Search for: centrifugal-forces
Article Composite Structures ; Volume 79, Issue 4 , 2007 , Pages 508-516 ; 02638223 (ISSN) ; Naghdabadi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
A semi-analytical thermoelasticity solution for hollow and solid rotating axisymmetric disks made of functionally graded materials is presented. The radial domain is divided into some virtual sub-domains in which the power-law distribution is used for the thermomechanical properties of the constituent components. Imposing the necessary continuity conditions between adjacent sub-domains, together with the global boundary conditions, a set of linear algebraic equations are obtained. Solution of the linear algebraic equations yields the thermoelastic responses for each sub-domain as exponential functions of the radial coordinate. Some results for the stress, strain and displacement components...
Thermal performance of rotating closed-loop pulsating heat pipes: experimental investigation and semi-empirical correlation, Article International Journal of Thermal Sciences ; Volume 123 , 2018 , Pages 14-26 ; 12900729 (ISSN) ; Alhuyi Nazari, M ; Behshad Shafii, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Masson SAS 2018
A rotating closed loop pulsating heat pipe (RCLPHP) was experimentally investigated as a passive heat sink for rotary equipment cooling. The effects of heat input, rotational speed, filling ratio, and working fluid on the thermal resistance of RCLPHP were studied. Pure water and ethanol were used as working fluids with filling ratios of 30%, 50%, and 70% by volume, and the RCLPHP was tested at four rotational speeds: 200, 400, 600, and 800 rpm. The results showed that the best filling ratio for both water and ethanol is 50% and proved that the RCLPHP is able to work efficiently in a wide range of rotational speed. Moreover, it was observed that at the optimum filling ratio for ethanol and...
Article Journal of Sound and Vibration ; Volume 332, Issue 12 , 2013 , Pages 3002-3014 ; 0022460X (ISSN) ; Askarian, A. R ; Kheiri, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Stability analysis of a horizontal cantilevered pipe conveying fluid with an inclined terminal nozzle is considered in this paper. The pipe is modelled as a cantilevered Euler-Bernoulli beam, and the flow-induced inertia, Coriolis and centrifugal forces along the pipe as well as the follower force induced by the jet-flow are taken into account. The governing equations of the coupled bending-torsional vibrations of the pipe are obtained using extended Hamilton's principle and are then discretized via the Galerkin method. The resulting eigenvalue problem is then solved, and several cases are examined to determine the effect of nozzle inclination angle, nozzle aspect ratio, mass ratio and...
Article Precision Engineering ; Volume 40 , April , 2015 , Pages 182-188 ; 01416359 (ISSN) ; Movahhedy, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Inc 2015
High speed machine tools are required to operate in a wide range of spindle rotational speeds with high stiffness and high accuracy. The stiffness of the spindle is largely dependent on the axial preload of the angular contact bearings. A large preload is required at lower range of speeds to provide sufficient stiffness for vibration-free heavy cutting. However, at higher speeds, it results in rapid temperature rise and reduces the life of the bearing. For optimum performance, it is essential that the bearing preload is reduced as the rotational speed increases. In this paper, an automatic variable preload system is proposed that changes the preload on the bearings as a function of...
Article Journal of Solar Energy Engineering, Transactions of the ASME ; Volume 138, Issue 6 , 2016 ; 01996231 (ISSN) ; Amir Nazmi Afshar, P ; Mirzaei, M ; Ebrahimi, R ; Wood, D. H ; Sharif University of Technology
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
Since the air density reduces as altitude increases, operation of small wind turbines (SWTs), which usually have no pitch adjustment, remains challenging at high altitudes due largely to the reduction of starting aerodynamic torque. By reducing the moment of inertia through the use of hollow blades, this study aims to speed up the starting while maintaining the structural integrity of the blades and high output power. A horizontal axis turbine with hollow blades was designed for two sites in Iran with altitude of 500 m and 3000 m. The design variables are the distributions of the chord, twist, and shell thickness and the improvement of output power and starting are the design goals....
Article International Journal of Mechanical Sciences ; Volume 124-125 , 2017 , Pages 83-94 ; 00207403 (ISSN) ; Saadat Foumani, M ; Navazi, H. M ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2017
In this paper, a method has been presented to study the free vibration of a rotating shell consisting of p coupled conical shells. This method considers the Coriolis and centrifugal forces as well as the initial hoop tension resulting from rotation of the shell. Matrix transform and power series methods were employed to solve the equations. The advantage of using the matrix transform approach is that the dimension of the coefficient matrix, which is finally constructed to obtain the natural frequencies of a shell made of p cones, remains 8×8. The obtained results were validated with the help of existing special cases of the studied problem reported in the literature, and by means of FEM...
Article Physics of Fluids ; Volume 30, Issue 1 , 2018 ; 10706631 (ISSN) ; Mashhadian, A ; Sharif University of Technology
American Institute of Physics Inc 2018
Inertial particle focusing as a powerful passive method is widely used in diagnostic test devices. It is common to use a curved channel in this approach to achieve particle focusing through balancing of the secondary flow drag force and the inertial lift force. Here, we present a focusing device on a disk based on the interaction of secondary flow drag force, inertial lift force, and centrifugal forces to focus particles. By choosing a channel whose cross section has a low aspect ratio, the mixing effect of the secondary flow becomes negligible. To calculate inertial lift force, which is exerted on the particle from the fluid, the interaction between the fluid and particle is investigated...
Article Particulate Science and Technology ; Volume 31, Issue 6 , 2013 , Pages 576-584 ; 02726351 (ISSN) ; Saidi, M. H ; Mozafari, A. A ; Soleimani, F ; Sharif University of Technology
This article presents a process of numerically predicting and experimentally verifying the dispersion quality and penetration level of fuel particles entering and moving in various directions relative to vortex engine walls. If the length scale of particles considered in this study is not comparable to the chamber length and, furthermore, the density is ignored, the effect of the particle on the flow field can be neglected and a one-way solution will be viable for the problem. The solutions in each case are carried out to estimate the particle trajectory and parameters affecting it. The governing equations are converted to a set of nonlinear, coupled, ordinary differential equations (ODEs)...
Vibration and dynamic analysis of oil well drillstring considering coupled axial and torsional effects using cylindrical superelement, Article ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings (IMECE) ; Volume 14 , November , 2013 ; 9780791856437 (ISBN) ; Ghorbani, Sh ; Firoozbakhsh, K ; Barari, A ; ASME ; Sharif University of Technology
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) 2013
In this paper axial and torsional vibrations of a drillstring are studied using cylindrical superelement. Drillstring vibration equation is derived by calculating kinetic and potential energy and work done by external forces on drillstring, and utilizing Hamilton's principle. The model is analyzed by implementing finite element technique with consideration drillstring weight, centrifugal force due to rotation of drillstring, axial force resulting from bit with the formation contact and torsional torque caused by the stick-slip phenomenon. To calculate the vibrational response of drillstring, a computational finite element scheme was developed. For a typical case of oil well drillstring, the...
Article Proceedings of the ASME Fluids Engineering Division Summer Conference 2009, FEDSM2009, 2 August 2009 through 6 August 2009, Vail, CO ; Volume 1, Issue PART C , 2009 , Pages 1957-1964 ; 9780791843727 (ISBN) ; Saidi, M. H ; Mozafari, A. A ; Ghafourian, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Particle dispersion in the vortex flow has been one of the most interesting subjects in recent years. Bidirectional vortex flow field is an industrial sample of rotating flow which is used to obtain advantages of better mixing and combustion. In this work penetration and dispersion quality of particles which are entering from various positions on the vortex engine walls have been numerically predicted. Head side, end side, and sidewall are considered as the entering positions. The particle has been assumed to be a rigid sphere. Initial velocity, diameter, and density of entering particles are assumed to be known. If the particle length scale is considered not to be comparable with the...
A new detection chamber design on centrifugal microfluidic platform to measure hemoglobin of whole blood, Article SLAS Technology ; Volume 26, Issue 4 , 2021 , Pages 392-398 ; 24726303 (ISSN) ; Saadatmand, M ; Eghbal, M ; Bakhtiari, M. R ; Mehraji, S ; Sharif University of Technology
SAGE Publications Inc 2021
Undoubtedly, microfluidics has been a focal point of interdisciplinary science during the last two decades, resulting in many developments in this area. Centrifugal microfluidic platforms have good potential for use in point-of-care devices because they take advantage of some intrinsic forces, most notably centrifugal force, which obviates the need to any external driving forces. Herein, we introduce a newly designed detection chamber for use on microfluidic discs that can be employed as an absorbance readout step in cases where the final solution has a very low viscosity and surface tension. In such situations, our chamber easily eliminates the air bubbles from the final solution without...
Article Journal of Thermal Science ; Volume 18, Issue 3 , 2009 , Pages 226-234 ; 10032169 (ISSN) ; Saemi, S. D ; Saidi, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
Aiming at improving efficiency in combustion systems, the study on droplet behavior and its trajectory is of crucial importance. Vortex engine is a kind of internal combustion engine which uses swirl flow to achieve higher combustion efficiency. One of the important advantages of designing vortex engine is to reduce the temperature of walls by confining the combustion products in the inner vortex. The scopes of this investigation are to study vortex engine flow field as well as effective parameters on fuel droplet behavior such as droplet diameter, droplet initial velocity and inlet velocity of the flow field. The flow field is simulated using Reynolds Stress Transport Model (RSM). The...