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    Chitosan nanoparticles enhance the efficiency of methylene blue-mediated antimicrobial photodynamic inactivation of bacterial biofilms: An in vitro study

    , Article Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy ; Volume 14 , 2016 , Pages 211-217 ; 15721000 (ISSN) Darabpour, E ; Kashef, N ; Mashayekhan, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Biodegradable chitosan nanoparticles (CSNPs) with an intrinsic antimicrobial activity may be a good choice to improve the effectiveness of antimicrobial photodynamic inactivation (APDI). The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of CSNPs on the efficiency of methylene blue (MB)-mediated APDI of Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms. We also assessed the phototoxicity of MB + CSNPs towards human fibroblasts. Methods: CSNPs were prepared using ionic gelation method and characterized by dynamic light scattering (DLS) and field-emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM). Biofilms were developed in a 96-well polystyrene plate for 24 h. In vitro phototoxic effect... 

    Experimental Studies for Lactase Immobilization on the Polymer base and Characterising

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Derakhshan, Elahe (Author) ; Yaghmaei, Soheyla (Supervisor)
    Immobilization of β-D-galactosidase represents an important approach for development of lactose hydrolysis technology.Chitosan proved to be an excellent carrier for β-Dgalactosidase immobilization, by both covalent binding and sol-gel entrapment combined with adsorption. Among different preparation methods of chitosan support particles for covalent binding, emulsion cross-linking was the most efficient, producing narrow-sized microspheres, without aggregation.The best process parameters of β-D-galactosidase immobilization by covalent coupling on chitosan microspheres were found as 3% glutaraldehyde cross-linker concentration, enzyme loading of 27 mg protein/g dry support, 6 h reaction time,... 

    Rapamycin Loaded Chitosan Nanopartilces to Cure Coronary Artery Blockage: Synthetize And Characterization

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Manafi Rad, Arash (Author) ; Simchi, Abdolreza (Supervisor) ; Shokrgozar, Mohammad Ali (Supervisor)
    Coronary artery diseaseaffects millions of persons and isone of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Invasive techniques such as coronary artery bypassgrafting are used to alleviate the lesion of arterial occlusion.Unfortunately, restenosis or occlusion of the graftedconduit occurs over a time frame of months to years with a gradual reduction in patency, especially in vein grafts. Theevents leading to intimal hyperplasia (IH) formation involve numerous cellular and molecular components. Variouscellular elements of the vessel wall are involved as are leucocyte–endothelial interactions that trigger the coagulationcascade leading to localized thrombus formation. Subsequent... 

    Theoretical and Experimental Simulation of Hepatic Cells and their Functionalities On-a-chip

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Sharifi, Fatemeh (Author) ; Firoozabadi, Bahar (Supervisor) ; Firoozbakhsh, Keikhosrow (Supervisor)
    Liver is the largest internal organ of the human body which serves many vital functionalities. Recently, liver-on-a-chip systems have been used to model some of the vital liver specific-functions and to investigate its related diseases. The purpose of the present study was simulation of some of these liver specific functionalities on-a-chip and using the obtained results in predicting hepatocellular functionalities i.e. production of some metabolites and modeling some of the liver-related diseases which have been done numerically and experimentally. Numerical simulations have been developed in two-dimensional and three-dimensional forms. In the 2D simulation, the governing equations i.e.... 

    The controlled release of dexamethasone sodium phosphate from bioactive electrospun PCL/gelatin nanofiber scaffold

    , Article Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research ; Volume 18, Issue 1 , 2019 , Pages 111-124 ; 17350328 (ISSN) Boroojeni, F. R ; Mashayekhan, S ; Abbaszadeh, H. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research  2019
    In this study, a system of dexamethasone sodium phosphate (DEXP)-loaded chitosan nanoparticles embedded in poly-ε-caprolacton (PCL) and gelatin electrospun nanofiber scaffold was introduced with potential therapeutic application for treatment of the nervous system. Besides anti-inflammatory properties, DEXP act through its glucocorticoid receptors, which are involved in the inhibition of astrocyte proliferation and microglial activation. Bovine serum albumin (BSA) was used to improve the encapsulation efficiency of DEXP within chitosan nanoparticles and to overcome its initial burst release. BSA incorporation within the chitosan nanoparticles increased the encapsulation efficiency of DEXP... 

    hysical and Chemical Surface Modification of Titanium by Nanostructured Materials, and Biological Characterization for Use in Bone Tissue Implants

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Rahnamaee, Yahya (Author) ; Bagheri, Reza (Supervisor) ; Vossoughi, Manochehr (Supervisor) ; Samadi Kuchaksaraei, Ali (Supervisor)
    According to human needs and in line with the development of advanced technologies, different biomedical Engineering fields like hard tissue implants are growing rapidly. Despite significant biotechnology Developments in recent years, some problems to the recognition of implants related osseointegration phenomena persist. The deficient osseointegration and implant-associated infections are key issues for the long-term clinical success of titanium and titanium alloy implants, while development of multifunctional surfaces that can simultaneously overcome these problems remains highly challenging. Therefore, the ultimate goal of this paper was to improve bone cell attachment and simultaneously... 

    Polysaccharide-Based Nanocomposites as Green Sorbents in Microextraction Methodologies

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Golzari Aqda, Tahereh (Author) ; Bagheri, Habib (Supervisor)
    This thesis is focused on the preparation and use of polysaccharides as extractive phases in various extraction methods, such as the micro solid phase extraction (µ-SPE), needle trap microextraction (NTME) and thin film microextraction (TFME).In the first research, feasibility of the online µ-SPE method using cellulose acetate (CA) fibers was investigated. For this purpose, CA fibers were prepared by electrospinning technique and then placed into µ-SPE cartridge. With this method, it was possible to simultaneously extract the drug compounds in the urine and plasma samples. The enrichment factor and limits of detection (LODs) were obtained in the range of 194-210 and 1.0-2.4 μg L-1,... 

    Polymeric nanoparticles for nasal drug delivery to the brain: relevance to alzheimer's disease

    , Article Advanced Therapeutics ; Volume 4, Issue 3 , 2021 ; 23663987 (ISSN) Rabiee, N ; Ahmadi, S ; Afshari, R ; Khalaji, S ; Rabiee, M ; Bagherzadeh, M ; Fatahi, Y ; Dinarvand, R ; Tahriri, M ; Tayebi, L ; Hamblin, M. R ; Webster, T. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Blackwell Publishing Ltd  2021
    Currently, Alzheimer's disease (AD) accounts for more than half of all dementia cases. Although genetics, age, and environmental factors affect the disease, the cause of AD is not yet fully known. Various drugs have been proposed for the prevention and treatment of AD, but the delivery of these therapeutic agents to the brain is difficult. The blood–brain barrier prevents systemic drugs from accessing the central nervous system and designing a suitable system to overcome this barrier has attracted much attention. The intranasal pathway, given its proximity to the brain, provides a great opportunity for drug delivery. Understanding the physiological characteristics of the nose can be useful... 

    Structural stability and sustained release of protein from a multilayer nanofiber/nanoparticle composite

    , Article International Journal of Biological Macromolecules ; Volume 75 , April , 2015 , Pages 248-257 ; 01418130 (ISSN) Vakilian, S ; Mashayekhan, S ; Shabani, I ; Khorashadizadeh, M ; Fallah, A ; Soleimani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2015
    The cellular microenvironment can be engineered through the utilization of various nano-patterns and matrix-loaded bioactive molecules. In this study, a multilayer system of electrospun scaffold containing chitosan nanoparticles was introduced to overcome the common problems of instability and burst release of proteins from nanofibrous scaffolds. Bovine serum albumin (BSA)-loaded chitosan nanoparticles was fabricated based on ionic gelation interaction between chitosan and sodium tripolyphosphate. Suspension electrospinning was employed to fabricate poly-e{open}-caprolacton (PCL) containing protein-loaded chitosan nanoparticles with a core-shell structure. To obtain the desired scaffold... 

    Fabrication, modeling and optimization of lyophilized advanced platelet rich fibrin in combination with collagen-chitosan as a guided bone regeneration membrane

    , Article International Journal of Biological Macromolecules ; Volume 125 , 2019 , Pages 383-391 ; 01418130 (ISSN) Ansarizadeh, M ; Mashayekhan, S ; Saadatmand, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    In this study, lyophilized advanced platelet rich fibrin (A-PRF) was used in combination with collagen-chitosan membrane for the first time to combine advantages of both collagen and A-PRF membranes. Response surface methodology (RSM) was used to design the experimental condition and to correlate the effects of parameters, including chitosan/collagen (chit/col) weight ratio and A-PRF concentration on Young's modulus, mesenchymal stem cell (MSCs) viability and degradation rate of the membranes. Results showed that Young's modulus of the membranes was intensified by increasing chit/col weight ratio and decreasing A-PRF concentration from 3 to 8 MPa. Cell viability of MSCs was improved by both... 

    Temporary skin grafts based on hybrid graphene oxide-natural biopolymer nanofibers as effective wound healing substitutes: pre-clinical and pathological studies in animal models

    , Article Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine ; Volume 28, Issue 5 , 2017 , 73 ; 09574530 (ISSN) Mahmoudi, N ; Eslahi, N ; Mehdipour, A ; Mohammadi, M ; Akbari, M ; Samadikuchaksaraei, A ; Simchi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer New York LLC  2017
    Abstract: In recent years, temporary skin grafts (TSG) based on natural biopolymers modified with carbon nanostructures have received considerable attention for wound healing. Developments are required to improve physico-mechanical properties of these materials to match to natural skins. Additionally, in-deep pre-clinical examinations are necessary to ensure biological performance and toxicity effect in vivo. In the present work, we show superior acute-wound healing effect of graphene oxide nanosheets embedded in ultrafine biopolymer fibers (60 nm) on adult male rats. Nano-fibrous chitosan-based skin grafts crosslinked by Genepin with physico-mechanical properties close to natural skins were... 

    Bioinspired nanofiber scaffold for differentiating bone marrow-derived neural stem cells to oligodendrocyte-like cells: Design, fabrication, and characterization

    , Article International Journal of Nanomedicine ; Volume 15 , 2020 , Pages 3903-3920 Boroojeni, F. R ; Mashayekhan, S ; Abbaszadeh, H. A ; Ansarizadeh, M ; Khoramgah, M. S ; Rahimi Movaghar, V ; Sharif University of Technology
    Dove Medical Press Ltd  2020
    Background: Researchers are trying to study the mechanism of neural stem cells (NSCs) differentiation to oligodendrocyte-like cells (OLCs) as well as to enhance the selective differentiation of NSCs to oligodendrocytes. However, the limitation in nerve tissue acces-sibility to isolate the NSCs as well as their differentiation toward oligodendrocytes is still challenging. Purpose: In the present study, a hybrid polycaprolactone (PCL)-gelatin nanofiber scaffold mimicking the native extracellular matrix and axon morphology to direct the differentiation of bone marrow-derived NSCs to OLCs was introduced. Materials and Methods: In order to achieve a sustained release of T3, this factor was... 

    Design of experiment, preparation, and in vitro biological assessment of human amniotic membrane extract loaded nanoparticles

    , Article Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology ; Volume 21, Issue 3 , 2020 , Pages 256-267 Shabani, A ; Atyabi, F ; Khoshayand, M. R ; Mahbod, R ; Cohan, R. A ; Akbarzadeh, I ; Bakhshandeh, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Bentham Science Publishers  2020
    Background: Human amniotic membrane grafting could be potentially useful in ocular surface complications due to tissue similarity and the presence of factors that reduce inflammation, vascu-larization, and scarring. However, considerations like donor-derived infectious risk and the requirement of an invasive surgery limit the clinical application of such treatments. Moreover, the quick depletion of bioactive factors after grafting reduces the efficacy of treatments. Therefore, in the current study, the possibility of nano delivery of the bioactive factors extracted from the human amniotic membrane to the ocular surface was investigated. Materials and Methods: Nanoparticles were prepared...