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    Pulsed laser deposition of W-V-O composite films: preparation, characterization and gasochromic studies

    , Article Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells ; Volume 92, Issue 8 , 2008 , Pages 878-883 ; 09270248 (ISSN) Ranjbar, M ; Mahdavi, S. M ; Iraji zad, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Modified tungsten oxide films by vanadium oxide provide neutrally coloring electrochromic electrodes for smart windows technology. In this study W-V-O mixed oxide films were fabricated by Nd:YAG pulsed laser deposition (PLD), λ=1064 nm, from mixed pressed powders of (WO3)1-x(V2O5)x, x=0, 0.09, 0.17, 0.23, 0.29 and 0.33, at 13.3 Pa oxygen partial pressure and 200 °C temperature on glass substrates. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) revealed V5+, V4+, W6+ and W5+ surface oxide states, where the ratio of W5+/W6+ enhances by the amount of vanadium in the films. Surface morphology was studied by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and optical properties by transmission-reflection spectra.... 

    Design and fabrication of sensitive carbon nanotubes/PMMA film for acetone vapour detection

    , Article International Journal of Nanomanufacturing ; Volume 5, Issue 3-4 , 2010 , Pages 268-277 ; 17469392 (ISSN) Ghasempour, R ; Iraji Zad, A ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    We present gas sensing property of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) composite as the active element for acetone vapour detection at room temperature. The polymeric films were formed by spin coating method on SiO2 substrates. Then they were activated by dropping the CNTs suspension in acetone on the PMMA films. The CNT/PMMA films were characterised by SEM, TEM and Raman spectroscopy. Variation of film's electrical resistance after exposure polar and non-polar gases is utilised as the principle of gas sensing. The experimental results showed that the samples present chemical selectivity and reversibility toward polar gases especially acetone vapour  

    Electrophoretic deposition of functionally-graded NiO-YSZ composite films

    , Article Journal of the European Ceramic Society ; Volume 33, Issue 10 , 2013 , Pages 1815-1823 ; 09552219 (ISSN) Zarabian, M ; Yar, A. Y ; Vafaeenezhad, S ; Sani, M. A. F ; Simchi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Functionally-graded NiO-8. mol % YSZ composite films were prepared by a controlled voltage-decay electophoretic deposition (EPD) process. The films consisted of three layers with varying NiO concentrations and porosities. Effects of different parameters including the type of the organic media, solid concentration, NiO:YSZ ratio, and iodine on the stability of EPD suspensions and deposition kinetics were studied. A stable NiO-YSZ suspension was attained in isopropanol with NiO-YSZ ratio of 60:40 and iodine concentration of 0.5. mM. The composite film contained varying NiO concentration from 46. wt.% near the substrate to 32. wt.% close to the electrolyte with 42. wt% NiO in the intermediate... 

    Crystallinity of CoSi2 nanolayer grown by refractory metal interlayer and cap layer methods

    , Article Journal of Physics: Conference Series ; Volume 100, Issue PART 4 , 2008 ; 17426588 (ISSN) Akhavan, O ; Moshfegh, A. Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Physics Publishing  2008
    Epitaxial formation of CoSi2 nanolayer by solid state reaction of Co-Si in refractory metal intermediate-layer and cap-layer systems was investigated. Thin films of Ta and W, as the refractory metal intermediate or cap layers of the Co film, were deposited on Si(100) substrate and then heat-treated. The both interlayers resulted in formation of epitaxial CoSi 2 with (100) crystallographic orientation at 900°C. However, in the Ta intermediated system, the grown CoSi2 layer was thermally unstable at 1000°C, unlike the W system with a stable silicide layer. We found that use of W cap-layer cannot yield an epitaxial CoSi2 phase. But, a Ta cap-layer resulted in formation of epitaxial CoSi2(100)... 

    Toughness behavior in roll-bonded laminates based on AA6061/SiCp composites

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering A ; Vol. 598 , 2014 , pp. 162-173 ; ISSN: 09215093 Hosseini Monazzah, A ; Pouraliakbar, H ; Bagheri, R ; Seyed Reihani, S. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Lamination has been shown to enhance damage tolerance of discontinuously reinforced aluminum (DRA) composites. Doing this technique, DRA layers could be laminated with ductile interlayers. In this research, two types of laminates consisting similar DRA layers and a ductile AA1050 interlayer were fabricated by means of hot roll-bonding. AA6061-5. vol% SiCp and AA6061-15. vol% SiCp composites were considered as exterior layers. Different rolling strains, was applied to control the interfacial strength which was examined by shear test. Toughness behavior of laminates was evaluated by three-point bending test in crack-divider orientation. Based on obtained results, the plastic deformation of... 

    Influence of glycerol and clay contents on biodegradability of corn starch nanocomposites

    , Article International Journal of Engineering, Transactions B: Applications ; Vol. 27, issue. 2 , 2014 , pp. 203-214 ; ISSN: 10252495 Heydari, A ; Alemzadeh, I ; Vossoughi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this study, biodegradation of corn starch/glycerol/Na-MMT nanocomposites by soil burial tests were carried out for up to 6 months. Films were prepared by casting method according to central composite design and response surface methodology was applied for analysis of the results. The effects of formulation on the water solubility, contact angle and tensile strength of starch films were investigated. Increasing in Na-MMT content decreased biodegradability; while presence of glycerol, increased it. The effect of nanoparticles content might have been attributed to interactions between starch and Na-MMT that further prevented enzymatic attack on the biopolymer. In addition, the films with... 

    In-situ electro-polymerization of graphene nanoribbon/polyaniline composite film: Application to sensitive electrochemical detection of dobutamine

    , Article Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical ; Vol. 196 , June , 2014 , pp. 582-588 ; ISSN: 09254005 Asadian, E ; Shahrokhian, S ; Zad, A. I ; Jokar, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    The present paper demonstrates the capability of narrow graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) in constructing new sensing platforms. Graphene nanoribbons have been synthesized via a simple solvothermal route through unzipping of carbon nanotubes, which was confirmed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Raman spectroscopy analysis. These narrow carbon sheets were used to form a composite film by in-situ electro-polymerization with aniline. The produced graphene nanoribbon/polyaniline (GNR/PANI) composite film showed impressive performance in electrochemical determination of dobutamine (DBT). Under optimal conditions, in comparison to... 

    Nanodiamonds for surface engineering of orthopedic implants: Enhanced biocompatibility in human osteosarcoma cell culture

    , Article Diamond and Related Materials ; Volume: 40 , 2013 , Pages: 107-114 ; 09259635 (ISSN) Mansoorianfar, M ; Shokrgozar, M. A ; Mehrjoo, M ; Tamjid, E ; Simchi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Recently, nanodiamonds have attracted interest in biomedical applications such as drug delivery, targeted cancer therapies, fabrication of tissue scaffolds, and biosensors. We incorporated diamond nanoparticles in alginate-bioactive glass films by electrophoretic process to prepare functional coatings for biomedical implants. Turbidity examination by time-resolved laser transmittance measurement revealed that a stable multi-component aqueous suspension of alginate, bioactive glass and diamond particles could be obtained at concentrations of 0.6, 1.3, and 0.65 g/l, respectively. Uniform films with ~ 5 μm thickness were deposited on 316 stainless steel foils by employing constant field... 

    Functional properties of biodegradable corn starch nanocomposites for food packaging applications

    , Article Materials and Design ; Volume 50 , 2013 , Pages 954-961 ; 02613069 (ISSN) Heydari, A ; Alemzadeh, I ; Vossoughi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2013
    In this research, response surface methodology (RSM) was applied to study the effects of Na-Montmorillonite (Na-MMT) and glycerol on some functional properties of corn starch films. Films were prepared by casting method according to central composite design (CCD). Originally image processing technique was used in order to estimate transparency of the films. It was found that Na-MMT absorbed UV light from 216 to 266. nm. No antimicrobial activities were observed against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. Contact angle analysis revealed hydrophilicity of starch films decreased utilizing nanoparticles and increased with plasticizer content. Increase in glycerol content decreased... 

    Adverse effects of graphene incorporated in TiO 2 photocatalyst on minuscule animals under solar light irradiation

    , Article Journal of Materials Chemistry ; Volume 22, Issue 43 , 2012 , Pages 23260-23266 ; 09599428 (ISSN) Akhavan, O ; Ghaderi, E ; Rahimi, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    The adverse effect of graphene-titanium oxide composite films (containing sheet-like surface morphology) on Caenorhabditis elegans nematodes (as a model for minuscule animals) was investigated in a solar light-induced photocatalytic process. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy demonstrated photocatalytic reduction of the chemically exfoliated graphene oxide sheets included in the TiO 2 film. Furthermore, formation of TiC and Ti-O-C bonds in the composite film (obtained through annealing at 450 °C in air) resulted in a substantial delay in the recombination rate of the photoexcited electron-hole pairs and more efficient photocatalytic processes. The composite film showed a type of... 

    Photoactive and self-cleaning TiO 2-SiO 2 thin films on 316L stainless steel

    , Article Thin Solid Films ; Volume 520, Issue 20 , 2012 , Pages 6355-6360 ; 00406090 (ISSN) Boroujeny, B. S ; Afshar, A ; Dolati, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this study, TiO 2-SiO 2 nanocomposite films with different amounts of SiO 2 were prepared by sol-gel process and were coated onto stainless steel 316L. The effect of addition of various amount of SiO 2 in the precursor solution on the photocatalysis, photo-generated hydrophilicity and self-cleaning property of TiO 2 thin films was investigated by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, water contact angle measurements and UV spectroscopy. In the tested ranges of SiO 2 content and sintering temperature, the highest photocatalytic activity and self-cleaning property were observed in the 15 mol% SiO 2 sample sintered at 750 °C. Addition of less than 30 mol% SiO 2 had a... 

    Protein degradation and RNA efflux of viruses photocatalyzed by graphene-tungsten oxide composite under visible light irradiation

    , Article Journal of Physical Chemistry C ; Volume 116, Issue 17 , 2012 , Pages 9653-9659 ; 19327447 (ISSN) Akhavan, O ; Choobtashani, M ; Ghaderi, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Graphene-tungsten oxide composite thin films with sheetlike surface morphology were fabricated and applied in photoinactivation of viruses under visible light irradiation. Using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, it was found that the chemically exfoliated graphene oxide sheets incorporated in the tungsten oxide film reduced through a visible light photocatalytic reduction. In addition, annealing the films at 450 °C in air resulted in formation of W-C and W-O-C bonds to obtain graphene-tungsten oxide composite films. The composite films fabricated by this method showed an excellent visible light photocatalytic performance in photoinactivation of bacteriophage MS2 viruses, as compared to... 

    Analysis and characterization of the role of NI interlayer in the friction welding of titanium and 304 austenitic stainless steel

    , Article Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science ; 2015 ; 10735623 (ISSN) Muralimohan, C. H ; Ashfaq, M ; Ashiri, R ; Muthupandi, V ; Sivaprasad, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Boston  2015
    Joining of commercially pure Ti to 304 stainless steel by fusion welding processes possesses problems due to the formation of brittle intermetallic compounds in the weld metal, which degrade the mechanical properties of the joints. Solid-state welding processes are contemplated to overcome these problems. However, intermetallic compounds are likely to form even in Ti-SS joints produced with solid-state welding processes such as friction welding process. Therefore, interlayers are employed to prevent the direct contact between two base metals and thereby mainly to suppress the formation of brittle Ti-Fe intermetallic compounds. In the present study, friction-welded joints between commercially... 

    LDPE/EVA/graphene nanocomposites with enhanced mechanical and gas permeability properties

    , Article Polymers for Advanced Technologies ; Volume 26, Issue 9 , 2015 , Pages 1083-1090 ; 10427147 (ISSN) Tayebi, M ; Ramazani S. A ; Hamed Mosavian, M. T ; Tayyebi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    John Wiley and Sons Ltd  2015
    In the present work, graphene oxide (GO) and reduced graphene oxide (RGO) were incorporated at low-density polyethylene (LDPE)/ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) copolymer blend using solution casting method. Monolayer GO with 1-nm thickness and good transparency was synthesized using the well-known Hummers's method. Fourier transform infrared and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy data exhibited efficient reduction of GO with almost high C/O ratio of RGO. Scanning electron microscopy showed the well distribution of GO and RGO within LDPE/EVA polymer matrix. The integrating effects of GO and RGO on mechanical and gas permeability of prepared films were examined. Young's modulus of nanocomposites are... 

    Development of chitosan/bacterial cellulose composite films containing nanodiamonds as a potential flexible platform for wound dressing

    , Article Materials ; Volume 8, Issue 9 , 2015 , Pages 6401-6418 ; 19961944 (ISSN) Ostadhossein, F ; Mahmoudi, N ; Morales Cid, G ; Tamjid, E ; Navas Martos, F. J ; Soriano Cuadrado, B ; Paniza, J. M. L ; Simchi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI AG  2015
    Chitosan/bacterial cellulose composite films containing diamond nanoparticles (NDs) with potential application as wound dressing are introduced. Microstructural studies show that NDs are uniformly dispersed in the matrix, although slight agglomeration at concentrations above 2 wt % is seen. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy reveals formation of hydrogen bonds between NDs and the polymer matrix. X-ray diffraction analysis indicates reduced crystallinity of the polymer matrix in the presence of NDs. Approximately 3.5-fold increase in the elastic modulus of the composite film is obtained by the addition of 2 wt % NDs. The results of colorimetric analysis show that the composite films are... 

    Glassy carbon electrodes modified with a film of nanodiamond-graphite/chitosan: Application to the highly sensitive electrochemical determination of Azathioprine

    , Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 55, Issue 11 , 2010 , Pages 3621-3627 ; 00134686 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Ghalkhani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    A novel modified glassy carbon electrode with a film of nanodiamond-graphite/chitosan is constructed and used for the sensitive voltammetric determination of azathioprine (Aza). The surface morphology and thickness of the film modifier are characterized using atomic force microscopy. The electrochemical response characteristics of the electrode toward Aza are investigated by means of cyclic voltammetry. The modified electrode showed an efficient catalytic role for the electrochemical reduction of Aza, leading to a remarkable decrease in reduction overpotential and enhancement of the kinetics of the electrode reaction with a significant increase of peak current. The effects of experimental... 

    Fabrication of CuFe2O4/α-Fe2O3 composite thin films on FTO coated glass and 3-D nanospike structures for efficient photoelectrochemical water splitting

    , Article ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces ; Volume 8, Issue 51 , 2016 , Pages 35315-35322 ; 19448244 (ISSN) Hussain, S ; Hussain, S ; Waleed, A ; Tavakoli, M. M ; Wang, Z ; Yang, S ; Fan, Z ; Nadeem, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    American chemical society  2016
    Recently, photoelectrochemical conversion (PEC) of water into fuel is attracting great attention of researchers due to its outstanding benefits. Herein, a systematic study on PEC of water using CuFe2O4/ α-Fe2O3 composite thin films is presented. CuFe2O4/ α-Fe2O3 composite thin films were deposited on two different substrates; (1) planner FTO glass and (2) 3-dimensional nanospike (NSP). The films on both substrates were characterized and tested as anode material for photoelectrochemical water splitting reaction. During PEC studies, it was observed that the ratio between two components of composite is crucial and highest PEC activity results were achieved by 1:1 component ratio (CF-1) of... 

    BiPO4 photocatalyst employing synergistic action of Ag/Ag3PO4 nanostructure and graphene nanosheets

    , Article Solid State Sciences ; Volume 56 , 2016 , Pages 10-15 ; 12932558 (ISSN) Mohaghegh, N ; Rahimi, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Masson SAS 
    Graphene-supported BiPO4/Ag/Ag3PO4 photocatalyst has been fabricated by simple hydrothermal and impregnation reaction. In BiPO4/Ag/Ag3PO4 based on Reduced Graphene Oxide (RGO), this network renders numerous pathways for rapid mass transport, strong adsorption and multireflection of incident light; meanwhile, the interface between BiPO4/Ag/Ag3PO4 and RGO increases the active sites and electron transfer rate. BiPO4/Ag/Ag3PO4 based on RGO noticeably exhibited high photocatalytic activity than that of BiPO4/Ag/Ag3PO4 and P25 under visible light irradiation for cationic dye (Rhodamine B), anionic dye (methyl orange) and 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) as a neutral pollutant, which are usually difficult to... 

    Transient liquid phase bonding of dual phase steels using Fe-based, Ni-based, and pure Cu interlayers

    , Article Journal of Manufacturing Processes ; Volume 30 , 2017 , Pages 106-115 ; 15266125 (ISSN) Azqadan, E ; Ekrami, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Transient liquid phase (TLP) bonding is a joining process which combines benefits of diffusion bonding and brazing. Therefore, this method has widely been used in joining of materials which are sensitive to fusion welding. Interlayer composition, as one of the most important factors of TLP bonding, can affect the bonding region composition, microstructure, and hence mechanical properties of the joint. In this research, Fe-based, Ni-based, and commercially pure Cu interlayers are used to bond low-carbon steel components which are then heat treated to produce dual phase steel. The present work focuses on two main goals. Firstly, drawing a comparison of microstructure and mechanical properties... 

    Magnetic GO-PANI decorated with Au NPs: a highly efficient and reusable catalyst for reduction of dyes and nitro aromatic compounds

    , Article Applied Organometallic Chemistry ; Volume 31, Issue 12 , 2017 ; 02682605 (ISSN) Pourjavadi, A ; Doroudian, M ; Abedin Moghanaki, A ; Bennett, C ; Sharif University of Technology
    Due to the high activity of Au nanoparticles (NPs) for various reactions, many researchers have tried to develop heterogeneous catalysts in order to prevent irreversible agglomeration of Au NPs. Herein, magnetic graphene oxide modified with polyaniline (PANI) was used as a support for Au NPs that brings together advantages including: uniform dispersal of the catalyst in water,alarge surface area related to the graphene oxide; easy electron transfer in chemical reactions and good attachment of Au NPs to the support associated with PANI; and finally facile recovery in the presence of a magnetic field. Catalytic reduction of different analytes (Congo red, methylene blue, rhodamine B and 4-nitro...