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    Influence of pulse parameters on electrocodeposition of Cr-Al2O3 nanocomposite coatings from trivalent chromium bath

    , Article International Heat Treatment and Surface Engineering ; Volume 6, Issue 4 , December , 2012 , Pages 178-184 ; 17495148 (ISSN) Salehi Doolabi, M ; Sadrnezhaad, S. K ; Salehi Doolabi, D ; Asadirad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Cr and Cr-Al2O3 coatings were electrodeposited from Cr(III) bath with both pulsating and direct current onto copper substrates. Pulsating current resulted in homogeneous films of higher Al2O3 content and lower particle agglomeration than the direct current. Differences were more tangible at shorter duty cycles and pulse frequencies. Pulsating current improved both microhardness and corrosion resistance. The presence of alumina nanoparticles resulted in greater current efficiency, higher film microhardness and better corrosion resistance. Maximum current efficiency, highest microhardness and densest electrodeposited coatings were achieved at current density of 20 A dm-2, duty cycle of 40% and... 

    Properties of Fe-Ni-Cr alloy coatings by using direct and pulse current electrodeposition

    , Article Journal of Alloys and Compounds ; Volume 476, Issue 1-2 , 2009 , Pages 234-237 ; 09258388 (ISSN) Adelkhani, H ; Arshadi, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper describes the effects of using direct and pulse current on composition and corrosion resistance of Fe-Ni-Cr alloy coatings. In both direct and pulse current electrodeposition, increasing the current density has a decreasing effect on Fe and Ni and an increasing influence on Cr. In pulse current electrodeposition, duty cycle has a greater effect than frequency on composition of the alloy coating, particularly in the range of 10-50%. In this range, by increasing the duty cycle, Ni decreases, Fe sharply increase and Cr shows an increasing trend. Following a study of the microhardness of coatings, it is determined that the microhardness increases about 1.5 times by pulse current... 

    Application of sol-gel technique to synthesis of copper-cobalt spinel on the ferritic stainless steel used for solid oxide fuel cell interconnects

    , Article Journal of Power Sources ; Vol. 266, issue , 2014 , pp. 79-87 ; ISSN: 03787753 Paknahad, P ; Askari, M ; Ghorbanzadeh, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    The conductive CuCo2O4 spinel coating is applied on the surface of the AISI 430 ferritic stainless steel by the dip-coating sol-gel process and it is evaluated in terms of the microstructure, oxidation resistance and electrical conductivity. The results show that the CuCO2O 4 coating forms a double-layer scale consisting of a Cr, Fe-rich subscale and Cu-Co spinel top layer after 500 h in air at 800 °C. This scale is protective, acts as an effective barrier against Cr migration into the outer oxide layer and alleviates the cathode Cr-poisoning. The oxidation resistance is significantly enhanced by the protective coating with a parabolic rate constant of 5.8 × 10-13 gr2 cm-4 s -1, meanwhile... 

    Chromium carbonitride coating produced on DIN 1.2210 steel by thermo-reactive deposition technique: Thermodynamics, kinetics and modeling

    , Article Surface and Coatings Technology ; Volume 225 , 2013 , Pages 1-10 ; 02578972 (ISSN) Khalaj, G ; Nazari, A ; Khoie, S. M. M ; Khalaj, M. J ; Pouraliakbar, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    A duplex surface treatment on DIN 1.2210 steel has been developed involving nitriding and followed by chromium thermo-reactive deposition (TRD) techniques. The TRD process was performed in molten salt bath at 550, 625 and 700°C for 1-14h. The process formed a thickness up to 9.5μm of chromium carbonitride coatings on a hardened diffusion zone. Characterization of the coatings by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) indicates that the compact and dense coatings mainly consist of Cr(C,N) and Cr2(C,N) phase. All the growth processes of the chromium carbonitride obtained by TRD technique followed a parabolic kinetics. Activation energy (Q) for the...