Search for: coastal-zone
Article Hydrogeology Journal ; Volume 23, Issue 6 , September , 2015 , Pages 1129-1154 ; 14312174 (ISSN) ; Ataie Ashtiani, B ; Sharif University of Technology
Springer Verlag 2015
Decision models are essential tools for coastal groundwater management (CGM). A combined simulation-optimization framework is employed to develop these models. One of the main barriers in the widespread application of these models for real-world cases is their large computational burden. Recent advances in efficient computational approaches and robust optimization methods can crack this barrier. This study surveys the scientific basis of CGM to provide an overview on this subject and reviews the-state-of-the-art to clarify recent developments and to outline ideas for improving the computational performance. Key details are presented on the performance and choice of possible robust tools such...
Modeling of thermal pollution in the northern coastal area of the Persian Gulf and its economical and environmental assessment, Article 8th International Conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Water Pollution, WATER POLLUTION 2006, WP06, Bologna, 4 September 2006 through 6 September 2006 ; Volume 95 , 2006 , Pages 445-453 ; 17433541 (ISSN); 184564042X (ISBN); 9781845640422 (ISBN) ; Javid, A. H ; Moghimi, P ; Kayhan, K ; Sharif University of Technology
The Persian Gulf is one of the aquatic ecosystems which has recently been faced with different pollutions. Cooling water discharges due to various industries such as power plants can cause important disorders on the present ecosystem balance and on aquatic creatures because of their high temperature. Thermal pollution leads to their migration, creates a potential for new coming species which in turn can thoroughly change the marine ecosystem feature. In this research, thermal pollution due to the Bandar Abbas Thermal Power Plant (BATP) development plan was modeled using MIKE21 software. In order to avoid a decrease in the power plant efficiency in the development plan, the distance between...
Article Coastal Engineering ; Volume 55, Issue 5 , 2008 , Pages 423-430 ; 03783839 (ISSN) ; Ataie Ashtiani, B ; Sharif University of Technology
Prediction of threshold conditions and incipient motion is the essential issue for the study of sediment transport. This work compares existing empirical threshold curves proposed for Shields diagram, a method based on the concept of probability of sediment movement, and an empirical method based on movability number. These methods are used to predict the incipient motion conditions for experimental runs taken from various studies. Most of the experimental data, used in this work, have not been used before in derivation of alternative formulations for Shields diagram and other methods. The empirical threshold curves based on the Shields entrainment function was the least successful at...
Article Ocean and Coastal Management ; Volume 54, Issue 2 , February , 2011 , Pages 129-136 ; 09645691 (ISSN) ; Majd, F ; Sharif University of Technology
Free Trade Zones (FTZs) around the world offer special advantages to investors and facilitate import/export of goods in order to boost the regional economy. Integrated coastal management in these areas faces special challenges in addition to what ordinary ICZMs usually encounter. For a successful ICZM plan, the very strong business orientation in FTZs has to be taken into account, while other important aspects such as environmental, social, and cultural issues should not be overlooked. The problem becomes more difficult where the free zone is situated in sensitive and valuable environmental circumstances.Kish Island, a free trade zone in the Persian Gulf region, has recently been the focus...
MODSharp: Regional-scale numerical model for quantifying groundwater flux and contaminant discharge into the coastal zone, Article Environmental Modelling and Software ; Volume 22, Issue 9 , 2007 , Pages 1307-1315 ; 13648152 (ISSN) ; Sharif University of Technology
In this paper the development of a quasi-three-dimensional numerical model that can be used for quantifying groundwater inputs and associated contaminant discharged from coastal aquifers into the coastal zone at a regional scale is presented. The present model is called MODSharp. In order to handle problems at a regional scale, the sharp interface approach which is used for conceptualising seawater intrusion, is applied to this model. This model can be used for the simulation of groundwater flow and contaminant transport in layered coastal aquifers at a regional scale. The method of characteristics is used to solve the advection-dispersion equation, which governs contaminant transport in...
Iran's integrated coastal management plan: persian gulf, oman sea, and southern caspian sea coastlines, Article Ocean and Coastal Management ; Volume 50, Issue 9 , 2007 , Pages 754-773 ; 09645691 (ISSN) ; Farajzadeh, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Iran, having two separate coastlines at its north and south of about 3000 km length, with very different characteristics, suffers from various coastal problems. While its northern coastal area is over-populated and its sensitive and unique habitats must be protected from destruction, most of its southern coastal areas are undeveloped and deserted. Intense oil and gas exploitation activities in the Caspian Sea region and occurrence of two wars in the Persian Gulf during the last two decades have rendered hydrocarbon pollution a major issue for this country's marine and coastal environment. Biodiversity is under threat in some areas and natural resources are deteriorating. To overcome the...
Autonomous litter surveying and human activity monitoring for governance intelligence in coastal eco-cyber-physical systems, Article Ocean and Coastal Management ; Volume 200 , 2021 ; 09645691 (ISSN) ; Majidi, B ; Movaghar, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2021
The human impact on the coastal ecosystems is a global environmental concern. Due to the growing urbanization, industrialization, and transportation, this impact on the living and non-living components of the coastal area is expected to further increase in the coming years. Artificial intelligence based automation of the coastal monitoring, including data collection, analysis and decision making, provides real-time insights and opportunities for large-scale coastal management and governance. In this paper, a framework for autonomous litter surveying and human activity monitoring for governance intelligence in coastal eco-cyber-physical systems (ecoCystem) is presented. A large dataset of...
Article International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology ; Volume 2, Issue 1 , 2005 , Pages 13-26 ; 17351472 (ISSN) ; Javid, A. H ; Moghimi, P ; Kayhan, K ; Sharif University of Technology
The Persian Gulf is one of the aquatic ecosystems which has recently faced with different pollutions. Cooling water discharges due to various industries such as power plants can cause important disorders on present ecosystem balance because of its high temperature. Obviously, due to thermal pollution, a great number of aquatic creatures face with a new situation that they can not tolerate. Thermal pollution leads to their migration, creates a potential for new coming species which in turn can thoroughly change the marine ecosystem feature. The other impacts of this phenomenon are: disorders in reproduction, nourishment and other biological habits. In this research, thermal pollution due to...
Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 23, Issue 4 , 2016 , Pages 1708-1718 ; 10263098 (ISSN) ; Majd, F ; Mohammadi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Sharif University of Technology 2016
Small islands around the world face various hazards such as sea-water level rise, hurricanes, human activities over pressure, environmental degradation, and pollution. Resiliency is a critical feature that has to be maintained in these sensitive and vulnerable areas. This paper focuses on the importance of Integrated Coastal Management (ICM) in increasing the level of resiliency in small islands. Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) has been recommended for practice by United Nations 1992 Rio Conference resolution to conserve the valuable natural resources of the coastal areas around the globe and improve their deteriorating environmental conditions. Integrated coastal management plan...
Article Coastal Engineering ; Volume 121 , 2017 , Pages 145-157 ; 03783839 (ISSN) ; Pak, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2017
This paper addresses numerically-derived tsunami wave loads on bridge superstructures using smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH), which is a type of mesh-free methods. Although there exist some relationships for the case of impinged loads on bridges exerted by regular (sinusoidal) waves, for the case of solitary waves such as tsunamis, no relation has yet been proposed in the literature. This shortcoming is partly due to the lack of understanding the mechanism of wave action on the bridge superstructures. In this study, three water depths, three wave amplitudes and four submergence depths of the deck are considered for the process of numerical investigation of tsunami-induced loads on...
Vulnerability mapping of coastal aquifers to seawater intrusion: Review, development and application, Article Journal of Hydrology ; Volume 570 , 2019 , Pages 555-573 ; 00221694 (ISSN) ; Hosseini, S. M ; Ataie Ashtiani, B ; Simmons, C. T ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2019
In this study, a review of the overlay/index methods served for delineation of vulnerable zones in coastal aquifers affected by SWI is provided. Then, a more realistic presentation of the vulnerability mapping of coastal aquifers to SWI through modified GALDIT index method by incorporating the influential factors on SWI is established. The modifications on GALDIT method including incorporating the seaward hydraulic gradient (i) instead of the height of groundwater level above sea level (L) (so-called GAiDIT), and considering hydraulic gradient (i) as an additional parameter to the GALDIT (so-called GALDIT-i). Three GALDIT, GAiDIT, and GALDIT-i methods were evaluated with data from three...
Response planning for accidental oil spills in persian gulf: a decision support system (DSS) based on consequence modeling, Article Marine Pollution Bulletin ; Volume 140 , 2019 , Pages 116-128 ; 0025326X (ISSN) ; Raie, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2019
Different causes lead to accidental oil spills from fixed and mobile sources in the marine environment. Therefore, it is essential to have a systematic plan for mitigating oil spill consequences. In this research, a general DSS is proposed for passive and active response planning in Persian Gulf, before and after a spill. The DSS is based on NOAA's advanced oil spill model (GNOME), which is now linked with credible met-ocean datasets of CMEMS and ECMWF. The developed open-source tool converts the results of the Lagrangian oil spill model to quantitative parameters such as mean concentration and time of impact of oil. Using them, two new parameters, emergency response priority number (ERPN)...