, L ; Kazemi Ashtiani, M ; Jaafari, M. R ; Baharvand, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Oxidative stress has been implicated in the progression of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Treatment with antioxidants seems to delay progression of AMD. In this study, we suggested an antioxidant delivery system based on redox-sensitive liposome composed of phospholipids and a diselenide centered alkyl chain. Dynamic light scattering assessment indicated that the liposomes had an average size of 140 nm with a polydispersity index below 0.2. The percentage of encapsulation efficiency of the liposomes was calculated by high-performance liquid chromatography. The carriers were loaded with N-acetyl cysteine as a model antioxidant drug. We demonstrated responsiveness of the nanocarrier... 

    Cadmium telluride quantum dots induce apoptosis in human breast cancer cell lines

    , Article Toxicology and Industrial Health ; Volume 34, Issue 5 , 2018 , Pages 339-352 ; 07482337 (ISSN) Naderi, S ; Zare, H ; Taghavinia, N ; Irajizad, A ; Aghaei, M ; Panjehpour, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    SAGE Publications Ltd  2018
    Introduction: Semiconductor quantum dots (QDs), especially those containing cadmium, have undergone marked improvements and are now widely used nanomaterials in applicable biological fields. However, great concerns exist regarding their toxicity in biomedical applications. Because of the lack of sufficient data regarding the toxicity mechanism of QDs, this study aimed to evaluate the cytotoxicity of three types of QDs: CdTe QDs, high yield CdTe QDs, and CdTe/CdS core/shell QDs on two human breast cancer cell lines MDA-MB468 and MCF-7. Methods: The breast cancer cells were treated with different concentrations of QDs, and cell viability was evaluated via MTT assay. Hoechst staining was... 

    Fabrication and characterization of scaffolds containing different amounts of allantoin for skin tissue engineering

    , Article Scientific Reports ; Volume 11, Issue 1 , 2021 ; 20452322 (ISSN) Dorri Nokoorani, Y ; Shamloo, A ; Bahadoran, M ; Moravvej, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nature Research  2021
    Using the skin tissue engineering approach is a way to help the body to recover its lost skin in cases that the spontaneous healing process is either impossible or inadequate, such as severe wounds or burns. In the present study, chitosan/gelatin-based scaffolds containing 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, and 1% allantoin were created to improve the wounds’ healing process. EDC and NHS were used to cross-link the samples, which were further freeze-dried. Different in-vitro methods were utilized to characterize the specimens, including SEM imaging, PBS absorption and degradation tests, mechanical experiments, allantoin release profile assessment, antibacterial assay, and cell viability and adhesion tests.... 

    Nanofibrillated chitosan coated highly ordered titania nanotubes array/graphene nanocomposite with improved biological characters

    , Article Carbohydrate Polymers ; Volume 254 , 2021 ; 01448617 (ISSN) Rahnamaee, S. Y ; Bagheri, R ; Heidarpour, H ; Vossoughi, M ; Golizadeh, M ; Samadikuchaksaraei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    Designing multifunctional surfaces is key to develop advanced materials for orthopedic applications. In this study, we design a double-layer coating, assembled onto the completely regular titania nanotubes (cRTNT) array. Benefiting from the biological and topological characteristics of chitosan nanofibers (CH) and reduced graphene oxide (RGO) through a unique assembly, the designed material features promoted osteoblast cell viability, prolonged antibiotic release profile, as well as inhibited bacterial biofilm formation. The synergistic effect of RGO and CH on the biological performance of the surface is investigatSed. The unique morphology of the nanofibers leads to the partial coverage of... 

    Hyperthermia of breast cancer tumor using graphene oxide-cobalt ferrite magnetic nanoparticles in mice

    , Article Journal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology ; Volume 65 , 2021 ; 17732247 (ISSN) Hatamie, S ; Balasi, Z. M ; Ahadian, M. M ; Mortezazadeh, T ; Shams, F ; Hosseinzadeh, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Editions de Sante  2021
    Herein, the graphene oxide (GO)/cobalt ferrite nanoparticles were used to apply the heat treatment on the breast cancer cell line of MCF7. The synthesized nanoparticles were evaluated before in vitro and in vivo studies, using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), thermal property and relaxivity measurement. The nanoparticles showed a diameter of 5 nm with the ferrimagnetic property. Also, the nanoparticles were well distributed on the GO nanosheets. The related peaks of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles were approved by using XRD and XPS assays. During the in vitro investigations, IC50 with... 

    Cell "vision": Complementary factor of protein corona in nanotoxicology

    , Article Nanoscale ; Volume 4, Issue 17 , 2012 , Pages 5461-5468 ; 20403364 (ISSN) Mahmoudi, M ; Saeedi-Eslami, S. N ; Shokrgozar, M. A ; Azadmanesh, K ; Hassanlou, M ; Kalhor, H. R ; Burtea, C ; Rothen Rutishauser, B ; Laurent, S ; Sheibani, S ; Vali, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    RSC  2012
    Engineered nanoparticles are increasingly being considered for use as biosensors, imaging agents and drug delivery vehicles. Their versatility in design and applications make them an attractive proposition for new biological and biomedical approaches. Despite the remarkable speed of development in nanoscience, relatively little is known about the interaction of nanoscale objects with living systems. In a biological fluid, proteins associate with nanoparticles, and the amount and the presentation of the proteins on their surface could lead to a different in vivo response than an uncoated particle. Here, in addition to protein adsorption, we are going to introduce concept of cell "vision",... 

    Evaluation of radiogallium-labeled, folate-embedded superparamagnetic nanoparticles in fibrosarcoma-bearing mice

    , Article Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics ; Volume 8, Issue 2 , 2012 , Pages 204-208 ; 09731482 (ISSN) Hosseini Salekdeh, S. L ; Jalilian, A.R ; Yousefnia, H ; Shafaii, K ; Pouladian, M ; Mahmoudi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Context: Elevated expression of the folate receptor (FR) occurs in many human malignancies. Thus, folate targeting is widely utilized in drug delivery purposes specially using nano-radioactive agents. Aims: In this work, we report production and biological evaluation of gallium-67 labeled superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles, embedded by folic acid (67 Ga-SPION-folate) complex especially in tumor-bearing mice for tumor imaging studies. Settings and Design: The structure of SPION-folate was confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and foureir transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) analyses. The radiolabeled SPION-folate formation was confirmed by...