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    Applications of soft computing in nuclear power plants: A review

    , Article Progress in Nuclear Energy ; Volume 149 , 2022 ; 01491970 (ISSN) Ramezani, I ; Moshkbar Bakhshayesh, K ; Vosoughi, N ; Ghofrani, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2022
    Abstract
    Soft Computing (SC) is defined as a group of computational techniques that solve complex problems independent of mathematical models. SC techniques including artificial neural networks (ANNs), fuzzy systems (FSs), evolutionary algorithms (EAs), etc., can solve problems that either cannot be solved by the analytical/conventional methods or require a long computation time. Due to their features, SC techniques are nowadays widely used in scientific and industrial researches. SC techniques have also been included in many types of research related to nuclear power plants (NPPs). In this paper, the applications of SC techniques in NPPs, according to published articles, are presented. The... 

    Human body 3D reconstruction in multiview soccer scenes by depth optimization

    , Article 24th Iranian Conference on Electrical Engineering, 10 May 2016 through 12 May 2016 ; 2016 , Pages 1591-1596 ; 9781467387897 (ISBN) Zarean, A ; Kasaei, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc 
    Abstract
    In soccer matches, 3D reconstruction is a main part of many applications including free-viewpoint broadcasting, match analysis, augmented reality, and refereeing examination. The main challenge of 3D reconstruction in soccer scenes is the human body reconstruction. Although 3D reconstruction methods have been improved to a high extent in controlled condition, still there are lots of uncovered issues in outdoor scene reconstructions with uncontrolled conditions. In this paper, a view-dependent depth optimization method is presented which addresses two of these issues in soccer scenes. These issues include inaccurate camera calibrations and limited number of input cameras. This method will... 

    A computational plastic-damage method for modeling the FRP strengthening of concrete arches

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 26, Issue 4A , 2019 , Pages 2123-2132 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Ahmadpour, T ; Ttehrani, Y. N ; Klioei, A. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2019
    Abstract
    In this paper, a computational technique is presented based on a concrete plastic-damage model to investigate the effect of FRP strengthening of reinforced concrete arches. A plastic-damage model was utilized to capture the behavior of concrete. The interface between the FRP and concrete was modeled using a cohesive fracture model. In order to validate the accuracy of the damage-plastic model, a single element was employed under monotonic tension, monotonic compression, and cyclic tension loads. An excellent agreement was observed between the predefined strain-stress curve and that obtained by the numerical model. Furthermore, the accuracy of the cohesive fracture model was investigated by... 

    A computational plastic-damage method for modeling the FRP strengthening of concrete arches

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 26, Issue 4A , 2019 , Pages 2123-2132 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Ahmadpour, T ; Tehrani, Y. N ; Klioei, A. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2019
    Abstract
    In this paper, a computational technique is presented based on a concrete plastic-damage model to investigate the effect of FRP strengthening of reinforced concrete arches. A plastic-damage model was utilized to capture the behavior of concrete. The interface between the FRP and concrete was modeled using a cohesive fracture model. In order to validate the accuracy of the damage-plastic model, a single element was employed under monotonic tension, monotonic compression, and cyclic tension loads. An excellent agreement was observed between the predefined strain-stress curve and that obtained by the numerical model. Furthermore, the accuracy of the cohesive fracture model was investigated by... 

    Transient identification in nuclear power plants: A review

    , Article Progress in Nuclear Energy ; Volume 67 , August , 2013 , Pages 23-32 ; 01491970 (ISSN) Moshkbar Bakhshayesh, K ; Ghofrani, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    A transient is defined as an event when a plant proceeds from a normal state to an abnormal state. In nuclear power plants (NPPs), recognizing the types of transients during early stages, for taking appropriate actions, is critical. Furthermore, classification of a novel transient as "don't know", if it is not included within NPPs collected knowledge, is necessary. To fulfill these requirements, transient identification techniques as a method to recognize and to classify abnormal conditions are extensively used. The studies revealed that model-based methods are not suitable candidates for transient identification in NPPs. Hitherto, data-driven methods, especially artificial neural networks... 

    A multiscale approach for determining the morphology of endothelial cells at a coronary artery

    , Article International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering ; Volume 33, Issue 12 , 2017 ; 20407939 (ISSN) Pakravan, H. A ; Saidi, M. S ; Firoozabadi, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    The morphology of endothelial cells (ECs) may be an indication for determining atheroprone sites. Until now, there has been no clinical imaging technique to visualize the morphology of ECs in the arteries. The present study introduces a computational technique for determining the morphology of ECs. This technique is a multiscale simulation consisting of the artery scale and the cell scale. The artery scale is a fluid-structure interaction simulation. The input for the artery scale is the geometry of the coronary artery, that is, the dynamic curvature of the artery due to the cardiac motion, blood flow, blood pressure, heart rate, and the mechanical properties of the blood and the arterial... 

    State of the art review on design and manufacture of hybrid biomedical materials: Hip and knee prostheses

    , Article Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine ; Volume 231, Issue 9 , 2017 , Pages 785-813 ; 09544119 (ISSN) Bahraminasab, M ; Farahmand, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    The trend in biomaterials development has now headed for tailoring the properties and making hybrid materials to achieve the optimal performance metrics in a product. Modern manufacturing processes along with advanced computational techniques enable systematical fabrication of new biomaterials by design strategy. Functionally graded materials as a recent group of hybrid materials have found numerous applications in biomedical area, particularly for making orthopedic prostheses. This article, therefore, seeks to address the following research questions: (RQ1) What is the desired structure of orthopedic hybrid materials? (RQ2) What is the contribution of the literature in the development of... 

    Size and temperature dependency on structure, heat capacity and phonon density of state for colloidal silver nanoparticle in 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate ionic liquid

    , Article Journal of Molecular Liquids ; Volume 230 , 2017 , Pages 374-383 ; 01677322 (ISSN) Kiani, S ; Taherkhani, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Phonon detector can be designed by using colloidal silver nanoparticle (Ag NP) in presence of 1-Ethyl-3-methylimidazolium Hexafluorophosphate [EMim][PF6] ionic liquid (IL) via computational technique as the first time for many and high performance biosensors applications. Density functional theory as a quantum chemistry calculation method has been used to get the potential interaction between silver metal and ionic solvent. Molecular dynamics simulation shows that in small sizes of colloidal Ag NP in [EMim][PF6], electrical effect of IL makes one main phonon peak and in big size of colloidal Ag NP, splitting of phonon density occurs with two peaks due to the lower electrical field of IL with... 

    Integrated image processing and computational techniques to characterize formation damage

    , Article SPE International Conference and Exhibition on Formation Damage Control 2018, 7 February 2018 through 9 February 2018 ; Volume 2018-February , 2018 Ezeakacha, C. P ; Rabbani, A ; Salehi, S ; Ghalambor, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE)  2018
    Abstract
    Filtrate and solid invasion from drilling fluids are two key sources of formation damage, and can result in formation permeability impairment. Typically, spurt invasion of mud solids causes the evolution of an external mud cake which tends to reduce further solids and filtrate influx. However, uncontrolled spurt and filtrate invasion are detrimental because they reduce the permeability of the formation. Mud composition, formation rock's permeability and porosity, and temperature can influence both spurt and filtrate invasion. The sizes of mud solids relative to the average pore size of a rock are also important in predicting the extent of mud invasion and permeability impairment. In this... 

    New development in extended finite element modeling of large elasto-plastic deformations

    , Article International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering ; Volume 75, Issue 10 , 21 January , 2008 , Pages 1133-1171 ; 00295981 (ISSN) Anahid, M ; Khoei, A. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    This paper presents new achievements in the extended finite element modeling of large elasto-plastic deformation in solid problems. The computational technique is presented based on the extended finite element method (X-FEM) coupled with the Lagrangian formulation in order to model arbitrary interfaces in large deformations. In X-FEM, the material interfaces are represented independently of element boundaries, and the process is accomplished by partitioning the domain with some triangular sub-elements whose Gauss points are used for integration of the domain of elements. The large elasto-plastic deformation formulation is employed within the X-FEM framework to simulate the non-linear... 

    Simulation of the multi-purpose gamma irradiator dose distribution based on the GEANT4 and GPU system

    , Article Journal of Instrumentation ; Volume 16, Issue 7 , 2021 ; 17480221 (ISSN) Razimanesh, M ; Hosseini, S. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    IOP Publishing Ltd  2021
    Abstract
    Gamma irradiation systems are used extensively in the industry in order to sterilize medical devices, disinfect hygienic products and increase the shelf life of agricultural products. The method of gamma irradiation is superior to the older methods of heat or chemical treatment because it is by far a simpler operation. In this method, only one parameter, the exposure time is controlled, whereas in the other mentioned methods five or six different parameters need to be controlled. The design of irradiation systems generally includes the size and the location of products, and the arrangement of source rack pencils. In order to optimize the design of the gamma irradiation systems, it is needed... 

    Constraint multiproduct joint-replenishment inventory control problem using uncertain programming

    , Article Applied Soft Computing Journal ; Volume 11, Issue 8 , December , 2011 , Pages 5143-5154 ; 15684946 (ISSN) Taleizadeh, A. A ; Niaki, S. T. A ; Nikousokhan, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    An uncertain economic order quantity (UEOQ) model with payment in advance is developed to purchase high-price raw materials. A joint policy of replenishments and pre-payments is employed to supply the materials. The rate of demand is considered LR-fuzzy variables, lead-time is taken to be constant, and it is assumed that shortage does not occur in the cycles. The cycle is divided into three parts; the first part is the time between the previous replenishment-time to the next order-time (t0), the second part is the period between t0 to a payment-time (tk), and the third part is the period between tk to the next replenishment-time. At the start of the second part (t0), α% of the purchasing... 

    Modeling of moving boundaries in large plasticity deformations via an enriched arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian FE method

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 17, Issue 2 A , 2010 , Pages 141-160 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Anahid, M ; Khoei, A. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    In this paper, a new computational technique is presented for the modeling of moving boundaries in large plastic deformations based on an enriched arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian finite element method. An Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) technique is employed to capture the advantages of both Lagrangian and Eulerian methods and alleviate the drawbacks of mesh distortion in Lagrangian formulation. An enriched finite element method is implemented based on the extended FEM technique to capture the arbitrary interfaces independent of element boundaries. The process is accomplished by performing a splitting operator to separate the material (Lagrangian) phase from the convective (Eulerian)... 

    Integrative Utilization of Microenvironments, Biomaterials and Computational Techniques for Advanced Tissue Engineering

    , Article Journal of Biotechnology ; Volume 212 , 2015 , Pages 71-89 ; 01681656 (ISSN) Shamloo, A ; Mohammadaliha, N ; Mohseni, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2015
    Abstract
    This review aims to propose the integrative implementation of microfluidic devices, biomaterials, and computational methods that can lead to a significant progress in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine researches. Simultaneous implementation of multiple techniques can be very helpful in addressing biological processes. Providing controllable biochemical and biomechanical cues within artificial extracellular matrix similar to in vivo conditions is crucial in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine researches. Microfluidic devices provide precise spatial and temporal control over cell microenvironment. Moreover, generation of accurate and controllable spatial and temporal...