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    Nanodiamonds for surface engineering of orthopedic implants: Enhanced biocompatibility in human osteosarcoma cell culture [electronic resource]

    , Article Diamond and Related Materials ; Volume 40, 2013, Pages 107-114 Mansoorianfar, M. (Mojtaba) ; Shokrgozar, M. A ; Mehrjoo, M ; Tamjid, E ; Simchi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Recently, nanodiamonds have attracted interest in biomedical applications such as drug delivery, targeted cancer therapies, fabrication of tissue scaffolds, and biosensors. We incorporated diamond nanoparticles in alginate–bioactive glass films by electrophoretic process to prepare functional coatings for biomedical implants. Turbidity examination by time-resolved laser transmittance measurement revealed that a stable multi-component aqueous suspension of alginate, bioactive glass and diamond particles could be obtained at concentrations of 0.6, 1.3, and 0.65 g/l, respectively. Uniform films with ~ 5 μm thickness were deposited on 316 stainless steel foils by employing constant field... 

    Exploring cellular interactions of liposomes using protein corona fingerprints and physicochemical properties

    , Article ACS Nano ; Volume 10, Issue 3 , 2016 , Pages 3723-3737 ; 19360851 (ISSN) Bigdeli, A ; Palchetti, S ; Pozzi, D ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Baldelli Bombelli, F ; Caracciolo, G ; Mahmoudi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society 
    Abstract
    To control liposomes fate and transport upon contact with biofluids, it is essential to consider several parameters affecting the synthetic and biological identity of liposomes, as well as liposome-protein corona (PC) aspects. As a powerful tool in this data mining adventure, quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) approach is used to correlate physicochemical properties of liposomes and their PC fingerprints to multiple quantified biological responses. In the present study, the relationship between cellular interactions of a set of structurally diverse liposomal formulations and their physicochemical and PC properties has been investigated via linear and nonlinear QSAR models.... 

    Curcumin-reduced graphene oxide sheets and their effects on human breast cancer cells

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering C ; Volume 55 , 2015 , Pages 482-489 ; 09284931 (ISSN) Hatamie, S ; Akhavan, O ; Sadrnezhaad, S. K ; Ahadian, M. M ; Shirolkar, M. M ; Wang, H. Q ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2015
    Abstract
    Curcumin (as a natural reductant material) was utilized for green reduction and functionalization of chemically exfoliated graphene oxide (GO) sheets. The π-π attachment of the curcumin molecules onto the curcumin-reduced graphene oxide (rGO) sheets was confirmed by Raman and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopies. Zeta potential of the GO sheets decreased from about - 40 mV to - 20 mV, after the green reduction and functionalization. The probable cytotoxicity of the curcumin-rGO sheets was studied through their interactions with two human breast cancer cell lines (MDA-MB-231 and SKBR3 cell lines) and a normal cell line (mouse fibroblast L929 cell line). The curcumin-rGO sheet with... 

    Folate-receptor-targeted delivery of doxorubicin using polyethylene glycol-functionalized gold nanoparticles

    , Article Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research ; Volume 49, Issue 4 , 2010 , Pages 1958-1963 ; 08885885 (ISSN) Asadishad, B ; Vossoughi, M ; Alemzadeh, I ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Doxorubicin-loaded nanocarriers were produced employing folate-modified polyethylene glycol (PEG)-functionalized gold nanoparticles for targeted delivery to positive folate-receptor cancer cells. Doxorubicin and folate were, respectively, conjugated to activated-folate and activated-PEG. The conjugates formed doxorubicin nanocarrier with an average size of 12 nm in diameter. The drug release response of functionalized gold nanoparticles was characterized by an initial rapid drug release followed by a controlled release. The doxorubicin nanocarriers showed higher cytotoxic effect on folate-receptor-positive cells (KB cells) than folatereceptor-negative cells (A549 cells). Cell viability in... 

    Selection and simulation of a proper microfluidic for hepatocyte culture

    , Article 2015 22nd Iranian Conference on Biomedical Engineering, ICBME 2015, 25 November 2015 through 28 November 2015 ; 2015 , Pages 65-69 ; 9781467393515 (ISBN) Nejadnasrollah, F ; Firoozabadi, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2015
    Abstract
    The advent of microfluidics as suitable environments for culturing cells is associated with some challenges as shear stresses applied on the cells. Moreover, among all factors needed for cell viability, feeding hepatocytes with adequate oxygen is of great importance due to their high demand for oxygen compared the other cell types. In this paper three kinds of geometries has been studied in order that shear stresses would be in allowed range and provision of hepatocytes with sufficient oxygen concentrations has been ensured as well. In addition to supplying hepatocytes with oxygen, the range of its concentration has been adjusted in physiologic value so that it would be practical for further... 

    Biocompatible conductive alginate/polyaniline-graphene neural conduits fabricated using a facile solution extrusion technique

    , Article International Journal of Polymeric Materials and Polymeric Biomaterials ; 2020 Bayat, A ; Ramazani Sa., A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Inc  2020
    Abstract
    In this study, conductive sodium alginate/polyaniline/graphene (PAG) NGCs were fabricated utilizing a straightforward solution extrusion method. The 4 point-probe test revealed that the addition of PAG has increased the conductivity of the NGCs up to 9.7 × 10−3 S.cm−1. The results also showed a remarkable increase in the Young modulus and SEM images revealed that the suggested process could produce NGCs continuously and uniformly with desirable porosity. The Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy spectrum proved a good interaction between PAG and the polymeric matrix. Furthermore, the addition of PAG slightly prevented biodegradation of the NGCs. Finally, the cell viability assay confirmed... 

    Engineering 3D parallelized microfluidic droplet generators with equal flow profiles by computational fluid dynamics and stereolithographic printing

    , Article Lab on a Chip ; Volume 20, Issue 3 , 2020 , Pages 490-495 Kamperman, T ; Teixeira, L. M ; Salehi, S. S ; Kerckhofs, G ; Guyot, Y ; Geven, M ; Geris, L ; Grijpma, D ; Blanquer, S ; Leijten, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2020
    Abstract
    Microfluidic droplet generators excel in generating monodisperse micrometer-sized droplets and particles. However, the low throughput of conventional droplet generators hinders their clinical and industrial translation. Current approaches to parallelize microdevices are challenged by the two-dimensional nature of the standard fabrication methods. Here, we report the facile production of three-dimensionally (3D) parallelized microfluidic droplet generators consisting of stacked and radially multiplexed channel designs. Computational fluid dynamics simulations form the design basis for a microflow distributor that ensures similar flow rates through all droplet generators. Stereolithography is... 

    Biocompatible conductive alginate/polyaniline-graphene neural conduits fabricated using a facile solution extrusion technique

    , Article International Journal of Polymeric Materials and Polymeric Biomaterials ; Volume 70, Issue 7 , 2021 , Pages 486-495 ; 00914037 (ISSN) Bayat, A ; Ramezani Saadat Abadi. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Bellwether Publishing, Ltd  2021
    Abstract
    In this study, conductive sodium alginate/polyaniline/graphene (PAG) NGCs were fabricated utilizing a straightforward solution extrusion method. The 4 point-probe test revealed that the addition of PAG has increased the conductivity of the NGCs up to 9.7 × 10−3 S.cm−1. The results also showed a remarkable increase in the Young modulus and SEM images revealed that the suggested process could produce NGCs continuously and uniformly with desirable porosity. The Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy spectrum proved a good interaction between PAG and the polymeric matrix. Furthermore, the addition of PAG slightly prevented biodegradation of the NGCs. Finally, the cell viability assay confirmed... 

    A hybrid scaffold of gelatin glycosaminoglycan matrix and fibrin as a carrier of human corneal fibroblast cells

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering C ; Volume 118 , 2021 ; 09284931 (ISSN) Hajian Foroushani, Z ; Mahdavi salimi, S ; Abdekhodaie, M. J ; Baradaran Rafii, A ; Tabatabei, M. R ; Mehrvar, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    Abstract
    A hybrid scaffold of gelatin-glycosaminoglycan matrix and fibrin (FGG) has been synthesized to improve the mechanical properties, degradation time and cell response of fibrin-like scaffolds. The FGG scaffold was fabricated by optimizing some properties of fibrin-only gel and gelatin-glycosaminoglycan (GG) scaffolds. Mechanical analysis of optimized fibrin-only gel showed the Young module and tensile strength of up to 72 and 121 KPa, respectively. Significantly, the nine-fold increase in the Young modulus and a seven-fold increase in tensile strength was observed when fibrin reinforced with GG scaffold. Additionally, the results demonstrated that the degradation time of fibrin was enhanced... 

    Nanodiamonds for surface engineering of orthopedic implants: Enhanced biocompatibility in human osteosarcoma cell culture

    , Article Diamond and Related Materials ; Volume: 40 , 2013 , Pages: 107-114 ; 09259635 (ISSN) Mansoorianfar, M ; Shokrgozar, M. A ; Mehrjoo, M ; Tamjid, E ; Simchi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Recently, nanodiamonds have attracted interest in biomedical applications such as drug delivery, targeted cancer therapies, fabrication of tissue scaffolds, and biosensors. We incorporated diamond nanoparticles in alginate-bioactive glass films by electrophoretic process to prepare functional coatings for biomedical implants. Turbidity examination by time-resolved laser transmittance measurement revealed that a stable multi-component aqueous suspension of alginate, bioactive glass and diamond particles could be obtained at concentrations of 0.6, 1.3, and 0.65 g/l, respectively. Uniform films with ~ 5 μm thickness were deposited on 316 stainless steel foils by employing constant field... 

    Genotoxicity of graphene nanoribbons in human mesenchymal stem cells

    , Article Carbon ; Volume 54 , 2013 , Pages 419-431 ; 00086223 (ISSN) Akhavan, O ; Ghaderi, E ; Emamy, H ; Akhavan, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Single-layer reduced graphene oxide nanoribbons (rGONRs) were obtained through an oxidative unzipping of multi-walled carbon nanotubes and a subsequent deoxygenation by hydrazine and bovine serum albumin. Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) were isolated from umbilical cord blood and used for checking the concentration- and time-dependent cyto- and geno-toxic effects of the rGONRs and reduced graphene oxide sheets (rGOSs). The cell viability assay indicated significant cytotoxic effects of 10 μg/mL rGONRs after 1 h exposure time, while the rGOSs exhibited the same cytotoxicity at concentration of 100 μg/mL after 96 h. The oxidative stress was found as the main mechanism involved in the... 

    Evaluating the effect of ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles for a long-term magnetic cell labeling

    , Article Journal of Medical Physics ; Volume 38, Issue 1 , 2013 , Pages 34-40 ; 09716203 (ISSN) Shanehsazzadeh, S ; Oghabian, M. A ; Allen, B. J ; Amanlou, M ; Masoudi, A ; Daha, F. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    In order to evaluate the long-term viability, the iron content stability, and the labeling efficiency of mammalian cells using magnetic cell labeling; dextran-coated ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIOs) nanoparticles with plain surfaces having a hydrodynamic size of 25 nm were used for this study. Tests were carried out in four groups each containing 5 flasks of 5.5 × 10 6 AD-293 embryonic kidney cells. The cell lines were incubated for 24 h using four different iron concentrations with and without protamine sulfate (Pro), washed with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) and centrifuged three times to remove the unbounded USPIOs. Cell viability was also verified using USPIOs. There... 

    Polyrotaxane capped quantum dots as new candidates for cancer diagnosis and therapy

    , Article Journal of Nanostructured Polymers and Nanocomposites ; Volume 7, Issue 1 , 2011 , Pages 18-31 ; 17904439 (ISSN) Sarabi, R. S ; Sadeghi, E ; Hosseinkhani, H ; Mahmoudi, M ; Kalantari, M ; Adeli, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    Molecular self-assembly of cadmium selenide quantum dots-end-capped polyrotaxane hybrid nanostructures (PRCdSe QDs) was led to a new type of core-shell hybrid nanomaterials consisting of cadmium selenide quantum dot (CdSe QDs) core and polyrotaxane shell (PR@QDs). Structure of PR@QDs was characterized using various techniques. It has been observed that the size of PR@QDs was between 20-25 nm in which diameter of core and thickness of shell were between 15-20 and 2-3 nm, respectively. Short-term in vitro cytotoxicity tests, using MTT (3-(4,5- dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay, were conducted on mouse tissue connective fibroblast adhesive cell line (L929) in order to... 

    Controlled release of doxorubicin from electrospun PEO/chitosan/graphene oxide nanocomposite nanofibrous scaffolds

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering C ; Volume 48 , March , 2015 , Pages 384-390 ; 09284931 (ISSN) Ardeshirzadeh, B ; Aboutalebi Anaraki, N ; Irani, M ; Roshanfekr Rad, L ; Shamshiri, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2015
    Abstract
    Polyethylene oxide (PEO)/chitosan (CS)/graphene oxide (GO) electrospun nanofibrous scaffolds were successfully developed via electrospinning process for controlled release of doxorubicin (DOX). The SEM analysis of nanofibrous scaffolds with different contents of GO (0.1, 0.2, 0.5 and 0.7 wt.%) indicated that the minimum diameter of nanofibers was found to be 85 nm for PEO/CS/GO 0.5% nanofibers. The π-π stacking interaction between DOX and GO with fine pores of nanofibrous scaffolds exhibited higher drug loading (98%) and controlled release of the DOX loaded PEO/CS/GO nanofibers. The results of DOX release from nanofibrous scaffolds at pH 5.3 and 7.4 indicated strong pH dependence. The... 

    Cytotoxicity and cell cycle effects of bare and poly(vinyl alcohol)-coated iron oxide nanoparticles in mouse fibroblasts

    , Article Advanced Engineering Materials ; Volume 11, Issue 12 , 2009 , Pages B243-B250 ; 14381656 (ISSN) Mahmoudi, M ; Simchi, A ; Vali, H ; Imani, M ; Shokrgozar, M. A ; Azadmanesh, K ; Azari, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Super-paramagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) are recognized as powerful biocompatible materials for use in various biomedical applications, such as drug delivery, magnetic-resonance imaging, cell/protein separation, hyperthermia and transfection. This study investigates the impact of high concentrations of SPIONs on cytotoxicity and cell-cycle effects. The interactions of surfacesaturated (via interactions with cell medium) bare SPIONs and those coated with poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) with adhesive mouse fibroblast cells (L929) are investigated using an MTT assay. The two SPION formulations are synthesized using a co-precipitation method. The bare and coated magnetic nanoparticles with... 

    Permeability mapping of gelatin methacryloyl hydrogels

    , Article Acta Biomaterialia ; Volume 77 , 2018 , Pages 38-47 ; 17427061 (ISSN) Miri, A. K ; Goodarzi Hosseinabadi, H ; Cecen, B ; Hassan, S ; Shrike Zhang, Y ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    We report the development of an efficient, customized spherical indentation-based testing method to systematically estimate the hydraulic permeability of gelatin methacryloyl (GelMA) hydrogels fabricated in a wide range of mass concentrations and photocrosslinking conditions. Numerical simulations and Biot's theory of poroelasticity were implemented to calibrate our experimental data. We correlated elastic moduli and permeability coefficients with different GelMA concentrations and crosslinking densities. Our model could also predict drug release rates from the GelMA hydrogels and diffusion of biomolecules into the three-dimensional GelMA hydrogels. The results potentially provide a design... 

    Evaluation of bioactivity and biocompatibility of silk fibroin/TiO2 nanocomposite

    , Article Journal of Medical and Biological Engineering ; Volume 38, Issue 1 , February , 2018 , Pages 99-105 ; 16090985 (ISSN) Johari, N ; Madaah Hosseini, H. R ; Taromi, N ; Arasteh, S ; Kazemnejad, S ; Samadi Kuchaksaraei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Berlin Heidelberg  2018
    Abstract
    Biodegradable polymer/bioceramic nanocomposites are osteoconductive and can accelerate healing of bone tissue. In this research, silk fibroin (SF)/titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanocomposites were synthesized using different concentrations of TiO2 nanoparticles (0, 5, 10, 15 and 20 wt%). The SF/TiO2 nanocomposites were studied in terms of bioactivity and biocompatibility. The in vitro assessment of osteoblasts compatibility indicated that SF inclusion rendered nanocomposite biocompatible whereas presence of TiO2 nanoparticles allowed the cells to adhere and grow on nanocomposite surface and enhanced the bioactivity of the composite. © 2017, Taiwanese Society of Biomedical Engineering  

    Niosomal delivery of simvastatin to MDA-MB-231 cancer cells

    , Article Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy ; Volume 46, Issue 9 , 2020 , Pages 1535-1549 Akbarzadeh, I ; Saremi Poor, A ; Yaghmaei, S ; Norouzian, D ; Noorbazargan, H ; Saffar, S ; Ahangari Cohan, R ; Bakhshandeh, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd  2020
    Abstract
    Objective: The objective of this study was to use nano-niosomal formulations to deliver simvastatin as a poor-water soluble drug into breast cancer cells. Significance: Our study focused on the problem associated with poor water-soluble drugs which have significant biological activity in vivo. Methods: Different niosomal formulations of simvastatin were prepared and characterized in terms of morphology, size, encapsulation efficiency (EE), and release kinetic. Antiproliferative activity and the mechanism were assessed by quantitative real-time PCR and flow cytometry. Moreover, confocal microscopy was employed to analyze the cell uptake of simvastatin loaded niosomes to the cancerous cells.... 

    Induced cell migration based on a bioactive hydrogel sheet combined with a perfused microfluidic system

    , Article Biomedical Materials (Bristol) ; Volume 15, Issue 4 , May , 2020 Jafarkhani, M ; Jafarkhani, M ; Salehi, Z ; Mashayekhan, S ; Kowsari Esfahan, R ; Dolatshahi Pirouz, A ; Bonakdar, S ; Shokrgozar, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Physics Publishing  2020
    Abstract
    Endothelial cell migration is a crucial step in the process of new blood vessel formation - a necessary process to maintain cell viability inside thick tissue constructs. Here, we report a new method for maintaining cell viability and inducing cell migration using a perfused microfluidic platform based on collagen gel and a gradient hydrogel sheet. Due to the helpful role of the extracellular matrix components in cell viability, we developed a hydrogel sheet from decellularized tissue (DT) of the bovine heart and chitosan (CS). The results showed that hydrogel sheets with an optimum weight ratio of CS/DT = 2 possess a porosity of around 75%, a mechanical strength of 23 kPa, and display cell... 

    Synthesis of magnesium-based Janus micromotors capable of magnetic navigation and antibiotic drug incorporation

    , Article New Journal of Chemistry ; Volume 44, Issue 17 , 2020 , Pages 6947-6957 Paryab, A ; Madaah Hosseini, H. R ; Abedini, F ; Dabbagh, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2020
    Abstract
    In the present study, bubble-driven magnesium-based micromotors were fabricated through a shading method, and the potential of magnetic guidance of magnesium-based Janus micro/nanomotors through functionalization with superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) was investigated for the first time. SPIONs had physical electrostatic attraction with the positively charged magnesium spheres due to negative charges on their surfaces. It was also found that upon applying a field gradient, the micromotors’ velocity increased by 13% unlike other magnetically navigated spherical magnesium-based micromotors which only show a change in direction. In this work the cytotoxicity of the moving...